Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1460
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Yamazaki Yasuhiro - - 2007
In order to search for novel components of lipid membrane microdomains involved in neural signalling pathways, mAbs (monoclonal antibodies) were raised against the detergent-insoluble membrane fraction of PC12 (pheochromocytoma) cells. Among the 22 hybrid clones, mAb PR#1 specifically detected a fucoganglioside Fuc(Gal)-GM1 [a-fucosyl(a-galactosyl)-GM1], a ganglioside homologous with GM1a (II3NeuAc,GgOse4Cer), as ...
Ziegler Christian G - - 2008
The adrenal androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is produced in the inner zone of the adrenal cortex, which is in direct contact to adrenal medullary cells. Due to their close anatomical proximity and tightly intermingled cell borders, a direct interaction of adrenal cortex and medulla has been postulated. In humans congenital adrenal ...
Cappelletti Graziella - - 2007
Neuritin is a small, highly conserved GPI-anchored protein involved in neurite outgrowth. We have analyzed the involvement of neuritin in NGF-induced differentiation of PC12 cells by investigating the time-course of neuritin expression, the effects of its overexpression or silencing, and the possible mechanisms of its regulation and action. Real-time PCR ...
Sontag Werner - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive method used in medical applications such as brain mapping or as a therapeutic tool in neurological and psychiatric disorders because it can stimulate defined regions of the brain without anaesthesia. METHODS: The action of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on HL-60 and ...
Dhar Sanjay - - 2007
Tissue-engineered constructs offer a new hope to patients suffering from functional impairment after nerve injury. An effort has been made to focus on delivery, regulation, and "molecular shutoff" of nerve growth factor (NGF) in tissue-engineered constructs. We have previously demonstrated that human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) cells can be genetically modified ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2007
Organophosphate developmental neurotoxicity involves multiple mechanisms converging on neural cell replication and differentiation. We evaluated mechanisms contributing to the adverse effects of chlorpyrifos (CPF) on DNA synthesis, cell number and size, and cell signaling mediated by adenylyl cyclase (AC) in PC12 cells, a neuronotypic cell line that recapitulates the essential ...
Gurley Gordon H - - 2007
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent environmental pollutants that affect nervous system function. Glial cells are among the first lines of defense in the nervous system and are involved in activities, including production of neurotrophic factors, which maintain an environment optimally suited for neuronal function. In this study, we investigated the ...
Wei Huafeng - - 2007
The commonly used inhaled anesthetic isoflurane has been shown to be both neuroprotective and neurotoxic in various cell cultures and animal models. We hypothesize that, like cerebral ischemia, isoflurane is inherently neurotoxic. Limited exposure of isoflurane provides neuroprotection via induction of endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms (preconditioning), while prolonged exposure of isoflurane ...
Li Huang Yuan - - 2007
Recent findings suggest that oxidative stress caused by pyrethroid pesticides could be closely involved in the neurotoxicity. tert-Butylhydroquinone ( tBHQ) is a known inducer of Nrf2-mediated transcription, and treatment of cells with tBHQ can confer protection against H 2O 2 and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective ...
Ishii Toshiaki - - 2007
Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is an iron-binding secretory protein present in breast milk, mucosal secretions, and the secondary granules of neutrophils. Although bLf has multiple functions, including antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities, its effect on neuronal cells is not fully understood. We report that bLf prevents cell adhesion of PC12 cells and ...
Peery Sven L - - 2007
The steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] rapidly stimulates the uptake of phosphate in isolated chick intestinal cells, while the steroid 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24,25(OH)2D3] inhibits the rapid stimulation by 1,25(OH)2D3. Earlier work in this laboratory has indicated that a cellular binding protein for 24,25(OH)2D3 is the enzyme catalase. Since binding resulted ...
Krzyzanski Wojciech - - 2007
Neuronal death is one of the most prominent consequences of alcohol exposure during development. Ethanol-induced neuronal death appears to involve apoptosis. The objective of the present study was to characterize the effect of ethanol on neuronal cell viability and to determine the mechanism by which ethanol enhances apoptosis in neural ...
Parmar, Parmjeet Kaur
Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. Proteolysis and protease inhibitors play important roles in developmental, memory forming and pathological events in the nervous system. Investigations of the levels of expression of serpins (serine protease inhibitors) and the effect of altered ...
Fujita Toshitsugu - - 2007
Fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1 (FEZ1) promotes efficiently the neurite elongation of rat phaeochromocytoma PC12 cells. We here characterized FEZ1 in PC12 cells. Nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation induces significant expression of endogenous FEZ1 in PC12 cells. Upon NGF stimulation FEZ1 localizes in both cytoplasm and neuritis, co-localizing with mitochondria. ...
Yang Hui - - 2007
Loss-of-function mutations in the parkin gene have recently been shown to be responsible for autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism. However, the exact mechanism of pathogenesis remains unclear. This study explores the effect of Parkin downregulation on dopaminergic cells in Parkinson's disease. We generated small interfering RNA plasmids that target the parkin ...
Iuvone Teresa - - 2007
In this study, we investigated the mechanism of S100B neurotoxicity and the effect of cannabinoids, in C6 cells treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl 1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and co-cultured with differentiated PC12 cells. MPTP concentration- and time-dependently increased S100B density in C6 cells. This effect was followed by increased C6 cell proliferation and ...
Com Emmanuelle - - 2007
The nerve growth factor (NGF)-tyrosine kinase receptor TrkA plays a critical role in various neuronal and non-neuronal cell types by regulating cell survival, differentiation, and proliferation. In breast cancer cells, TrkA stimulation results in the activation of cellular growth, but downstream signaling largely remains to be described. Here we used ...
Kim Yu Mi - - 2007
The effects of tributyltin acetate (TBTA) on dopamine biosynthesis and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells were examined. TBTA at concentrations of 0.1-0.2 microM inhibited dopamine biosynthesis by reducing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and TH gene expression in PC12 cells. TBTA at 0.1-0.4 microM also reduced L-DOPA (20-50 microM)-induced increases ...
Wakabayashi Masaki - - 2007
The conversion of soluble, non-toxic amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) to aggregated, toxic Abeta could be the key step in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Liposomal studies have proposed that Abeta-(1-40) preferentially recognizes a cholesterol-dependent cluster of gangliosides and a conformationally altered form of Abeta promotes the aggregation of the protein. Cell ...
Li Richard C - - 2008
Excessive accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) has been proposed as a pivotal event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Possible mechanisms underlying Abeta-induced neuronal cytotoxicity include excess production of reactive oxidative species (ROS) and apoptosis. Neuroglobin (Ngb), a newly discovered globin in vertebrates that exhibits neuroprotective functions, may have a ...
Schonfeld Eldi E Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, - - 2007
The effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) on Fe(2+)-mediated and/or H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidative stress (OS) was investigated in a PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line in the presence or absence of 50 ng/ml nerve growth factor (NGF). DHA-supplemented cells showed enhanced Fe(2+)-induced cell damage as evident by increased lipid peroxides formation (10-fold) ...
Guo Qian-Chen - - 2007
AIM: Comparative proteomics provide a powerful approach in screening for alterations in protein levels and post-translational modifications that are associated with tumors. In the present study, we aimed to identify candidate biomarkers to distinguish osteosarcoma (OS) cells from normal osteoblastic cells. METHODS: We employed 3 OS cell lines (U2OS, IOR/OS9, ...
Lee Wang-Tso - - 2007
Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by progressive microcephaly, growth retardation, immunodeficiency, and pre-disposition to tumor formation. To investigate the functions of the NBS gene product, NBS1, on neurons, PC12 cells overexpressing NBS1 and related mutants and primary cortical neuronal culture were used in the present ...
Larsen E C - - 2007
Alterations in lipid metabolism play an integral role in neuronal death in cerebral ischemia. Here we used an in vitro model, oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, and analyzed changes in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) metabolism. OGD (4-8 h) of PC12 cells triggered a dramatic reduction in ...
Lawton M - - 2007
The aims of this work were to compare the effects of methyl mercury chloride and thimerosal on neurite/process outgrowth and microtubule proteins in differentiating mouse N2a neuroblastoma and rat C6 glioma cells. Exposure for 4h to sublethal concentrations of both compounds inhibited neurite outgrowth to a similar extent in both ...
Ríos J David - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine which neurotrophins (NTs)-nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophin (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT3), and neurotrophin-4 (NT4)-and their receptors (NTrs) TrkA, TrkB, TrkC, and p75 are present in rat conjunctiva and cultured rat goblet cells (CGCs) and whether NTs stimulate glycoconjugate secretion or cell proliferation. METHODS: Western blot analysis and ...
Sokolova Tatyana V - - 2007
Ganglioside GM1 was shown to increase the viability of PC12 cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide or amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta(25-35)). The PC12 cells transfected with mutant gene (expressing APP(SW)) were found to be more sensitive to oxidative stress than the cells transfected with wild type gene (expressing APP(WT)) or vector-transfected cells, ...
Floricel Florin - - 2007
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by benign tumors (hamartomas) in various organs. The brain is one of the most severely affected organs with neuropsychiatric disorders including epilepsy, mental retardation and autism. The identification of TSC genes (TSC1 and TSC2) and their gene products (hamartin ...
Antonelli A - - 2007
The aim of our study was to investigate the role of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the expression of the p73 protein in human ependymoblastoma (EP) and medulloblastoma (MB) cells. It was found that NGF exposure on MB cells blocks proliferation, as well as on EP cells and induces overexpression ...
Zylinska Ludmila - - 2007
Intracellular Ca2+ in neuronal cells is an essential regulatory ion responsible for excitability, synaptic plasticity, and neurite outgrowth. Plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) is the most sensitive enzyme in decreasing of the Ca2+ concentration. The diverse PMCA isoforms composition in the membranes suggests their specific function in the cell, and ...
Kang Xiaogang - - 2007
Previous studies have suggested that Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb761) has a protective potentiality against apoptosis of neurons or neuron-like cells induced by MPTP. In this study, the effects of EGb761 on PC12 cells injured by paraquat (PQ), a neurotoxin, were tested. The results showed that after incubation of PC12 cells ...
Chan Ching-Rong - - 2007
Estrogens have been suggested to exhibit neuroprotective activities against several insults including beta-amyloid and glutamate, one of the excitatory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. In the present study, we showed that exposure to glutamate not only inhibited the cell growth of exponentially growing rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells in a ...
Leach Jennie B - - 2007
Rationally designed matrices for nerve tissue engineering and encapsulated cell therapies critically rely on a comprehensive understanding of neural response to biochemical as well as biophysical cues. Whereas biochemical cues are established mediators of neuronal behavior (e.g., outgrowth), physical cues such as substrate stiffness have only recently been recognized to ...
Yamamoto Naoki - - 2007
The cell-surface expression of GM1 ganglioside was studied using various cultured cells, including brain-derived endothelial cells, astrocytes, neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y), and pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). GM1 ganglioside was detected only on the surface of native and nerve-growth-factor (NGF)-treated PC12 cells. We investigated whether GM1 ganglioside on the surface of these cells ...
Maletínská Lenka - - 2007
CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) peptides have been studied for ten years. We report specific binding of 125I-CART(61-102) to the rat adrenal pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line, both intact cells and cell membranes. Saturation binding to intact plated cells resulted in Kd of 0.48+/-0.16 nM and Bmax of 2228+/-529 binding sites/cell. ...
D'Alessio Amelia - - 2007
The balance between specific signals from different growth factors dictates the biological response of mammalian cells including cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. PC12 cells represent a model of choice to compare the signalling of differentiative growth factors, as NGF, and of mitogenic growth factors, as EGF. In these cells the ...
Ho, Shu Hang
Biological responses to orthodontic forces involve various cell types, these include fibroblasts, endothelial cells, blood vessels and sensory nerves in the periodontal ligament as well as osteoblasts, osteoclasts and cementoblasts in roots and bone surfaces. Neurotrophins are believed to interact with these cells to initiate the process of bone resorption ...
Chalimoniuk MaƂgorzata - - 2007
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) preferentially liberates arachidonic acid (AA), which is known to be elevated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between enhanced nitric oxide (NO) generation observed in AD and cPLA2 protein level, phosphorylation, and AA release in rat pheochromocytoma ...
Di Marco Giovana Seno - - 2007
The present work proposes an extra neural site of catecholamine production along the nephron. LLC-PK(1), MDCK, and mIMCD-3 (proximal and distal tubules and inner medullary collecting duct, respectively) presented the following amine concentrations in the cell homogenates: Norepinephrine = 275+/-34, 56+/-16 and 255+/-21; Epinephrine = 161+/-20, 83+/-17 and 53+/-7; and ...
Nguyen Truong Le Xuan Tle - - 2007
Since the biological role of phospholipase C (PLC) gamma1 in neuronal differentiation still barely understood, here, we report that overexpression of PLC gamma1 inhibits neurite outgrowth and prolonged proliferation ability of PLC gamma1 contribute to the alteration of cell cycle regulatory proteins, subsequently exiting from cell growth arrest. Deletion of ...
Shinohara Hiroaki - - 2007
A real-time observation of neurotransmitter release from a nerve cell is a useful method for not only neuroscience research, but also assessing of the influence of chemicals, including drugs, on the human nervous system. In this study, a more simple and sensitive method for real-time monitoring of dopamine release from ...
Haq Furqan - - 2007
We investigated the effect ofnanoscale topography on neurite development in pheochromocytoma (PC12 cells) by culturing the cells on substrates having nanoscale pillars and pores with sizes comparable with filipodia. We found that cells on nanopillars and nanopores developed fewer and shorter neurites than cells on smooth substrates, and that cells ...
Yanagida Keisuke - - 2007
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a potent lipid mediator that evokes a variety of biological responses in many cell types via its specific G protein-coupled receptors. In particular, LPA affects cell morphology, cell survival, and cell cycle progression in neuronal cells. Recently, we identified p2y(9)/GPR23 as a novel fourth LPA receptor, ...
Flaskos J - - 2007
Diazinon and cypermethrin are pesticides extensively used in sheep dipping. Diazinon is a known anti-cholinesterase, but there is limited information regarding its molecular mechanism of action. This paper describes the effects of diazinon and cypermethrin at a morphological and molecular level on differentiating mouse N2a neuroblastoma and rat C6 glioma ...
Valaperta Rea - - 2007
A reduction of 70% of the plasma membrane-associated sialidase Neu3 activity, due to a corresponding reduction of the enzyme expression by transducing cells with a short hairpin RNA encoding a sequence target (complementary messenger of mouse Neu3), caused neurite elongation in Neuro2a murine neuroblastoma cells. The differentiation process was accompanied ...
Bayarsaikhan Munkhuu - - 2007
We previously reported that the level of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase-associated protein 1 (JSAP1), a scaffold protein for JNK signaling, increases dramatically during nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced differentiation of PC12h cells. In the present study, we investigated the function of JSAP1 during PC12h cell differentiation by knocking down ...
Pendás-Franco Natalia - - 2007
1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), the most active vitamin D metabolite, regulates proliferation, survival, and differentiation in many cell types. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and several less calcemic analogs are in clinical trials against various neoplasias. We studied the effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on a panel of human breast cancer cells, which show similar vitamin D ...
Fornai Francesco - - 2007
The PC12 cell line is commonly used as a tool to understand the biochemical mechanisms underlying the physiology and degeneration of central dopamine neurons. Despite the broad use of this cell line, there are a number of points differing between PC12 cells and dopamine neurons in vivo which are missed ...
Yuyama Kohei - - 2006
Endocytic pathway abnormalities were previously observed in brains affected with Alzheimer's disease (AD). To clarify the pathological relevance of these abnormalities to assembly of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), we treated PC12 cells with chloroquine, which potently perturbs membrane trafficking from endosomes to lysosomes. Chloroquine treatment induced accumulation of GM1 ganglioside (GM1) ...
Garbuzova-Davis Svitlana - - 2006
hNT cells, derived from a human teratocarcinoma cell line, are versatile neuron-like cells that have been studied as possible treatment vehicles for neurodegenerative diseases. Previously, we showed the postponement of motor deficit symptoms in a G93A mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by transplanting hNT cells into the lumbar ...
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