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Results 301 - 350 of 2394
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Wang Claire Q F - - 2007
The coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), a putative cell-cell adhesion molecule, has attracted wide interest due to its importance in viral pathogenesis and in mediating adenoviral gene delivery. However, the distribution pattern and physiological function of CAR in the testis is still not clear. Here, we identified CAR in Sertoli ...
Murugesan Palaniappan - - 2007
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental contaminants that disturb normal endocrine functions, including gonadal functions in humans and mammals. In the present study, we examined the direct effects of PCB on rat Leydig cells in vitro. Adult Leydig cells were purified by Percoll gradient centrifugation method and the ...
Verdorfer I - - 2007
We present two malignant cases of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumours (SLCT) of the testis and one ovarian SLCT with benign behaviour. The DNA copy number changes affected chromosome 1, 8, 9p, 10, 11, 12, 16, 19, 22 and X. The present study is the first molecular-cytogenetic analysis of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumours ...
Goto H G - - 2007
For estrogen-responsive B-1F cells, established from estrogen-responsive mouse Leydig cell tumor, it has been reported that the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) metabolic pathway appears to be associated with cell growth. The addition of 5-LOX inhibitor 2-(12-hydroxydodeca-5,10-diyl)-3,5,6-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone (AA861) to the medium resulted in a dose-dependent increase in cell yield as described previously. When ...
Raucci Franca - - 2007
The green frog Rana esculenta is a seasonal breeder. The cyclic changes between almost arrested and highly activated spermatogenesis offer an ideal model to study basic mechanisms of spermatogenesis. In this study, we demonstrated, to our knowledge for the first time, c-kit receptor positive cells in the testis of this ...
Ichihara I - - 2007
The effects of testosterone treatment on spermatogenesis in the rat have been investigated by morphometric and structural analysis at the ultrastructural level in stages VII-IX. The aim has been to characterize the changes in Sertoli and spermatogenic cells to elucidate the mechanism of testosterone effects on spermatogenesis and to test ...
Schuenemann G M - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of gonadotropin administration at initiation of inhibin passive immunisation in Jersey bull calves (age 27 +/- 5 days) on testicular morphology and development. Primary treatments consisted of control (keyhole limpet haemocyanin, KLH; n = 9) or immunisation against inhibin ...
Gumińska Anna - - 2007
Seminiferous tubule differentiation was related to the occurrence of germ cell neoplasia in 38 men, aged 17-47, treated surgically in childhood for cryptorchidism. Tissues from 46 testes obtained from biopsies taken as a neoplastic preventive procedure or whole testes removed because of GCT were evaluated quantitatively. Paraffin sections were treated ...
Ostrer H - - 2007
This study catalogs the cellular events underlying the formation of a human testis. These events were identified by immunocytochemistry using antibodies that served as markers for specific cell types, then contrasted with the events occurring in the developing mouse testis. The presence of germ cells in the embryonic gonadal ridge ...
Lin Shan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To isolate and characterize fetal trabecular meshwork (FTM) cells for study in culture. Cultured adult trabecular meshwork (TM) cells often possess a slower rate of growth and restricted number of population doublings, limiting the ability to perform expanded testing. METHODS: Fetal eyes from 24-week gestation abortions were delicately dissected ...
Carreau Serge - - 2007
The mammalian testis serves two main functions: production of spermatozoa and synthesis of steroids; among them, estrogens are the end products obtained from the irreversible transformation of androgens by aromatase. The aromatase is encoded by a single gene (cyp19) in humans which contains 18 exons, 9 of them being translated. ...
Haeussler Susanne - - 2007
Male pig fetuses secrete considerable amounts of estrogens, but the location of aromatase activity within the fetal testis is not known. The location of aromatase expression was investigated by immunocytochemistry in fetal testes from week 6 (n = 5), weeks 10, 13, and 15 (each: n = 6) of gestation ...
Walczak-Jedrzejowska Renata - - 2007
During establishment of spermatogenesis at the prepubertal age, an early germ cells apoptotic wave occurs likely aimed to remove abnormal germ cells and to maintain a proper cell number ratio between maturating germ cells and Sertoli cells. Here we assessed Sertoli and germ cell apoptosis in relation to morphological parameters ...
Bielinska Malgorzata - - 2007
The transcription factor GATA-4 is expressed in Sertoli cells, steroidogenic Leydig cells, and other testicular somatic cells. Previous studies have established that interaction between GATA-4 and its cofactor FOG-2 is necessary for proper Sry expression and all subsequent steps in testicular organogenesis, including testis cord formation and differentiation of both ...
Yao Pei-Li - - 2007
The Fas/FasL signaling pathway has previously been demonstrated to be critical for triggering germ cell apoptosis in response to mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP)-induced Sertoli cell injury. Although Sertoli cells ubiquitously express the FasL protein, MEHP-induced germ cell apoptosis appears to tightly correlate with increased levels of Sertoli cell FasL. Here we characterize ...
Levallet Guénaëlle - - 2007
FSH-induced upregulation of cAMP-PDE4 activities was decreased in cultured Sertoli cells when alteration of cell proteoglycans (PGs) metabolism was simultaneously induced either by para-nitrophenyl beta-d-xyloside (PNPX) or by sodium chlorate. This effect was restricted to the particulate PDE4 activities and its timing was consistent with the half-life of Sertoli cell ...
Vasta Valeria - - 2006
Leydig cells produce testosterone in the testes under the pulsatile control of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH). cAMP is the intracellular messenger for LH action on steroidogenesis, and pharmacological evidence indicates that the response to LH can be modulated by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). However the types and roles of the ...
Guo Jian - - 2007
We demonstrated in this study that liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) was expressed in the round spermatids in normal monkey testis, and no LRH-1 signal was observed in the Sertoli cells. After local warming (43 C) the monkey testis, however, LRH-1 expression was induced in the Sertoli cells in coincidence with ...
Liu Donglin D The Jackson Laboratory, 600 Main Street, Bar Harbor, ME 04609, - - 2007
Gene expression and processing during mouse male germ cell maturation (spermatogenesis) is highly specialized. Previous reports have suggested that there is a high incidence of alternative 3'-processing in male germ cell mRNAs, including reduced usage of the canonical polyadenylation signal, AAUAAA. We used EST libraries generated from mouse testicular cells ...
Jeong Chan-Woo - - 2007
To investigate the involvement of flotillin-1 in acute experimental testicular torsion, we examined the expression and cellular localization of flotillin-1 and cathepsin D in the rat testis with ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of flotillin-1 increased significantly 6h after I/R and that the level remained ...
Fecteau K A - - 2006
Platelet-derived growth factor-A (PDGF-A) is a locally produced growth factor in the rat testis secreted by both Sertoli cells and Leydig cells. It has been suggested that PDGF-A may be involved in modulation of testosterone production and may be essential to Leydig cell differentiation, however it is not known at ...
Casanova Marta B - - 2006
Caveolin-1, the first member of caveolin family reported, is recognized as the structural component of caveola, a plasma membrane invagination or vesicles that are a subcompartment distinct from clathrin-coated pits. This protein is also known to be involved in cholesterol trafficking. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Han Unsal U Department of Pathology and Cytology, S.B. Ankara Dişkapi Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2006
To compare the diagnostic value of testicular fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology with that of open biopsy in primary infertility and nonobstructive azospermia or severe oligozoospermia, to evaluate the reliability of percentage cell counts and cell indices. Thirty patients (21 azospermic and 9 severe oligozoospermic) who had samples for testicular ...
Deschildre Catherine - - 2007
Although spermatogenesis is a complex process under hormonal control, which includes mainly follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and androgens, little is known about the intra-testicular mediators of these hormones. In the present study, galectin-3 (Gal-3) expression has been identified in human, rat and porcine testes where it is under hormonal control. ...
Kim Suel-Kee - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence that the Fas-mediated apoptotic process may participate in developing hypospermatogenesis, such as maturation arrest (MA) and Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCO). DESIGN: Prospective clinical and descriptive study. SETTING: Hospital-based infertility research laboratory and university laboratory. PATIENT(S): Twenty-two testicular biopsy specimens were obtained for routine clinical purposes from ...
Ramesh Revathi - - 2007
Reducing endogenous estrogen leads to increased proliferation of porcine Sertoli cells during the first 2 months of life. The resulting increase in porcine Sertoli cell numbers is maintained through puberty. The reduced estrogen appears to be the direct hormonal mediator because essentially no changes are observed in other hormones. However, ...
Rey Rodolfo A - - 2006
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS), usually presenting with polyostotic bone dysplasia, café-au-lait skin lesions and sexual precocity, results from a somatic activating mutation of the GNAS1 gene, which encodes the Gs-alpha protein involved in signalling of several G-protein-coupled receptors. The clinical spectrum depends on tissue distribution of mutant-bearing cells. Sexual precocity has ...
Bernard Laure - - 2007
Any toxicant that affects Sertoli cell development can potentially disturb male fertility. So far, the effects of organochlorine compounds have been poorly investigated in male. Here, we studied the effects of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), an organochloride pesticide, on Sertoli cells. DDT inhibited the cAMP response to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), the major ...
Kim S T - - 2006
p57kip2, a KIP family cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor, blocks the cell cycle by acting on multiple cyclin-Cdk complexes. To investigate the role of p57kip2 in human fertility, the expression of p57kip2 was investigated in testes from normal and obstructive azoospermic male patients who were positive for p57kip2 mRNA. In the ...
Storgaard Lone - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The influences of environmental factors on the male reproductive system have been much debated over the last 3 decades. We studied the impact of genes and environment on semen quality, sex hormone levels, and sperm chromatin stability by using a twin design. METHODS: The study population consisted of monozygotic ...
Barghorn A - - 2006
The case of a 33-year-old man with a clinically suspected testicular neoplasm is reported here. The radical orchidectomy specimen showed a sharply demarcated, firm, yellow-white 1-cm nodule beneath the tunica albuginea at the upper pole. Microscopical examination showed the encapsulated nodule to be composed of tubules lined by immature Sertoli ...
Chen Haolin - - 2007
Previous studies suggested that increased Leydig cell cyclooxygenase (COX)2 expression may be involved in the reduced testosterone production that characterizes aged Leydig cells. Our objective herein was to further elucidate the relationships among LH stimulation, Leydig cell COX2 and COX1 expression, aging, and testosterone production. Incubation of Leydig cells from ...
Sipione Simonetta - - 2006
Sertoli cells have long since been recognized for their ability to suppress the immune system and protect themselves as well as other cell types from harmful immune reaction. However, the exact mechanism or product produced by Sertoli cells that affords this immunoprotection has never been fully elucidated. We examined the ...
Badrinarayanan R - - 2006
Clinical and experimental studies, including our own observations, have shown the adverse effects of excess glucocorticoids on testicular steroid hormone production. The present study was designed to gain insight into the molecular mechanisms by which excess corticosterone impairs Leydig cell steroidogenesis. To achieve this, adult rats were administered with corticosterone-21-acetate ...
Herrid Muren - - 2006
While heterologous germ cell transplantation was successful in pigs and goats, autologous transplantation alone has been reported to result in donor-derived spermatogenesis in cattle. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the transplantation of heterologous germ cells could result in colonization of recipient testes in cattle of different ...
Sekido Ryohei R Division of Developmental Genetics, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London, UK. - - 2007
To understand mechanisms of sex determination, it is important to know the lineage relationships of cells comprising the gonads. For example, in mice, the Y-linked gene Sry triggers differentiation of Sertoli cells from a cell population originating in the coelomic epithelium overlying the nascent gonad that also gives rise to ...
Sato Yoko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression patterns of heat shock transcription factor, Y chromosome (HSFY), in the testes showing deteriorated spermatogenesis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital, its branch hospital, and academic laboratory. PATIENT(S): Men undergoing testicular biopsy for the investigation of infertility and men undergoing orchiectomy for testicular cancer. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Wang Huizhen - - 2006
During spermatogenesis, more than half of the differentiating spermatogenic cells undergo apoptosis before they mature into spermatozoa. Ultrastructure studies showed that the formation of lipid droplets in Sertoli cells was associated with phagocytosis of residual bodies and apoptotic germ cells by Sertoli cells. Here, a relationship between the phagocytosis of ...
Gist Daniel H - - 2007
Portions of the reproductive tract of the male (Trachemys scripta) turtle were examined by immunocytochemistry for evidence of the capacity to produce and respond to estrogen hormones (via the expression of P450 aromatase and estrogen receptors). Aromatase was detected in both the Sertoli and Leydig cells of the testis and ...
Mondillo Carolina - - 2007
The present study focuses on histaminergic regulation of Leydig cell physiology, since limited information is available so far. To evaluate the dependency of Leydig cells on histamine (HA), we performed experiments using highly purified Leydig cells in culture, isolated from wild type (WT) and histidine decarboxylase (Hdc) gene knockout (HDC ...
Li D M - - 2006
As a synthetic organic chemical, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is the most common fuel oxygenate. The increasing use of MTBE has raised concern over its safety. Previous studies in vivo revealed that MTBE could alter the male reproduction system. Therefore, the current experiments were designed to evaluate whether isolated mice ...
Val Pierre P Section of Gene Function and Regulation, Institute of Cancer Research, London SW3 6JB, - - 2006
Steroidogenic cells of the adrenal and gonad are thought to be derived from a common primordium that divides into separate tissues during embryogenesis. In this paper, we show that cells with mixed adrenal and Leydig cell properties are found dispersed in the insterstitium of the embryonic and adult mouse testis. ...
Almeida Fernanda F L - - 2006
The wild boar is a natural inhabitant of Europe, Asia, and North Africa and is phylogenetically the ancestor of the domestic pig. Because of its phylogenetic and economic importance, this species is an interesting model for studying testis function in boars. Therefore, the present study was performed to investigate the ...
Barsoum Ivraym I Departments of Cell and Developmental Biology and Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61802, - - 2006
The establishment of the male internal reproductive system involves two crucial events: the formation of the testis and the maintenance and differentiation of the Wolffian duct. Testis formation, particularly the specification of Sertoli cell and Leydig cell lineages, is controlled strictly by genetic components initiated by the testis-determining gene SRY ...
Kierszenbaum Abraham L - - 2006
We have previously reported that Sertoli cell geometric changes induced by a Fas (CD95) agonist or by restricting Sertoli cell spreading can trigger spermatogenic cell detachment from Sertoli cell surfaces and initiate a programmed cell death sequence. Here, we have focused on ADAM proteins, tetraspanins CD9 and CD81, and the ...
DuMond James W JW - - 2006
The mechanisms of estrogenic endocrine disruption on the male reproductive tract are poorly understood. In order to examine estrogenic properties of xenobiotic chemicals on male tissues, we have developed a mouse Leydig cell line (TM3-SF) that self-proliferates under serum-free conditions. This cell line was derived from ATCC's cell line, TM3. ...
Fouchécourt Sophie - - 2006
Glial cell-line-derived neurotropic factor (GDNF) and its receptors glial cell-line-derived neurotropic factor alpha (GFR1alpha) and rearranged during transformation (RET) have been localized in the rat testis during postnatal development. The three mRNAs, and GDNF and GFR1alpha proteins were detected in testis extracts from 1- to 90-day-old rats by reverse transcriptase ...
Supornsilchai Vichit - - 2006
Helenalin is a potent anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic agent isolated from several plant species of the Asteracea family. Here, we have investigated the effects of helenalin on steroidogenesis activated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in primary cultures of rat adrenocortical and Leydig cells. Our findings demonstrate that ...
Chen Liang - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the regulatory function of Cox7a2 on steroidogenesis and the mechanism involved in TM3 mouse Leydig cells. METHODS: The cDNA of Cox7a2 was cloned from TM3 mouse Leydig cells. It was subcloned to pDsRed-Express-N1 and transfected back into TM3 mouse Leydig cells for Cox7a2 overexpression by transient gene ...
Yagi Mio - - 2006
AIM: To determine the involvement of apoptotic cell death in postnatal pathogenesis in mutant strain of hypogonadic (hgn/hgn) rats testes. We evaluated the numbers and types of cells undergoing apoptotic cell death. METHODS: Tissue sections were stained by the TUNEL method for in situ detection of apoptotic cells, with specific ...
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