Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1460
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Zhou J - - 2001
Huperzine A (HupA) and donepezil, two novel selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors available for Alzheimer's disease, were tested for their ability to alleviate injury from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in the rat pheochromocytoma line PC12 cells. OGD for 30 min triggered death in more than 50% of cells, along with major changes in ...
Reimann-Philipp U - - 2001
Increasing evidence suggests that the regulation of neuronal cell death is complex. In this study we compared the neurotoxic effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), nitric oxide, and thrombin on primary rat cortical cell cultures and the neuronal PC12 cell line. Release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the intracellular accumulation ...
El-Bitar F - - 2001
SCO-spondin is a newly identified protein that is strongly expressed in the subcommissural organ (SCO), an ependymal differentiation of the brain. When released into the cerebrospinal fluid at the entrance to the Sylvian aqueduct, the glycoproteins condense and form a thread-like structure, Reissner's fiber (RF). To analyze the role of ...
Fukuzumi M - - 2001
To explore the biological role of carbohydrate chains in the process of nerve cell differentiation, we carried out a characterization of the carbohydrate structure of glycoproteins by comparing conventional PC12 cells with variant cells (PC12D). In vitro metabolic labeling of cells with either [(3)H] glucosamine or [(3)H] threonine, together with ...
Freidin M M - - 2001
Recent evidence has established a role for p75(NGFR) in developmentally regulated neuronal cell death. Although cell death due to NGF withdrawal is a well described, apoptosis in sympathetic neurons through stimulation of p75(NGFR) has not been clearly demonstrated. We have found that an antibody directed against the extracellular domain of ...
Shah J P - - 2001
Previous studies in our laboratory showed that neurite outgrowth in vitro and nerve regeneration in vivo were stimulated by 2 Hz, 0.3 mT (3 G) pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF). To learn more about the effects of PEMF on nerve cells, we exposed PC6 cells, a standard neuronal-like cell model, to ...
Mercier P - - 2001
A new method is described for encapsulation of living cells. PC12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells, which have been shown to synthesize, store and release dopamine were employed. The particles are made first and the cells then incorporated in a gentle mechanical procedure. The morphology (by light and electron microscopic observation), ...
Luo C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study signal transduction pathway of nitric oxide inducing death of PC12 cells. METHODS: Cell survival rate was measured with MTT assay, and caspase-3 activity with caspase-3 assay kits after PC12 cells were incubated with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), caspase-3 inhibitor II plus SNP or p38 inhibitor-SB203580 plus SNP. RESULTS: ...
Satoh T - - 2001
Previously we found that some cyclopentenone prostaglandin derivatives promoted neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells and dorsal root ganglia explants in the presence of nerve growth factor; and so we referred to them as neurite outgrowth-promoting prostaglandins (NEPPs). In this study, NEPPs protected HT22 cells against oxidative glutamate toxicity. NEPP6, one ...
Kamao M - - 2001
We recently identified 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-3-epi-vitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3] as a metabolite of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] produced in rat osteosarcoma cells (UMR 106). We now report the isolation of 24R,25-dihydroxy-3-epi-vitamin D3 [24R,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3] as a metabolite of 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24R,25(OH)2D3] by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with chiral column and its structure assignment by proton ...
Rao L G - - 2001
We compared the effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] and its analog, 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-vitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3], as well as their interactions with 17-beta estradiol (E2) on osteoblastic function in our human normal (HOB) and osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cell models representing two different stages of differentiation, the more differentiated HOB+DEX cells and SaOS+DEX cells, ...
Farias-Eisner R - - 2001
We previously identified the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (UPAR) as a gene induced by nerve growth factor (NGF), but not by epidermal growth factor (EGF), in PC12 cells (Farias-Eisner et al. [2000] J. Neurosci. 20:230-239). Antisense oligonucleotides for the UPAR mRNA or an antibody directed against UPAR protein, added simultaneously ...
Li Y - - 2001
Pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell cultures exhibited a loss of cells and increase in intracellular oxidative stress when exposed to ethanol (EtOH) for 24 h. Catalase, an enzyme that hydrolyzes hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to O(2) and H(2)O can attenuate EtOH-induced cell loss and oxidative stress in PC12 cells. This study provides the ...
Fiscus R R - - 2001
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were investigated to determine effects on apoptotic DNA fragmentation and survival in serum-deprived PC12 cells. Both peptides caused prolonged cGMP (but not cAMP) elevations lasting for > or = 6 h. The cGMP elevations were 10-, 50- and 68-fold for ANP ...
Tsujimura T - - 2001
Syk has been implicated in activated immunoreceptors to downstream signaling events in hematopoietic cells. Here we report that Syk is expressed in neuron-like cells and involved in neuron-like differentiation of embryonal carcinoma P19 cells. Immunoblot, RT-PCR, and Northern analysis indicated that Syk is expressed in mouse brain, PC12 and P19 ...
De Girolamo L A - - 2001
We have shown previously that subcytotoxic concentrations of MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) inhibit axon outgrowth and are associated with increased neurofilament heavy chain (NF-H) phosphorylation in differentiating mouse N2a neuroblastoma cells while higher doses (> 100 microM) cause cell death. In this work we assessed the ability of potential neuroprotective agents to ...
Uehara R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of impaired bone formation during low dose methotrexate (MTX) therapy. METHODS: The in vitro effects of MTX on the function and differentiation of osteoblastic cells were investigated using (1) a mouse osteogenic cell line (MC3T3-E1) with the capacity to differentiate into osteoblastic or osteocytes, (2) ...
Crumpton T - - 2001
Previous studies have revealed that lead modulates the DNA-binding profile of the transcription factor Sp1 both in vivo and in vitro (Dev Brain Res 1998;107:291). Sp1 is a zinc finger protein, that is selectively up-regulated in certain developing cell types and plays a regulatory role during development and differentiation (Mol ...
Karlsson M M Department of Neuroscience, Unit of Developmental Neuroscience, Biomedical Center, Uppsala University, S-751 23 Uppsala, - - 2001
Cell death in the developing retina is regulated, but so far little is known about what factors regulate the cell death. Several neurotrophic factors and receptors, including the neurotrophins and Trk receptors, are expressed during the critical time. We have studied the developing avian retina with respect to the role ...
Bordt S L - - 2001
Melatonin, a pineal hormone that induces sleep, has become a popular over-the-counter drug. The cellular effects of melatonin, however, are only beginning to be studied. We have recently shown that stimulation of the MT1 melatonin receptor induces rapid and dramatic cytoskeletal rearrangements in transformed non-neuronal cells (Witt-Enderby et al., Cell. ...
Bortul R - - 2001
Recent reports have highlighted that phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase Cbeta1 expression is linked to neuronal differentiation in different experimental models. We sought to determine whether or not this is also true for nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation of rat PC12 cells. However, we did not find differences in the expression of ...
Bonucci E - - 2001
A review of histochemical and immunohistochemical studies on alkaline phosphatase (AP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in osteoblasts leads to the following conclusions: 1) AP is a typical (non-specific) marker of osteoblasts, and TRAP is a typical (non-specific) marker of osteoclasts; 2) both enzymes may be used to identify the ...
Satsu H - - 2001
The interaction between intestinal epithelial cells andperipheral neuronal cells were examined using an invitro coculture system. Two cell lines, Caco-2 and PC12, were usedfor this experiment as an intestinal epithelial and entericneuronal cell model, respectively. By coculturing with fullydifferentiated Caco-2 cells, the neurite outgrowth was inducedin PC12 cells. This neurite ...
Bang O S - - 2001
To investigate the role of Akt in nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation, PC12 cells ectopically expressing wild-type or dominant-inhibitory forms of Akt were analyzed. NGF-induced neurite outgrowth was greatly accelerated in cells expressing dominant-inhibitory Akt, compared to parental PC12 cells, but was almost completely blocked in cells expressing wild-type ...
Edsjö A - - 2001
Despite their sympathetic neuroblast origin, highly malignant neuroblastoma tumors and derived cell lines have no or low expression of the neurotrophin receptor genes, trkA and trkC. Expression of exogenous trkA in neuroblastoma cells restores their ability to differentiate in response to nerve growth factor (NGF). Here we show that stable ...
Collin P - - 2001
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NMO1; EC 1.6.99.2), also called DT-diaphorase, is involved in the reduction of coenzyme Q, an important cellular lipophilic antioxidant that can function as an intermediate electron carrier in plasma membrane-associated electron transport regulating cell growth. We examined the ability of normal human trabecular osteoblastic cells to express NAD(P)H:quinone ...
Bulseco D A - - 2001
We have examined nerve growth factor (NGF)-triggered signaling in two NIH3T3 cell lines exogenously expressing the NGF receptor, TrkA. TRK1 cells cease to proliferate and extend long processes in response to NGF, while E25 cells continue to proliferate in the presence of NGF. These two cell lines express similar levels ...
Müller-Ostermeyer F - - 2001
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is an important modulator of cell growth and differentiation and stimulates cell survival of various cells including neurons. Rat FGF-2 occurs in three isoforms, a low molecular weight 18 kD and two high molecular weight forms (21, 23 kD), representing alternative translation products from a single ...
Cotrina M L - - 2000
Neurotrophins control neuron number during development by promoting the generation and survival of neurons and by regulating programmed neuronal death. In the latter case, the cell death induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) in the developing chick retina is mediated by p75(NTR), the common neurotrophin receptor (J. M. Frade, A. ...
Heller A - - 2000
A factor obtained from an immortalized hybrid monoclonal cell line (X61) of striatal origin is capable of increasing the dopamine content of hybrid, monoclonal cells expressing a dopaminergic phenotype (MN9D) and of aggregate cultures containing primary dopaminergic neurons. The factor is a protein smaller than 100 kDa and appears to ...
Wu Z - - 2000
To study the role of nerve growth factor (NGF) in local inflammation, we investigated the expression of NGF and its receptors, trkA and p75, in the ankle joints of adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. Infiltrated mononuclear cells revealed a positive immunoreactivity for NGF and trkA; they were also positive for immunostaining for ...
Dissen G A - - 2000
TrkA, the nerve growth factor (NGF) tyrosine kinase receptor, is expressed not only in the nervous system, but also in nonneural cells, including discrete cellular subsets of the endocrine and immune system. In the rat ovary, trkA receptor abundance increases strikingly in thecal-interstitial cells during the hours preceding the first ...
Rende M - - 2000
Classic studies have established that muscle cells exert trophic actions on neurons of the developing peripheral nervous system through the production of neurotrophins. For this reason neurotrophins are also known as 'target-derived factors'. During differentiation, muscle cells also express some neurotrophin receptors, such as the low-affinity p75 neurotrophin receptor, which ...
Erhardt J A - - 2000
PEP-19 is a calmodulin-regulatory protein found specifically within neurons, though cellular functions of this protein have not been determined. In an effort to define potential effects of PEP-19, PC12 cell lines expressing this protein were generated and subjected to apoptotic stimuli. As measured by LDH release, cell death in PEP-19 ...
Hurt C M - - 2000
We have previously shown differences in the intracellular targeting of alpha2a (alpha(2A))- and alpha2c (alpha(2C))-adrenoreceptors expressed in the same cell line (von Zastrow, M., Link, R., Daunt, D. , Barsh, G., and Kobilka, B. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 763-766; Daunt, D. A., Hurt, C., Hein, L., Kallio, J., Feng, ...
Dragunow M - - 2000
We investigated the function of c-Jun in PC12 cells by transfecting them with a plasmid containing a c-Jun cDNA transcription cassette. Transfected cells expressed high levels of c-Jun mRNA and protein and demonstrated an increase in both AP-1 DNA binding and gene activation. The c-Jun over-expressing cells showed marked neurite ...
Castellano S - - 2000
The synthesis and the biological activity of (+/-)-cis- and (+/-)-trans-[4-[[2-(1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1, 3-dioxolan-4-yl]methylthio]phenyl]carbamic acid ethyl esters (2a and 2b) are discussed. They were designed as structural analogues of Tubulozole, a synthetic tubulin polymerisation inhibitor with antimitotic properties. Biological tests were carried out on PC12, a neuronal-like cell line derived from rat pheochromocytoma, ...
Ohshiro H - - 2000
Communication between nerves and mast cells is a prototypic demonstration of neuroimmune interaction. We used an in vitro co-culture approach comprising cultured murine superior cervical ganglia (SCG) and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) showed how neurites attached to a pseudopodium or a cell body of an ...
Katoh H - - 2000
The Rho family of small GTPases has been implicated in cytoskeletal reorganization and subsequent morphological changes in various cell types. Among them, Rac and Cdc42 have been shown to be involved in neurite outgrowth in neuronal cells. In this study, we examined the role of RhoG, another member of Rho ...
Koshimura K - - 2000
The effects of dopamine and L-DOPA on survival were examined in differentiated PC12 cells. Addition of dopamine to the culture medium at 3-30 microM prevented cell death induced by depletion of serum and nerve growth factor (NGF). At 100 microM, dopamine induced cell death. The cell-protective effect of dopamine was ...
Satoh T - - 2000
Here we reported the effects of neurite outgrowth-promoting prostaglandins (NEPP's) on neurons of the central nervous system (CNS). Serum deprivation promoted neurite outgrowth from CAD cells, a CNS-derived cathecholaminergic neuronal cell line. NEPP's (0.05-0.2 microM) accelerated the neurite outgrowth from CAD cells in serum-free medium but didn't in serum-containing medium. ...
Gunasekar P G - - 2000
In a study of the mechanism by which cyanide is produced in neural tissue, it was hypothesized that nerve cells generate cyanide in a manner similar to that in leukocytes. As in white blood cells, glycine addition enhanced cyanide production in rat pheochromocytoma cells. Because myeloperoxidase catalyses cyanide production in ...
Hong J H - - 2000
Recently suggested is an arguable hypothesis that neurotrophins can induce necrosis but suppress apoptosis of target cells in some pathological conditions. We examined this hypothesis by tracing the type of NGF-promoted cell death occurring in a hypoglycemic condition at various angles, such as kinetic analyses, histological examinations of membrane alterations, ...
Obara Y - - 2000
Fomitellic acid (FA) A and B are specific inhibitors of DNA polymerase alpha and beta. They showed cytotoxicity against rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC-12 cells) in a concentration-dependent manner. However, after PC-12 cells were cultivated with low concentrations of FAs, the cells extended neurites in greater degree similar to the cells ...
Selvamurugan N - - 2000
Collagenase-3 expression in osteoblastic (UMR 106-01, ROS 17/2.8) and non-osteoblastic cell lines (BC1, NIH3T3) was examined. We observed that parathyroid hormone (PTH) induces collagenase-3 expression only in UMR cells but not in BC1 (which express collagenase-3 constitutively) or ROS and NIH3T3 cells. Since we know from UMR cells that the ...
Shirasu M - - 2000
Recent studies suggest that the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attached protein (SNAP) receptor (SNARE)-mediated membrane fusion system is involved in vesicle fusion in the plasma membrane that allows expansion for neurite elongation. There have been several reports analyzing the effects of neurite outgrowth by inhibition of SNAREs. In this study, we ...
García-Suárez O - - 2000
The nerve growth factor (NGF) receptors p75LNGR and TrkA are expressed by thymic epithelial cells. Presumably, the NGF-TrkA system is involved in the paracrine communication between thymic epithelial cells and thymocytes, whereas the functional role of p75LNGR is still unknown. The thymus of vertebrates undergoes age-related changes that in part ...
Powell S K - - 2000
The basement membrane protein laminin-1 is a potent stimulator of neurite outgrowth for a variety of neuronal cell types. Previous studies have identified neurite outgrowth activity in several distinct regions of the laminin-1 molecule. In this study, 545 overlapping 12- to 14-mer synthetic peptides, corresponding to most of the amino ...
Suzuki A - - 2000
The chemotherapeutic agent CPT-11 induces apoptotic cell death in various cells. In the present study we examined the effect of CPT-11 in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. When PC12 cells were treated with CPT-11, two distinct reactions were encountered. A high dose of CPT-11 induced apoptotic cell death mediated by caspase ...
Sawada K - - 2000
In all vertebrate species, the homeobox gene goosecoid serves as a marker of the Spemann organizer tissue. One function of the organizer is the induction of neural tissue. To investigate the role of goosecoid in neuronal differentiation of mammalian cells, we have introduced goosecoid into PC12 cells. Expression of goosecoid ...
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