Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2394
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Le Goff Dominique - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not apoptosis occurs in Sertoli cells in presence of 25-hydroxycholesterol, an oxysterol derived from cholesterol-containing foods or endogenous oxidation. Here, we provide evidence that 25-hydroxycholesterol can induce cultured Sertoli cells of immature rat to undergo apoptosis. The cell death ...
Mendis-Handagama S M L Chamindrani - - 2005
Leydig cells are the primary source of androgens in the mammalian testis. It is established that the luteinizing hormone (LH) produced by the anterior pituitary is required to maintain the structure and function of the Leydig cells in the postnatal testis. Until recent years, a role by the thyroid hormones ...
Robert Nicholas M - - 2006
Insulin-like 3 (INSL3) is a hormone produced by fetal and adult Leydig cells of the testis and by theca and luteal cells of the adult ovary. In males, INSL3 regulates testicular descent during fetal life, whereas in adults, it acts as a germ cell survival factor. In the ovary, INSL3 ...
Hess Monna F - - 2005
There are several hormones and local testicular factors involved in the initiation and control of steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis during puberty. GH and its mediator, IGF-I, increase substantially during puberty, and in addition to LH, these growth-promoting hormones can have direct effects upon testicular function. The objective of this work was ...
Xia Weiliang - - 2005
During spermatogenesis, both adherens junctions (AJ) (such as ectoplasmic specialization (ES), a testis-specific AJ type at the Sertoli cell-spermatid interface (apical ES) or Sertoli-Sertoli cell interface (basal ES) in the apical compartment and BTB, respectively) and tight junctions (TJ) undergo extensive restructuring to permit germ cells to move across the ...
Malki Safia - - 2005
SOX9 is a sex-determining factor which induces Sertoli cell differentiation and subsequent testis cord formation. It is expressed both in male and female undifferentiated gonads in the cytoplasmic compartment of pre-Sertoli cells. At the time of sexual differentiation, SOX9 moves into the nucleus of male pre-Sertoli cells whereas in female, ...
Sriraman Venkataraman - - 2005
Studies over the last few decades have documented that LH is the principal regulator of Leydig cell function. Recent studies indicate that locally produced intratesticular factors are equally important in modulating Leydig cell development and function. In the present review, results of studies on Leydig development and function with rodent ...
Holsberger Denise R - - 2005
More than a decade of research has shown that Sertoli cell proliferation is regulated by thyroid hormone. Neonatal hypothyroidism lengthens the period of Sertoli cell proliferation, leading to increases in Sertoli cell number, testis weight, and daily sperm production (DSP) when euthyroidism is re-established. In contrast, the neonatal Sertoli cell ...
Shapiro Ellen - - 2005
PURPOSE: Expression and cellular localization of the androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ER) isoforms were determined using antibodies specific to these receptors and to specific cell types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gonads and genitourinary structures were removed from 5 human male fetuses 7 to 22 weeks of gestational age. Sections ...
García-López A - - 2005
Despite the fact that the Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis is a target species for the aquaculture industry in Spain and Portugal, very little is known about its gametogenesis and especially about testicular development. Therefore, the male reproductive system in adult S. senegalensis was described using a histological and histochemical approach. ...
Hinescu M E - - 2005
We present here visual evidence for the existence of a new type of interstitial cells in human atrial myocardium: interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLC). These cells fulfil the so-called 'platinum standard' (a set of 10 ultrastructural criteria for the positive diagnosis of ICLC). Conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM), followed by reconstructions ...
Gelain Daniel Pens - - 2005
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and vitamin A (retinol) are two of the main regulators of the male reproductive system. Recently, it has been described that extracellular purines can affect some important reproductive-related functions in Sertoli cells and germinative cells, by activating specific purinergic receptors. In this work, we report that both ...
Traina Maria Elsa - - 2005
Lonidamine (LND) [1-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid], a well-known antispermatogenic drug, was studied for the first time in pubertal mice to assess its possible effects on spermatogenesis. Male CD1 mice were orally treated on Postnatal Day (PND) 28 with a single dose of LND (100 mg/kg body weight) and sacrificed on PND30, PND42, ...
Jeanes Angela - - 2005
Despite the importance of peritubular myoid (PM) cells in the histogenesis of the fetal testis, understanding the origin and function of these cells has been hampered by the lack of suitable markers. The current study was aimed at identifying molecular markers for PM cells during the early stages of testis ...
Igarashi-Migitaka Junko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Androgens are critical for the development and maintenance of male sexual characteristics. Their action is mediated through the androgen receptor (AR). Ligand-bound AR interacts with coactivator proteins that mediate transcriptional activation. Such coactivators include three members of the 160 kDa proteins (p160s): SRC-1, TIF2/GRIP1, and p/CIP/RAC3/ACTR/AIB1/TRAM-1. The aim of ...
Tae H J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to obtain detailed quantitative information on all cell types in the testis interstitium of Korean ring-necked pheasants and to combine these data with changes in the steroidogenic function of the testis during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. For animals collected during the breeding season, ...
Weng Qiang Q Faculty of Biological Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, - - 2005
The localizations of steroidogenic enzymes (P450scc, 3 beta HSD, P450c17 and P450arom) in testes of Shiba goats were investigated by immunohistochemistry. P450scc, 3 beta HSD, P450c17 and P450arom were detected in all Leydig cells of adults. P450scc and P450c17 were observed in most Leydig cells in the fetus (90 days) ...
Catizone A - - 2005
Hepatocyte growth factor regulates many cellular functions acting through c-met, its specific receptor with tyrosine kinase activity. We have previously reported that in prepubertal rats HGF is secreted in the seminiferous tubules by purified peritubular myoid cells whereas Sertoli cells do not express HGF mRNA. In the present paper we ...
Petersen Cecilia - - 2005
We have reported earlier that interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent growth factor for immature Sertoli cells (somatic cells in the testis required for testicular development and later spermatogenesis) and that this effect is synergistic with the mitogenic effect of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The aim of the present study was to ...
Gupta R S - - 2006
Methanolic extract of Albizia lebbeck bark when administered orally at the dose level of 100 mg/rat/day to male rats of proven fertility for 60 days did not cause any significant loss in their body weights but the weights of reproductive organs, i.e. testis, epididymides, seminal vesicle and ventral prostate were ...
Davidoff Michail S - - 2005
Catecholamines play functional roles in the mature and developing mammalian testis but the cell types responsible for their local synthesis are still controversially discussed. Here, we demonstrate that four enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of catecholamines, namely, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) and phenylethanolamine- ...
Meachem Sarah J - - 2005
The critical influence of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) on male fertility relates both to its impact on Sertoli cell proliferation in perinatal life and to its influence on the synthesis of Sertoli cell-derived products essential for germ cell survival and function in the developing adult testis. The nature and timing ...
YINUSA RAJI
The effect of prolactin on dispersed rat Leydig cells was investigated. Leydig cells from adult rat testes of proven fertility were isolated via collagenase digestion and dispersion. About 100,000 Leydig cells/ml were incubated with graded concentrations of prolactin in the presence or absence of luteinizing hormone (LH) and theophylline for ...
Chen Haolin - - 2005
Previous studies have suggested that oxidant-induced damage may play a role in the reduced ability of aged Brown Norway rat Leydig cells to produce testosterone. We reasoned that if this was the case, antioxidants such as vitamin E (VE) would be expected to have protective effects on steroidogenesis. To test ...
Rahman Tony Manibur - - 2005
Hepatocyte transplantation offers therapeutic opportunities in liver disease. Xenogeneic hepatocytes are a potential resource, but rejection presents a major problem. We combined cell encapsulation with modulation by local generation of an immunosuppressant by co-encapsulating Sertoli cells with HepG2 cells. We assessed in vitro rat leukocyte proliferative responses and HepG2 cell ...
Panesar Nirmal S - - 2005
Gonadotropins cause immediate chloride secretion in Leydig cells, which still have an unknown physiological. Thyroid and Leydig cells produce more cAMP and steroids, respectively, under low or chloride-free conditions. Here, we show that chloride efflux mediated by incubation of Mouse Leydig Tumor cells (MLTC-1) in hypotonic or chloride-free isotonic buffers ...
Abd-Elmaksoud, Ahmed
In the present study, the testes of 32 bovine embryos with different crown-rump length (2.5- 90 cm CRL) and of 15 sexually mature bulls (Deutsches Fleckvieh) were investigated using light- and electron microscope as well as glycohistochemical and immunohistochemical methods. The gestation period was divided into 3 stages; early, mid, ...
Schulz Rüdiger W - - 2005
Germ cell survival and development critically depend on the cells' contact with Sertoli cells in the vertebrate testis. Fish and amphibians are different from mammals in that they show a cystic type of spermatogenesis in which a single germ cell clone is enclosed by and accompanied through the different stages ...
Walker William H - - 2005
Testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) are required to obtain full reproductive potential. In the testis, somatic Sertoli cells transduce signals from testosterone and FSH into the production of factors that are required by germ cells as they mature into spermatozoa. Recent advances in identifying new signaling pathways that are regulated ...
Ravikumar S - - 2005
Enzymatic and histological change in the testicular cells of rats treated orally and intradermally for 45 days with gibberellic acid (GBA) in independent studies is reported. Assay of hexokinase (HK), acid phosphatase (AcP) and alkaline phosphatase (AkP) in rat testicular tissue homogenate preparations yielded results that suggested changes in these ...
Lo H-C - - 2005
Tremella mesenterica (TM), a yellow jelly mushroom, has been traditionally used as food and crude medicine to improve several kinds of symptoms in Chinese society for a long time. Recent studies have illustrated that the fractions of fruiting bodies of TM exhibit a significant hypoglycemic activity in diabetic mouse models, ...
Blottner Steffen - - 2005
Seasonally regulated breeding is associated with significant changes in testis mass, structure and function. This includes the variation in size, structure and function of the Leydig cells. Recently, interstitial cells have been characterised as a numerically constant population in roe deer. However, no consistent data are available regarding changes in ...
Gillot Isabelle - - 2005
The CD36 scavenger receptor is involved in the uptake and transport of fatty acids, as well as the phagocytosis process in macrophages. We show here that the CD36 protein is expressed by Sertoli cells in the seminiferous epithelium, mainly during the stages where phagocytosis takes place. Using a Sertoli-derived cell ...
Iwanami Yoshihito - - 2006
The present study was undertaken to investigate whether rat spermatogonial stem cells can differentiate into developmentally competent round spermatids during co-culture with Sertoli cells. Type-A spermatogonia and Sertoli cells were prepared from 7-d-old Wistar-strain male rats, and seeded at 4 x 10(6) cells/ 4 mL/35-mm dish (Day 0). They were ...
Wang Huizhen - - 2005
Tyro 3 family receptors contain three members-Tyro 3, Axl, and Mer-that are essential regulators of mammalian spermatogenesis. However, their exact expression patterns in testis are unclear. In this study, we examined the localizations of Tyro 3, Axl, Mer, and their ligand Gas6 in postnatal mouse testes by immunohistochemistry. All three ...
Lai K P - - 2005
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) have been recognized as highly potent developmental and reproductive toxins. We have previously demonstrated effects of TCDD in modulating the expression of rat Sertoli cell secretory products and markers for cell-cell interaction. In this study, we examined the direct biological effects of TCDD in ...
Weller Orna - - 2005
The contribution of histologic differentiation between primary and secondary Sertoli-cell-only (SCO) syndrome in azoospermic men was evaluated. No correlation was found between the presence of sperm cells in the testis and the histologic findings or inhibin B or FSH levels, suggesting a low prognostic value for this differentiation.
Iida Hiroshi - - 2005
We examined the expression and the localization of a small GTPase, rab12, in rat testis. Northern blot analysis showed that 2.3 kb transcript of rab12 was expressed in rat testis. RT-PCR analysis indicated constant expression of rab12 throughout testis development. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that rab12 protein was highly expressed in ...
Nakagawa Akihisa - - 2005
Sertoli cells, a somatic cell type present within the seminiferous tubules of testes, are responsible for the phagocytic elimination of apoptotic spermatogenic cells. We here established an in vivo assay system that enables us to quantitatively analyze Sertoli cell phagocytosis of apoptotic cells in testes of live mice. Apoptotic cells ...
Sasso-Cerri E - - 2005
In amphibia, steroidogenesis remains quiescent in distinct seasonal periods, but the mechanism by which spermatogenesis is maintained under low steroidogenic conditions is not clear. In the present study, testosterone location in the testes of Rana catesbeiana was investigated immunohistochemically during breeding (summer) and nonbreeding (winter) periods. In winter, the scarce ...
Kleymenova Elena - - 2005
Di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) is commonly used in personal care products and as a plasticizer to soften consumer plastic products. Male rats exposed to DBP in utero have malformations of the male reproductive tract and testicular atrophy characterized by degeneration of seminiferous epithelium and decreased sperm production. In the fetal testis, ...
Wolski Katja M - - 2005
The Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specialization (ES) is a specialized domain of the calcium-dependent Sertoli cell-spermatid junctional complex. Not only is it associated with the mechanical adhesion of the cells, but it also plays a role in the morphogenesis and differentiation of the developing germ cells. Abnormal or absent Sertoli ESs ...
Nistal Manuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lysosomes and histochemical function of granular Sertoli cells in developmental alterations. DESIGN: Prospective and retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital and research centers. PATIENT(S): Nineteen infantile and pubertal patients undergoing testicular biopsy; four rat testes for lysosomal study. INTERVENTION(S): CD-68, alpha-1-antitrypsin, vimentin, inhibin alpha subunit, and anti-mullerian hormone ...
Raz P - - 2005
Rat costochondral growth plate chondrocytes exhibit sex-specific and cell maturation dependent responses to testosterone. Only male cells respond to testosterone, although testosterone receptors are present in both male and female cells, suggesting other mechanisms are involved. We examined the hypothesis that the sex-specific response of rat costochondral cartilage cells to ...
Ivell Richard - - 2005
Insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3), previously known as the relaxin-like factor (RLF), is a major peptide hormone secreted from the testicular Leydig cells of adult men and circulating in the blood at a concentration of approximately 1 ng/mL. Women also produce INSL3 in the theca interna cells of ovarian follicles, but ...
Bastos Henri - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spermatogenesis in adult is a complex stepwise process leading to terminally differentiated spermatozoa. The cellular heterogeneity of testis renders complex the studies on molecular aspects of this differentiation process. Analysis of the regulation of adult spermatogenesis would undoubtedly benefit from the development of techniques to characterize each germinal differentiation ...
Weissman Ben A - - 2005
The free radical nitric oxide (NO), generated through the oxidation of L-arginine to L-citrulline by NO synthases (NOSs), has been shown to inhibit steroidogenic pathways. NOS isoforms are known to be present in rat and human testes. Our study examined the sensitivity of Leydig cells to NO and determined whether ...
Muir Tera - - 2005
Sertoli cells are a postmitotic terminally differentiated cell population in the adult testis that form the seminiferous tubules and provide the microenvironment and structural support for developing germ cells. The transcription factors that regulate Sertoli cell differentiation remain to be elucidated. The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors are involved in the ...
Al-Awadi S - - 2005
The impact of chemical enhancers on the biotransformation of testosterone has been exploited. Application of crude cell concentrates to produce Bacillus stearothermophilus-mediated bioconversion of testosterone at 65 degrees C for 72 h has been examined. After incubation, the xenobiotic substrate was added to the concentrated whole cell suspensions. The enhancer ...
Matoba Shogo - - 2005
Sry is transiently activated in pre-Sertoli cells of the gonadal ridge to initiate testis differentiation in mice. In pre-Sertoli cells, however, the cellular events induced immediately after the onset of Sry expression remain largely unknown. Here we show that testis-specific glycogen accumulation in pre-Sertoli cells is one of the earliest ...
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