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Obara Y - - 1998
Glial cells play an important role in maintaining neural function. In the present study, we examined the effects of a factor derived from human astrocytoma cells (1321N1) on differentiation of rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC-12). The conditioned medium which had been used for culture of 1321N1 cells caused the differentiation of ...
Weeks B S - - 1998
Here we have investigated the ability of laminin-1 and specific laminin-1-derived synthetic peptides to stimulate neuronal cell matrix metalloproteinase secretion. Zymographic analysis of conditioned media from laminin-1-treated PC12 and NG108-15 cells revealed a 72-kDa matrix metalloproteinase which was not secreted by untreated cells. Laminin-1 alpha1 chain-derived synthetic peptides, AASIKVAVSADR (LAM-L) ...
Long Z - - 1998
In this communication, we demonstrate that D-aspartate (D-Asp) is synthesized in pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). To our knowledge this is the first report of biosynthesis of D-Asp in mammalian cells. Synthesis of D-Asp was demonstrated by its time-dependent accumulation in the cell culture, and by the fact that this accumulation was ...
Ryhänen S - - 1998
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D) is involved in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of a variety of cell types including cancer cells. In recent years, numerous new vitamin D3 analogs have been developed in order to obtain favorable therapeutic properties. The effects of a new 20-epi analog, CB1093 (20-epi-22-ethoxy-23-yne-24a,26a,27a-trihomo+ ++-1alpha,25(OH)2D3), on ...
Mills E M - - 1998
Stimulation of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells with the mitogen epidermal growth factor (EGF) produced a rapid and robust accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), an accumulation which, in other systems, has been shown to be essential for mitogenesis. Brief pretreatment of the cells with nerve growth factor (NGF) suppressed the ...
Balebona M C - - 1998
The biological effects of supernates obtained from different strains of Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio anguillarum isolated from diseased fish have been studied by inoculation on two fish species, eel and rainbow trout, and two fish cell lines. These supernates possess neuroexcitatory properties, and so, when they are injected into both ...
Li J - - 1998
Induction of neurite outgrowth by treating pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) with nerve growth factor (NGF) is associated with major increases in cellular levels of diacylglycerol (DAG), an essential and probably limiting precursor in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) syntheses. To identify the sources of this DAG we examined the effects ...
Alexandrova N A - - 1998
PC12 cells permeabilized with a low concentration of digitonin (5 microM) under controlled conditions were loaded with monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) against the regulatory subunit type II (RII) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. After digitonin removal from the nutrient medium (DMEM) the loaded cells repaired within 20-30 min and recontinued growth. The ...
Yeh G C - - 1998
We determined the effect of naloxone and morphine on the differentiation of pheochromocytoma cell, the PC12 cells, induced by nerve growth factor (NGF). PC12 cells were grown in medium containing NGF with or without the addition of naloxone or morphine for up to 10-day treatments. NGF-induced morphological differentiation of PC12 ...
Chung J M - - 1998
Surprisingly, we observed that nerve growth factor (NGF) potentiated death of PC12 cells induced by glucose withdrawal, although NGF is widely believed to exert its protective role against several types of cell death. Since either glucose withdrawal or NGF treatment increases intracellular calcium levels of target cells in many cases, ...
Kozminski K D - - 1998
Although rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) neurotransmitter storage vesicles are known to contain a variety of neurotransmitters including catecholamines, there is little evidence that the molecular species detected during amperometric monitoring of exocytosis is a catecholamine. Rather, as these are catecholamine-containing cells, one assumes catecholamines are released. Additionally, although the total amount ...
Gutiérrez L M - - 1998
Amperometry using 2.5 microm radius carbon fiber electrodes was employed to study exocytotic catecholamine release from individual cultured bovine chromaffin cells. The secretory responses to either direct depolarization or nicotinic receptor stimulation were focal in nature in both round and neurite-emitting cells. In contrast to the random distribution of active ...
Mayo J C - - 1998
In a previous work we demonstrated that melatonin is able to prevent apoptosis induced by low doses of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in undifferentiated and neuronal PC12 cells. We also reported how this neurohormone was able to prevent the decrease in the mRNA for antioxidant enzymes caused by 6-OHDA. Although the antioxidant ...
Yasuda M - - 1998
To ascertain whether NO-elicited cell death is mediated by decreased intracellular ATP, the effect of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO-generator, on ATP content in PC12 cells was examined. After treatment with SNP, the ATP content in PC12 cells was found to decline in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The decline ...
Erck C - - 1998
In our preceding report, we have shown that nerve growth factor (NGF) and its low-affinity receptor (p75NTR) are expressed in C2C12 myoblasts and downregulated during myogenic differentiation. Furthermore, NGF affects myogenic differentiation and cell growth via p75NTR and downregulation of p75NTR is essential for myogenic differentiation (Seidl et al., 1998). ...
Nakajima H - - 1998
The incubation of amphipathic lactosides with cultured cells was found to prime the glycosylation of lactosides whose oligosaccharide structures were exactly the same as those of glycosphingolipids produced by cells: B16 melanoma cells produced alpha2-3 sialylated lactosides; and PC12 cells, Galalpha1-4- and Galalpha1-3Galalpha1-4lactosides. Analysis of the cell-associated glycosylated products indicated ...
Kosaka N - - 1998
The effects of benidipine hydrochloride (BD), a dihydropyridine-type calcium antagonist, on the growth and alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity were studied in cultures of mouse osteoblastic cells. BD (0.1-10 nM) increased the ALPase activity of osteoblastic cells and reduced cell proliferation incubated for 48 h. This reduction of cell growth did ...
Lu Q - - 1998
Suppression of the basal extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity in PC12 cells markedly altered their phenotype. Wild-type cells grew in a dissociated pattern adherent to the substrate. The stable expression of an ERK inhibitory mutant resulted in the formation of calcium-dependent aggregates which were less adherent to the substrate. Concomitantly, ...
Lourenssen S - - 1998
Since lysophosphatidylserine (LPS) is required for nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced secretion of histamine from rat mast cells, we investigated whether LPS might potentiate the effects of NGF in inducing neural differentiation of PC12 cells. Cell morphology was evaluated 48 h after addition of NGF, LPS or NGF + LPS. LPS ...
Yoshinaga N - - 1998
In this study we investigated the uptake and effect of a dopaminergic neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) on a clonal strain, GH3 cells, established from rat anterior pituitary. Although the level was very low compared with that in PC12 cells, a clonal rat pheochromocytoma cell line, there was a detectable amount ...
Moriyama Y - - 1998
D-Aspartate is now known to be present in mammalian neuronal and endocrine cells in vivo, and may play some role(s) in neurocrine and endocrine functions. However, origin of D-aspartate is unknown. Here, we report that free D-aspartate (108 pmoles/3 x 10(7) cells) is present in the cultured PC12 cells, a ...
Wang S - - 1998
NGF expression in COS cells when driven by pTR.NGF (CMV promoter, AAV TRs) was more effective than either pc.NGF (CMV promoter, no AAV TRs) or dlk.NGF (AAV promoters and TRs). This NGF was able to differentiate PC12 cells. Differentiated PC12 cells transfected with pTR.NGF released NGF into medium. The fraction ...
Missale C - - 1998
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has antiproliferative and differentiating effects on adenomas of neuroendocrine origin. Cell lines derived from small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), a very aggressive neuroendocrine tumor, express NGF receptors. The role of NGF in the control of proliferation and progression of this carcinoma, however, has never been investigated. Chronic ...
Gershon T R - - 1998
Developing neurons extend long processes to specific distal targets using extracellular molecules as guidance cues to navigate through the embryo. Growth cones, specialized structures at the tip of the extending processes, are thought to accomplish this navigation through receptors that recognize guidance cues and modulate growth accordingly. In Drosophila, several ...
Mayo J C - - 1998
It was recently reported that low doses of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induce apoptosis of naive (undifferentiated) and neuronal (differentiated) PC12 cells, and this system has been proposed as an adequate experimental model for the study of Parkinson's disease. The mechanism by which this neurotoxin damages cells is via the production of ...
Shin J S - - 1998
The effects of bulbocapnine, an aporphine isoquinoline alkaloid, on dopamine biosynthesis in PC12 cells were investigated. Bulbocapnine showed 45.2% inhibition on dopamine content in PC12 cells at a concentration of 20 microM for 12 h. The IC50 value of bulbocapnine was 26.7 microM. Bulbocapnine at concentrations up to 80 microM ...
Ariga T - - 1998
Alterations in glycolipid composition as well as glycosyltransferase activities during cellular differentiation and growth have been well documented. However, the underlying mechanisms for the regulation of glycolipid expression remain obscure. One of the major obstacles has been the lack of a well defined model system for studying these phenomena. We ...
Shimomura A - - 1998
Extension of the neuronal process is a crucial step for establishment of the neuronal network. As CREB preferentially forms heterodimers with ATF1 in PC12D cells, we examined the roles of the CREB/ATF1 heterodimer on cyclic AMP (cAMP)-induced neurite extension, using originally constructed ATF1RL, which has a point mutation at the ...
Nishimura K - - 1998
DNase gamma, which cleaves chromosomal DNA into nucleosomal units (DNA ladder formation), has been suggested to be the critical component of apoptotic machinery. Using rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, which are differentiated to sympathetic neurons by nerve growth factor (NGF), we investigated whether DNase gamma-like enzyme is present in neuronal cells ...
Fournier J - - 1998
SR 57746A (1-(2beta-naphthylethyl)-4-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)-1,2,5,6 -tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride) is a neuroprotective compound which potentiates nerve-growth factor (NGF)-induced differentiation in PC12 cells. We have evaluated the interaction of SR 57746A with the other members of the neurotrophin family in this cell-line. In contrast with NGF, neurotrophin-3 did not increase the differentiation of PC12 cells. ...
Lindner M D - - 1998
Encapsulation of cells within polymer membranes prior to transplantation provides a novel means of achieving continuous, site-specific delivery of therapeutic molecules to the CNS. The use of encapsulated dopamine-secreting cells that can be transplanted directly into the striatum has particular appeal for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. This article provides ...
Rubin J - - 1998
The mechanisms by which glucocorticosteroids promote osteoclastogenesis in vitro are uncertain. As macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) is critical for osteoclastogenesis, we hypothesized that glucocorticosteroids might regulate membrane-bound MCSF (mMCSF) and soluble MCSF (sMCSF) production by stromal cells or osteoblasts. ST2 cells or murine calvarial osteoblasts (MOBs) were treated with dexamethasone ...
Sano M - - 1998
Simvastatin, a potent 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor has been reported to inhibit cell division and induce neurite-like outgrowth in PC12 cells [Sato-Suzuki, I. and Murota, S., Neurosci. Lett., 220 (1996) 21-24]. In the present paper, we examined whether the induced nitric oxide (NO) in the simvastatin-treated PC12 cells ...
Zimmer D B - - 1998
As a first step in determining what cellular processes are regulated by the calcium-modulated protein S100A1 isoform in neurons, the effects of ablated S100A1 expression on neurite organization and microtubule/tubulin levels in PC12 cells were examined. A mammalian expression vector containing the rat S100A1 cDNA in the antisense orientation with ...
Flaskos J - - 1998
Tricresyl phosphate (1 microg/ml) inhibited the outgrowth of axon-like processes in mouse N2a neuroblastoma and rat PC12 pheochromocytoma cell lines induced to differentiate by serum withdrawal and nerve growth factor addition, respectively. By contrast, it had no effect on the outgrowth of processes by rat C6 glioma cells induced to ...
Venihaki M - - 1998
KAT45 cells were derived from a human pheochromocytoma, which also caused ectopic Cushing's syndrome, and developed into a cell line spontaneously after the continuous primary culture of the tumor cells. These human pheochromocytoma cells were compared with the extensively characterized PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line. KAT45 cells resembled PC12 cells ...
Wadia J S - - 1998
Studies in non-neural cells have suggested that a fall in mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsiM) is one of the earliest events in apoptosis. It is not known whether neural apoptosis caused by nerve growth factor (NGF) and serum withdrawal involves a decrease in DeltaPsiM. We used epifluorescence and laser confocal microscopy ...
Erhardt J A - - 1998
p21WAF1 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor has been implicated in the control of proliferation, differentiation, and death in various cell lines. To further examine p21 regulation of the transitions between these cellular processes, an inducible p21 vector (lac operon system) was transfected into the rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) neural cell line. Induction of ...
Tsao C W - - 1998
Previous studies indicated that exogenous dopamine and its agonists directly regulated mitogen-induced immune cell proliferation. In this study, we further investigated role of endogenous dopamine in immune cell growth. Haloperidol, a general antagonist for dopamine receptors, could reduce the cell growth rate of T cell hybridoma (10I) and rat nervous ...
Hiruma Y - - 1998
We examined the effects of members of the endothelin (ET) family on mineralization of rat calvarial osteoblast-like cells. The accumulation of calcium in cells and cell layers was attenuated by ETs with the rank order of potency ET-1 = ET-2 > ET-3. We stained the mineralized nodules by von Kossa ...
Frade J M - - 1998
While nerve growth factor (NGF) is best known for its trophic functions, recent experiments indicate that it can also cause cell death during development by activating the neurotrophin receptor p75. We now identify microglial cells as the source of NGF as a killing agent in the developing eye. When the ...
Holownia A - - 1998
Paracetamol-induced toxicity is mainly due to the accumulation of its CYP450-mediated N-hydroxylation product - N-acetylimidoquinone. We examined cell viability, proliferation rates and intracellular calcium in PC12 cells and in a PC12 cell line transfected with cytochrome P4502E1 exposed to paracetamol. This drug had a concentration-related effect on cell survival and ...
Chang J Y - - 1998
PC12 cells induced to differentiate with nerve growth factor were used to study the neurotoxicity of 25-OH-cholesterol. This agent induced a dose- and time-dependent cell death in neuronal PC12 cells. Cells treated with this agent showed condensed nuclei, a morphology similar to that of cells dying of programmed cell death. ...
Magazin M - - 1998
Rapid neurite retraction and transient rounding of serum-starved NG108-15 and PC12 cells by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is retarded and reduced by pre-incubation of the cells with the small non-peptidic molecule, SR 57746A, which exhibits neurotrophic properties. The compound also antagonizes the redistribution of filamentous actin by LPA in both cell ...
Powers James F. - - 1998
Activating mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase, ret, are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A). However, the mechanisms leading to tumor development are unclear. Glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) activates wild-type ret via interaction with a second receptor, GFR a-l. We have utilized GDNF to stimulate normal and ...
Gruener R - - 1998
This paper serves as a milepost in our work using the clinostat as a tool for mimicking certain aspects of altered gravity conditions (vector-nulled gravity) in order to gain insights into the adaptation of cells (and hence organisms) to the microgravity environment of space. I review here recent data, limited ...
Katoh S - - 1997
Neurite extension of PC12 cells induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-known model of neuronal differentiation. In this study, the incubation of PC12 cells in a 50% O2 atmosphere (hyperoxia) caused neurite extension. In these cells, amounts of differentiation-marker proteins, tyrosine hydroxylase and neurofilament M increased. The effects ...
Kuwano Y - - 1997
This paper describes for the first time the presence of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) activity in osteoblast-like cells and investigates its characteristics. 3beta-HSD activity was detected by the formation of androstenedione from [3H]dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in whole cell assays of human osteoblast-like cells, HOS and MG-63. The radiolabeled product, androstenedione, was purified ...
Benatar M G - - 1997
IgG antibodies to GQ1b ganglioside are found in > 90% of patients with the Miller Fisher Syndrome (MFS). MFS sera or IgG preparations have marked effects on neurotransmitter release at the neuromuscular junction, but their mode(s) of action remain unclear. To establish a cell-based system for investigating the mechanism of ...
Brown D R - - 1997
PC12 cells are known to express the prion protein, a normal cell surface glycoprotein. This protein is upregulated in PC12 cells differentiated with nerve growth factor. A neurotoxic prion protein peptide, PrP106-126, is not toxic to PC12 cells alone. PrP106-126 is toxic to PC12 cells co-cultured with microglia and more ...
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