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Results 201 - 250 of 1020
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Eude Isabelle - - 2002
The role of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha in endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced proliferation of human myometrial cells was investigated. Inhibition of conventional PKC with Gö 6976 eliminated the proliferative effect of ET-1. Treatment of myometrial cells with an antisense oligonucleotide against PKCalpha efficiently reduced PKCalpha protein expression without effect on other PKC ...
Chen J H - - 2001
Metallothionein (MT) can be induced by various metals. We have shown previously that H7, a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, inactivates metal-induced MT gene expression. To investigate whether a specific PKC isoform is involved in the induction process, inhibitors for various PKC isoforms were administered to cadmium-resistant Chinese hamster ovary ...
Fujimoto Toshio - - 2002
Interstitial collagen gives fetal membranes tensile strength, and membrane rupture has been attributed to collagen degradation. A polymorphism at -1607 in the matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) promoter (an insertion of a guanine (G)) creates a core Ets binding site and increases promoter activity. We investigated whether this polymorphism is functionally significant ...
Moody T W - - 2001
The effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) antagonists on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells were investigated. CI-988, L-365,260, and L-364,718 inhibited specific (125)I-CCK-8 binding to NCI-H209 cells with IC(50) values of 5, 2, and 200 nM. ([R-(R*,R*)]-4[[2-[[3-(1H-Indole-3-yl)-2-methyl-1-oxo-2-[[tricyclo[3.3.1.1(3,7)]- dec-2-yloxy)carbonyl[amino]propyl]amino]-1-phenylethyl]amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid) (CI-988; 100 nM) inhibited the ability of 10 nM CCK-8 to elevate ...
Makatsori E - - 2001
Human leukemic cell lines, Jurkat (T-cell leukemia), Daudi (Burkitt's lymphoma, B-cell leukemia) and THP-1 (acute monocytic leukemia) synthesize chondroitin sulphate (CS) and heparan sulphate (HS) in both cell membrane and culture medium. CS is the major secreted GAG in all cell lines, as well as the major cell-retarded glycosaminoglycan (GAG) ...
Antony P - - 2001
In our previous studies, TPA treatment of LA-N-1 cells stimulated the production of diacylglycerol in nuclei, probably through the activation of a phospholipase C. Stimulation of the synthesis of nuclear phosphatidylcholine by the activation of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase was also observed. The present data show that both effects were inhibited by ...
Chang C L - - 2001
Megakaryocytes undergo an unusual cell cycle during differentiation that results in polyploidy through largely unknown mechanism(s). It has been shown that serine phosphorylation of oncoprotein 18 (Op18) is required for cell cycle progression specifically at the G2/M transition. Moreover, mutant forms of Op18 that are defective in one or more ...
Bruel A - - 2001
The intermediate filament (IFs) cytoskeleton is one of the major determinants for the mechanical properties of cytoplasm. Vimentin is the major IFs protein in peripheral blood neutrophils. We investigated its expression and function during neutrophil differentiation using the promyelocytic leukemia cell line NB4. The differentiation of NB4 cells along the ...
Essig M - - 2001
The effects of flow-induced mechanical strains on the phenotype of proximal tubular cells were addressed in vivo and in vitro by subjecting LLC-PK(1) and mouse proximal tubular cells to different levels of flow. Laminar flow (1 ml/min) induced a reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and significantly inhibited the expression of ...
Cho J W - - 2001
TPA-treated HL-60 cells are mainly arrested in G1 by p21(WAF1) accumulation. We investigate the downstream changes following such accumulation. Increased p21(WAF1) is associated with CDK2 and CDK4. pRb is dephosphorylated in the presence of p21-CDK2/4 complexes, and the Rb-E2F1 complex increases after TPA treatment, whereas the Rb-HDAC1 complex decreases slightly. ...
Sakurada S - - 2001
Cell-free transmission of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) to human cells in vitro has been reported to be difficult, if not impossible. The present experiments were conducted with the idea that cell-cell contact may produce much more effective transmission, so-called cell-mediated transmission. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cocultured ...
Marino M - - 2001
The role exerted by protein kinase C (PKC) on estrogen-induced DNA synthesis has been investigated in hepatic and mammary gland cells, HepG2 and MCF7. 17-beta-estradiol stimulated DNA synthesis in HepG2 and MCF7 cells, maximal effect occurring at 10 nM. DNA synthesis stimulation was prevented by anti-estrogen ICI 182,780 and by ...
Ballarin L - - 2001
Immunocytochemical methods were used to study the presence and distribution of IL-1-alpha- and TNF-alpha-like molecules in the hemocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri. Only a few unstimulated hemocytes were positive to both the antibodies used. When the hemocytes were stimulated with either mannan or phorbol 12-mono-myristate, the phagocytes were ...
Murate T - - 2001
Cell type-specific localization of sphingosine kinase 1a (SPHK1a) in tissues was analyzed with a rabbit polyclonal antibody against the 16 C-terminal amino acids derived from the recently reported mouse cDNA sequence of SPHK1a. This antibody (anti-SPHK1a antibody) can react specifically with SPHK1a of mouse, rat, and human tissues. Utilizing its ...
Sordet O - - 2001
Exposure of U937 human leukemic cells to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) induces their differentiation into monocyte/macrophage-like cells. This terminal differentiation is associated with a resistant phenotype to apoptosis induced by the topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide. The inhibition occurs upstream of the mitochondrial release of cytochrome c and the ...
Davey G E - - 2001
In recent years, protein translocation has been implicated as the mechanism that controls assembly of signaling complexes and induction of signaling cascades. Several members of the multifunctional Ca(2+)- (Zn(2+)- and Cu(2+))-binding S100 proteins appear to translocate upon cellular stimulation, and some are even secreted from cells, exerting extracellular functions. We ...
Dietrich D R - - 2001
Four different cell models were chosen for comparison of OTA and OTB toxicity: primary porcine (PKC), rat (RPTC) and human renal proximal epithelial cells (HKC) from both sexes and a porcine renal cell line: LLC-PK1. Culture conditions were tested and optimized for each respective cell type (species/sex and origin). All ...
Hummert T W - - 2001
Stathmin is a highly conserved, phosphorylated cytosolic protein that is found at decreased levels in all cells as they become more terminally differentiated, or when they decrease in their rate of proliferation. This study examined the hypothesis that stathmin levels in growth plate chondrocytes decreases as endochondral maturation increases. To ...
Ohtani K - - 2001
We have previously described that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulated the growth of human epithelial ovarian cancer tissues and cells. In order to determine the signaling pathway on FSH action in ovarian cancer, we used an epithelial ovarian cancer cell line (HRA line) which constitutively FSH receptors (FSHRs). FSH significantly increased ...
Vallentin A - - 2001
Given the importance of intercellular adhesion for many regulatory processes, we have investigated the control of protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) targeting to the cell-cell contacts. We have previously shown that, upon treatment of the pituitary cell line GH3B6 with thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), human PKCalpha (hPKCalpha) ...
Mishima K - - 2001
The sympathetic nervous system has been indicated to influence the severity of inflammatory disease including rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we elucidated the effects of catecholamine on the synovial cell populations. Stimulation with epinephrine or norepinephrine for 1-2 weeks dose- and time-dependently increased the number of synovial A (macrophage-like) cells ...
Fukata M - - 2001
We have previously proposed that IQGAP1, an effector of Rac1 and Cdc42, negatively regulates cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion by interacting with beta-catenin and by causing the dissociation of alpha-catenin from cadherin-beta-catenin-alpha-catenin complexes and that activated Rac1 and Cdc42 positively regulate cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion by inhibiting the interaction of IQGAP1 with beta-catenin. ...
Ferrer I - - 2001
Methylazoximethanol (MAM) acetate-induced cell death in the external granule cell layer of the developing cerebellum affects clusters of cells with morphological features of apoptosis. This is accompanied by selective induction of active caspase-3 expression and increased c-Jun/AP-1 (N) immunoreactivity in dying cells, as revealed with immunohistochemistry. Since the antibody to ...
Kanamasa K - - 2001
Thrombus formation is a key component of the pathogenesis of restenosis after arterial balloon injury. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intimal hyperplasia could be attenuated by infusion of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Forty-two Kurosawa and Kusanagi hypercholesterolemic rabbits were divided into tPA (n = 20) ...
Biçaku E - - 2001
Transmission electron microscopy and immunogold labeling were used to determine how PKC-betaII is localized at stages in the cell cycle of the human glioma cell line U-373MG. Results show that immunogold particles in both dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and calphostin C (0.5 microM)-treated cells were mainly located in the cytoplasm. The concentration ...
Basu A - - 2001
We have compared several breast cancer cell lines that differ in their responsiveness to TNF to determine the involvement of PKC isozymes in regulating sensitivity of breast cancer cells to TNF. While MCF-7 and BT-20 cells were responsive to TNF without any metabolic inhibitors, CAMA-1 and SKBR-3 cells responded to ...
Kawasaki A - - 2001
During the late phase of megakaryopoiesis, megakaryocytes undergo polyploidization, which is characterized by DNA duplication without concomitant cell division. However, it remains unknown by which mechanisms this process occurs. AIM-1 and STK15 belong to the Aurora/increase-in-ploidy (Ipl)1 serine/threonine kinase family and play key roles in mitosis. In a human interleukin-3-dependent ...
Oh Y J - - 2001
Soybeans are major dietary sources of saponins, which have been suggested as possible anticarcinogens. This study was performed to determine the effect of soybean saponins on cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. HT-29 cells were incubated in various concentrations of saponins for 24, 48, and 72 ...
Lemansky P - - 2001
Human promonocytes U937 synthesize lysozyme and retain approximately one third of it within lysosomes. Lysozyme is not glycosylated; thus, it cannot be subject to mannose-6-phosphate-dependent targeting to lysosomes. It is a basic protein with a pI of 10.5 and is known to interact with negatively charged macromolecules like proteoglycans. Therefore, ...
Kobayashi M - - 2001
Treatment of [3H]-choline- or [14C]-ethanolamine-labelled undifferentiated bipolar and differentiated multipolar CG-4 line oligodendrocytes with 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) to activate protein kinase C stimulated the release of choline or ethanolamine metabolites to the medium over controls. Ro31-8220, a PKC inhibitor, reduced TPA-stimulated release of choline- and ethanolamine-metabolites to basal levels. TPA ...
Lee M C - - 2000
Our previous studies have demonstrated that myoepithelial cells, which surround incipient carcinomas in situ of the breast and other organs, exert antiinvasive and antiangiogenic effects in vitro through the elaboration of a number of different suppressor molecules among which include the shed membrane CD44. The present study addresses the mechanism ...
Hampe W - - 2000
The single transmembrane receptor SorLA is the mammalian orthologue of the head activator-binding protein, HAB, from hydra. The human neuronal precursor cell line NT2 and the neuroendocrine cell line BON produce head activator (HA) and respond to HA by entry into mitosis and cell proliferation. They express SorLA, and bind ...
Noti J D - - 2000
Overexpression of protein kinase C-alpha in MCF-7 breast cancer cells (MCF-7-PKC-alpha cells) results in anchorage-independent growth and increased tumorigenicity of these cells in nude mice. MCF-7-PKC-alpha cells, unlike their parental MCF-7 cells, are sensitized to apoptosis by phorbol esters. When adhered to osteopontin, a bone matrix protein, MCF-7-PKC-alpha cells were ...
Wang H - - 2000
Cell-surface binding by natural antibody (NAb) places it well for controlling cell function directly through signalling. Flow cytometry revealed an instability of syngeneic NAb binding to C3H 10T1/2 fibroblast variants at 37 degrees, which could be partially reduced by H7, an inhibitor of the pivotal signalling serine/threonine kinase, protein kinase ...
Hamroun D - - 2000
The study reported here characterizes the presence both of endothelin (ET) receptors and of a synthesizing ET apparatus in the human neuroblastoma SK-SY5Y cell line. We demonstrated, using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), that these cells bound [125I]ET-1. The potency order of ET analogs to inhibit [125I]ET-1 binding was ...
Carlin S - - 2000
We hypothesized that an atypical isoform of protein kinase (PK) C, PKC-zeta, is essential for proliferation of human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells in primary culture. Recombinant replication-deficient E1-deleted adenoviruses (100 plaque-forming units [pfu]/cell) expressing the antisense of PKC-zeta and the wild-type PKC-zeta (Ad-CMV-PKC-zeta) were added to actively growing cells ...
Wyatt T A - - 2000
Previously, we have found that acetaldehyde, a volatile component of cigarette smoke, stimulates the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway and inhibits ciliary motility. A "smokeless" cigarette (Eclipse) now exists in which most of the tobacco is not burned, reducing the pyrolyzed components in the extract. We hypothesized that acetaldehyde is ...
Thorsen V A - - 2000
The C3H/10T1/2 Cl8 HAbetaC2-1 cells used in this study express a peptide with a sequence shown to bind receptor for activated C-kinase (RACK1) and inhibit cPKC-mediated cell functions. Phorbol myristoyl acetate (PMA) strongly stimulated phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho)-specific phospholipase D (PLD) activity in the C3H/10T1/2 Cl8 parental cell line, but not in ...
Pasqualetto V - - 2000
We previously showed that HL 60 leukemia cells exhibit various changes in their cellular glycans after phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) treatment. These changes could originate largely from changes in one or several glycosyltransferases. In this report, we show using enzymatic measures, fluorescence microscopy, immunoblotting and Northern blot that beta-(1 --> ...
Battle T - - 2000
A new cell line was derived from primary culture of rat choroid plexus (RCP) by immortalization with the TSOri minus adenovirus. The selected clone expressed vasopressin V1a receptors at a density of 64,000 sites per cell, and a K(d) of 7.2 nM. Addition of vasopressin to the RCP cells induced ...
Felix J A - - 2000
Microgravity has been shown to alter protein kinase C (PKC) activity; therefore, we investigated whether microgravity influences mechanically stimulated Ca(2+) signaling and ATP-induced Ca(2+) oscillations, both of which are modulated by PKC. Rabbit tracheal epithelial outgrowth cultures or suspended epithelial sheets were rotated in bioreactors to simulate microgravity. Mechanical stimulation ...
Hussaini I M - - 2000
Protein kinase C (PKC) activation has been implicated in cellular proliferation in neoplastic astrocytes. The roles for specific PKC isozymes in regulating this glial response, however, are not well understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the expression of PKC isozymes and the role of PKC-eta expression in ...
Guarneri P - - 2000
Pregnenolone, the precursor of all steroids, is synthesized by CNS structures. The synthesis requires an obligatory step involving cholesterol transport to mitochondrial cytochrome P450-cholesterol side chain cleavage (cytP450scc), although the underlying mechanism(s) are still mostly unknown. We used the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line to investigate cytP450scc expression and activity ...
Kwon T K - - 2000
The molecular mechanism underlying protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated cell cycle arrest is poorly understood. We undertook to characterize phorbol ester-activated PKC-mediated cell cycle arrest. Treatment with phorbol ester inhibited cell growth of human histiocytic lymphoma U937 cells with 83% of the cells arrested in G1 phase. Reduced activity of cdk2 ...
So H S - - 2000
Samultang has been traditionally used for treatment of ischemic heart and brain diseases in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which Samultang rescues the myocardial and neuronal cells from ischemic damage. This study was designed to evaluate whether the water extract of Samultang may modulate the ...
Folgueira M A - - 2000
A close correlation between vitamin D receptor (VDR) abundance and cell proliferation rate has been shown in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts, MCF-7 breast cancer and in HL-60 myeloblastic cells. We have now determined if this association occurs in other leukemic cell lines, U937 and K562, and if VDR content is related to ...
Cristancho J M - - 2000
Determination of the junctional conductance (g(j)) in TM3 Leydig cells by the dual whole cell patch clamp technique (DWCPC) shows that coupling undergoes a rapid and irreversible run down. Addition of ATP or cAMP derivatives to the pipette solution has been shown to prevent this phenomenon in several tissues, but ...
Fitzgerald U - - 2000
A number of human endothelial cell lines from umbilical cord cells (HUVECs) have been generated by transfection with SV40 large T and small t antigen sequences. Comparison of these lines with primary cultures of HUVECs has been carried out by monitoring the expression of a number of endothelial cell markers ...
Moriarty P - - 2000
Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in both the physiological and pathophysiological processes in the retina and plays an important role in signal transduction. The aim of this study was to determine the PKC isoenzyme profile in three retinal cell types in culture, namely RPE cells, pericytes and retinal microvascular ...
Hill R M - - 2000
Two cDNAs encoding the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) neuroserpin were cloned from a rat pituitary cDNA library (rNS-1, 2922 bp; rNS-2, 1599 bp). In situ hybridization histochemistry showed neuroserpin transcripts in the intermediate, anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary gland and medullary cells in the adrenal gland. Expression of ...
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