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Results 451 - 500 of 1460
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Park Keun-Hong - - 2004
A copolymer of N-isopropylacrylamide (98 mole% in the feed) and acrylic acid poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) [p(NiPAAm-co-AAc)], and the adhesion molecule, an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-incorporated hydrogel, were used to entrap pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). In a 28-d culture period, the PC12 cells in the RGD-conjugated gel maintained higher viability and produced dopamine at constant ...
Kawakami Hiroyoshi - - 2004
In this study, we investigated the adhesion and neurite outgrowth of nerve cells on a fluorinated polyimide film micropatterned by ion irradiation. We used fluorinated polyimide because of its biocompatibility and excellent thermal and mechanical properties for ion irradiation. Rattus norvegicus chromaffin (PC12) cells were used for in vitro studies. ...
Gélinas Sylvie - - 2004
Oxidative stress is currently considered a mediator of cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases. Notably, it may play an important role in the degeneration of dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease. We examined the effect of a strong oxidant, the herbicide paraquat, on cell distress using native ...
Szemraj Janusz - - 2004
Plasma membrane Ca(+2)-ATPase (PMCA), encoded by four separate genes, constitutes a high affinity system extruding Ca(+2) outside the cell. The nerve growth factor-treated PC12 cell line possesses all four main PMCA isoforms. To evaluate the potential role of PMCA isoforms in the differentiation process, we transiently suppressed the expression of ...
Du Chang-Bin - - 2003
L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate-6-palmitate (Asc2P6P) was synthesized and its effect on the damage of PC12 cells induced by H2O2 was investigated. 200 microM H2O2 in a treatment period of 4 hours in our experiment resulted in substantial cell loss. With the increasing concentration of antioxidants, such H2O2-induced cytotoxicity was significantly prevented ...
Young Tai-Horng - - 2003
The cell-biomaterial interaction is of extreme importance in regulating the numerous functions necessary for cell adhesion, growth, and differentiation. In the current study, electrophoresis was used to investigate the interactions between cells and biomaterials by measuring the change in electrophoretic mobility of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells after they were cultured on ...
Zhuo Ming - - 2003
Oxidative stress is thought to be a major contributor to the progress of the Parkinson's Disease (PD) because of the high vulnerability of dopaminergic cells against oxidative stress. The present work demonstrates that with the expression of the baculovirus p35 gene, PC12 cells could gain a high resistance against oxidative ...
Lee Chung Soo - - 2003
Phenelzine, deprenyl, and antioxidants (SOD, catalase, ascorbate, or rutin) reduced the loss of cell viability in differentiated PC12 cells treated with 250 microM MPP+, whereas N-acetylcysteine and dithiothreitol did not inhibit cell death. Phenelzine reduced the condensation and fragmentation of nuclei caused by MPP+ in PC12 cells. Phenelzine and deprenyl ...
Shimma Naoko - - 2003
Interleukin (IL)-6 has been shown to protect neuronal cells from cell death induced by various stimulants. Although neuronal cells including PC12 cells were shown to produce IL-6, little is known about the effects of dopaminergic neurotoxins, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)), on IL-6 expression in PC12 cells. In the ...
Gryz Ela A - - 2003
TrkA is the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) for nerve growth factor (NGF) and stimulates NGF-dependent cell survival and differentiation in primary neurons and also differentiation of neuroblastomas and apoptosis of medulloblastomas. We have previously shown that aspartic acid and glutamic acid substitution (AspGlu and GluAsp) of the activation loop tyrosines ...
Sperling Oded - - 2003
The role of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of the neurotoxicity associated with ischemia-reperfusion, was investigated in a model of primary rat neuronal cultures and of differentiated PC12 cells, subjected to chemical ischemia by iodoacetic acid (IAA, 2.5 h) followed by a short period of reperfusion (1 h). The ...
Lee Jae Joon - - 2003
Tetrahydropapaveroline (THP) is formed in Parkinsonian patients receiving L-DOPA therapy and is detected in the plasma and urine of these patients. In this study, we have investigated the effects of THP on L-DOPA-induced neurotoxicity in cultured rat adrenal pheochromocytoma, PC12 cells. Exposure of PC12 cells up to 10 microM THP ...
Beaujean Delphine - - 2003
Adrenal chromaffin cells constitute one of the first cell types to have been defined as a neuroendocrine cell type. Since they produce dopamine, these cells have been proposed for the treatment of neuronal deficits in human Parkinson's disease. However, the factors involved in the development of chromaffin cells are still ...
Wang Xiaohong X Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0622, - - 2004
To gain insight into the mechanism by which the adapter protein SH2-B promotes nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neuronal differentiation and survival, the effect of SH2-B on the serine/threonine kinase Akt/protein kinase B and downstream effector proteins was examined. PC12 cells stably overexpressing SH2-Bbeta, which exhibit enhanced NGF-induced neuronal differentiation compared ...
Bornhauser Beat C - - 2003
Myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein (MIR) belongs to the ezrin, radixin, moesin (ERM) family of proteins involved in membrane cytoskeleton interactions and cell dynamics. MIR contains, beside the ERM domain, a RING zinc finger region. Immunocytochemistry showed that full-length MIR and the subdomains localize differently in cells. Cell fractionation ...
Zhang Jianmin - - 2003
Microglia are thought to play a key role in the development and regeneration of the central nervous system although the mechanisms regulating their presence and activity are not fully understood. Substantial evidence suggests that members of the neurotrophin family such as nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and ...
Zhu Meng-Yang MY Division of Neurobiology and Behavior Research, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, - - 2003
Agmatine is an endogenous guanido amine and has been shown to be neuroprotective in vitro and in vivo. The aims of this study are to investigate whether agmatine is protective against cell death induced by different agents in cultured neurons and PC12 cells. Cell death in neurons, cultured from neonatal ...
Chen Liuji - - 2003
Recent studies have shown that lead causes oxidative stress by inducing the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reducing the antioxidant defense system of cells, which suggests that antioxidants may play an important role in the treatment of lead poisoning. The present study was designed to elucidate whether tea ...
Purpura Kelly A - - 2003
Identification of osteoblast progenitors, with defined developmental capacity, would facilitate studies on a variety of parameters of bone development. We used expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and the parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related protein receptor (PTH1R) as osteoblast markers in dual-color fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) to fractionate rat calvaria (RC) cells ...
Camp Dianne M - - 2003
Experimental infection of BALB/c mice with the gram-positive bacterium Nocardia asteroides produces marked loss of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons, resulting in striatal dopamine depletion. To investigate the mechanism(s) responsible for this neuronal loss, we evaluated the influence of N. asteroides cell-free culture filtrates on rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, an in vitro ...
Lucentini Livia - - 2003
The purification and partial characterization of low molecular weight phosphotyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) was reported for the first time in PC12 cells. In addition, the expression levels during neuronal phenotype induction by nerve growth factor (NGF) and during neurogenesis in chick embryos were investigated. LMW-PTP was purified to homogeneity and showed ...
Xiao Jingnan - - 2003
The rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line has been an invaluable model system for studying neuritogenesis. Nerve growth factor (NGF) elicits multiple aspects of neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. It is therefore difficult to dissect and assign an individual signaling pathway to each stage of neuritogenesis. We have recently reported the ...
Belfort Gabriel M - - 2003
Cellugyrin represents a ubiquitously expressed four-transmembrane domain protein that is closely related to synaptic vesicle protein synaptogyrin and, more remotely, to synaptophysin. We report here that, in PC12 cells, cellugyrin is localized in synaptic-like microvesicles (SLMVs), along with synaptogyrin and synaptophysin. Upon overexpression of synaptophysin in PC12 cells, it is ...
Hermanson Elisabet - - 2003
Nurr1, a transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor family, is essential for the generation of midbrain dopamine (DA) cells during embryonic development. Nurr1 continues to be expressed in adult DA neurons but the role for Nurr1 in inducing and regulating basic dopaminergic functions such as dopamine synthesis and storage ...
Barreto-Estrada Jennifer L - - 2003
Cellular differentiation is a stepwise process where environmental factors are essential key components to direct cells to their final phenotype. The sympathoadrenal (SA) system is one of the principal models used to study the role of environmental factors in the development of the peripheral nervous system. Two major cell types ...
Isama Kazuo - - 2003
Poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) has bioabsorbability and biocompatibility, and it is used as biodegradable screws, pins and plates for internal bone fixation. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of low molecular weight (Mw) PLLA on the proliferation and differentiation of mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured ...
Pérez A L - - 2003
AIM: To test the hypothesis that MG-63 osteosarcoma cells and primary osteoblasts react differently to ProRoot trade mark MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) and White MTA by: (i) investigating the attachment of primary osteoblasts and MG-63 osteosarcoma cells to ProRoot trade mark MTA and White MTA; and (ii) comparing the osteogenic ...
Kawamata Takakazu - - 2003
We employed a series of inhibitors of intracellular cascade to disclose the precise molecular mechanisms by which basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) promotes viability of PC12 cells and compared with nerve growth factor (NGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). The MEK 1 and 2 inhibitors, U0126 and PD98059, significantly suppressed ...
Wang Ya-Zhou - - 2003
Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells has been one of the promising strategies in enhancing central nerve fiber regeneration. Membrane surface molecules on olfactory ensheathing cells mediating cell-cell interactions as well as various factors released from them are thought to be important for nerve regeneration. The latter, however, has not been ...
Zhang Liyao - - 2003
A method is described for the direct identification of dopamine in single cultured rat pheochromocytoma cell by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with amperometric detection. The separation and detection conditions were optimized. The dopamine in single cell analysis was identified based on the migration time of standard dopamine and internal standard (epinephrine). ...
Seo Ji-Yeon - - 2003
Nerve growth factor (NGF) can change neurite outgrowth and cellular morphology of rat adrenal pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. In the present study, stable PC12 cells with constitutively active form (L61Cdc42), the dominant negative constructs (N17Cdc42), and wild type Cdc42 did not proliferate in low serum condition. However, on exposure to NGF, ...
Park Tai Hwan - - 2003
Opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore has been recognized to be involved in cell death. The present study investigated the effect of beta-carbolines (harmaline and harmalol) on the MPP(+)-induced change in the mitochondrial membrane permeability and cell death in differentiated PC12 cells. beta-Carbolines and antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate ...
Bhavnani Bhagu R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, neuronal PC12 cells and hippocampal HT22 cells maintained in culture were used to test the neuroprotective effect of equine estrogens estrone, 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-estradiol, equilin, 17beta-dihydroequilin, 17alpha-dihydroequilin, equilenin, 17beta-dihydroequilenin, 17alpha-dihydroequilenin, Delta(8)-estrone(,) and Delta(8),17beta-estradiol against glutamate toxicity. METHODS: The HT22 and PC12 cells were grown in Dulbecco ...
Sung Yen-Jen - - 2003
Whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate beta-amyloid (A beta) neurotoxicity remains controversial. Naive PC12 cells (PC12) and nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells (dPC12) were used to study the role of ROS in cell death induced by A beta(25-35). The viability of PC12 and dPC12 cells decreased by 30-40% after a ...
Lee Chung Soo - - 2003
The present study examined the combined effect of dopamine and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) on the membrane permeability in isolated brain mitochondria and on cell viability in PC12 cells. MPP(+) increased effect of dopamine against the swelling, membrane potential, and Ca(2+) transport in isolated mitochondria, which was not inhibited by the addition ...
Szeberényi József - - 2003
The avian paramyxovirus Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes severe infections in birds. It is essentially nonpathogenic in rodents and human beings but was found to have an oncolytic potential against certain types of human malignancies. An attenuated NDV vaccine (designated MTH-68/H) was found to cause regression of various human tumors, ...
Vanmali Binaben H - - 2003
Mechanisms that regulate neurite outgrowth are phylogenetically conserved, including the signaling molecules involved. Here, we describe neurotrophic effects on isolated bag cell neurons (BCNs) of substrate-bound growth factors endogenous to the sea slug Aplysia californica. Sheath cells dissociated from the pleural-visceral connectives of the Aplysia CNS and arterial cells dissociated ...
Li Hao - - 2003
AIM: To study the effect of group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) ligands on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced death and glutamate release of PC12 cells. METHODS: PC12 cells were exposed to 100 micromol/L of group I mGluR agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxy-phenylglycine (DHPG) or antagonist DL-2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid (DL-AP3) 1 h before addition of 6-OHDA 100 ...
Arundine Mark - - 2003
Glutamatergic-mediated nitric oxide (NO) production occurs via the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95)-neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) ternary complex. To determine whether NOS1 is targeted to the membrane subsequent to NMDA receptor activation, we examined the effect of NMDA on NOS1 subcellular localization in nerve growth factor ...
Kim Seong Yun - - 2003
This study was designed to isolate new genes related to apoptosis in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and to characterize the roles of the genes using both in vitro and in vivo models of oxidative injury. cDNA libraries were prepared from H2O2-treated and -untreated PC12 cells, ...
Grumolato Luca - - 2003
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts trophic effects on several neuronal, neuroendocrine, and endocrine cells. To gain insight into the pattern of the transcriptional modifications induced by PACAP during cell differentiation, we studied the effects of this neuropeptide on rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. We first analyzed the transcriptome of PC12 ...
Gagn? Benoit - - 2003
Oxidative stress has been recently considered as a mediator of nerve cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases. We studied the effect of the parkinsonism-inducing toxine 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine (MPP+) on several parameters of cell distress using native and neuronal PC12 cells. Then, since estrogens have been reported to prevent neuronal degeneration caused ...
Satsu Hideo - - 2003
The effect of neuronal cells on the functional properties of intestinal epithelial cells was examined by using an in vitro coculture system. Two cell lines, Caco-2 and PC12, were respectively used as intestinal epithelial and enteric neuronal cell models. Coculture of differentiated Caco-2 cells with PC12 caused a significant decrease ...
Zhao Yi - - 2003
We investigated the effect of angiotensin II on intracellular cyclic GMP content and neurite outgrowth as an indicator of cell differentiation in PC12 W cells. Neurite outgrowth was examined by phase-contrast microscopy. Outgrown neurites were classified as small, medium and large, and were expressed as neurites per 100 cells. Angiotensin ...
Ito Yoshihisa - - 2003
Aged garlic extract (AGE) contains several neuroactive compounds, including S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC) and allixin. We characterized cell death induced by amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), tunicamycin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressor, or trophic factor deprivation, and investigated whether and how SAC could prevent this in nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells, ...
Apostol Barbara L - - 2003
The formation of polyglutamine-containing aggregates and inclusions are hallmarks of pathogenesis in Huntington's disease that can be recapitulated in model systems. Although the contribution of inclusions to pathogenesis is unclear, cell-based assays can be used to screen for chemical compounds that affect aggregation and may provide therapeutic benefit. We have ...
Ito Hisanori - - 2003
We recently isolated mutant PC12 cell clones (PC84 cells) by transfection of PC12 cells with nerve growth factor (NGF) cDNA. These cells secreted active NGF and extended short processes, but proliferated faster than the parental PC12 cells. Because the expression level of p75, a low-affinity receptor for NGF, was significantly ...
Wang Chenglong - - 2003
In this paper, single-stranded (ss)DNA aptamers with capability to distinguish differentiated PC12 cells from normal PC12 cells were selected by subtractive systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method. Before each round of selection, randomized ssDNAs were incubated with regular PC12 cells to eliminate those that recognize the common ...
Yoshida Hideyuki - - 2003
OBJECT: The PC12 cells are well known for their ability to secrete dopamine and levodopa. In multiple animal mode encapsulated PC12 cells have been shown to ameliorate parkinsonian symptoms when transplanted into the striatum; technique is expected to be effective clinically as well. The present study was performed using nonhuman ...
Straub Jennifer A JA Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, - - 2003
Sympathetic neurons deprived of nerve growth factor (NGF) release cytochrome c into the cytosol and undergo caspase-dependent cell death through a process that requires de novo gene expression. Expression of the SM-20 gene increases after NGF withdrawal, and ectopic SM-20 expression induces cell death in NGF-maintained neurons. To further evaluate ...
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