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Results 401 - 450 of 1460
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Datki Zsolt - - 2004
The cell biology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized mainly by the neurodegeneration caused by the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides and by the formation of neurofibrillary tangles. The initial events of neurodegeneration in the brain tissue include synaptic dysfunction and axonopathy. Abeta-induced axonopathy and neurite degeneration were studied in vitro on ...
Arcuri Cataldo - - 2005
S100B is a Ca2+-modulated protein of the EF-hand type expressed in high abundance in a restricted set of cell types including certain neuronal populations. S100B has been suggested to participate in cell cycle progression, and S100B levels are high in tumor cells, compared with normal parental cells. We expressed S100B ...
Chetsawang Banthit - - 2004
Melatonin is synthesized mainly in pineal gland. It has been suggested that melatonin has proven antioxidant effects and protective effects against neuronal cell degeneration. There are several studies indicating that c-Jun-N-terminal kinase pathways might be involved in neuronal cell death. In this study, the effects of melatonin on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated ...
Reddy C V Gopal - - 2004
In neural cells, nerve growth factor (NGF) initiates its survival signal through the binding to its cell surface receptor tyrosine kinase A (TrkA). Understanding the pattern of TrkA distribution and association in living cells can provide a fingerprint for the diagnostic comparison with alterations underlying ligand-receptor dysfunction seen in various ...
Hayashi Seiji - - 2004
Cells release adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) into the extracellular space in response to various stimuli. This released ATP plays an important physiological role in cell-to-cell signal transduction. The bulk ATP concentration can be detected using a conventional luciferin-luciferase assay. However, the ATP concentration in the vicinity of the cell surface is ...
van Halteren Astrid G S - - 2004
Epidemiological evidence indicates that the vitamin D status after birth modulates the risk for development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We previously demonstrated that the biologically active form of vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), as well as its analogue TX527 permanently alter the morphology and T cell stimulatory function ...
Bergonzini Valeria - - 2004
Id1 is a helix-loop-helix transcriptional factor that controls growth and survival of neuronal cells. Downregulation of Id1 expression is required to initiate differentiation and cell-cycle withdrawal in primary neuronal culture as well as in PC12 cells. The HIV-1 transactivating factor, Tat, has been suspected of causing neuronal dysfunction that often ...
Song Ying - - 2004
Minocycline protects animals against cerebral ischemia by inhibiting inflammation. To determine whether minocycline protects PC12 cells from in vitro ischemic-like injury and affects pro-inflammatory 5-lipoxygenase activation, the cell viability and 5-lipoxygenase translocation to nuclear membrane were observed after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). We found that OGD reduced cell viability, which was ...
Alleaume Céline - - 2004
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is known to regulate proliferation or differentiation in normal and tumoral cells. SH-SY5Y is a differentiated cell subclone derived from the SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cell line and possess all the components for an autocrine action of VIP. In the present study, we investigated the morphological changes ...
Mori Masataka - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from arginine by NO synthase (NOS), and the availability of arginine is one of the rate-limiting factors in cellular NO production. Citrulline that is formed as a by-product of the NOS reaction can be recycled to arginine by successive actions of argininosuccinate synthetase (AS) and ...
Choi Won Tae - - 2004
The present study investigated the effect of 1-methylated beta-carbolines (harmaline, harmalol and harmine) on change in the mitochondrial membrane permeability and cell death due to reactive nitrogen species in differentiated PC12 cells. beta-Carbolines, caspase inhibitors (z-LEHD.fmk and z-DQMD.fmk) and antioxidants (N-acetylcysteine, dithiothreitol, melatonin, carboxy-PTIO and uric acid) depressed cell viability ...
Koo Byung-Soo - - 2004
A number of studies indicate that free radicals are involved in the neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of superoxide anion (O2*-) in neuronal cell injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined in PC12 cells using pyrogallol (1,2,3-benzenetrior), a donor to release O2*-. Pyrogallol induced PC12 cell ...
Ahn Jee-Yin - - 2004
PI 3-kinase (PI3K) occurs in the nuclei of a broad range of cell types, and various stimuli elicit PI3K nuclear translocation. However, little is known about the biological function of nuclear PI3K. Here we show that nuclear PI3K and its upstream regulator PIKE mediate the antiapoptotic activity of nerve growth ...
Ming Zhuo - - 2004
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is a widely used neural toxin in the pathogenesis research of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this work, we have studied the effect of ethanol on the toxicity of 6-OHDA on PC12 cell and SK-N-SH cell. Ethanol alone had little toxicity to these cells. However, if using 40 microM ...
Noda Yasuhiro - - 2004
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is known to induce parkinsonism in humans when it is oxidized to the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium salt (MPP+). We previously reported the syntheses of 1-amino-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (APTP) and 1-amino-4-phenyl-pyridinium salt (APP+), the 1-amino analogues of the dopaminergic neurotoxins, MPTP and MPP+, respectively, and demonstrated that both APTP and APP+ are cytotoxic ...
Sagara Yutaka - - 2004
Many of the physiological benefits attributed to flavonoids are thought to stem from their potent antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Recently, it was shown that flavonoids protect nerve cells from oxidative stress by multiple mechanisms, only one of which is directly related to their antioxidant activity, suggesting that specific ...
Antonelli A - - 2004
Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) has a prominent action on immature crest-derived nerve cells and on differentiation and survival of neurons in central and peripheral nervous system. NGF is produced by a variety of neuronal and non-neuronal cells, including neoplastic cells. Its role in tumor cells is largely unknown and controversial. ...
McConnell Michael P - - 2004
Tissue-engineering strategies offer hope to patients facing functional impairment after nerve injury. We have previously demonstrated that HEK-293 cells can release nerve growth factor (NGF) in vitro, using an inducible system of expression. In this study, our objective was to assess the efficacy of the NGF delivery system in vivo, ...
Szutowicz Andrzej - - 2004
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a peptide displaying multiple cholinotropic activities. The aim of this work was to explain mechanisms of the positive and negative effects of NGF on phenotypic properties and viability of cholinergic cells. To discriminate these effects we used two p75NTR receptor-positive lines of cholinergic neuroblastoma cells, ...
Yoshizaki Chihiro - - 2004
To explore changes to the tau molecule in Alzheimer's disease, we studied the effect of tau expression in stably transfected neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells (tau cells). Tau cells had a similar shape to, but more neurites than, wild type NG108-15 cells (wild type cells). When treated with cAMP, ...
Navarro-Tableros Víctor - - 2004
Function and survival of cells depend in part on the presence of growth factors. We explored the autocrine regulation of insulin and nerve growth factor (NGF) on single adult rat pancreatic beta-cell survival and hormone secretion. When NGF or insulin signaling were blocked in culture media, cell survival decreased compared ...
Rodella Luigi - - 2004
The effects of an ayurvedic compound (MAK-5) alone or together with nerve growth factor (NGF) on the neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells was studied. PC12 cells treated with NGF alone showed a clear neurite outgrowth with a decrease of the proliferation at the dose higher than 5 ng/ml. MAK-5 alone ...
Lee Chung Soo - - 2004
Dopamine (50 or 100 microM) attenuated the nuclear damage and cell death due to 500 microM SIN-1, a donor of superoxide and nitric oxide, in differentiated PC12 cells whereas 200 microM dopamine did not depress cell death. Dopamine at 50-100 microM for a 4-h treatment did not show a significant ...
Maruyama Kiyotoshi - - 2004
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-) is thought to be involved in the neurodegenerative process. To screen for neuroprotective compounds against ONOO- -induced cell death, we developed 96-well based assay procedures for measuring surviving cell numbers under oxidative stress caused by 3-(4-morpholinyl) sydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1), a generator of ONOO-, and sodium N,N-dietyldithiocarbamate trihydrate (DDC), ...
Joseph Sheldon M - - 2004
1 Transient accumulation of extracellular ATP reflects both release of ATP from intracellular stores and altered rates of ATP metabolism by ecto-enzymes. Ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (eNTPDases) and ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatases (eNPPs) degrade ATP, while ecto-nucleotide diphosphokinases (eNDPKs) synthesize ATP from ambient ADP. 2 Although the methylene ATP analogs betagamma-meATP and alphabeta-meATP ...
Acosta Rosalinda - - 2004
To determine the role of Dp71 in neuronal cells, we generated PC12 cell lines in which Dp71 protein levels were controlled by stable transfection with either antisense or sense constructs. Cells expressing the antisense Dp71 RNA (antisense-Dp71 cells) contained reduced amounts of the two endogenous Dp71 isoforms. Antisense-Dp71 cells exhibited ...
Nishio Masashi - - 2004
Ganglioside GM1 has been considered to have a neurotrophic factor-like activity. To analyze the effects of endogenously generated GM1, the rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 was transfected with the GM1/GD1b/GA1 synthase gene and showed increased expression levels of GM1. To our surprise, GM1+-transfectant cells (GM1+ cells) showed no neurite formation ...
Vyas Sheela - - 2004
We have investigated the role of the mitochondrial pathway during cell death following serum and nerve growth factor (NGF)/dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt(2)cAMP) withdrawal in undifferentiated or NGF/Bt(2)cAMP-differentiated PC12 cells, respectively. Holocytochrome c, Smac/DIABLO, and Omi/HtrA2 are released rapidly following trophic factor deprivation in PC12 cells. Bcl-2 and Akt inhibited this ...
Morioka Norimitsu - - 2004
In this study, we investigated the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced cell death in PC12 cells. Coincubation of PC12 cells with indomethacin, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, or diclofenac, but not aspirin or N-[2-(cyclohexyloxy)-4-nitrophenyl]methanosulfonamide (NS-398), significantly potentiated the MPP(+)-induced cell death. In contrast, these NSAIDs had no effect on ...
Yoo Young-Eun - - 2004
Rat pheochromocytoma 12 (PC12) cells undergo neuronal differentiation in response to nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF-induced differentiation involves a number of protein kinases, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). We studied the effect of iron on neuronal differentiation, using as model the neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells triggered by NGF when ...
Lambert Wendi S - - 2004
PURPOSE: Glaucoma is the number one cause of preventable blindness in the United States. The lamina cribrosa (LC) region of the optic nerve head (ONH) is a major site of injury in glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Neurotrophins (NTs), which include NGF, BDNF, NT-3, and NT-4, are growth factors involved in the ...
Rohn Troy T - - 2004
Caspase activation is indispensable for the proper execution of apoptosis. However, to date, little is known about other possible physiologic functions for this class of enzymes in addition to their well-defined role in apoptosis. In this report, we described an action of caspase-3 involving cell dispersion that is independent of ...
Yang E - - 2004
LIM kinases (LIMKs) regulate actin polymerization by phosphorylating cofilin and are predominantly expressed in neural tissue. In this study, the effect of LIMK1 overexpression in PC12 cell apoptosis was investigated. PC12 cells overexpressing the wild-type LIMK1 were more resistant to serum-withdrawal-induced cell death and the level of caspase 3 activation ...
Marszalek Joseph R - - 2004
During neurodevelopment neurons increase phospholipid synthesis to generate additional plasma membrane that makes up the growing neurites. Compared with most cell types, neurons contain a high percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). By utilizing PC12 cell lines as a model neuronal cell ...
Yin Shou Yu - - 2004
(1R,9S)-beta-Hydrastine in lower concentrations of 10-50 microM inhibits dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells. In this study, the effects of (1R,9S)-beta-hydrastine on L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine)-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells were investigated. (1R,9S)-Hydrastine at concentrations up to 250 microM did not reduce cell viability. However, at concentrations higher than 500 microM it caused ...
Wu Shasha - - 2004
Fas is a cell surface death receptor that may play an important role in regulating cell death in neuronal cell types by activation of caspase 8. Cellular FLICE inhibitory protein-long (c-FLIP-L) is an endogenous inhibitor of the activation of caspase 8 by Fas. The current study addresses the role of ...
Mwanjewe James - - 2004
Cells take up transferrin-bound iron or NTBI (non-transferrin-bound iron). After treatment with NGF (nerve growth factor), PC12 cells exhibited a neuronal phenotype and an increase in the NTBI uptake (55Fe2+ or 55Fe3+). We loaded the cells with the dye calcein, whose fluorescence increases in the presence of Ca2+ but is ...
Kim Darrick S H L - - 2004
Ten shogaols were synthesized to evaluate the importance of the side-chain length in protecting cells from betaA(1-42) insult using PC12 rat pheochromocytoma and IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cells. The compounds cell protectivity against betaA insult was demonstrated using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction assay. The efficacy of cell protection from betaA insult ...
Averill Sharon - - 2004
Activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3) is a member of the ATF/CREB transcription factor superfamily and is induced in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells after nerve injury. In order to study the regulation of ATF3, we have examined the effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) ...
Inoue Masayuki - - 2004
TMC-95A has been characterized as a potent proteasome inhibitor that binds to enzymes non-covalently at low nanomolar concentrations. Herein, the neuritogenic activity of TMC-95A in PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells is reported for the first time. TMC-95A induced a positive neurite initiation of PC12 cells at concentration ranging from 1 to ...
Shashidharan P - - 2004
Childhood-onset dystonia is an autosomal dominant movement disorder associated with a three base pair (GAG) deletion mutation in the DYT1 gene. This gene encodes a novel ATP-binding protein called torsinA, which in the central nervous system is expressed exclusively in neurons. Neither the function of torsinA nor its role in ...
Lee Wenjau - - 2004
Local protein synthesis in neuronal processes is a common phenomenon and may play an important role in synaptic plasticity and hormonal regulation. We have used neuroendocrine bag cells of Aplysia californica as a model system to study local protein synthesis. In our previous work we found that bag cell neurites ...
Jimenez Juan Carlos JC Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, - - 2004
The development of engineered constructs to bridge nerve gaps may hold the key to improved functional outcomes in the repair of injured peripheral nerves. These constructs must be rendered bioactive by providing the growth factors required for successful peripheral nerve regeneration. Previous studies demonstrated that harvested human and rat dermal ...
Bianco John I - - 2004
Several studies have demonstrated the potential of olfactory ensheathing cells for the repair of central and peripheral nerve injury. However, the majority of these studies have been performed with olfactory ensheathing cells derived from the olfactory bulbs, situated inside the skull. A more clinically relevant source of olfactory ensheathing cells ...
Sachiko Tsukamoto
Abstract: The extract of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai, showed neurotrophic activity toward rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells. Bioassay-guided purification afforded two active compounds, which were subsequently identified to be parguerol and isoparguerol by spectroscopic analysis. It was found that both parguerol and isoparguerol induced neurite outgrowth in PC-12 cells at ...
Tatard V M - - 2004
Cell therapy will probably become a major therapeutic strategy in the coming years. Nevertheless, few cells survive transplantation when employed as a treatment for neuronal disorders. To address this problem, we have developed a new tool, the pharmacologically active microcarriers (PAM). PAM are biocompatible and biodegradable microparticles coated with cell ...
Lu Yan-Hua - - 2004
The standard extracts of Hypericum perforatum L. (SEHP), a well-known medicinal plant, are used for the treatment of depression, exhibited upgrading and significant protective effects on the trauma of PC12 cells induced by 200 microM H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner within 24-hour treatment. Cell viability was assessed by the MTT ...
Cordeiro Mara L - - 2004
Lithium and valproate are chemically unrelated compounds that are used to treat manic-depressive illness. Previously, we reported that lithium ions upregulate genes encoding proteins primarily associated with large dense core vesicles (LDCV) in nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells, but not in undifferentiated PC12 cells. Moreover, lithium did not alter ...
Petzelt Christian - - 2004
The neuroprotective effect of xenon has been demonstrated for glutamatergic neurons. In the present study it is investigated if dopaminergic neurons, i.e. nerve-growth-factor differentiated PC-12 cells, are protected as well against hypoxia-induced cell damage in the presence of xenon. Pheochromocytoma cells differentiated by addition of nerve growth factor were placed ...
Park Keun-Hong - - 2004
A copolymer that included a Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) sequence and sugar moieties was synthesized to culture pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). PC12 cells attached to poly(N-p-vinylbenzyl-D-maltonamide-co-6-(p-vinylbenzamido)-hexanoic acid-g-GRGDS) [p(VMA-co-VBGRGDS)]-coated dishes showed greater proliferation than on other polymer-coated surfaces. Enhancement in cell growth correlated with the ability of soluble Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) to inhibit cell adhesion ...
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