Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1442
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Utsugisawa Kimiaki - - 2002
We investigated the neuroprotective function of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7nAChR) after transient hypoxia (12 h) and reoxygenation (0-72 h), comparing rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells overexpressing FLAG-tagged alpha7nAChR (alpha7pCMV cells) and control PC12 cells (non-transfected or transfected with vector only) in medium with and without nicotine. Plasma membrane degradation in ...
Chu Xiang-Ping - - 2002
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are expressed in various sensory and central neurons. The functional role of these channels remains elusive. Complex subunit combinations and lack of specific blockers for native receptors are likely to contribute to the difficulty of resolving the function of ASICs. Finding a neuronal cell line, which ...
Acosta Rosalinda - - 2002
Optimal experimental conditions for the delivery of phosphodiester or phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides (P-ASO/S-ASO) to PC12 cells were determined. Fluorescently labeled P-ASO or S-ASO were transfected to PC12 cells and the uptake of antisense, free or entrapped in liposomes, was monitored by confocal and fluorescent microscopy. Efficient delivery of fluorescently labeled ...
Priestley J V - - 2002
Nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells can be divided into three main populations, namely (1) small diameter non-peptide-expressing cells, (2) small-diameter peptide-expressing (calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP), substance P) cells, and (3) medium-diameter peptide-expressing (CGRP) cells. The properties of these cell populations will be reviewed, with a special emphasis on ...
Roghani Ali - - 2002
Rat VAChT cDNA was stably transfected into PC12 cells to generate cell clones overexpressing different quantities of VAChT protein. Membrane fractions prepared from one cell clone (#3) in which VAChT was highly expressed (as determined by Western blot and [(3)H]vesamicol binding analyses) accumulated approximately two and half times as much ...
Ohki Takeshi - - 2002
NDRG4, a member of the new NDRG gene family, was originally cloned as a gene that was expressed predominantly in the early postnatal rat brain. To determine whether the NDRG4 protein contributes to differentiation of neural cells, the effect of lowering the cellular NDRG4 protein level on the nerve growth ...
Kwon Mijung - - 2002
The effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the cell death of PC12 cells that is induced by serum deprivation was examined in the floating and attached cells to the extracellular matrix. NGF suppressed cell death occurred in the floating cells. The onset of cell death in the attached cells ...
Matsuura Nobuyasu - - 2002
During the course of our screening for modulators of signal transduction of mammalian cells, we discovered two novel indolocarbazole antibiotics, indocarbazostatin and indocabazostatin B, from a culture broth of a Streptomyces sp. as inhibitors of NGF-induced neuronal differentiation in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Indocarbazostatin and indocarbazostatin B inhibited NGF-induced neurite ...
Davies J H - - 2002
Osteopenia is a complicating problem that may occur during and after treatment for childhood malignancy. Clinical studies suggest that chemotherapeutic agents directly affect osteoblasts in vivo. Since combinations of agents are used for treatment, we individually investigated the chemosensitivity of human osteoblast-like cells to 11 of the chemotherapeutic agents used. ...
Corrente Giuseppina - - 2002
PC3TIS21/BTG2 is member of a novel family of antiproliferative genes (BTG1, ANA/BTG3, PC3B, TOB, and TOB2) that play a role in cellular differentiation. We have previously shown that PC3TIS21/BTG2 is induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) at the onset of neuronal differentiation in the neural crest-derived PC12 cell line, and ...
Chen Hen-Li - - 2002
During bone formation, multipotential mesenchymal cells proliferate and differentiate into osteoblasts, and subsequently many die because of apoptosis. Evidence suggests that the receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH) and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), the PTH-1 receptor (PTH-1R), plays an important role in this process. Multipotential mesenchymal cells (C3H10T1/2) transfected with normal ...
Bai Jie - - 2002
Thioredoxin (TRX) is a redox-active protein which plays a cytoprotective role against oxidative stress. Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), used widely as an anti-ulcer drug, has been reported to induce TRX as well as heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in hepatocytes and other cells. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), causes dopaminergic denervation and Parkinsonism in humans. ...
Schacher Samuel - - 2002
Protein synthesis at distal synaptic sites is thought to play a critical role in long-term synaptic plasticity at preexisting connections. We tested whether protein synthesis in distal neuritic processes contributes to the formation of new synaptic connections by Aplysia neurons regenerating in cell culture after removing their cell bodies. Removal ...
Sugawara Yuki - - 2002
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is supposed to be important for bone formation; however, its role is not clear. In this study, we examined the importance of enzymatic activity of ALP and anchoring of ALP protein to the cells for mineralization of an osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1. While we cultured the cells ...
Fujimori Hiroyuki - - 2002
To elucidate the biological significance of extracellular adenine compounds, the effects of adenosine (Ado) on cellular levels of adenine compounds, especially adenosine triphosphate (ATP), in PC12 cells were studied. Ado and inosine but not adenosine 5'-monophosphate, adenosine 5'-diphosphate, ATP, guanosine, cytosine, thymidine, and uridine, significantly enhanced cellular ATP levels in ...
Seth K - - 2002
Reactive dopamine (DA) metabolites have been implicated in both Parkinson's disease and manganese (Mn) neurotoxicity. Rat PC12 and genetically modified PC12 (PC12M) cells capable of producing higher DA content, on exposure to MnCl2 (10(-6) M) for 72 hours, exhibited a significant decrease in glutathione content. Activity of antioxidant enzyme catalase ...
Iwakami Tomohiko - - 2002
The effect of hydroxyapatite sol (HAm) which is composed of unheating hydroxyapatite microcrystal particle on cell proliferation and alkaline phophatase activity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, was examined in the presence or absence of fetal calfe serum (FCS) in the medium. In the absence of FCS, HAm inhibited the cell proliferation ...
Hynds D L - - 2002
Gangliosides and extracellular matrix molecules influence neurite outgrowth, but the combinatorial effects of these endogenous agents on outgrowth are unclear. Exogenous gangliosides inhibit neurite outgrowth from SH-SY5Y cells stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB, and different isoforms of the ceramide analog threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PDMP) stimulate (L-PDMP) or inhibit (D-PDMP) glycosphingolipid biosynthesis. In ...
Zhao Bin - - 2002
We have previously reported an absence of a 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated effect on 45Ca handling by intestinal epithelial cells isolated from normal chicks (Nemere and Campbell [2000] Steroids 65:451-457). In the current work, we provide evidence that in similar cell preparations, 1,25(OH)2D3 increased 32P uptake within 5 min of addition, and reached ...
Lin C R - - 2002
Neurotoxicity is the dose-limiting side-effect of vincristine in cancer therapy. Using the nerve growth factor (NGF)-dependent neurite outgrowth and cell proliferation of the PC12 pheochromocytoma cell line as an in vitro assay, the protective effect of different intravenous anesthetics was assessed. Vincristine (1 nmol/L) significantly decreased the percentage of neurite-forming ...
Jordan-Sciutto K - - 2001
Recent studies have shown that various cell cycle proteins are expressed in post-mitotic neurons within affected brain regions during Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cell cycle proteins have been proposed to function in mechanisms of neuronal cell death during AD. To further explore the role of cell cycle proteins in neurodegeneration associated ...
Patrick C W - - 2001
Current surgical strategies for repair of critical nerves involves the transfer of normal donor nerve from an uninjured body location. One possible alternative to autogenous tissue replacement is the development of engineered constructs to replace those elements necessary for axonal proliferation. Delivery of growth factors is one strategy to enhance ...
Tanaka J - - 2001
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) synthesis is reported to be stimulated by nerve growth factor (NGF) in PC12 cells, suggesting involvement of BH(4) in the trophic effect of NGF. We have recently reported that erythropoietin (EPO) and BH(4) enhance survival of PC12 cells. In the present study, we investigated involvement of BH(4) in ...
Roth J A - - 2001
The effects of pertussis toxin, an uncoupler of Gi protein from adenylate cyclase, and luzindole, a competitive inhibitor of melatonin receptor binding, were examined for their ability to inhibit melatonin-induced suppression of PC12 cell growth. Both agents inhibited the melatonin response suggesting that melatonin may be acting through one of ...
Mascia L - - 2001
The salvage anabolism of uracil to pyrimidine ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides was investigated in PC12 cells. Pyrimidine base phosphoribosyl transferase is absent in PC12 cells. As a consequence any uracil or cytosine salvage must be a 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate-independent process. When PC12 cell extracts were incubated with ribose 1-phosphate, ATP and uracil ...
Hynds D L - - 2001
Neuronal growth cones integrate signals from outgrowth-promoting molecules, e.g., laminin (LN) or fibronectin (FN), and outgrowth-inhibiting molecules, e.g., chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs), to navigate through extracellular matrix (ECM). Sensory neurons on LN typically turn to avoid areas rich in inhibitory CSPGs, whereas neuron-like cells of human origin (SH-SY5Y) preferentially stop/stall. ...
Simpson P B - - 2001
To facilitate the characterization of compounds that have positive growth factor mimetic effects on neuritogenesis, we have implemented a high-throughput functional assay which measures, in a multiparametric manner, the proliferation and differentiation characteristics of cells in a microtiter plate. Conditions were established using chronic incubation of SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells ...
Stedeford T - - 2001
Dieldrin, an organochlorine pesticide and known neurotoxicant, is ubiquitously distributed in the environment. Dieldrin depletes brain monoamines in some animal species and is toxic for dopaminergic neurons in vitro. Dieldrin interferes with mitochondrial electron transport and increases generation of superoxide anion. Reactive oxygen species have been shown to produce oxidative ...
Shelton S B - - 2001
In the Alzheimer disease brain, the microtubule-associated protein tau is hyperphosphorylated. There is also evidence that apoptotic-like processes may contribute to the neuronal loss in AD. In an apoptotic model that involves replating neuronal PC12 cells without serum and nerve growth factor (NGF), tau was hyperphosphorylated. During replating, however, neurites ...
Wang W - - 2001
Functional role(s) for the common neurotrophin receptor p75NTR in nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling have yet to be fully elucidated. Many studies have demonstrated that p75NTR can enhance nerve growth factor-induced survival mediated via the trkA receptor. In addition, newly identified pathways for p75NTR signaling have included distinct p75NTR-specific and ...
Palomba L - - 2001
The short-chain lipid hydroperoxide analogue tert-butylhydroperoxide induces peroxynitrite-dependent and -independent DNA single strand breakage in PC12 cells. U937 cells that do not express constitutive nitric oxide synthase respond to tert-butylhydroperoxide treatment with peroxynitrite-independent DNA cleavage. Under experimental conditions leading to equivalent strand break frequencies, the analysis of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity ...
Qiao D - - 2001
The widely used organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos is a suspected neuroteratogen. In the current study, we compared the effects of chlorpyrifos and its major metabolites in two in vitro models, neuronotypic PC12 cells and gliotypic C6 cells. Chlorpyrifos inhibited DNA synthesis in both cell lines but had a greater effect on ...
Heo H J - - 2001
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta)-induced free radical-mediated neurotoxicity is a leading hypothesis as a cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Abeta increased free radical production and lipid peroxidation in PC12 nerve cells, leading to apoptosis and cell death. The effect of 4',5-dihydroxy-3',6,7-trimethoxyflavone from Artemisia asiatica on Abeta induced neurotoxicity was investigated using ...
Vollmayer P - - 2001
The physiological action of extracellular ATP and other nucleotides in the nervous system is controlled by surface-located enzymes (ecto-nucleotidases) of which several families with partially overlapping substrate specificities exist. In order to identify ecto-nucleotidases potentially associated with neural cells, we chose PC12 cells for analysis. PC12 cells revealed surface-located ATPase ...
Preston R R - - 2001
A two-cell biosensor was developed that uses optically detected changes in naturally colored fish chromatophores to measure the neurosecretory output of mammalian neuronal cells. The specific version of the biosensor described here is a continuous flow device that places red-pigmented, dendritic erythrophore cells directly downstream of an immobilized population of ...
Persengiev S P - - 2001
E2Fs play a central role in cell proliferation and growth arrest through their ability to regulate genes involved in cell cycle progression, arrest and apoptosis. Recent studies further indicate that this family of transcriptional regulators participate in cell fate/differentiation events. They are thus likely to have a prominent role in ...
Lillesaar C - - 2001
Molecular factors control the developmental ingrowth of axons to the tooth pulp. Here we examine the ability of pulpal cells to induce neurite outgrowth from neonatal rat trigeminal neurones (TGNs) in vitro. We found that TGNs emitted neurites and formed networks of branches in relation to pulpal cells. Neurones co-cultured ...
Puffer E B - - 2001
The role of SNAP-25 (synaptosomal associated protein of 25 kDa) isotypes in the neurotransmitter release process was examined by varying their relative abundance during PC12 cell differentiation induced by nerve growth factor (NGF). Norepinephrine release by NGF-differentiated PC12 cells is more sensitive to type A botulinum toxin (BoNT/A) than by ...
Lipps B V - - 2001
Since the discovery in 1954, NGF has been isolated from snake venoms and various tissues and organs of different animals. Recently, Lipps (2000b) reported the isolation of NGF from the human body fluids, saliva, serum, and urine. This investigation reports the isolation of NGF excreted by various types of cells ...
Thoidis G - - 2001
Glut4-containing vesicles represent a regulated recycling compartment in insulin-sensitive fat and skeletal muscle cells, the nature and origin of which are not fully understood. In addition to Glut4 itself, these vesicles compartmentalize a number of proteins, at least one of which, insulin-responsive aminopeptidase, or IRAP, is completely colocalized with Glut4 ...
Waki M - - 2001
As we previously reported, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) dose-dependently inhibited not only proliferation of undifferentiated murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells but also activin A-induced erythroid differentiation of MEL cells. However, the effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on MEL cell proliferation was significantly greater by one order of magnitude than that on differentiation (IC(50): 9.2 ...
Knüpfer H - - 2001
The known effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) are induction of differentiation and promotion of survival. We analysed the effects of exogenously added NGF on rat C6 and 9L glioma cells and the rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12. Cells were seeded into 96-well plates and exposed to different concentrations of ...
Zhou J - - 2001
Huperzine A (HupA) and donepezil, two novel selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors available for Alzheimer's disease, were tested for their ability to alleviate injury from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in the rat pheochromocytoma line PC12 cells. OGD for 30 min triggered death in more than 50% of cells, along with major changes in ...
Reimann-Philipp U - - 2001
Increasing evidence suggests that the regulation of neuronal cell death is complex. In this study we compared the neurotoxic effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), nitric oxide, and thrombin on primary rat cortical cell cultures and the neuronal PC12 cell line. Release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the intracellular accumulation ...
Fukuzumi M - - 2001
To explore the biological role of carbohydrate chains in the process of nerve cell differentiation, we carried out a characterization of the carbohydrate structure of glycoproteins by comparing conventional PC12 cells with variant cells (PC12D). In vitro metabolic labeling of cells with either [(3)H] glucosamine or [(3)H] threonine, together with ...
El-Bitar F - - 2001
SCO-spondin is a newly identified protein that is strongly expressed in the subcommissural organ (SCO), an ependymal differentiation of the brain. When released into the cerebrospinal fluid at the entrance to the Sylvian aqueduct, the glycoproteins condense and form a thread-like structure, Reissner's fiber (RF). To analyze the role of ...
Freidin M M - - 2001
Recent evidence has established a role for p75(NGFR) in developmentally regulated neuronal cell death. Although cell death due to NGF withdrawal is a well described, apoptosis in sympathetic neurons through stimulation of p75(NGFR) has not been clearly demonstrated. We have found that an antibody directed against the extracellular domain of ...
Shah J P - - 2001
Previous studies in our laboratory showed that neurite outgrowth in vitro and nerve regeneration in vivo were stimulated by 2 Hz, 0.3 mT (3 G) pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF). To learn more about the effects of PEMF on nerve cells, we exposed PC6 cells, a standard neuronal-like cell model, to ...
Luo C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study signal transduction pathway of nitric oxide inducing death of PC12 cells. METHODS: Cell survival rate was measured with MTT assay, and caspase-3 activity with caspase-3 assay kits after PC12 cells were incubated with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), caspase-3 inhibitor II plus SNP or p38 inhibitor-SB203580 plus SNP. RESULTS: ...
Mercier P - - 2001
A new method is described for encapsulation of living cells. PC12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells, which have been shown to synthesize, store and release dopamine were employed. The particles are made first and the cells then incorporated in a gentle mechanical procedure. The morphology (by light and electron microscopic observation), ...
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