Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1460
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Park Yong-Hoon - - 2009
Beta-amyloid (Abeta)-induced neurotoxicity is considered to be mediated through the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, the protective effects of Poria cocos water extract (PCW) against Abeta1-42-induced cell death were investigated using rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Exposure of PC12 cells to the Abeta1-42 (20 microM) for 48h ...
Hackett J M - - 2010
In vitro models of tissues, such as the cornea, represent systems for modeling cell-to-cell interactions and tissue function. The objective of this study was to develop an optimized nerve differentiation medium to incorporate into a 3D in vitro model to study innervation and cell targeting. A hybrid neuroblastoma cell line ...
Cheng Baohua - - 2010
Numerous studies show that D-beta-Hydroxybutyrate (DbetaHB) is neuroprotective. The present study was to explore the neuroprotective effects of DbetaHB against the cell death and apoptosis induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) in PC12 cells. PC12 cells were pretreated with DbetaHB and followed by MPP+ exposure. The cell viability was determined by ...
Nishimura Takuya - - 2010
The secretion of the hormone insulin from beta cells is modulated by the expression of the dense core vesicle transmembrane protein IA-2. Since IA-2 is found in neuroendocrine cells throughout the body, the present experiments were initiated to determine whether the expression of IA-2 also modulates the secretion of neurotransmitters. ...
Villarreal-Silva Marcela - - 2010
We have adopted the PC12 cell line as in vitro cell model for studying Dp71 function in neuronal cells. These cells express a cytoplasmic (Dp71f) and a nuclear (Dp71d) isoform of Dp71 as well as various dystrophin-associated proteins (DAPs). In this study, we revealed by confocal microscopy analysis and Western ...
Fujimura Lisa - - 2009
Murine Prickle1 and Prickle2 belong to the planar cell polarity genes. Prickle2 but not Prickle1 gene expression was induced in C1300 neuroblastoma cells during neurite-like process formation induced by retinoic acid (RA). Over-expression of Prickle1 or Prickle2 in C1300 cells induced striking neurite-like process formation in the absence of RA. ...
Qian Yongchang - - 2009
Valproate (VPA) is a commonly prescribed mood stabilizer. However, emerging evidence indicates that VPA administration may cause reversible symptoms of Parkinsonism and cognitive decline (P/CD) in some manic patients. The mechanism of this phenomenon is unknown. In this study, we used human SY5Y neuroblastoma cells as a neuronal model to ...
Zhao Jia - - 2009
Xyloketal B is a novel marine compound with unique chemical structure isolated from mangrove fungus Xylaria sp. (no. 2508). Recently, we have demonstrated that Xyloketal B is an antioxidant and can protect against oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL)-induced cell injury. In the present study, we investigated whether Xyloketal B can ...
Seifert Markus - - 2009
In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that the biologically active vitamin D metabolite 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3, calcitriol) suppresses proliferation and induces differentiation in various cell types, including human keratinocytes and melanocytes. Vitamin D is synthesized in the skin from 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) by the action of UV-B. There are ...
Simon Melissa J - - 2009
Although some studies have shown that the cell penetrating peptide (CPP) TAT can enter a variety of cell lines with high efficiency, others have observed little or no transduction in vivo or in vitro under conditions mimicking the in vivo environment. The mechanisms underlying TAT-mediated transduction have been investigated in ...
Yue Jianbo - - 2009
Intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization plays an important role in a wide variety of cellular processes, and multiple second messengers are responsible for mediating intracellular Ca(2+) changes. Here we explored the role of one endogenous Ca(2+)-mobilizing nucleotide, cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose (cADPR), in the proliferation and differentiation of neurosecretory PC12 cells. We found ...
Jeon Gyeong-Im - - 2009
This study was conducted to examine the neuroprotective effects of acetone extracts from Viola mandshurica (VME). The effect of VME on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced DNA damage in PC12 cells was evaluated by the comet assay where VME (100 and 250 microg/mL) was a dose-dependent inhibitor of DNA damage induced by ...
Kang Min Kyung - - 2009
Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. We investigated the possible combined effects of gallic acid and resveratrol, which are major antioxidants present in fruit, including grapes, on PC12 rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell death. Gallic acid ...
Ferrari Aldo - - 2009
The design of materials to promote the development and/or regeneration of neuronal tissue requires the understanding of the mechanisms by which the underlying substrate topography can modulate neuronal cell differentiation and migration. We recently demonstrated that plastic nanogratings (alternating lines of grooves and ridges of submicrometer size) can effectively change ...
Huang Zhen - - 2009
SYJN is a Chinese herbal formula, containing four herbs: Bupleurum chinense DC., Curcuma aromatica Salisb., Perilla frutescens (Linn.) Britt. and Acorus tatarinowii Schott. Previous studies on the formula in our laboratory revealed an antidepressant-like effect on animal models of behavioral despair. However,the mechanisms underlying such antidepressant-like effect are yet to ...
Morita-Fujimura Yuiko - - 2009
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) in mouse embryos likely include heterogeneous cells having distinct cellular properties. In the present study, we found that heterogeneity of PGCs can be defined by the expression of integrin α6 and c-Kit. The changes in integrin α6 and c-Kit expression in PGCs were obvious as embryonic ...
Chen Zheng-Ai - - 2009
Neurite outgrowth and neuronal differentiation play a crucial role in the development of the nervous system. Understanding of neurotrophins induced neurite outgrowth was important to develop therapeutic strategy for axon regeneration in neurodegenerative diseases as well as after various nerve injuries. It has been reported that extension of neurite and ...
Ohnuma Kiyoshi - - 2009
Directional migration of neuronal cells over long distances is critical for the developing and regenerating nervous system. A scaffold, which includes radial glia, provides a route between the germinal zone and the destination, with the direction of migration being attributed mainly to chemotaxis. However, the decrease in chemokine concentration with ...
Mobine Hector R - - 2009
Pheochromocytomas are widely believed to induce cardiomyopathy via hypersecretion of catecholamines, including norepinephrine (NE). NE can have direct cardiomyocyte toxicity and/or can stimulate myocardial remodeling secondary to the induction of hypertension. Yet, the development of cardiomyopathy is not entirely related to catecholamine dose or the extent of hypertension. To explore ...
Radio Nicholas M - - 2010
Development of high-throughput assays for chemical screening and hazard identification is a pressing priority worldwide. One approach uses in vitro, cell-based assays which recapitulate biological events observed in vivo. Neurite outgrowth is one such critical cellular process underlying nervous system development that can be quantified using automated microscopy and image ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2009
Animal studies indicate neurobehavioral anomalies after prenatal exposure to benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). In order to determine if BaP directly affects neurodevelopment, we compared its effects to those of the organophosphate insecticide, chlorpyrifos (CPF), in undifferentiated and differentiating neuronotypic PC12 cells, evaluating indices of cell replication, cell number, neurite outgrowth and phenotypic ...
Lin Yi-Pei - - 2009
A platform for screening drugs for their ability to protect neuronal cells against cytotoxicity was developed. Nerve growth factor (NGF) differentiates PC12 cells into nerves, and these differentiated PC12 cells enter apoptosis when challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). A screening spectrophotometer was used to assay cytotoxicity in these cells; pretreatment with ...
Devnath Sukumar - - 2009
We performed comparative proteomic analyses of pituitary tumor-derived cell lines, and found a new protein, preliminarily called hydrophobestin, which was produced only in somatotrophic cells, MtT/S, but not in non-hormone-producing cells, MtT/E. Hydrophobestin is encoded by the cell growth regulatory gene, Cgr11, which is known to have growth-suppressive potential in ...
Li Yuan - - 2009
Zinc is essential for cell proliferation, differentiation, and viability. When zinc becomes limited for cultured cells, DNA synthesis ceases and the cell cycle is arrested. The molecular mechanisms of actions of zinc are believed to involve changes in the availability of zinc(II) ions (Zn(2+)). By employing a fluorescent Zn(2+) probe, ...
Clement Ceiléssia M - - 2009
This study uses NeuroScreen-1 (NS-1) cells, a derivative of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, to examine neurite outgrowth induced by a novel synthetic verbenachalcone derivative, DSRB20-022 (C22). We treated NS-1 cells with varying concentrations of C22 in the presence of 2ng/mL nerve growth factor (NGF). A dose-dependent effect of C22 was observed ...
Kitabatake Michikazu - - 2009
The synthesis of several 1-alkyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines, which may play an important role in Parkinson's disease, has been achieved by modified Pictet-Spengler cyclization of the formyliminium ion. The direct cytotoxicity and preventative effects towards MPP(+)-mediated death of PC12 cells were estimated. The cytotoxicities of 1-alkyl-TIQs were apoptotic and depended on their lipophilic ...
Henriques Ana Gabriela - - 2009
Amyloid beta (Abeta) contributes to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease and provides a close association between molecular events and pathology, although the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. In the work described here, Abeta did not induce amyloid precursor protein (APP) expression, but APP processing/trafficking was markedly affected. In COS-7 cells, Abeta ...
Lambiase Alessandro - - 2009
PURPOSE: Mucins released into the tear film are crucial to maintaining a healthy ocular surface. Alterations in goblet cell numbers and mucin secretion are observed in chronic ocular surface inflammatory diseases. Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a crucial role in healing and inflammation of the ocular surface. The aim of ...
Lamour Guillaume - - 2009
PC12 cells are a useful model to study neuronal differentiation, as they can undergo terminal differentiation, typically when treated with nerve growth factor (NGF). In this study we investigated the influence of surface energy distribution on PC12 cell differentiation, by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and immunofluorescence. Glass surfaces were modified ...
Bukoreshtliev Nickolay V - - 2009
Organelle exchange between cells via tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) is a recently described form of intercellular communication. Here, we show that the selective elimination of filopodia from PC12 cells by 350 nM cytochalasin B (CytoB) blocks TNT formation but has only a weak effect on the stability of existing TNTs. Under ...
Lu Xiaowei - - 2009
Resveratrol has been reported to protect several types of cells against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) toxicity by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inactivating caspase-3. However, other studies found that long-term treatment with resveratrol inhibited cells by inducing ROS generation and activating caspase-3. In the current report, a 48-h incubation of ...
Yamauchi Junji - - 2009
The mood-stabilizing agent valproic acid (VPA) potently promotes neuronal differentiation. As yet, however, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. Here, we show that VPA upregulates cytohesin-2 and mediates neurite outgrowth in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells. Cytohesin-2 is the guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for small GTPases of the Arf family; ...
Chevallier Julien - - 2009
Recent studies have identified Rab35 in the endocytic pathway and as a regulator of cytokinesis; however its molecular mechanisms are currently unknown. Here, we find that Rab35 colocalizes with actin filaments and with Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA, and that Rab35 can activate Cdc42 both in vivo and in vitro. We ...
Stopper Helga - - 2009
Alterations in dopamine levels play a role in several human pathological conditions and their pharmacological treatment. Here we describe an induction of genomic damage detected as micronucleus formation by concentrations in the low micromolar range (6.25-25 microM) in three cell lines in vitro. Rat neuronal PC12 cells exhibited a more ...
Miglio Gianluca - - 2009
Several evidences indicate that PPARgamma stimulation promotes neuronal differentiation. However, to date, no data describe the effects of PPARgamma agonists on neurite outgrowth. Here we have evaluated the effects of pioglitazone, a synthetic PPARgamma agonist, on differentiation and neurite outgrowth in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. Our results show that pioglitazone ...
Ma Rong - - 2009
Although the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is not fully understood, multiple lines of evidence suggests the importance of amyloid-beta (Abeta) in the initiation/progression of the disease. In this study, we investigated protective effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on Abeta(25-35)-induced cell death in cultured rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells). EPO (2U/ml) ...
Ishii Toshiaki - - 2009
AIMS: Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) causes anchorage-independent cell growth in PC12 cells. The present study investigated the mechanisms involved in bLf-induced anchorage-independent cell growth and survival in PC12 cells. MAIN METHODS: The number of adherent cells and suspended cells was estimated separately by using a methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay, and ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2009
Unrelated developmental neurotoxicants can elicit similar functional outcomes, whereas agents in the same class may differ. We compared two organophosphate insecticides (chlorpyrifos, diazinon) with an organochlorine (dieldrin) and a metal (Ni(2+)) for similarities and differences in their effects on gene expression encoding subtypes of protein kinase C and their modulators, ...
Yang Yumin - - 2009
Chitosan is now being widely used biomaterial in the tissue engineering field, and has great potential as a candidate material for preparing nerve guidance conduits due to its various favorable properties, especially that of good nerve cell affinity. Chitosan can be degraded in vivo into chitooligosaccharide. We have investigated the ...
Cao Zhongping - - 2009
The present study is designed to investigate the effect of pre-conditioning with 35% O2 on PC12 cell death induced by hypoxia. This study investigated whether 35% O2 pre-conditioning for 3 h, followed by 12 h recovery, can protect PC12 cells against death induced by subsequent exposure to hypoxia for 72 ...
Tang Wanxia - - 2009
From the MeOH extract of Ptychopetalum olacoides, which is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of chronic degenerative conditions of the nervous system, four novel clerodane-type diterpenoids named 6alpha,7alpha-dihydroxyannonene (1), 7alpha,20-dihydroxyannonene (2), 7alpha-hydroxysolidagolactone I (3), and ptycho-6alpha,7alpha-diol (4) were isolated by bioassay-directed fractionation using NGF-differentiated PC12 cells. The ...
Xu Hong-bin - - 2008
The present study is to investigate the protective actions of guggulsterone against the cytotoxicity produced by exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in PC12 cells. It was evaluated by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide] reduction assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay, and the release of nitric oxide (NO). ROS and Ca2+ in cells ...
Harmey Dympna - - 2009
The anaphase promoting complex (APC) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase required for the metaphase-to-anaphase transition and mitotic exit. However, APC also plays roles in G(1), where it is regulated by Cdh1, and APC activity has also been detected in differentiated and non-proliferating cells, suggesting that it may play roles outside ...
Duennwald Martin L - - 2008
Protein misfolding, whether caused by aging, environmental factors, or genetic mutations, is a common basis for neurodegenerative diseases. The misfolding of proteins with abnormally long polyglutamine (polyQ) expansions causes several neurodegenerative disorders, such as Huntington's disease (HD). Although many cellular pathways have been documented to be impaired in HD, the ...
Lassiter T Leon - - 2009
Fipronil, a GABA(A) receptor antagonist, is replacing many insecticide uses formerly fulfilled by organophosphates like chlorpyrifos. Few studies have addressed the potential for fipronil to produce developmental neurotoxicity. We compared the neurotoxicity of fipronil and chlorpyrifos in undifferentiated and differentiating neuronotypic PC12 cells, evaluating indices of cell replication, cell number, ...
Rahbar-Roshandel Nahid - - 2008
The protective effect of two new L-type calcium-channel blockers, mebudipine and dibudipine on neurotoxic effects induced by glutamate and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in PC12 cells was investigated. PC12 cells were intoxicated with two different methods. First, the cells were incubated with glutamate (10muM/L), glutamate and mebudipine (10muM/L), dibudipine (10muM/L) or ...
Akan Pinar - - 2009
Pregnenolone (P), the main precursor of the steroids, and its sulfate ester, pregnenolone sulfate (PS), are the major neurosteroids produced in the neural tissue. Many neuroendocrinological studies stressed the neuroprotective role of neurosteroids although it has been suggested that the inhibition of P and PS synthesis can delay neuronal cell ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2009
Ultraviolet photodegradation products from pesticides form both in the field and during water treatment. We evaluated the photolytic breakdown of the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) in terms of both the chemical entities generated by low-pressure ultraviolet C irradiation and their potential as developmental neurotoxicants. We separated by-products using high-performance liquid ...
Rodríguez-Muñoz Rafael - - 2008
The function of dystrophin Dp71 in neuronal cells remains unknown. To approach this issue, we have selected the PC12 neuronal cell line. These cells express both a Dp71f cytoplasmic variant and a Dp71d nuclear isoform. In this study, we demonstrated by electron and confocal microscopy analyses of in situ nuclear ...
Yamada Shigeru - - 2009
Nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite maturation in PC12D cells involves neuritogenesis and neurite outgrowth. Actions of compounds affecting the neurite maturation are sometimes invisible behind the individually variable events in nature even in the clonal population. In this study, we designed a time-lapse imaging system to determine the timing of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >