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Results 351 - 400 of 1460
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Yamazaki Matsumi - - 2006
We have demonstrated that a natural iridoid compound, genipin, induces neurite outgrowth through the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP-protein kinase G signaling pathway in PC12h cells. PC12 cells, the parental cell line of PC12h cells, have been shown to carry out neurite extension that accompanies NO production in response to nerve growth ...
Liu Gong-Ping - - 2006
The inhibitory effects of deltamethrin (DM) on dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells were investigated. Levels of dopamine in PC12 cells were detected after treatment with different doses from 10(-4)M to 10(-6)M deltamethrin or combined with 20 microM or 50 microM l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-Dopa) for 3 h or 12 h by HPLC. ...
Lee Chung Soo - - 2005
Defects in proteasome function have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. We examined the effect of calmodulin antagonists on proteasome inhibitor-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and cell viability loss in undifferentiated PC12 cells. Caspase inhibitors (z-IETD.fmk, z-LEHD.fmk and z-DQMD.fmk) and antioxidants attenuated cell death and decrease in ...
Kim Yonjung - - 2005
When PC12 cells are exposed to nerve growth factor (NGF), they extend neurites and express autonomic ganglion cell properties. We have previously shown that NGF is capable of inducing p62 expression, enabling the formation of the protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta)-p62-Kvbeta (beta-subunit of delayed rectifier K+ channel) complex, a Kv ...
An L J - - 2006
An ethyl acetate extract of Alpinia oxyphylla was found to possess neuroprotective activity against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) induced apotosis and oxidative stress in cultured PC12 cells. From the extract, a phenolic compound was isolated through bioassay-guided fractionation and identified as protocatechuic acid (PCA) by IR, MS, and (1)H and (13)C ...
Wang Ze-Jian - - 2006
Panaxynol, a polyacetylene ((3R)-heptadeca-1,9-diene-4,6-diyn-3-ol; syn. falcarinol), was isolated from the lipophilic fractions of Panax notoginseng, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant. In the present study, we reported the neurotrophic effects of panaxynol on PC12D cells and mechanism involved in neurite outgrowth of the cells. Panaxynol could morphologically promote neurite outgrowth in ...
Greene Lloyd A - - 2005
Here we review findings indicating that neurotrophins such as NGF promote changes in gene transcription that in turn influence the ways that cells subsequently respond to trophic factors. As a result, initial responses of "na?ve" cells to NGF and other trophic agents differ from those of cells with prior NGF ...
Nishiyama Keiji - - 2005
Cystatin C, an inhibitor of cysteine proteinases, is suggested to be involved in oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of cultured CNS neurons and various neuronal diseases in vivo; however, little is known about its mechanism of action. To address the role cystatin C plays in oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death, we established ...
Liu Zhiyong - - 2005
Reactive oxygen species are believed to play a very significant role in the pathogenesis of several diseases including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. It is reported that the crucial balance between reactive oxygen species generation and antioxidant defense is regarded as a force in a wide variety of chronic diseases. ...
Kang Tong Ho - - 2006
This study investigated the neuroprotective effects of cyanidin-3-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside (C3G) from the mulberry fruits on neuronal cell damage. A 1% HCl-MeOH mulberry fruit extract was shown to have a cytoprotective effect on PC12 cells that had been exposed to hydrogen peroxide. The extract inhibited the cerebral ischemic damage caused by oxygen ...
Rumora, Lada
Peroxovanadium compounds are potent insulinomimetic agents and protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors. In this study, the potential toxicity of peroxovanadium complex bpV(phen) on rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells was examined, and the mechanism by which this compound influences cell survival and/or death was explored. BpV(phen) exerted a bimodal effect on PC12 cells: ...
Kwon Hyo Jung - - 2005
Tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) is an essential component of the high affinity nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor necessary to the mediate the biological effects of the neurotrophins, NGF. This study examined the distribution of TrkA-immunoreactivity (IR)cells in the postnatal rat cerebral cortex and the changes that occur in postnatal development ...
Xu Z - - 2005
MPP(+) (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium; the active metabolite of the neurotoxin MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine)) depletes dopamine (DA) content and elicits cell death in PC12 cells. However, the mechanism of MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity is still unclear. In this study, the dose response and time-course of MPP(+)-induced DA depletion and decreased cell viability were determined in nerve ...
Ostergren Anna - - 2005
The most conspicuous feature in idiopathic parkinsonism is the degeneration of pigmented neurons in the substantia nigra. A major problem for the study of the significance of neuromelanin for the development of parkinsonism is that common experimental animals lack neuromelanin in substantia nigra. The aim of this study was to ...
Hoberg M - - 2005
Bone adapts to mechanical load by osteosynthesis, suggesting that osteoblasts might respond to mechanical stimuli. We therefore investigated cell proliferation and phospholipase C (PLC) expression in osteoblasts. One Hertz uniaxial stretching at 4000 microstrains significantly increased the proliferation rates of human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 and primary human osteoblasts. ...
Zhang Y - - 2005
The influence of low frequency (50 Hz repetition rate) pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) on PC12 cell neurite outgrowth in vitro was investigated in this study. We studied the percentage of neurite bearing cells, average length of neurites, and directivity of neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells cultured for 96 h in ...
Dixon Darcelle N - - 2005
We have compared PC12 cell lines derived from different laboratories and the newly developed mouse pheochromocytoma (MPC) cell line. Morphologically, there were distinct differences in size, shape, adherence, and clumping behavior, which varied in response to different culture media, growth substrates, and nerve growth factor. Quantitative messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) ...
Wu Wen-Zhan - - 2005
Carbon fiber nanoelectrodes (tip diameter = ca. 100 nm) have been first used to monitor real-time dopamine release from single living vesicles of single rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. The experiments show that active and inactive release sites exist on the surface of cells, and the spatial distributions have been differentiated ...
Tatard V M - - 2005
To overcome certain problems encountered in cell therapy, particularly cell survival, lack of cell differentiation and integration in the host tissue, we developed pharmacologically active microcarriers (PAM). These biodegradable particles made with poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and coated with adhesion molecules may serve as a support for cell culture and may ...
Chien Chung-Liang - - 2005
The neuronal intermediate filaments include not only the neurofilament triplet proteins but also peripherin and alpha-internexin. To determine whether neurite outgrowth is enhanced by alpha-internexin, the cDNA of rat alpha-internexin tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was transfected into a rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 that responds to ...
Reznichenko L - - 2005
Our previous studies have shown that the green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) prevents neuronal cell death caused by several neurotoxins. The present study sought to determine the neuroprotective effect of EGCG when it is administered after the induction of cell damage ('neurorescue'). In an attempt to imitate a progressive mode ...
Dukes April A - - 2005
Deficiencies in Complex I have been observed in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Systemic exposure to rotenone, a Complex I inhibitor, has been shown to lead to selective dopaminergic cell death in vivo and toxicity in many in vitro models, including dopaminergic cell cultures. However, it remains unclear why rotenone seems ...
Kolla Nathan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effects of amitriptyline and fluoxetine in a catecholamine cell model. METHODS: Cultured rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were pretreated with amitriptyline or fluoxetine for 24 or 48 hours and were then subjected to neurotoxic insult (200 micromol/L hydrogen peroxide). Cell viability was determined by measurement ...
Tang Xiao-Qing - - 2005
Oxidative stress can induce significant cell death by apoptosis. We explore whether prior exposure to H2O2 (H2O2 preconditioning) protects PC12 cells against the apoptotic consequences of subsequent oxidative damages and what role the ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels play in the preconditioning protection. PC12 cells were preconditioned with 90 min exposure ...
Parran Damani K - - 2005
Signaling through neurotrophic receptors is necessary for differentiation and survival of the developing nervous system. The present study examined the effects of the organic mercury compound thimerosal on nerve growth factor signal transduction and cell death in a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y cells). Following exposure to 100 ng/ml NGF ...
Vaisid T - - 2005
Previously, we have found that caspase-1 activity is increased during myoblast differentiation to myotubes. Here we show that caspase-1 activity is required for PC12 differentiation to neuronal-like cells. Caspase-1 is shown to be activated (by immunoblotting and by assessing activity in cell extracts) in the PC12 cells following the initial ...
Nabemoto Maiko - - 2005
Secretory phospholipase A(2)s (sPLA(2)s) have been implicated in physiological and pathological events, but the regulatory mechanism(s) of their activities in cells remains to be solved. Previously, we reported that phenylarsine oxide (PAO), a sulfhydryl reagent, stimulated arachidonic acid (AA) release in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. In this study, we examined ...
Gunter Karlene K - - 2005
Excessive brain Mn can produce toxicity with symptoms resembling parkinsonism. This syndrome, called "manganism," correlates with loss of dopamine in the striatum and cell death in the striatum and globus pallidus. A common hypothesis is that cell damage in Mn toxicity is caused by oxidation of important cell components by ...
Heo Ho Jin - - 2005
To elucidate additional health benefits of cocoa phytochemicals on the neurotoxicity induced by amyloid beta protein (Abeta), PC12 cells were treated with toxic peptide (Abeta(25)(-)(35)) and the effects of epicatechin, catechin, and cocoa were studied using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and trypan blue exclusion methods. Significant ...
Lee Chung Soo - - 2005
The effect of 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) against the cytotoxicity of MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, in differentiated PC12 cells was assessed by measuring the effect on the mitochondrial membrane permeability. Treatment of PC12 cells with MG132 resulted in the nuclear damage, decrease in the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, cytosolic accumulation of cytochrome c, ...
Lortie Karine - - 2005
The growth-arrest-specific protein gas7 is required for morphological differentiation of cultured mouse cerebellar neurons and PC12 cells. Moreover, its overexpression in various cell types induces neurite-like outgrowth. The role of gas7 in neuronal differentiation was further characterized by adenovirus-mediated overexpression in PC12 cells and quantification of the expression of various ...
Mahoney Melissa J - - 2005
Microchannels were produced using a photolithographic technique to pattern polyimide walls (11 microm in height and 20-60 microm in width) onto a planar glass substrate. PC12 cells were seeded onto patterned surfaces. After 3 days of culture in NGF supplemented medium cells were viable and extended neurites. Culture in microchannels ...
Ren LongQuan - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine the immunolocalization of NGF and its receptors (TrkA and p75LNGFR) in the reproductive tract of the Japanese Shiba goats. Five adult goats were used in this study and sections of ovaries, uteri and oviducts were immunostained by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method (ABC). ...
Sato Koichi - - 2005
Abstract Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) induced neurite retraction of differentiated PC12 cells; the action was observed in 15 min (a rapid response) and the activity further increased until 6 h (a long-acting response) during exposure of CSF to the cells. The CSF action was sensitive to monoglyceride lipase and diminished by ...
Hillion Joëlle A - - 2005
Although ischemic tolerance has been described in a variety of primary cell culture systems, no similar in vitro models have been reported with any cell line. A model of ischemic preconditioning in the rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line is described here. When compared to nonpreconditioned cells, preexposure of PC12 cells ...
Balaji Rengarajan V - - 2005
Intracellular pH in pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells was manipulated by 'acid loading' the cells and the effect of such a change on radioactive zinc uptake was studied. It was found that zinc uptake was stimulated in cells loaded with protons without causing any measurable change in the intracellular pH. To confirm ...
Cho Sung Gook - - 2005
PC12 cells are commonly used in the study of neuronal cells. It was reported that IFNgamma enhances neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells by NGF-stimuli. Accordingly, IFNgamma was examined to determine if it could solely produce neurite outgrowth. In addition, because the synergism between TNFalpha and IFNgamma is well-known, this study ...
Abreu-Villaça Yael - - 2005
Although nicotine is a developmental neurotoxicant, it also can exert neuroprotective effects. In the current study, we used PC12 cells to determine the developmental phases in which these disparate actions are expressed and to compare the concentrations required for each. In undifferentiated cells, 1 or 10 microM nicotine had little ...
Au, Yuen-kwan
(Uncorrected OCR) Abstract of thesis entitled STUDY OF PACAP AND NGF SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS IN REGULATING SERPIN GENE EXPRESSION IN PC12 CELLS Submitted by AU Yuen Kwan for the Degree of Master of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in August 2004 The rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell is widely ...
Bai Shoumei - - 2005
To elucidate the role of epigenetic reprogramming in cell- or tissue-specific differentiation, we explored the role of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) in the nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced differentiation of PC12 (pheochromocytoma) cells into neuronal cells. The mRNA and protein levels of de novo methyltransferase Dnmt3b increased, whereas those of Dnmt3a and ...
Liu Hua-qing - - 2005
AIM: To study the role of dopamine (DA) in rotenone-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. METHODS: Cell viability was assessed by detecting the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) into the medium. Apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry. Caspase-3-like activity was measured by fluorescence assay using the probe Ac-DEVD-AMC. The level ...
Bao Jin-feng - - 2005
AIM: To explore the effect of melatonin on PC12 cell death induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+). METHODS: MTT assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) efflux assay, and immunohistochemistry methods were used to measure neurotoxicity of PC12 cells treated acutely with MPP+ in low glucose and high glucose conditions, and to assess the neuroprotective ...
Jiang Hao - - 2005
To understand the role of Ras-MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) in trophic factor withdrawal- and oxidative stress-induced apoptotic cell death processes, undifferentiated rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells and a PC12 variant cell line stably expressing the Ras dominant-negative mutant (M-M17-26) were subjected to serum withdrawal in the absence or presence of H2O2 ...
Schein J C - - 2005
Death occurs in the homozygous mutant mouse weaver among several classes of neuron in cerebellum and ventral midbrain, because these neurons carry a mutation in the G protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channel, Girk2. GIRK2 is expressed in all neuronal types killed by wv in cerebellum and midbrain as well as ...
Liu Yan - - 2005
Glucose regulated protein 75 (GRP75) is an important molecular chaperon belonged to the heat shock protein (HSP) family. To evaluate the effect of GRP75 overexpression on PC12 cells under glucose deprivation, cell viability and mitochondrial function of GRP75-overexpressing PC12 cells and the vector transfected control PC12 cells were monitored during ...
Krjukova Jelena - - 2005
A synapse simulating model comprising of the nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells releasing neurotransmitter (NT) and sensor 92.1.7.human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells has been used for simulating the connection between neurons and target cells. A Ca(2+) elevation was observed in both cell types when the PC12 cells were challenged with ...
Pooler A M - - 2005
During rapid cell growth the availability of phospholipid precursors like cytidine triphosphate and diacylglycerol can become limiting in the formation of key membrane constituents like phosphatidylcholine. Uridine, a normal plasma constituent, can be converted to cytidine triphosphate in PC12 [corrected] cells and intact brain, and has been shown to produce ...
Wan Andrew C A - - 2004
The concept of a "biostructural unit" is presented as the combination of biological and structural building blocks to create scaffolds or constructs via a bottom-up approach. Three types of biostructural units were constructed using the process of fiber formation by interfacial polyelectrolyte complexation: protein-encapsulated fiber, ligand-immobilized fiber, and cell-encapsulated fiber ...
Ishido Masami - - 2004
Addition of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) into the cultured PC12 cells secreted dopamine and promoted neurite outgrowth of the cells, indicating cell differentiation. To characterize the PACAP-differentiated PC12 cell transcriptome, we applied DNA macroarray techniques, using Atlas Rat 1.2 Array membranes (BD Biosciences Clontech) that have 1176 cDNA. RNA ...
Nakamura Hiroyuki - - 2004
Sphingolipid metabolites such as sphingosine regulate cell functions including cell death and arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. D-erythro-C18-Sphingosine-1-phosphate (D-e-S1P), a sphingolipid metabolite, acts as an intracellular messenger in addition to being an endogenous ligand of some cell surface receptors. The development of S1P analogs may be useful for studying and/or regulating ...
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