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Antkowiak Maciej - - 2010
We demonstrate the advantages of a dynamic diffractive optical element, namely a spatial light modulator (SLM) for the controlled and enhanced optoinjection and phototransfection of mammalian cells with a femtosecond light source. The SLM provides full control over the lateral and axial positioning of the beam with sub-micron precision. Fast ...
Jantová Soňa - - 2011
The present study demonstrates photoinduced generation of superoxide radical anion and singlet oxygen upon UVA irradiation of ethyl 1,4-dihydro-8-nitro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylate (DNQC), and its cytotoxic/phototoxic effects on murine leukemia L1210 cells. The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was investigated by EPR spectroscopy using in situ spin trapping technique and 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-piperidine (TMP) ...
Inanç Burcu - - 2010
DNA damage can induce centrosome overduplication in a manner that requires G2-to-M checkpoint function, suggesting that genotoxic stress can decouple the centrosome and chromosome cycles. How this happens is unclear. Using live-cell imaging of cells that express fluorescently tagged NEDD1/GCP-WD and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, we found that ionizing radiation ...
Rho Ho Sik - - 2011
To find novel depigmenting agents, a new synthetic compound, N-adamantyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzamide (NADB) was produced and the effects on melanogenesis were investigated. Our results showed that NADB reduced melanin synthesis in a dose-dependent manner in melan-a cells. Tyrosinase activity was also reduced by NADB treatment in melan-a cells. However, NADB did not ...
Hong M - - 2010
Direct damage to DNA is generally accepted as the main initiator of mutation and cancer induced by environmental carcinogens or ionising radiation. However, there is accumulating evidence suggesting that extracellular/extranuclear targets may also have a key role in mediating the genotoxic effects of ionising radiation. As the possibility of a ...
Olsson Magnus G - - 2010
Alpha-particle irradiation of cells damages not only the irradiated cells but also nontargeted bystander cells. It has been proposed that the bystander effect is caused by oxidants and free radicals generated by the radiation. Recent studies have shown that α(1)-microglobulin protects against cell damage caused by oxidants and free radicals. ...
Olsson Magnus G - - 2010
Abstract Alpha-particle irradiation of cells damages not only the irradiated cells but also nontargeted bystander cells. It has been proposed that the bystander effect is caused by oxidants and free radicals generated by the radiation. Recent studies have shown that α(1)-microglobulin protects against cell damage caused by oxidants and free ...
Acharya Munjal M MM Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697-2695, - - 2010
Cranial irradiation remains a frontline treatment for brain cancer, but also leads to normal tissue damage. Although low-dose irradiation (≤10 Gy) causes minimal histopathologic change, it can elicit variable degrees of cognitive dysfunction that are associated with the depletion of neural stem cells. To decipher the mechanisms underlying radiation-induced stem ...
Vávrová Jiřina - - 2010
In this work we evaluated changes in molecular response of human promyelocyte leukemia cells HL-60 and HL-60-IR cells (HL-60 irradiated by 10 cycles of radiation with total dose of 60 Gy, given over a period of 3 months) to irradiation by the dose of 2 and 8 Gy. Analysis of ...
Quiroga Ezequiel D - - 2010
The photodynamic activity of 5,10,15,20-tetra(4-N-methylpyridyl)porphyrin (TMPyP) was evaluated in vitro on Candida albicans cells under different experimental conditions. This tetracationic porphyrin binds rapidly to C. albicans cells, reaching a value of ∼1.7 nmol 10(-6) cells when the cellular suspensions (10(6) CFU mL(-1) ) were incubated with 5 μM sensitizer. The ...
Carmona Erico R - - 2011
This study presents the first application of an in vivo alkaline comet assay using haemocytes of Drosophila melanogaster larvae. These cells, which play a role similar to that of mammalian blood, can be easily obtained and represent an overall exposure of the treated larvae. To validate the assay, we evaluated ...
Kimura Hiroaki - - 2010
We investigated the cell-killing efficacy of UV light on cancer cells expressing GFP in the nucleus and RFP in the cytoplasm (dual-color cells). After exposure to various doses of UVA, UVB, or UVC, apoptotic and viable cells were quantitated under fluorescence microscopy using dual-color 143B human osteosarcoma cells, HT-1080 human ...
Xu Dianshuang - - 2010
This article reports the phototoxicity effects of a novel photosensitiser ZnPcS4-BSA on human U251 glioma cells in vitro. The cellular uptake of ZnPcS4-BSA by U251 glioma cells was quantified by UV-spectra, and the optimal incubation time was determined. Human U251 glioma cells were incubated in ZnPcS4-BSA of various concentrations, and received ...
Hectors Kathleen - - 2010
Plants have evolved a broad spectrum of mechanisms to ensure survival under changing and suboptimal environmental conditions. Alterations of plant architecture are commonly observed following exposure to abiotic stressors. The mechanisms behind these environmentally controlled morphogenic traits are, however, poorly understood. In this report, the effects of a low dose ...
Hwang Kuo Chu - - 2010
HeLa cells were incubated with neutron capture nuclei (boron-10 and gadolinium)-containing carbon nanoparticles, followed by irradiation of slow thermal neutron beam. Under a neutron flux of 6 x 10(11) n/cm(2) (or 10 min irradiation at a neutron flux of 1 x 10(9) n/cm(2) s), the percentages of acute cell death ...
Chellini Flaminia - - 2010
Dental lasers represent a promising therapeutic tool in the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant diseases. However, their clinical application remains still limited. Here, we investigated the potential biostimulatory effect of low pulse energy neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser irradiation on different cells representative of the oral microenvironment and elucidated the underlying molecular ...
Zhao Yu - - 2010
Quantum dots (QDs) have been receiving a lot of attention recently for their unique fluorescence properties that can be used in drug discovery and bioimaging applications. We have in this article focused particularly on QDs and used it as a transfection vector as well as a fluorescence label for the ...
Frigo Lucio - - 2010
Impaired cell metabolism and increased cell death in fibroblast cells are physiological features of chronic tendinopathy. Although several studies have shown that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) at certain parameters has a biostimulatory effect on fibroblast cells, it remains uncertain if LLLT effects depend on the physiological state. High-metabolic immortal cell ...
Peplow Philip V - - 2010
The aim of this article was to review experimental studies of laser irradiation of human and animal cells in culture to assess the photobiomodulatory effects of such irradiation. Previous studies have shown that various types of cells respond differently to laser irradiation, depending on irradiation parameters. Cellular outcomes measured or ...
Jean-Gilles Riffard - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Electrospun nanofibers have been utilized in many biomedical applications as biomimetics of extracellular matrix proteins that promote self-organization of cells into 3D tissue constructs. As progress towards an artificial salivary gland tissue construct, we prepared nanofiber scaffolds using PLGA, a biodegradable and biocompatible material. METHOD OF APPROACH: We used ...
Yamauchi Masatake - - 2010
The initial processes involved in radiation carcinogenesis have not been clearly elucidated. We isolated mouse mutant cells exhibiting plasticity in their mutation phenotypes. These mutant cells were originally isolated from an irradiated cell population as 6-thioguanine resistant (6TGR) mutants that were deficient in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (Hprt, E.C.2.4.2.8) activity at ...
Fan Wei W Department of Cancer Biology and the Cancer Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, - - 2010
SIRT1, a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase, plays crucial roles in multiple biological processes including gene transcription, cellular metabolism, stress response, and tumorigenesis. Xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) is a core nucleotide excision repair (NER) factor essential for NER process. Here we show that SIRT1 plays an important role in the regulation ...
Yokota Yuichiro - - 2010
Ionizing radiation-induced genomic instability has been documented in various end points such as chromosomal aberrations and mutations, which arises in the descendants of irradiated mammalian or yeast cells many generations after the initial insult. This study aimed at addressing radiation-induced genomic instability in higher plant tobacco cells. We thus investigated ...
Maeda Munetoshi - - 2010
Radiation-induced bystander effects are the biological responses exhibited by cells adjacent to cells that have been traversed by charged particles. Using a synchrotron X-ray microbeam irradiation system, we irradiated five cells in two different ways: by targeting the nuclei with 10 microm x 10-microm 5.35 keV X-ray beams and by ...
Ghosh Somnath - - 2010
The aim of the current study was to determine the signaling differences between gamma- and proton beam-irradiations. A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells were irradiated with 2 Gy proton beam or gamma-radiation. Proton beam was found to be more cytotoxic than gamma-radiation. Proton beam-irradiated cells showed phosphorylation of H2AX, ATM, Chk2, and ...
Pasi F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exposure of cells to ionising radiation causes the release of several factors, such as cytokines, which are likely to be involved in some biological effects occurring in the irradiated cells and in the neighbouring non-irradiated cells (i.e. bystander effect). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The release of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 ...
Ogino Chiaki - - 2010
Recently, our group discovered an alternative titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) activation method that uses ultrasound irradiation (US/TiO(2)) instead of ultraviolet irradiation. The pre-S1/S2 protein from hepatitis B virus, which recognizes liver cells, was immobilized to the surface of TiO(2) nanoparticles using an amino-coupling method. The ability of the protein-modified TiO(2) nanoparticles ...
Wilson Paul F - - 2010
The repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombinational repair (HRR) underlies the high radioresistance and low mutability observed in S-phase mammalian cells. To evaluate the contributions of HRR and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) to overall DSB repair capacity throughout the cell cycle after gamma-irradiation, we compared HRR-deficient RAD51D-knockout 51D1 ...
Mu Changjun - - 2010
A photopolymerizable, methacrylated alginate was synthesized by conjugating methacryloyl groups to the side chains of alginate. Cell-enclosing microcapsules were subsequently prepared by the photopolymerization of cell-suspending methacrylated alginate droplets triggered by irradiation with visible light. Cells enclosed by this method remained alive in the microcapsules for at least 2 weeks.
Zhou Bi Wen - - 2010
This research investigated the effect of microwave irradiation (MWI) on cell disintegration in municipal secondary sludge (MSS). A representative MSS Gram-positive bacterium (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were pure cultured separately and treated using MWI. Compared to untreated controls, MWI significantly increased the soluble chemical ...
Chen Wen-Shu - - 2010
Radiotherapy is one of the best choices for cancer treatment. However, various tumor cells exhibit resistance to irradiation-induced apoptosis. The development of new strategies to trigger cancer cell death besides apoptosis is necessary. This study investigated the role of securin in radiation-induced apoptosis and senescence in human cancer cells. Cell ...
Balduzzi Maria - - 2010
The aim of this investigation was to explore whether the occurrence and the magnitude of radiation-induced, medium-mediated bystander effects could be influenced by the time of transfer of secreted bystander factors. HaCaT cells were exposed to 0.1 and 1.0 Gy of gamma radiation. These doses did not induce a significant ...
Skovgaard T - - 2010
Balanced deoxynucleotide pools are known to be important for correct DNA repair, and deficiency for some of the central enzymes in deoxynucleotide metabolism can cause imbalanced pools, which in turn can lead to mutagenesis and cell death. Here we show that cells deficient for the thymidine salvage enzyme thymidine kinase ...
Ishihara Seiichiro - - 2010
Radiotherapy is one of the effective therapies used for treating various malignant tumors. However, the emergence of tolerant cells after irradiation remains problematic due to their high metastatic ability, sometimes indicative of poor prognosis. In this study, we showed that subcloned human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549P-3) that are irradiation-tolerant indicate ...
Herok Robert - - 2010
PURPOSE: Cells exposed to ionizing radiation release factors that induce deoxyribonucleic acid damage, chromosomal instability, apoptosis, and changes in the proliferation rate of neighboring unexposed cells, phenomena known as bystander effects. This work analyzes and compares changes in global transcript levels induced by direct irradiation and by bystander effects in ...
Blay Jonathan - - 2010
Dental curing lights deliver energy in the 380-520 nm wavelength range. It has been reported that irradiation in these wavelengths may have a negative effect on cell function. We examined the effect of three dental curing lights on the viability of mouse (NIH3T3, Balb/c3T3) and human (HGF-1) fibroblastic cells, and ...
Müther Philipp S - - 2010
PURPOSE: Microglia cells have been associated with immunologic defense and repair. The course of retinal disease after lethal irradiation for bone marrow depletion and substitution was evaluated with respect to macrophage and microglial involvement. METHODS: Lethal irradiation in C57BL/6 mice was conducted with a low-voltage radiation unit. The animals were ...
Pires-Oliveira Deise A A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of photobiomodulation using a 904-nm diode laser at two energy densities (6 J/cm(2) and 50 mJ/cm(2)) on L929 fibroblast cells. BACKGROUND: Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) is a non-pharmacological resource that induces important in vitro photobiomodulation on cell cultures ...
Wood John P M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is becoming increasingly employed to reduce elevated intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients. SLT is known to target the ocular trabecular meshwork (TM), but the exact response mechanisms to this treatment have not been clearly delineated. The aim of the present study, therefore, was ...
Toussaint Martin - - 2010
AIMS: The purpose of this research was to assess the ultraviolet light (UV) phenotype of yeast sirDelta cells vs. WT cells, and to determine whether de-silenced chromatin or the intrinsic pseudoploidy of sirDelta mutants contributes to their response to UV. Additional aims were to study the participation of HR and ...
Pant K - - 2010
The SHE cell transformation assay has traditionally been conducted with a feeder layer of X-ray irradiated cells to provide growth support to the target cells seeded in low numbers. The need for an X-ray irradiated feeder cell layer necessitates the maintenance of an X-ray machine and the additional step to ...
Lambreva Maya - - 2010
Two reliable methods have been combined: i) the electroporation of the cell membranes for facilitating the sensitizer incorporation into hystiocytic human lymphoma cells U-937 and (ii) the photodynamics applied by excitation of natural and synthetic sensitizers for cancer therapy. In the case of cytostatic sensitizers as daunomycin or actinomycin their ...
Burlaka A - - 2010
It is proposed to use the novel paradigm of treating cancer with hyperthermic therapy using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) stimulated with near infrared (NIR) irradiation. AIM: To establish the capacity of MWCNT stimulated with NIR irradiation to destroy Erlich ascitic carcinoma (EAC) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EAC cells suspension was ...
Eder-Czembirek Christina - - 2010
Betulinic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, is a new cytotoxic compound active on melanoma, neuroblastoma, glioblastoma and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. In combination with irradiation it has been shown to have an additive effect on growth inhibition in melanoma cells. In this study, the radiosensitizing effect of ...
Kirui Dickson K - - 2010
Gold and iron oxide hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs) synthesized by the thermal decomposition technique are bio-functionalized with a single chain antibody, scFv, that binds to the A33 antigen present on colorectal cancer cells. The HNP-scFv conjugates are stable in aqueous solution with a magnetization value of 44 emu g(-1) and exhibit ...
Peng Liu - - 2010
The biological consequences of exposure to TiO(2), UV light and their combined effects were studied on the cellular envelopes of Tetrahymena. For Tetrahymena cells treated with TiO(2) or UV light alone, the cell membrane shrunk while still maintaining the original elliptoid shape. Cells treated by TiO(2) under UV light irradiation ...
Liao Anyan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of (125)I seeds on prostate carcinoma (PC3) cells. The relative biological effectiveness of (125)I seeds on PC3 cells with respect to (60)Co gamma rays was 1.4. Both 4 Gy of (60)Co gamma ray and (125)I seed irradiation increased the percentage ...
Xu Peng - - 2010
Combined hypoxic cytotoxic drugs and chemoradiotherapy is an important mean of oncotherapy, and Tirapazamine (TPZ) is one of the most remarkable drugs. It has been shown that TPZ has a synergistic effect with radiotherapy on tumor cells, but whether TPZ would down-regulate the expression of the hypoxia-induced genes has not ...
Altmeyer Ana?s - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to determine the cytotoxic consequences of high-linear energy transfer (LET) irradiation in the presence of oxaliplatin on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro. We attempted to correlate the induction of apoptosis and autophagy with the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). SK-Hep1 cells ...
Artman Tuuli - - 2010
PURPOSE: It has been shown that plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are involved in neo-angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the irradiation-induced regulation of PAI-1 and VEGF in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN) cell lines of varying ...
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