Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1020
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Balyasnikova I V - - 1998
Previous work has suggested that not all immunoreactive angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in tissues or cells is in a biologically active state. We have explored this possibility in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), one of the most widely studied in vitro endothelial cell systems. Our approach included characterization of ...
Griffith A W - - 1998
We have used the technique of cell electrorotation within a microfabricated planar gold electrode array as a means of detecting changes in the physical properties of a single human neutrophil, when activated by the chemotactic factor, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). The results, which have been analyzed using a double-shell model ...
Blankaert D - - 1998
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative disease characterized by proliferating spindle-shaped cells, angiogenesis, and inflammatory cell infiltration. Several lines of evidence suggest that KS is a multifocal cytokine-mediated disease of vascular origin. Because metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important enzymes involved in angiogenesis, we studied their activity in five different KS-derived cell ...
Batlle E - - 1998
The phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces remarkable phenotypic changes in intestinal HT-29 M6 cells; these changes consist of loss of homotypic adhesion and inactivation of E-cadherin. In parallel, cell growth is retarded. We have transfected HT-29 M6 cells with an activated form of the conventional protein kinase Calpha (cPK-Calpha). ...
Cacace A M - - 1998
In previous studies, our laboratory demonstrated that Rat 6 (R6) fibroblasts which stably overproduce high levels of PKCepsilon display abnormalities in growth control that are characteristic of malignant transformation (Cacace et al., 1993, Oncogene, 8:2095-2104). The R6-PKCepsilon overproducing cell lines also exhibited a decreased growth factor requirement. The present study ...
Raffaniello R D - - 1998
Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family of multifunctional serine/threonine phosphorylating enzymes are believed to play a role in regulating cellular differentiation and proliferation in many cell types. In the present study, we examined the expression of PKC isoforms in non-transformed (BMRPA.430) and transformed (TUC3) rat pancreatic acinar cell ...
van der Vuurst H - - 1998
In platelets and megakaryoblasts Gs, the trimeric G-protein that stimulates adenylyl cyclase, is present in a short, 45 kDa, and a long, 52 kDa isoform termed G(s)alpha-S and G(s)alpha-L, respectively. To assess the relative contribution of these isoforms in the cellular synthesis of cAMP, the ratio G(s)alpha-S/G(s)alpha-L was changed in ...
Bond T D - - 1998
1. Whole-cell, swelling-activated Cl- currents, ICl(swell), were characterized in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and found to exhibit time-dependent inactivation at depolarizing potentials, tamoxifen and dideoxyforskolin sensitivity, and an anion permeability sequence: SCN- > I- > Br- > Cl- > F- > gluconate-. 2. CHO cells permanently transfected with either ...
Ree A H - - 1998
Hormone-independent growth and invasiveness represent phenotypic properties acquired during early progression of breast cancer. We compared human mammary adenocarcinoma cells, MCF-7, which are estrogen-dependent and poorly metastatic, with the estrogen-independent and highly metastatic subline, MCF7/LCC1, with regard to expression of tissue-degrading factors of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-and urokinase (uPA)-dependent degradative ...
Shibagaki N - - 1998
To define T cell co-stimulatory molecules that work in the early phase of T cell activation, we established monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that inhibit or enhance T cell activation by the histiocytic leukemia cell line U937. One of the mAb, 53H5, which recognized both T cells and U937, was identified to ...
Eto I - - 1998
The molecular basis of tumour promotion is still largely unknown. In in vitro model of tumour promotion, the promotion-sensitive cells are induced to grow under anchorage-independent conditions in the presence of promoting agent. The customary way of providing such conditions is to immobilize these cells in soft agar, but such ...
Lee S Y - - 1998
Phospholipase D (PLD) in lymphocytic mouse leukemic L1210 cells has been found to be activated by oleate both in vitro and in intact cells. The PLD activity was measured by phosphatidylethanol produced from radiolabeled phosphatidylcholine or myristic acid in the presence of ethanol. This oleate-activated PLD was further characterized in ...
Balboa M A - - 1998
Prostaglandins are known to play a central role in the initiation of labor in humans, and amnionic cells constitute a major source of these compounds. Prostaglandin synthesis and release by amnion cells in response to hormones and ligands takes place after a characteristic 4-5 h lag. However, we report herein ...
Henttu P - - 1998
The protein kinase C (PKC) activator 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) activated cell death in androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells but not in androgen-independent DU-145 or PC-3 cells, whose growth was significantly decreased by PKC inhibitors staurosporine and H7. All cell lines had similar levels of total PKC activities which, however, differed on their dependency ...
Platet N - - 1998
Increased protein kinase C (PKC) activity in malignant breast tissue and in most aggressive breast cancer cell lines has suggested a possible role of PKC in breast carcinogenesis and tumor progression. We have investigated here the involvement of PKC in the in vitro invasiveness and motility of several breast cancer ...
Yokoyama Y - - 1998
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays a critical role in signal transduction for a variety of cell activation processes. Enhanced PKC activity is often found in cancer cells that show marked invasive and/or metastatic potential. Thus, a specific PKC inhibitor may serve as a tool to reduce invasive or metastatic potential ...
Dhalluin S - - 1998
As part of environmental toxicology, it is important to assess both the carcinogenic potential of xenobiotics and their mode of action on target cells. Since dysregulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a rate-limiting enzyme of polyamine biosynthesis, is considered as an early and essential component in the process of multistage carcinogenesis, ...
Tsutsumi T - - 1998
In this study, we confirmed a previous finding that 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (methyl-PAF) expresses higher antineoplastic activity against the promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60, than against the erythroleukemic cell line K562, and intended to clarify the reason for this. Using an albumin back-exchange method, we measured the rates of binding and internalization ...
Baatout S - - 1998
This review attempts 1) to enonciate recent observations made on the effects of phorbol esters on megakaryocyte cell lines, 2) to examine these effects taking into account megakaryocytopoiesis in vivo and 3) to demonstrate that phorbol esters stimulated megakaryocyte cell lines provide a good model to study the mechanisms governing ...
Kim J I - - 1998
Hypericin, a photosensitizing plant pigment, was found to be a potent inducer of differentiation of human myeloid leukemia U-937 cells. At a concentration of 0.2 microM, hypericin exhibited 50% growth inhibition. An effect on cell differentiation by hypericin was assessed by its ability to induce phagocytosis of latex particles, and ...
Huang C - - 1998
The JB6 mouse epidermal cell system, which includes tumor promotion-sensitive (P+) and tumor promotion-resistant (P-) cells, is a well-established and extensively used cell culture model for studying the mechanism of late-stage tumor promotion. Tumor promoters, such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) or epidermal growth factor (EGF), induce high levels of activator ...
Kim H W - - 1998
The activity of the taurine transporter is affected by various extracellular stimuli, such as ions, hormones and stress. To assess the effects of steroid hormones and cyclosporine A (CsA) on taurine-transporter activity, the murine monocytic cell line, RAW264.7, was stimulated with dexamethasone (DM), triamcinolone (TA), cortisone (CS), hydrocortisone (HCS), prednisone ...
Portella G - - 1998
The PC Cl 3 cell line is a well-characterized epithelial cell line of rat thyroid origin. This cell line retains in vitro the typical markers of thyroid differentiation: thyroglobulin (TG) synthesis and secretion, iodide uptake, thyroperoxidase (TPO) expression, and dependency on TSH for growth. Although the differentiated phenotype of thyroid ...
Drouin S M - - 1998
Previously, we reported that TGF-beta2 regulates the C3 gene expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner in monocytes. To extend these studies, we examined the role of PKC in the TGF-beta2-mediated induction of C3 expression by the human monocyte cell line, U937. Treatment of U937 cells with the PKC inhibitors, ...
Carter C A - - 1998
We have shown previously that treatment of human endometrial adenocarcinoma (RL95-2) cells with either 13-cis or all-trans retinoic acid results in reorganization of actin filaments, indicating reversion to a stationary phenotype. In the present study, we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in this process. Treatment of cells ...
Civoli F - - 1998
PURPOSE: ET-18-OCH3 (1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine) is a representative of the first generation of antitumor ether lipids and is a model in the development of new compounds including a series of quaternary ammonium analogs (QAA). In the present study, we evaluated the QAA as inhibitors of cell growth and studied their mechanism of ...
Sawicki G - - 1998
The enhanced expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), especially gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, has been associated with the invasive behavior of tumor cells. Previously we reported that primary acute myelogenous leukemia blasts and human leukemic cultured KG-1 cells but not HEL cells penetrate a reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) in an invasion ...
Jenson H B - - 1998
The effects of chemical induction of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and n-butyrate on cell viability and induction of latent EBV in Raji and X50-7 B lymphocytes, indicated by expression of the diffuse component of the EBV early antigen (EA-D), were measured by visual immunofluorescence microscopy (of ...
Itayasu T - - 1998
The effects of various reagents on the induction of differentiation of the human prostatic cancer cell line, TSU-Pr1, were examined. Among these agents, the phorbol ester, TPA, almost completely suppressed cell proliferation at the concentration of 10(-8) M, and induced remarkable morphologic changes yielding cells with the microglial feature of ...
Orlando S - - 1997
The IL-1 type II receptor (decoy RII) is a nonsignaling molecule the only established function of which is to capture IL-1 and prevent it from interacting with signaling receptor. The decoy RII is released in a regulated way from the cell surface. Here, we reported that hydroxamic acid inhibitors of ...
Manenti S - - 1997
The expression of the myristoylated PKC substrate MARCKS is reduced in tumor-derived choroidal melanoma cells (OCM-1). We transfected the OCM-1 cells with MARCKS cDNA and we selected clones with stable overexpression of the protein. Tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin, a biochemical marker of focal contact formation, was conserved upon serum starvation ...
Zhang W - - 1997
The effect of hypericin, an antiviral drug and a potent protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, on glioma cell invasion was investigated in vitro. Treatment of the established human glioblastoma cell line, T98G, with 1 microM hypericin for 24 h resulted in a significant inhibition of the cell invasion through an ...
Narvaez C J - - 1997
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3), the active form of vitamin D3, and tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) are potent negative growth regulators of breast cancer cells. In this study, we compared the mechanism of action of these two compounds in MCF-7 cells and a vitamin D3-resistant variant (MCF-7D3Res). In parental MCF-7 cells, 1,25-(OH)2D3 induced ...
Liu T F - - 1997
The inhibitory effects of 12-O-tetradeconylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on the Lucifer Yellow leakage in single (nondissociated and dissociated) Novikoff cells in the presence of ethyleneglycotetraacetic acid (EGTA) and transfer between reaggregated cell pairs were investigated. Under treatment with TPA, single Novikoff cells showed inhibition of the dye leakage in the presence of ...
Tenbroek E M - - 1997
Epithelial cells in primary ovine lens cultures express the gap junction proteins connexin43 (Cx43) and connexin49 (Cx49; a.k.a. MP70), a homologue of mouse connexin50. In contrast, lens cultures of differentiated, fiber-like cells (termed lentoid cells) express Cx49 and connexin46 (Cx46), but not Cx43. To investigate the regulation of lens cell ...
Peiffer L P - - 1997
The secondary bile acid deoxycholic acid is believed to be a promoter of large bowel cancer, in part by inducing colonic epithelial proliferation. The effects of deoxycholic acid on [3H]thymidine incorporation by the human colon cancer cell line HT29 and two differentiated subclones were measured and compared. The subclone HT29-C1 ...
Kang T B - - 1997
Quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, has been shown to exert multiple pharmacological effects and to be an anticancer agent or a supplementary anticancer agent. In this report, the human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cell line was used to study the effects of quercetin on the growth, cell cycle, activities of cytosolic ...
Tsuchiya T - - 1997
In the BALB/c-3T3-cell transformation system, the effect of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) exposure on the appearance of transformed cells was examined in order to investigate the mechanisms of in vitro tumor promotion. Optimal duration of TPA exposure on N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG)-initiated cells was at least 11 days. To investigate the effect of transformation frequencies ...
Cruciani V - - 1997
Effects of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and the hepatic peroxisome proliferators (HPPs) clofibrate, methyl clofenapate (MCP), di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP) were studied in 2 gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) systems, metabolic cooperation in V79 cells and microinjection/dye transfer in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells and V79 cells. TPA inhibited ...
López-Pedrera C - - 1997
The endothelial cell line ECV304 is a spontaneously transformed cell line established from human umbilical vein. The characterization of tissue factor (TF) expression by ECV304 cells has been accomplished in this study. ECV304 cells expressed both TF mRNA and antigen (TFag) constitutively. In ECV304 cell lysates, the levels of TFag ...
Amstad P A - - 1997
Increased bcl-2 expression is a common feature of many types of human malignancies, which implies that bcl-2 plays an important role in tumorigenesis. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of bcl-2-induced oncogenesis, we examined the effects of bcl-2 expression on transformation of mouse epidermal JB6 cells induced by the tumor ...
Liu B - - 1997
The mechanism and role of phospholipase D (PLD) activation by platelet-activating factor (PAF) were examined with Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing wild-type PAF receptor (WT-H cells) and truncated PAF receptor lacking the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail (D-H cells). Treatment of D-H cells with PAF resulted in the rapid formation of ...
Kwon H - - 1997
Naphthoquinone compounds have various pharmacological effects such as antiviral, antifungal and anticancer activities. We demonstrated the differentiation of the inducing effect of a naphthoquinone derivative, 2-chloro-3-amino-1,4-nahpthoquinone (NQCA) on the human leukemia cell line U-937. When U-937 cells were treated with NQCA for 4 days, phenotypes indicative of differentiation such as ...
Acevedo-Duncan M - - 1997
The in-vitro effects of human interferon alpha-2b (HuIFN alpha-2b), protein kinase C (PKC) agonist [TPA (12-0-tetra-decanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate)] and PKC inhibitor (calphostin C) on human glioma (U-373 MG) PKC activity, cell proliferation and cell cycle were compared. HuIFN alpha-2b and TPA increased PKC activity, elevated the number of cells in DNA synthesis ...
Rosson D - - 1997
Modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) disrupts the cell-cell junctions of the epithelial cell line LLC-PK1. To examine the role of specific PKC isoforms in this process we have created modified LLC-PK1 subclones that express wild-type and dominant negative versions of PKC-alpha under control of the tetracycline-responsive ...
Weber S - - 1997
Leukosialin (CD43), the major sialoprotein on circulating leukocytes, has been previously described to be down-regulated on neutrophils following activation with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). The other single cells previously examined, blood lymphocytes, do not down-regulate CD43 when stimulated by PMA. Recently, we have characterized leukosialin on the human mast cell ...
Aguirre Ghiso J A - - 1997
Spreading is a critical process involved in motility and growth of tumor cells during the metastatic cascade. Focal adhesion kinase, src-proteins and PKC have been reported to participate in the regulation of cytoskeleton organization in both normal and transformed cells during spreading. The role of other signaling enzymes such as ...
Favre B - - 1997
Calyculin-A (CA), okadaic acid (OA), and tautomycin (TAU) are potent inhibitors of protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) and are widely used on cells in culture. Despite their well characterized selectivity in vitro, their exact intracellular effects on PP1 and PP2A cannot be directly deduced from their extracellular concentration ...
Babich M - - 1997
The effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on 1,4,5-inositol triphosphate (1,4,5-IP3) and intracellular free calcium (Cai2+) in osteoblasts are variable, whereas adenylate cyclase activity is consistently stimulated. Cyclic AMP is considered a mediator in the contractile effects of PTH on osteoblasts, but the regulation and role of Cai2+ remains unclear. Recent ...
Ueda Y - - 1997
We generated transgenic mice, using 9.5 kilobase pairs of the 5' upstream sequence from the mouse metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 6 (mGluR6) gene fused to the beta-galactosidase (lacZ) reporter gene, and investigated the promoter function of the cell-specific and developmentally regulated expression of mGluR6. Most of the independent transgenic lines ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >