Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Moran Yehu Y Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel. - - 2012
Jellyfish, hydras, corals and sea anemones (phylum Cnidaria) are known for their venomous stinging cells, nematocytes, used for prey and defence. Here we show, however, that the potent Type I neurotoxin of the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis, Nv1, is confined to ectodermal gland cells rather than nematocytes. We demonstrate massive ...
Guest Ian I Department of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, Albany, - - 2011
The mammary gland is a complex organ consisting of multiple cell types that undergo extensive remodeling during pregnancy and involution, cyclical changes that suggest the existence of a resident stem cell population that is responsible for remarkable tissue regeneration. The basic functional unit of the mammary gland is the terminal ...
- - 2011
A CELL OF TWO MINDS: Stem cells have two principal tasks: (i) being prepared to replicate vegetatively on command, and (ii) being prepared to replicate differentially on command. It is always helpful if there is a way of recognizing the small pools of cells with these capabilities, preferably biomarkers that ...
Toyoda Takeshi - - 2011
A subcutaneous mass was found in the lower ventral neck region of a 55-week-old male Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). Histopathologically, the mass involved salivary glands and featured diffuse proliferation of pleomorphic neoplastic cells with large necrotic foci. The lesion was well demarcated from the surrounding tissue, although invasive growth to ...
Gjorevski Nikolce - - 2011
The mammary gland undergoes a spectacular series of changes as it develops, and maintains a remarkable capacity to remodel and regenerate for several decades. Mammary morphogenesis has been investigated for over 100 years, motivated by the dairy industry and cancer biologists. Over the past decade, the gland has emerged as ...
Toga Kouhei - - 2011
Termite soldiers are the most specialized caste of social insects in terms of their morphology and function. Soldier development requires increased juvenile hormone (JH) titer and the two molts via a presoldier stage. These molts are accompanied by dramatic morphological changes, including the exaggeration and regression of certain organs. Soldiers ...
Lei Xia - - 2011
Human eccrine sweat glands are tubule-structured glands of the skin that are vital in thermoregulation, secretion, and excretion of water and electrolytes. A study of tubular morphogenesis in vitro would facilitate the development of a tissue engineering model for eccrine sweat glands and other tubule-structured glands. Matrigel, a basement membrane ...
Pasic Lejla L Department of Microbiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2011
Human mammary glands arise from multipotent progenitor cells, which likely respond both to cell-autonomous and to extrinsic cues. However, the identity of these cues and how they might act remain unclear. We analyzed HER1 ligand effects on mammary morphogenesis using a three-dimensional organoid model generated from human breast tissue that ...
Wanyonyi Stephen S - - 2011
Cathelicidins secreted in milk may be central to autocrine feedback in the mammary gland for optimal development in addition to conferring innate immunity to both the mammary gland and the neonate. This study exploits the unique reproductive strategy of the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii) model to analyse differential splicing of ...
Vega-Naredo Ignacio - - 2011
  The Syrian hamster Harderian gland exhibits sexually dimorphic porphyrin biosynthesis, wherein the female glands display an extraordinarily high concentration of porphyrins. Damage derived from this production of porphyrins, mediated by reactive oxygen species, causes the glands to develop autophagic processes, which culminate in detachment-derived cell death; these cells normally ...
Lee Geum-Hwa - - 2011
The overexpression of BI-1 induces an acidic extracellular pH due to alterations of mitochondrial function, leading to cancer metastasis through anaerobic glucose metabolism. In this study, ion transporters such as sodium hydrogen exchangers (NHE) and monoamine carboxylate transporters (MCTs) were studied in BI-1-overexpressing HT1080 cells (BI-1 cells). The extracellular pH ...
Matsumoto Masanori - - 2011
A chief Ca(2+) entry pathway in immune cells is store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) influx, which is triggered by depletion of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, its physiological role in B cells remains elusive. Here, we show that ER calcium sensors STIM1- and STIM2-induced SOC influx is critical for B ...
Koptyra M M Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2011
Fanconi D2 (FANCD2) is monoubiquitinated on K561 (FANCD2-Ub) in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) to stimulate repair of these potentially lethal DNA lesions. FANCD2-Ub was upregulated in CD34+ chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and in BCR-ABL1 kinase-positive cell lines in response to elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) ...
Lin Yi-Hsiung - - 2011
The PI3K-AKT pathway and Aurora kinase play essential roles in such cellular processes as cell survival, angiogenesis, and differentiation, and are usually expressed at maximum levels during cancer cell proliferation. The present study investigated the effect of the natural compound, 16-hydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15,16-olide (PL3), on regulating the PI3K-AKT pathway and Aurora B, ...
Pighi Chiara - - 2011
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is currently an incurable entity, and new therapeutic approaches are needed. We have applied a high-throughput phospho-proteomic technique to MCL cell lines to identify activated pathways and we have then validated our data in both cell lines and tumor tissues. PhosphoScan analysis was performed on MCL ...
Buchi Francesca - - 2011
Chronic myeloid leukaemia has a specific therapy: BCR/ABL inhibitor imatinib. Resistance due to BCR/ABL dependent and independent mechanisms is partially reversible by histone deacetylase inhibitors. We analysed by 2D-electrophoresis and anti-pan-acetylated and anti-phosphotyrosine immunoblots, followed by spot-matching and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, which proteome modifications would parallel restoration of sensitivity to ...
Can Geylani - - 2011
<title/> Imatinib is a chemotherapeutic drug used for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Recent data showed imatinib-induced cell death in various types of cancers. Autophagy is the physiological process in which cellular components are broken down by the lysosomal activation. In this study, we aimed to examine the ...
Seca Hugo - - 2011
<title/> It is accepted that cancer chemoresistance may be due to overexpression of antiapoptotic proteins or P-gp. This study investigated the effect of downregulation of X-chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) and of simultaneous downregulation of XIAP and P-gp on sensitivity to imatinib. The K562 and K562Dox (P-gp overexpressing) chronic myeloid ...
Purwanti Nunuk - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) 40: 651-658 The effect of ligation of the main excretory duct (MED) of the mouse submandibular gland (SMG) on the expression of Sca-1, a stem cell antigen, was examined by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. By Western blotting, the expression of Sca-1 with a molecular weight ...
Nam Joo Hyun - - 2011
Stimulation of B cell receptors (BCR-ligation) induces apoptosis of immature B cells, which is critical to the elimination of self-reactive clones. In the mouse immature B cell line WEHI-231, we previously reported two types of background K(+) channels with large- (~ 300 pS, LK(bg)) and medium (~ 100 pS, MKbg) ...
Odde David - - 2011
Cells of all shapes and sizes are able to calculate the location of their middles in order to divide into two during mitosis. Minc et al. (2011) and Gibson et al. (2011) now show that simple mechanical models accurately predict cleavage-plane positioning, and that geometrical interactions between neighboring cells are sufficient to ...
Mlejnek Petr - - 2011
We measured intracellular accumulation of N-desmethyl imatinib (CGP 74588), the main pharmacologically active metabolite of imatinib (Gleevec or STI-571), in Bcr-Abl-positive cells. Using a sensitive and robust non-radioactive in vitro assay, we observed that CGP74588 accumulates in significantly higher amount than imatinib in sensitive K562 cells. In contrast, the intracellular ...
Fridriksdottir Agla J R - - 2011
Distinct subsets of cells, including cells with stem cell-like properties, have been proposed to exist in normal human breast epithelium and breast carcinomas. The cellular origins of epithelial cells contributing to gland development, tissue homeostasis and cancer are, however, still poorly understood. The mouse is a widely used model of ...
Bussard Karen M - - 2011
The mammary gland is a unique organ that continually undergoes postnatal developmental changes. In mice, the mammary gland is formed via signals from terminal end buds, which direct ductal growth and elongation. Intriguingly, it is likely that the entire cellular repertoire of the mammary gland is formed from a single ...
Kam Wendy R - - 2011
A striking characteristic of the human meibomian gland is its rich sensory, sympathetic, and parasympathetic innervation, yet the functional relevance of these nerve fibers remains unknown. Acting on the hypothesis that neurotransmitters are released in the vicinity of the gland, act on glandular receptors, and influence the production, secretion, and/or ...
Wansbury Olivia - - 2011
The mammary primordium forms during embryogenesis as a result of inductive interactions between its constitutive tissues, the mesenchyme and epithelium, and represents the earliest evidence of commitment to the mammary lineage. Previous studies of embryonic mouse mammary epithelium indicated that, by mid-gestation, these cells are determined to a mammary cell ...
Scully Steve S Pioneer Valley Life Sciences Institute, University of Massachusetts, Springfield, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2011
We previously reported that a secreted glycoprotein YKL-40 acts as an angiogenic factor to promote breast cancer angiogenesis. However, its functional role in normal mammary gland development is poorly understood. Here we investigated its biophysiological activity in mammary epithelial development and mammary tissue morphogenesis. YKL-40 was expressed exclusively by ductal ...
Khan Salma S Center for Health Disparities Research and Molecular Medicine, Loma Linda University, 11085 Campus Street, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA. - - 2011
Inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) and Heat shock proteins (HSPs) provide assistance in protecting cells from stresses of hypoxia, imbalanced pH, and altered metabolic and redox states commonly found in the microenvironmental mixture of tumor and nontumor cells. HSPs are upregulated, cell-surface displayed and released extracellularly in some types of tumors, ...
Kurosaki Tomohiro - - 2010
B cells and antibodies are important elements of acquired humoral immunity in the fight against various pathogens, and signals through the B cell receptor (BCR) are crucial for the development, activation and differentiation of B cells. Our laboratory has focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms of BCR-mediated signaling cascades that ...
Kloo Bernhard - - 2011
The activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents a very aggressive human lymphoma entity. Constitutive NF-κB activation caused by chronic active B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling is common feature of many ABC DLBCL cells; however, the pathways linking BCR signaling to the NF-κB prosurvival network are largely ...
Feng Siqian - - 2011
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are conserved epigenetic regulators that are linked to cancer in humans. However, little is known about how they control cell proliferation. Here, we report that mutant clones of the PcG gene polyhomeotic (ph) form unique single-cell-layer cavities that secrete three JAK/STAT pathway ligands, which in turn ...
Altman B J BJ Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2011
Hematopoietic cells normally require cell extrinsic signals to maintain metabolism and survival. In contrast, cancer cells can express constitutively active oncogenic kinases such as BCR-Abl that promote these processes independent of extrinsic growth factors. When cells receive insufficient growth signals or when oncogenic kinases are inhibited, glucose metabolism decreases and ...
Martin Christine - - 2010
Cell polarization along the axis of movement is required for migration. The localization of proteins and regulators of the migratory machinery to either the cell front or its rear results in a spatial asymmetry enabling cells to simultaneously coordinate cell protrusion and retraction. Protons might function as such unevenly distributed ...
Zheng Xiao-Kang - - 2010
To determine the impact of prolonged fraction delivery times (FDTs) simulating intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) on cultured nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell killing. Cultured NPC cell lines CNE1 and CNE2 were used in this study. The biological effectiveness of fractionated irradiation protocols simulating conventional external beam radiotherapy and IMRT (FDT of 15, ...
Gregersen Kimberly A D KA Chemistry Department, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2010
This paper describes a method by which molecules that are impermeable to cells are encapsulated in dye-sensitized lipid nanocapsules for delivery into cells via endocytosis. Once inside the cells, the molecules are released from the lipid nanocapsules into the cytoplasm with a single nanosecond pulse from a laser in the ...
Mlejnek Petr - - 2011
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is often associated with overexpression of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1). It was demonstrated that the P-gp mediated efflux decreases the drug concentration in cancer cells which results in the failure of chemotherapy. However, the MDR phenotype in cancer cells obviously involves various mechanisms. Therefore, if we want ...
Krpetić Zeljka - - 2010
We show that low-intensity laser irradiation of cancer cells containing endosomal gold nanoparticles leads to endosome rupture and escape of the nanoparticles into the cytosol without affecting the cells' viability. The low light intensity of our experiments allows us to rule out photothermal effects as the underlying mechanism, and we ...
Park Kyung Je - - 2010
The production of chimeric birds is an important tool for the investigation of vertebrate development, the conservation of endangered birds, and the development of various biotechnological applications. This study examined whether gamma (γ)-irradiation depletes endogenous primordial germ cells and enhances the efficiency of somatic chimerism in chickens. An optimal irradiation ...
Menkovic Nebojsa - - 2010
Radioprotective/sensitizing actions of Gentiana lutea aqueous-ethanol extract and mangiferin on radiation-induced effects on different types of cells were investigated. The study focused on the decreasing survival of normal human immunocompetent cells, the survival of the malignant cells in vitro, and the survival of ex vivo irradiated cells before and after ...
Tomicic Maja T - - 2011
The oncoprotein c-Fos has been commonly found differently expressed in cancer cells. Our previous work showed that mouse cells lacking the immediate-early gene c-fos are hypersensitive to ultraviolet (UVC) light. Here, we demonstrate that in human diploid fibroblasts UV-triggered induction of c-Fos protein is a delayed and long-lasting event. Sustained ...
Promklay Arunothai - - 2010
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to investigate the response of human dental pulp cells lying on a thin dentin disc to Er:YAG irradiation. Background Data: Er:YAG laser irradiation has been effectively used for tooth cavity preparation with minimal damage to the dental pulp tissue. However, study of its direct effect ...
Gerelchuluun Ariungerel - - 2011
To clarify the properties of clinical high-energy protons by comparing with clinical high-energy X-rays. Human tumor cell lines, ONS76 and MOLT4, were irradiated with 200 MeV protons or 10 MV X-rays. In situ DNA double-strand breaks (DDSB) induction was evaluated by immunocytochemical staining of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX). Apoptosis was ...
Jantová Soňa - - 2011
The present study demonstrates photoinduced generation of superoxide radical anion and singlet oxygen upon UVA irradiation of ethyl 1,4-dihydro-8-nitro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylate (DNQC), and its cytotoxic/phototoxic effects on murine leukemia L1210 cells. The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was investigated by EPR spectroscopy using in situ spin trapping technique and 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-piperidine (TMP) ...
Antkowiak Maciej - - 2010
We demonstrate the advantages of a dynamic diffractive optical element, namely a spatial light modulator (SLM) for the controlled and enhanced optoinjection and phototransfection of mammalian cells with a femtosecond light source. The SLM provides full control over the lateral and axial positioning of the beam with sub-micron precision. Fast ...
Shckorbatov Yuriy G - - 2010
To investigate the influence of microwave radiation on the human fibroblast nuclei, the effects of three variants of electromagnetic wave polarization, linear and left-handed and right-handed elliptically polarized, were examined. Experimental conditions were: frequency (f) 36.65 GHz, power density (P) at the surface of exposed object 1, 10, 30, and ...
Inanç Burcu - - 2010
DNA damage can induce centrosome overduplication in a manner that requires G2-to-M checkpoint function, suggesting that genotoxic stress can decouple the centrosome and chromosome cycles. How this happens is unclear. Using live-cell imaging of cells that express fluorescently tagged NEDD1/GCP-WD and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, we found that ionizing radiation ...
Rho Ho Sik - - 2011
To find novel depigmenting agents, a new synthetic compound, N-adamantyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzamide (NADB) was produced and the effects on melanogenesis were investigated. Our results showed that NADB reduced melanin synthesis in a dose-dependent manner in melan-a cells. Tyrosinase activity was also reduced by NADB treatment in melan-a cells. However, NADB did not ...
Hong M - - 2010
Direct damage to DNA is generally accepted as the main initiator of mutation and cancer induced by environmental carcinogens or ionising radiation. However, there is accumulating evidence suggesting that extracellular/extranuclear targets may also have a key role in mediating the genotoxic effects of ionising radiation. As the possibility of a ...
Olsson Magnus G - - 2010
Alpha-particle irradiation of cells damages not only the irradiated cells but also nontargeted bystander cells. It has been proposed that the bystander effect is caused by oxidants and free radicals generated by the radiation. Recent studies have shown that α(1)-microglobulin protects against cell damage caused by oxidants and free radicals. ...
Olsson Magnus G - - 2010
Abstract Alpha-particle irradiation of cells damages not only the irradiated cells but also nontargeted bystander cells. It has been proposed that the bystander effect is caused by oxidants and free radicals generated by the radiation. Recent studies have shown that α(1)-microglobulin protects against cell damage caused by oxidants and free ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >