Search Results
Results 951 - 1000 of 1442
< 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 >
Itano Y - - 1995
When PC12 cells were treated with 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) at various concentrations for 1 week, the dopamine (DA) content was increased compared to the control at 1-30 microM but was decreased to less than the control at concentrations above 100 microM. Cell death was caused by 300 microM MPP+, indicating ...
Huang Q - - 1995
Neurite outgrowth on cellular and extracellular matrices is mediated by a variety of cell surface receptors. Some of these receptors recognize peptide determinants, whereas others bind oligosaccharide ligands. Previous studies have suggested that cell surface beta 1.4-galactosyltransferase functions as one of these receptors during neurite outgrowth on basal lamina by ...
Kanda T - - 1995
The glycosphingolipid (GSL) composition of cells changes dramatically during cellular differentiation. Nerve growth factor (NGF) or forskolin (FRK) are known to induce cellular differentiation including process formation in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells. In this respect, we present the NGF/FRK-dependent regulation of glycosyltransferase activities and the corresponding GSL expression in PC12D cells. ...
Schwartz Z - - 1995
Vitamin D3 metabolites affect the proliferation and differentiation of cartilage cells. Previous reports have shown that rat costochondral cartilage chondrocytes isolated from the growth zone (GC) respond to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], whereas those from the resting zone (RC) respond to 24,25-(OH)2D3. The aim of the present study was to determine ...
Horiuchi N N Department of Biochemistry, Ohu University School of Dentistry, Koriyama, - - 1995
The pathway from 25-hydroxyvitamin D3(25[OH]D3) to 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-26,23-lactone (25[OH]D3-26,23-lactone) is important in the renal degradation of vitamin D metabolites. Our objective was to investigate the regulation of 25(OH)D3 metabolism in the opossum kidney (OK) cell line which has been used for studying the actions of the calcium-regulating hormones. While the ...
Niijima K - - 1995
Although adrenal medullary chromaffin cells have been used extensively for intracerebral grafting, their survival has generally been poor. Improved survival of the implanted cells has been achieved by exposing the chromaffin cells to NGF in vivo. Culture studies have shown, however, that chromaffin cells are converted into sympathetic neurons when ...
Yu J - - 1995
We have examined the in vitro effects of 1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and of two side-chain modified analogs of 1,25(OH)2D3 (EB1089 and MC903) on cell growth and parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHRP) production in immortalized (HPK1A) and neoplastic (HPK1A-ras) keratinocytes. Cell proliferation was strongly inhibited by 1,25(OH)2D3 and its analogs ...
Michel P P - - 1995
Chronic dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP) treatment was observed not only to potentiate the differentiating actions of nerve growth factor (NGF) in PC12 cells, but to render them completely dependent on trophic support for survival even in the presence of serum proteins. When both NGF and dbcAMP were withdrawn from doubly differentiated ...
Nordstrom L A - - 1995
Matrix metalloproteinases have been implicated in various extracellular matrix remodeling events that occur during normal development and in a number of pathologies. In previous work with PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells, we found that the matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-1 (ST1) was highly induced by nerve growth factor (NGF), but not by epidermal ...
Katz D M - - 1995
Lectin cytochemistry was used to identify surface epitopes selectively expressed by chromaffin cell chemoreceptors (glomus cells) in the rat carotid body. Unexpectedly, these studies revealed that binding sites for peanut agglutinin (PNA; Arachis hypogea) were highly expressed by all neuroendocrine-derivatives of the sympathoadrenal neural crest, including glomus cells, small, intensely ...
Reber B F - - 1995
Rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were treated with nerve growth factor (NGF) for 3-4 days. They formed growth cones and extended neurites. Addition of the phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A (CL-A) caused a concentration-dependent complete retraction of neurites within 15 min. Retraction of growth cones started with the filopodia still present. The ...
Van Ooyen A - - 1995
Empirical studies have demonstrated that electrical activity of the neuron can directly affect neurite outgrowth. In this paper, we study the possible implications of activity-dependent neurite outgrowth for neuronal morphology and network development, using a model in which initially disconnected cells organize themselves into a network under the influence of ...
Nagy J I - - 1995
The recently cloned and characterized hyaluronan (HA) receptor RHAMM (receptor for HA-mediated motility) has been shown to play a critical role in mechanisms underlying the motile capacity of a variety of peripheral cell types. Similarities in molecular processes that govern cell locomotion and growth cone migration prompted us to investigate ...
Schinstine M - - 1995
Many investigators have recently used genetically modified primary fibroblasts of fibroblast cell lines (e.g., 3T3, 208F, or BHK cells) to deliver recombinant nerve growth factor (NGF) into the CNS. In the current study, SCT-1 cells, a Schwannoma cell line derived from a transgenic mouse, were transfected with a human NGF ...
Tazi A - - 1995
Like neuronal cells, insulin producing cells (beta cells) possess nerve growth factor (NGF) binding sites and express mRNA coding for the low- and high-affinity NGF receptors, p75NGFR and Trk-A respectively. Although the role of NGF on neuronal cells is well documented, its function on beta cells is still unknown. As ...
Horie H - - 1994
After removal of the connective tissues with collagenase-trypsin treatment, DRG explants without nerve fibres from mature rodents regenerated numerous neurites all around the explants in response to NGF. To observe the response in the absence of any non-neuronal cells in the ganglia, we introduced three-dimensional cell aggregates consisting of variable ...
Berg J P - - 1994
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) attenuates the stimulatory effects of cAMP on proliferation and iodide uptake in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells. This study examines the effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). Cytosol proteins separated by anion exchange chromatography showed increased [3H]cAMP binding activity as well as increased kinase activity ...
Ferrari G - - 1994
We have used the nerve growth factor (NGF)-responsive PC12 cell line as a model to examine the role of cell cycle progression in apoptotic neuronal cell death triggered by withdrawal of trophic support. Because p21 Ras plays a key role in mitogenic signaling, we tested whether interference with the activity ...
Yada M - - 1994
The activities of NGF on induction of IL-6, ALP and collagen were studied in cultured osteoblastic cells, MC3T3-E1. Treatment of the cells with NGF induced IL-6 production in a dose dependent manner and enhanced ALP activity and collagen biosynthesis without affecting cell proliferation. Cyclo-oxygenase was activated in NGF-treated cells and ...
Drucker-Colín R - - 1994
Adrenal chromaffin cells in vitro respond to nerve growth factor (NGF) by expressing neuronal traits. Low frequency magnetic (LFM) field stimulation, while inducing a variety of effects on several cell types, has never been studies as to its effects on chromaffin cell cultures. The purpose of this study was to ...
Xu-van Opstal W Y - - 1994
An automated system, TRAKCELL, was developed for the quantitation of cells in culture. It enabled cell counting, classification according to morphological cell characteristics and measurement of cell proliferation and differentiation. The system was tested on the toxic effect of ascorbic acid on rat brain catecholaminergic neurons in primary culture. In ...
Ebendal T - - 1994
The neutrotrophins stimulate survival and differentiation of a range of target neurons. A wealth of evidence suggests that central cholinergic neurons depend on nerve growth factor (NGF) for trophic support. Grafts of NGF-producing cells rescue axotomized basal forebrain cholinergic neurons and reduce cholinergic cell death in the medial septum. Skeletal ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1994
To study the effect of a bovine brain sialoglycopeptide (SGP) on the nerve cell growth, PC12 cells were used as a model system. Though the inhibition of cell growth, measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, by SGP was slight under the serum concentration of 10%, it was clearly ...
Lindberg I - - 1994
The prohormone convertases PC1 (also known as sPC3) and PC2 are known to mediate the proteolytic conversion of inactive neuropeptide and hormone precursors to bioactive peptide products. In this study we have used sucrose density centrifugation to determine the subcellular distributions of the various forms of PC1 and PC2 in ...
Ho A M - - 1994
The transcription factor NFATp, which has a central role in cytokine gene induction in T cells, was previously thought to be expressed only in T cells and other immune cells. Here we report that NFATp is also expressed in the rat PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line and in the murine nervous ...
Welsh J - - 1994
1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the active metabolite of vitamin D, is a potent inhibitor of breast cancer cell growth both in vivo and in vitro. We have shown that MCF-7 cells treated with 100 nM 1,25(OH)2D3 exhibit characteristic apoptotic morphology (pyknotic nuclei, chromatin and cytoplasmic condensation, nuclear matrix protein reorganization) within ...
van der Plas A - - 1994
Although the osteocyte is the most abundant among the highly differentiated cells of mature bone (osteocytes, lining cells, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts), its properties and functions are the least known and understood. Here we isolated osteocytes from mixed populations of bone cells liberated from fetal chick calvariae by alternate treatments with ...
Itano Y - - 1994
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), an inducer of parkinsonism, causes degeneration of nigro-striatal dopaminergic neurons by producing its neurotoxic metabolite, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiridium ion (MPP+), by monoamine oxidase B in glial cells. We used PC12 (rat pheochromocytoma cell line) as a model cell line of dopamine-containing neurons and investigated the effects of various drugs on ...
Jippo T - - 1994
Decreased numbers of mast cells and abnormalities in the phenotype of mast cells are observed in the skin of mi/mi mutant mice. Recently, the mi locus was identified to encode a novel member of the basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper protein family of transcription factors. Since nerve growth factor (NGF) has been reported ...
Varnum-Finney B - - 1994
We have studied the role of vinculin in regulating integrin-dependent neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, a neuronal cell line. Vinculin is a cytoskeletal protein believed to mediate interactions between integrins and the actin cytoskeleton. In differentiated PC12 cells, the cell body, the neurite, and the growth cone contain vinculin. Within ...
White L A - - 1994
Following infection of dissociated embryonic day 13 rat medullary raphe cells with a retrovirus encoding the temperature-sensitive mutant of SV40 large T-antigen (T-ag), a neuronal cell line, RN46A, was cloned by serial dilution. At 33 degrees C, RN46A cells express nuclear T-ag immunoreactivity and divide with a doubling time of ...
Yamada M - - 1994
The PC12h cell, a subclone of PC12 cells, has considerable activities of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and shows an NGF-induced increase in both enzyme activities. The TH activity and its inducibility by NGF in PC12h cells were stably maintained in the passage of > 200 generations whereas ...
Sato N - - 1994
Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells die when cultured in serum-free medium. Neurotrophic factors can rescue PC12 cells from cell death, and induce neuronal differentiation. To further investigate the relationship among cell death, survival, and differentiation, the bcl-2 cDNA, which is known to prevent apoptosis in various types of cells, was transfected ...
Zielinski B A - - 1994
Cells encapsulated in a semi-permeable polymer membrane display enhanced viability and proliferation when sequestered along with a supportive matrix. In the present study, anionic sodium alginate and cationic chitosan were used as supportive matrices to study their influence on the growth of both anchorage dependent and independent cell types. A ...
Patterson J C - - 1994
beta-Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) is a 26-kilodalton protein that has, in recent years, been discovered to have functions beyond that of its classical neurotrophic actions. It has been linked to both the neuroendocrine and the immune systems, and NGF-like bio- and immunoreactivities have been found in the anterior pituitary (AP) ...
Islas-Suárez L - - 1994
1. This paper examines the electrophysiological properties of cultured rat adrenal chromaffin cells at different stages of neuron-like morphological differentiation in response to nerve growth factor (NGF). 2. Chromaffin cells display a large variability in the morphological changes after exposure to NGF. However, a marked tendency to neuronal phenotypic transformation ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1994
The sialoglycopeptide from bovine brain inhibited the growth of PC12 cells in the presence of nerve growth factor. This inhibition was accompanied by DNA fragmentation showing a ladder pattern and changes in cell morphology leading to cytoplasmic condensation. These results suggest that the sialoglycopeptide induces PC12 cell apoptosis in the ...
Nakanishi T - - 1994
In a cultured osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1 derived from newborn mouse calvaria, the mRNA encoding TRKC, which is the receptor molecule of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), was detected by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The mRNAs of the normal type and one alternative form (C14) were highly expressed in the exponential ...
Gamett D C - - 1994
Retroviral vectors pDOL/NeuN and pDOL/NeuT were used to express normal and transforming rat neu cDNAs in PC12 cells. DOL/NeuT-infected cells exhibited a high frequency of spontaneous neurite outgrowth while DOL/NeuN-infected cells showed neurite outgrowth in the presence of heregulin, a putative ligand for the neu receptor tyrosine kinase. In both ...
Sano M - - 1994
PC12D cells, a subline of PC12 cells, extend neurites very rapidly in response to NGF, even when RNA synthesis is blocked. Several minutes after the initiation of a concentration gradient of NGF from a micropipette in the vicinity of PC12D cells, clear projections emerged from cells on the side facing ...
Lindsey J D - - 1994
PURPOSE: To develop a fully defined medium and substratum that will support the survival and differentiation of purified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from newborn rats, and to evaluate beneficial effects of various hormones. METHODS: RGCs were purified from papain-dissociated retinal cells by a two-stage panning method and cultured in a ...
Miura K - - 1994
Methylmercury (MeHg)-resistant sublines of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were isolated by repeated exposure to stepwise increased concentrations of MeHg. One of the sublines (PC12/TM) showed an 8- to 10-fold increase in resistance to MeHg compared with parent PC12 cells on the basis of the concentration required for 50% inhibition (IC50) ...
Haring R - - 1994
Secretion of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by cultured cells is coupled to several receptors, including m1 muscarinic (m1AChR), and is associated with decreased production of beta A4 amyloid. Secreted and cell-associated APP levels were measured in m1AChR-transfected PC12 cells stimulated with the non-selective agonist carbachol or the M1-selective agonist, AF102B. ...
Cavalié A - - 1994
1. Northern blot analysis and cell transfection were used in conjunction with whole-cell current recordings to examine the involvement of the immediate early genes, c-fos and c-jun, in the expression of calcium channel currents. 2. Phaeochromocytoma cells (PC12 clone) were exposed to nerve growth factor (NGF) and to depolarizing concentrations ...
Nakajima M - - 1994
A rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC12 cells) died within 24 h in the presence of etoposide (1-40 micrograms/ml), an inhibitor of topoisomerase II. This cytotoxic effect was prevented by either nerve growth (NGF) or epidermal growth factor (EGF). Cycloheximide and actinomycin D also suppressed the cell death as well. Furthermore, ...
Ip N Y - - 1994
The differentiation of neuronal cell progenitors depends on complex interactions between intrinsic cellular programs and environmental cues. Such interactions have recently been explored using an immortalized sympathoadrenal progenitor cell line, MAH. These studies have revealed that depolarizing conditions, in combination with exposure to FGF, can induce responsiveness to NGF. Here ...
Jalink K - - 1994
Addition of the bioactive phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) or a thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRP) to serum-starved N1E-115 or NG108-15 neuronal cells causes rapid growth cone collapse, neurite retraction, and transient rounding of the cell body. These shape changes appear to be driven by receptor-mediated contraction of the cortical actomyosin system ...
Kimura K - - 1994
The effects of wortmannin (WT), an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, on differentiation of PC12 cells were analyzed. WT inhibited PI 3-kinase activity of PC12 cells at a concentration of 10(-7) M in vivo and in vitro. Transient inhibition of PI 3-kinase activity at the time of nerve growth factor ...
Troy C M - - 1994
The discovery of missense mutations leading to reduced enzymatic activity in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) in human familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis has heightened interest in the role of free radicals in neurodegenerations but left the mechanisms by which they may cause neuronal death unexplained. We have approached this problem ...
Neri L M - - 1994
Immunocytochemical analysis of PI 3-kinase localization in PC 12 cells demonstrates that the enzyme translocates to the nucleus after cell treatment with differentiating doses of NGF. The association of PI 3-kinase to the nucleus occurs rapidly (within minutes) and increases with the time of exposure of NGF. We suggest that ...
< 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 >