Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1460
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Lam Philip Y - - 2008
The significance of impairment of proteasome activity in PC12 cells was examined in connection with nitrative/nitrosative stress and apoptotic cell death. Treatment of differentiated PC12 cells with MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, elicited a dose- and time-dependent increase in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) protein levels, decreased cell viability, and increased ...
Cheng Bor-Chih - - 2008
We exposed rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells to hyperthermia or high dosage of dopamine and examined the direct effects of mild hypothermia or dopamine D(2) receptor agonist. At a hyperthermia of 42-43 degrees C for 120 min there was approximately 50% loss of cell viability accompanied by dopamine overproduction. The model ...
Weng Qiang - - 2008
Characteristic daily increases in the plasma levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) are present every afternoon during lactation in golden hamsters. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the diurnal rhythm of increases in LH on expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), its receptors trkA and p75 ...
Arien-Zakay Hadar - - 2009
There is a paucity of quantitative methods for evaluating the morphological differentiation of neuronal cells in a three-dimensional (3-D) system to assist in quality control of neural tissue engineering constructs for use in reparative medicine. Neuronal cells tend to aggregate in the 3-D scaffolds, hindering the application of two-dimensional (2-D) ...
Slaughter Gymama E - - 2009
The effect of exogenous agents on the complex impedance of PC 12 cells that were cultured to confluency on 250-mum gold microdot electrodes fabricated within 8-well cell culture biochips was studied. Surface attachment of PC 12 cells to gold microelectrodes was accomplished using cysteamine SAMs covalently derivatized with laminin. The ...
Hong Dun - - 2008
Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic disease characterized by loss of the normal density of bone, resulting in fragile bone and a higher risk of fractures. Patients under glucocorticoids treatment are susceptible to glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO). The normal bone turnover depends on a balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The skeletal ...
Silva, Fábia
American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora L., Lamiaceae) extracts have been used to treat several nervous disorders. There is still some uncertainty about the effective compounds, nevertheless, it is accepted that the flavonoids are important active constituents in skullcap. In the present study, we evaluated the antioxidant and neuroprotective potential of an ...
Darbinian Nune - - 2008
Infection with HIV-1 causes degeneration of neurons leading to motor and cognitive dysfunction in AIDS patients. One of the key viral regulatory proteins, Tat, which is released by infected cells, can be taken up by various uninfected cells including neurons and by dysregulating several biological events induces cell injury and ...
Radio Nicholas M - - 2008
Identification of chemicals that pose a hazard to the developing nervous system is the first step in reducing human exposure and preventing health risks to infants and children. In response to the need for more efficient methods to identify potential developmental neurotoxicants, the present study evaluated the utility of an ...
Park So-Young - - 2008
One of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease is the progressive accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the form of senile plaques, and Abeta insult to neuronal cells has been identified as one of the major causes of the onset of the disease. Curcumin, the major and most active antioxidant of ...
Shang Ya Zhen - - 2008
Cerebral hypoxia is known to be involved in many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and cerebrovascular dementia. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flavonoids from aerial part of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (SSF) on potassium cyanide (KCN) -induced hypoxic cytotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12, and ...
Nusuetrong Punnee - - 2008
Satratoxin H, a mycotoxin, is thought to induce apoptosis of PC12 cells through the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in a glutathione (GSH)-sensitive manner. The present study was undertaken to further elucidate the mechanism by which satratoxin H induces cell death in PC12 ...
Wissel Kirsten - - 2008
HYPOTHESIS: Recombinantly modified cells deliver neurotrophic factors with the capacity to induce differentiation and the outgrowth of neurites of rat pheochromocytoma cells 12 (PC12) serving as a neuronal model. BACKGROUND: The benefit of cochlea implant (CI) is depending, among other factors, on the number of surviving spiral ganglion neurons (SGN). ...
Girigoswami Koyeli - - 2008
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) is the major constituent of senile plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. In order to develop an efficient in vitro system for studying the interaction of cells with Abeta aggregates, we have prepared a synthetic amyloid lawn by immobilizing Abeta peptides over a functionalized glass surface ...
Jung Eun Joo - - 2008
The TrkA tyrosine kinase is activated by autophosphorylation in response to NGF, and plays an important role in cell survival, differentiation, and apoptosis. To investigate its role in cell fate determination, we produced stable TrkA-inducible SK-N-MC and U2OS cell lines using the Tet-On system. Interestingly, TrkA overexpression induced substantial cell ...
Yu Shu - - 2008
The hypoglycemia and serum limitation-induced cell death in cultured PC12 cells represents a useful in vitro model for the study of brain ischemia and neurodegenerative disorders. Salidroside is a phenylpropanoid glycoside isolated from Rhodiola rosea L., a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, and has displayed a broad spectrum of pharmacological properties. ...
Sai Yan - - 2008
Rotenone is a widely used pesticide. Administration of rotenone can induce biochemical and histological alterations similar to those of Parkinson's disease in rats, leading to the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. However, it remains unclear why rotenone seems to affect preferentially dopaminergic cells. To ...
Kajimura Yoshihito - - 2008
Neoechinulin A, an alkaloid from Eurotium rubrum, can protect neuronal PC12 cells against cytotoxicity of a potent oxidant, peroxynitrite. Because involvement of peroxynitrite has been suggested in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, we assessed whether this alkaloid could also protect PC12 cells from the cytocidal action of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine (MPP+), a ...
Simon D W N - - 2008
We examined cultured osteoblasts derived from paired samples from the greater tuberosity and acromion from eight patients with large chronic tears of the rotator cuff. We found that osteoblasts from the tuberosity had no apparent response to mechanical stimulation, whereas those derived from the acromion showed an increase in alkaline ...
Zhou Zhidong - - 2008
This study demonstrated that dopaminergic MN9D and PC12 cells were more vulnerable than non-dopaminergic N2A cells to the challenge by proteasome inhibitor MG132, which could be alleviated by reductants and alpha-methyl tyrosine (alpha-MT), a specific tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor. Furthermore, challenging non-dopaminergic N2A cells with exogenous DA could aggravate MG132-induced cell ...
Wang Lingyan - - 2008
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) plays a crucial role in several disease processes, such as diabetes, inflammation, and neurodegeneration. In this article we report multiple roles of RAGE in neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth. In retinoic-induced P19 embryonic carcinoma stem cells, silencing the expression of RAGE by ...
Ji Bian-Sheng - - 2008
The protective effect of trihexyphenidyl (THY) on hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage was investigated in the rat pheochromocytoma line PC12 cells. Following the exposure of PC12 cells to H(2)O(2), there was a reduction in cell survival, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and mitochondria membrane potential (MMP), in contrast, the increased levels ...
Wang Li - - 2008
Transcription factor c-Jun affects neuronal cell death and survival in mammalian brain. As general anesthetics, such as ketamine and propofol, are thought to provide some degree of neuroprotection, this study was intended to test whether the protection of injured neuronal PC12 cells by ketamine and propofol is related to the ...
Gruber Helen E - - 2008
Human lumbar anulus tissue and cultured human lumbar anulus cells were used in retrospective studies of the immunocytochemical localization of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in disc tissue, and of the in vitro effects of the active metabolite of vitamin D, 1,25(OH)2D3, on anulus cell proliferation, cytokine, and proteoglycan (PG) ...
Kim Yun Jeong - - 2008
The present study examined the inhibitory effect of licorice compounds glycyrrhizin and a metabolite 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid on the neurotoxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in the mouse and on the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced cell death in differentiated PC12 cells. MPTP treatment increased the activities of total superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase and ...
Jia Zhenquan - - 2008
Dopamine auto-oxidation and the consequent formation of reactive oxygen species and electrophilic quinone molecules have been implicated in dopaminergic neuronal cell death in Parkinson's disease. We reported here that in PC12 dopaminergic neuronal cells dopamine at noncytotoxic concentrations (50-150 muM) potently induced cellular glutathione (GSH) and the phase 2 enzyme ...
Kalia Kiran - - 2008
Manganese (Mn) is known to pass across the blood-brain barrier and interact with dopaminergic neurons. However, the knowledge on the subcellular distribution of Mn in these cell types upon exposure to Mn remained incomplete. This study was designed to investigate the subcellular distribution of Mn in blood-brain barrier endothelial RBE4 ...
Sarig-Nadir Offra - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cell outgrowth in a biosynthetic material made from PEGylated fibrinogen and in thrombin-polymerized fibrin hydrogels. The hypothesis stipulated that changing the composition of the biosynthetic constituents of the hydrogel can be used to better regulate the rate of ...
Heo H J - - 2008
Banana, orange, and apple are the major fruits in Western and Asian diets. In order to find the effects of these fruits, neuron like PC12 cells were exposed to the extracts of these fruits before H(2)O(2) treatment. We found a significant viability of PC12 cells by the MTT reduction test, ...
Stanzel Roger D P - - 2008
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin implicated in intestinal pathophysiology, such as impaired barrier function, altered motility and a lowered threshold to noxious stimuli in colitis. We evaluated the cellular source of NGF and determined the effect of inflammation on its expression in TNBS-induced colitis in the rat. Receptors ...
Matusica Dusan - - 2008
This study addressed the suitability of the NSC-34 cell line as a motor neuron-like model for investigating neurotrophin receptor trafficking and associated subcellular processes. Initially, culture conditions were optimized for the use of NSC-34 cells in confocal microscopy. Cell surface markers, as well as markers associated with the regulated endosomal ...
Tofighi R - - 2008
Galanin is a neuropeptide with a wide range of effects in the nervous and endocrine systems, mediated through three G protein-coupled receptor subtypes (GalR1-3). Interestingly, galanin and its receptors are also expressed in certain tumors. Here we studied the effects of galanin in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells stably transfected with ...
Miranda Elena E Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. - - 2008
Familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FENIB) is an autosomal dominant dementia that is characterized by the retention of polymers of neuroserpin as inclusions within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of neurons. We have developed monoclonal antibodies that detect polymerized neuroserpin and have used COS-7 cells, stably transfected PC12 cell lines ...
zur Nedden Stephanie - - 2008
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) and purine nucleosides adenosine and inosine are critical mediators of physiological responses to acute and chronic hypoxia. The specific aim of this paper was to evaluate the potential role of HIF-1alpha in purine-mediated neuroprotection. We show that adenosine and inosine efficiently rescued clonal rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) ...
Wang Qiujun - - 2008
Isoflurane, a commonly used inhaled anesthetic, induces apoptosis in rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12) in a concentration-and time-dependent manner with unknown mechanism. We hypothesized that isoflurane induced apoptosis by causing abnormal calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via activation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors. Alzheimer's presenilin-1 (PS1) mutation increased activity ...
Hwang Sam-Long - - 2008
The citrus flavanones hesperidin, hesperetin, and neohesperidin are known to exhibit antioxidant activities and could traverse the blood-brain barrier. H2O2 formation induces cellular oxidative stress associated with neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, protective effects of pretreatments (6 h) with hesperidin, hesperetin, and neohesperidin (0.8, 4, 20, and 50 microM) on ...
Sigala S - - 2008
A dysregulation of the nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated control of prostate cell growth is associated with the malignant progression of prostate epithelial cells. Exogenous NGF induced in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines DU145 and PC3 the expression of p75(NGFR), accompanied by a reduction of the cell malignancy. The aim of ...
Yamanaka Yukako - - 2008
Lipid peroxidation traditionally has been regarded as the major process causing damage to the brain by oxygen radicals and, subsequently, some forms of age-related deterioration. The brain, with its high oxygen consumption and abundance of polyunsaturated fatty acids, is at risk for oxidative damage. Although a great number of reports ...
Ali,Zana Abdullrahman
Abstract HEK 293 cells were transfected with LGMN-plasmid encoding rat legumain, to establish a cell line transiently and/or stably expressing legumain. In addition, HEK 293 cells and a number of melanoma cell lines (from Rikshospitalet University Hospital HF) were successfully transfected with CST6-plasmid encoding human cystatin M, a potent secreted ...
Sharifi Ali M - - 2008
ABSTRACT The nervous system is one of the most important targets of lead poisoning. Despite decades of study, the exact mechanism of lead toxicity has not been fully elucidated. One of the suggested mechanisms of lead toxicity is induction of apoptosis, which has not been shown yet in some neuronal ...
Yang Yi - - 2008
Autophagy has been linked to various human diseases, including many neurodegenerative disorders. The induction of autophagy has been detected in degenerating neurites initiated by different experimental paradigms and hence is of major interest. Axonal and dendritic degeneration was significantly delayed either by the application of the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) ...
Kusunoki Takashi - - 2008
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) induce estrogenic phenotypes in sexual organs and cells by chronic stimulation through binding to estrogen receptors. Although cell death may be induced instead of phenotypic change by EDCs in germ cells, the mechanism of the effect of EDCs in neuronal cells is still obscure. Here we ...
Sombers Leslie A - - 2007
We have amperometrically measured dopamine release from rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) in high osmolarity conditions with and without L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) treatment. We observe an increase in the number of release events displaying a prespike feature or "foot" when the cells are stimulated in high osmolarity saline. We also see ...
Hirata Yoko - - 2008
The dopamine transporter has been shown to be the most relevant target site for the specificity of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), a neurotoxin for dopaminergic neurons. In contrast, the mechanisms underlying the selective toxicity of manganese and rotenone, potentially toxic agents implicated in dopaminergic neuronal cell death, remain unknown. The aim ...
Ratovitski Tamara - - 2007
Proteolytic cleavage of mutant huntingtin may play a key role in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease; however the steps in huntingtin proteolysis are not fully understood. Huntingtin was shown to be cleaved by caspases and calpains within a region between 460-600 amino acids from the N-terminus. Two smaller N-terminal fragments ...
Yuyama Kohei - - 2008
Exosomes are extracellularly released small vesicles that are derived from multivesicular bodies formed via the endocytic pathway. We treated pheochromocytoma PC12 cells with chloroquine, an acidotropic agent, which potently perturbs membrane trafficking from endosomes to lysosomes. Chloroquine treatment increased the level of GM1 ganglioside in cell media only when the ...
Westerink R H S - - 2008
This review attempts to touch on the history and application of amperometry at PC12 cells for fundamental investigation into the exocytosis process. PC12 cells have been widely used as a model for neural differentiation and as such they have been used to examine the effects of differentiation on exocytotic release ...
Sheedlo Harold J - - 2007
A photoreceptor cell line, designated 661W, was tested for its response to growth factors secreted by retinal pigment epithelial cells including basic fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor, and nerve growth factor. Early passaged 661W cells expressed high levels of retinal progenitor markers such as nestin and Pax6, but not ...
Kimoto Kuniaki - - 2007
Neoechinulin A, an alkaloid from Eurotium rubrum Hiji025, protected neuronal PC12 cells against cell death induced by peroxynitrite derived from SIN-1 (3-(4-morpholinyl)sydnonimine hydrochloride). In this study, we investigated the structure-activity relationships of neoechinulin A and a set of its analogues by using assays to measure anti-nitration and antioxidant activities and ...
Isada Tetsuro - - 2007
Hyperbaric exposure induces lesions of the CNS in scuba divers. Repeated exposures to hyperbaric air at 0.5 MPa for 30 min with short intervals suppressed NGF-stimulated neurite outgrowth, concomitant with a decrease in the protein expression of ERK in PC12 cells. Hyperbaric exposure most likely causes direct lesions of neural ...
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