Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2394
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Lucas Thaís F G - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanisms involved in estrogen actions in cultured rat Sertoli cells. RT-PCR detected transcripts for the estrogen receptors ESR1 and ESR2 in cultured immature Sertoli cells and in the testis of 15-, 28-, and 120-day-old rats. The expression of ESR1 and ...
Hutchison Gary R GR Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United - - 2008
Pregnancy exposure to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) in rats induces a testicular dysgenesislike syndrome (TDS) in male offspring. Earlier studies suggested altered Sertoli cell development/maturation may result, especially in testes that become cryptorchid. This study quantitatively assessed Sertoli cell numerical and functional development in DBP-exposed rats and compared (unilaterally) cryptorchid and ...
Wang Fubin - - 2008
Sertoli cells of testis belong to a unique type of polarized epithelial cells and are essential for spermatogenesis. They form the blood-testis barrier at the base of seminiferous tubule. Their numerous long, microtubule-rich processes extend inward and associate with developing germ cells to sustain germ cell growth and differentiation. How ...
Hou Mi - - 2009
Elimination of contaminating malignant cells is crucial to avoiding cancer relapse in association with transplantation of autologous spermatogonial stem cells. In the clinical setting, there is presently no effective procedure for separating testicular cells from cancer cells. Here, CD4, a selective surface marker for Roser's rat leukaemic T-cells, was utilized ...
Blottner S - - 2007
Adult male domestic cats are known to produce sperm throughout the year, although sexual activity is influenced by geographical location. In the northern hemisphere, feral domestic cats reproduce usually between January and July. Thus, seasonality in testicular activity might be suggested. The aim of the present study was to investigate ...
Galardo María Noel - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key regulator of cellular energy homeostasis, is present in Sertoli cells and whether its activation by 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-b-d-ribonucleoside (AICAR) results in the regulation of cell metabolism to ensure lactate supply for germ cell development. Sertoli ...
Sridharan Santhi - - 2007
Connexin 43 (CX43, also known as GJA1) is the predominant testicular gap-junction protein. In the seminiferous epithelium, gap junctions occur between adjacent Sertoli cells and between Sertoli and germ cells. The specific role of CX43 in Sertoli cell has been difficult to study because of the neonatal lethality of the ...
Chung Jin-Yong - - 2007
Leydig cells of the mammalian testis produce testosterone and support spermatogenesis, and thereby their role in male function is fundamental. Although benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) has been known to exhibit carcinogenic, apoptogenic, and endocrine-disrupting activities, its potential signaling system in Leydig cells remains to be discovered. In the present study, using the ...
Nenicu Anca - - 2007
The vital importance of peroxisomal metabolism for regular function of the testis is stressed by the severe spermatogenesis defects induced by peroxisomal dysfunction. However, only sparse information is available on the role and enzyme composition of this organelle in distinct cell types of the testis. In the present study, we ...
Hutchison Gary R GR MRC Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, - - 2008
A testicular dysgenesis-like syndrome is induced in rats by fetal exposure to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP). A key feature of this is the formation of focal dysgenetic areas comprising malformed seminiferous cords/tubules and intratubular Leydig cells (ITLC), but how and why these arise remains unclear. The present study has used combinations ...
O'Shaughnessy P J - - 2007
CONTEXT: Normal fetal testis development is essential for masculinization and subsequent adult fertility. The second trimester is a critical period of human testicular development and masculinization, but there is a paucity of reliable developmental data. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to analyze second-trimester human testicular morphology and function. ...
Auzanneau Céline - - 2008
Sertoli cells provide a controlled microenvironment for regulation and maintenance of spermatogenesis for which an acidic milieu is crucial for male fertility. Sertoli cells also contribute to protection of spermatogenetic cells. Here, we showed that TRPV1 is expressed in rat Sertoli cells and regulates an acid sensing Cl(-) channel (ASCC). ...
Yoshida Shosei - - 2007
Mammalian spermatogenesis produces numerous sperm for a long period based on a highly potent stem cell system, which relies on a special microenvironment, or niche, that has not yet been identified. In this study, using time-lapse imaging of green fluorescent protein-labeled undifferentiated spermatogonia (A(undiff)) and three-dimensional reconstitution, we revealed a ...
Bozkurt H Hakan - - 2007
There has been no study aimed at directly determining of the periods of Sertoli cell proliferation in birds even domestic fowl. The aims of this study were to observe the cessation of post-hatching mitotic proliferation of Sertoli cells in domestic fowl, and to determine the volume density of Sertoli and ...
Yáñez Alejandro J - - 2007
A substrate cycle composed of phosphofructo 1-kinase I (PFK) and fructose 1,6 bisphosphatase I (FBPase) has been proposed in rat spermatids. This substrate cycle can explain the ability of glucose to induce a decrease in intracellular ATP, a phenomenon that was related to regulation of [Ca(2+)]i in these cells. In ...
Dornas Rubem A P - - 2008
The androgen receptor (AR) mediates the physiological actions of androgens, which play a crucial role in the maintenance of male reproductive function and fertility. Although the AR distribution pattern is well established in mammalian reproductive organs, information about the AR expression in the testes and epididymal region of birds is ...
Suzuki-Yamamoto Toshiko - - 2007
In order to promote better understanding of the physiological roles of prostaglandin F(2alpha) in the mouse testis, we investigated the protein expression and the cellular localization of the enzymes cyclooxygenase and prostaglandin F synthase that are essential for the production of prostaglandin F(2alpha), and the binding site, which is the ...
Kayraldiz A - - 2007
This study is designed to investigate the genotoxic effect of sodium metabisulphite (SMB), which is used as an antimicrobial substance in foods on bone marrow cells of rats. Four different concentrations of SMB (250, 500, 750 and 1000 mg/kg body weight) were given rats (Rattus norvegicus var. albinos) for 6, ...
Buchold Gregory M - - 2007
The loss of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) p18(Ink4c) and p19(Ink4d) leads to male reproductive defects (Franklin et al., 1998. Genes Dev 12: 2899-2911; Zindy et al., 2000. Mol Cell Biol 20: 372-378; Zindy et al., 2001. Mol Cell Biol 21: 3244-3255). In order to assess whether these inhibitors directly ...
Moffit Jeffrey S - - 2007
Sertoli cells are the primary cellular target for a number of pharmaceutical and environmental testicular toxicants, including 2,5-hexanedione, carbendazim, and mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Exposure to these individual compounds can result in impaired Sertoli cell function and subsequent germ cell loss. The loss of testicular function is marked by histopathological changes in ...
Matsuo Yuzo - - 2007
Connexin43 (Cx43) is abundantly expressed in mammalian testes and implicated in the regulation of cell-to-cell interaction between germ cells and Sertoli cells, which is essential to the normal process of spermatogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the relation between Cx43 expression and the degree of spermatogenesis in infertile human ...
Del Bravo Jessica - - 2007
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) regulates many cellular functions acting through c-Met, its specific tyrosine kinase receptor. We previously reported that in prepuberal rats HGF is secreted by the peritubular myoid cells during the entire postnatal testicular development and by the Sertoli cells only at puberty. We have also demonstrated that ...
Maratea K A - - 2007
Unilateral testicular interstitial (Leydig) cell tumor and gynecomastia were diagnosed in an adult male rabbit. The interstitial cell tumor was a well-circumscribed, 2-mm diameter, pale tan nodule composed of a uniform population of polygonal cells. Neoplastic interstitial cells exhibited diffuse, granular cytoplasmic staining with Melan A, a marker of steroid-producing ...
Tay Tat Wei - - 2007
The effects of mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) on 21-day-old C57Bl/6N mice and their Sertoli cell cultures were studied. Mice were given a single dose of 800 mg/kg MEHP by oral gavage and sacrificed 24 h later. At the same time, testes were harvested from another batch of mice for Sertoli cell ...
Chen Guo-Rong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we describe a procedure to cryopreserve the postnatal members of the Leydig cell lineage, including progenitor (PLC), immature (ILC) and adult (ALC) Leydig cells from, respectively 21-, 35- and 90-day-old rats. METHODS: The cells were resuspended in a culture medium supplemented with 1% bovine serum ...
Paz Maria - - 2007
In the seminiferous epithelium, numerous cell interactions between Sertoli cells and Sertoli-germ cells are established by specialized proteins so as to maintain the functionality of the testis. Exogenous estrogen exposure can result in alterations to these interactions and cause pathologies, including impaired spermatogenesis and tumorigenesis. In the present study, with ...
Herrera-Alarcón J - - 2007
The objective was to characterize testicular development in Blackbelly sheep, focusing primarily on Sertoli cell number. Lambs (n=43) were allotted into eight groups, and surgically castrated at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15,18 or 21 weeks of age (n=4-6 lambs per group). Testes were fixed and paraffin-embedded, cross-sections (5 microm) ...
Cajaiba M M - - 2008
Little is known about the pathogenesis of Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) of the testis. The observation of several associated dysgenetic features in the non-tumoural parenchyma and in the contralateral testes of men with testicular germ cell neoplasms has served as the basis to propose that there may be a common ...
Carreau S - - 2007
The mammalian testis serves two main functions: production of spermatozoa and synthesis of steroids; among them estrogens are the end products obtained from the irreversible transformation of androgens by a microsomal enzymatic complex named aromatase. The aromatase is encoded by a single gene (cyp19) in humans which contains 18 exons, ...
Kim Seungjoon - - 2007
The expression of osteopontin (OPN) in boar testis was studied. Western blot analysis detected 66- and 32-kDa OPN immunopositive bands in the testes of adult boars. In postnatal piglets, the 66-kDa OPN band was detected in the testes, but not the 32-kDa band. In the newborn testis, OPN immunostaining was ...
Colecchia Maurizio M Department of Pathology, National Cancer Institute Foundation, Milan, Italy. - - 2007
We describe the role of Leydig cells in normal, hyperplastic and neoplastic testis. Recent acquisitions on etiology and pathobiology of Leydig cell proliferations, unusual microscopic presentations and clinical and morphologic features predictive of malignancy are reported.
Park Susan Y - - 2007
Testicular Leydig cells produce testosterone and provide the hormonal environment required for male virilization and spermatogenesis. In utero, fetal Leydig cells (FLCs) are necessary for the development of the Wolffian duct and male external genitalia. Steroidogenic factor 1 (Sf1) is a transcriptional regulator of hormone biosynthesis genes, thus serving a ...
Park Wansu H - - 2007
Our previous study had demonstrated cytotoxicity of gallic acid on testicular cells with increasing the intracellular production of hydrogen peroxide. In the present study, the Panax ginseng root aqueous extract showed the cytoprotective effect on gallic acid-induced toxicity in TM3 mouse Leydig cells with decreasing the intracellular production of hydrogen ...
Claus Rolf - - 2007
11beta-Hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2) activity occurs in boar testes but it is not known which cell types express 11beta-HSD2 mRNA and protein. Therefore, testes samples were taken from mature boars. For immunocytochemistry and Western blot pig-specific antibodies were raised against a 10-amino acid peptide corresponding to amino acids 391-400 of the ...
Prisco Marina - - 2008
Using polyclonal antibodies, we examined the localization of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17beta-HSD) as markers of the site of steroidogenetic activity during the spermatogenesis of Torpedo marmorata. These enzymes play a central role in the biosynthesis of steroid hormones, including androgen and oestrogen production. We demonstrated that in ...
Lassila Markus - - 2007
Cell-cell interactions between Sertoli cells and germ cells are crucial for the maturation of germ cells in spermatogenesis but the structural and functional aspects of the interactions remain to be fully elucidated. Densin is a junction protein suggested to play a role in establishment of specific cell-cell contacts in the ...
Li Wei - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the stage-specific localization of metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) during spermatogenesis in adult human and mouse testis. METHODS: The immunolocalization of MTA1 was studied by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The distribution pattern of MTA1 in mouse testis was confirmed by using quantitative analysis of purified spermatogenic cells. ...
de Barros João Bosco Gonçalves - - 2007
The intrinsic yield of spermatogenesis and the supporting indexes of the Sertoli cells are the best indicators for the spermatic production capacity in a species. The aim of the present study was to quantify the intrinsic yield of the spermatogenetic process, as well as the Sertoli cell index and spermatic ...
Shiraishi Koji - - 2007
Primary cultures of progenitor and immature rat Leydig cells were established from the testes of 21- and 35-d-old rats, respectively. The cell population remained homogeneous after 4-6 d in culture as judged by staining for 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, but the cells were unable to bind 125I-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or to ...
Cajaiba Mariana M - - 2007
Sex-cord formation and organization are important steps in testicular development and depend on adequate interactions between mesenchymal cells, pre-Sertoli cells, and germ cells. These elements form the testicular blastema, the precursor of the testicular parenchyma, morphologically characterized by poorly organized sex cords and mesenchymal components. Here, we study two uncommon ...
Tokalov Sergey V - - 2007
Cell type-specific lectin binding is a useful tool for the analysis of developing systems. We describe the binding pattern of 21 different fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labelled lectins to the testis of two model teleost species, the medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The analysis of the binding pattern was ...
Wong K L - - 2007
The in vitro effect of extracted fractions of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) mycelium on hCG-treated testosterone production from purified normal mouse Leydig cells was examined. Different fractions extracted from CS (F1-water soluble polysaccharide, F2- water soluble protein and F3- poorly water soluble polysaccharide, and protein) were added to Leydig cells with ...
Midzak Andrew S - - 2007
Studies of MA-10 Leydig cells have shown that intact mitochondria with active respiration are essential for LH-induced Leydig cell steroidogenesis. To further elucidate the role played by mitochondria in steroidogenesis, we examined the effects of the perturbation of the mitochondrial electron transport chain with myxothiazol (MYX) on testosterone production by ...
Luca Giovanni - - 2007
A method for microencapsulation of isolated neonatal porcine Sertoli cells is described. Using a conventional alginate-poli-L-ornithine encapsulation procedure, which has been used in our laboratory for almost two decades to envelop pancreatic islets, we observed significant loss of Sertoli cell viability, possibly due to excessive Ca(2+) ion exposure. Replacing calcium ...
Meachem Sarah J - - 2007
The roles of testosterone (T) and its metabolites on hamster spermatogenesis are poorly defined. This study assessed the effects of T, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol (E) on the re-initiation of spermatogenesis in the adult Djungarian hamster. Hamsters raised under long photoperiods (LD, 16 h light:8 h darkness) were exposed to ...
Xia Weiliang - - 2007
In adult rat testes, the blood-testis barrier (BTB) in the seminiferous epithelium must "open" (or "disassemble") to accommodate the migration of preleptotene spermatocytes from the basal to the adluminal compartment that occurs at stage VIII of the epithelial cycle. However, the molecule(s) and/or mechanism(s) that regulate this event are unknown. ...
Bazin Marc-Antoine - - 2007
Efficient syntheses of new DHEA analogues, and their apoptotic and necrotic effects on Leydig cells and TM4 Sertoli cells are described. The key step in the synthetic strategy of 7-amino-DHEA derivatives involves a bromination on C-7 position to give an epimeric mixture of bromides which were substituted by azides and ...
Wakayama Tomohiko - - 2007
The cell adhesion protein immunoglobulin superfamily 4A (IGSF4A) is expressed on the surfaces of spermatogenic cells in the mouse testis. During spermatogenesis, IGSF4A is considered to bind to the surface of Sertoli cells in a heterophilic manner. To identify this unknown partner of IGSF4A, we generated rat monoclonal antibodies against ...
Schell Christoph - - 2007
As shown recently, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), the inducible key enzyme for the prostaglandin (PG) biosynthetic pathway, is abundantly present in interstitial cells of testes of men suffering from different forms of impaired spermatogenesis and sub- or infertility, but it is absent in human testes with normal spermatogenesis. Although the spectrum ...
Scott Hayley M HM Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Centre for Reproductive Biology, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, - - 2007
This study sought to establish whether reduced androgen levels/action in the fetal rat testis induced by di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) contributes to dysgenetic features, namely reduced Sertoli cell number, occurrence of multinucleated gonocytes (MNG), and Leydig cell aggregation. Pregnant rats were administered treatments or cotreatments designed to manipulate testosterone levels [DBP, ...
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