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Results 151 - 200 of 1021
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Nakashima Takuji - - 2005
Recently we discovered a bacterial strain (MS-02-063) that produces large amounts of red pigment (PG-L-1). Among the cell lines tested, U937 cells showed the highest susceptibility to PG-L-1 toxicity. PG-L-1 induced typical apoptotic nuclear morphological changes, and single cell gel electrophoresis revealed that PG-L-1 caused DNA fragmentation in U937 cells. ...
Urso L - - 2005
We investigated the effects of cisplatin (cisPt) in normal PC Cl3 and in transformed and tumourigenic PC E1Araf cells. cisPt cytotoxicity was higher in PC Cl3 than in PC E1Araf cells. In both cell lines, cisPt provoked the ERK1/2 phosphorylation; this was unaltered by Gö6976, a conventional PKC inhibitor, whilst ...
Yuan Ya-wei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate protein kinase C (PKC) expression and its association with multidrug resistance (MDR) in KBV200 cells. METHODS: KBV200 cells were preincubated with PKC activator phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA, 200 nmol/L) and PKC activity was assayed by measurement of peptide substrate (32)P incorporation from [gamma-(32)P]ATP, with the cells without PMA preincubation ...
Yamagata Toshiyuki - - 2005
Although the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays an important role in the modulation of alveolar liquid clearance, the precise mechanism of its regulation in alveolar epithelial cells is still under investigation. Protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to alter ENaC expression and activity in renal epithelial cells, but ...
Harnacke Katja - - 2005
Aggressive tumor developing human TUR myeloid leukemia cells continued cell cycle progression in the presence of the differentiation-inducing phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Similar results were obtained after stable transfection of TUR cells with the pTracer control vector (pTracer TUR cells). In contrast, TUR transfectants containing a constitutively active poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 ...
Sun Hua - - 2005
AIM: To study the potential chemopreventive effect of dimethyl dicarboxylate biphenyl (DDB), an anti-hepatitis drug, on hepatocarcinogenesis in vitro. METHODS: The anti-carcinogenesis effect of DDB was assessed on a two-stage chemical oncogenesis model induced by 3-methylcholanthrene and 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) with WB-F344 rat liver epithelial cells (WB-F344 cells) in ...
Chakraborti Tapati - - 2005
We sought to determine the roles of PKCalpha and G(i)alpha in regulating cPLA(2) activity in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cell membrane under peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) stimulation. Treatment of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells with ONOO(-) markedly stimulates the cell membrane associated protease activity, protein kinase C (PKC) activity, phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) ...
Russell C - - 2005
It is well established that protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are involved in the proliferation of glioma cells. However, reports differ on which PKC isozymes are responsible for glioma proliferation. As a means to further elucidate this, the objectives of our research were to determine how inhibition of PKC-alpha, PKC-beta ...
Zierler Susanna - - 2005
In microglial cells, activation of ion channels and ion transporters is associated with the transformation from an amoeboid to a ramified phenotype and vice versa. In the present study, we evaluated the contributions of protein kinase C (PKC) activity and ion conductance to the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-dependent ramification in ...
Li Yu-Ching - - 2005
Many arylamine and hydrazine drugs are acetylated by cytosolic N-acetyltransferase (NAT). The human promyelocytic leukemia cell line (HL-60) has been shown to acetylate arylamine and contain NAT activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not baicalein could affect N-acetylation of 2-aminofluorene (AF) in HL-60 cells. Acetylated ...
Jiang Pei-Zhou - - 2005
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy with high incidence in Southern China and South-East Asia. Etiology studies indicate that chemical carcinogen promoters, such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), are important factors causing NPC development. However, the mechanism of the TPA effect on NPC remains unclear. In the present study, cells from a ...
Rucks Elizabeth A - - 2005
Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoS is a type III-secreted type III-secreted, bifunctional protein that causes diverse effects on eukaryotic cell function. The coculture of P. aeruginosa strains expressing ExoS with HL-60 myeloid cells revealed the cell line to be resistant to the toxic effects of ExoS. Differentiation of HL-60 cells with phorbol ...
Makagiansar Irwan T - - 2004
Protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha phosphorylation of recombinant NG2 cytoplasmic domain and phorbol ester-induced PKC-dependent phosphorylation of full-length NG2 expressed in U251 cells are both blocked by mutation of Thr(2256), identifying this residue as a primary phosphorylation site. In untreated U251/NG2 cells, NG2 is present along with ezrin and alpha(3)beta(1) integrin ...
Congote Luis Fernando - - 2004
C26, the C-terminal 26 residue peptide of serpin A1, significantly increased cell proliferation in cultures of hepatoma cells, but not in porcine kidney epithelial cells, human skin fibroblasts or keratinocytes. The mitogenic activity of C26 was preferentially inhibited with a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, an antibody against CD47 and ...
Seiler Nikolaus - - 2004
When SW620 colon cancer-derived metastatic cells were exposed to nanomolar concentrations of Taxol, colchicine or (Z)-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene (R3), huge aneuploid, polynuclear cells survived the treatment. These cells released considerable amounts of the matrix metalloproteinase matrilysin (MMP-7), and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) into the surrounding culture medium. MMP-7, and other proteolytic enzymes ...
Plachinta Roman V - - 2004
Volatile anesthetic pretreatment protects the vasculature from inflammation-induced injury via mechanisms involving the activation of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels and/or protein kinase C (PKC). Therefore, we hypothesized that K(ATP) and PKC agonists may mimic the protective effects of volatile anesthetics in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, rat vascular ...
Rael Leonard T - - 2004
Although N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA) has been shown to be important to myelin synthesis and osmotic regulation, the biological rationale for the high levels of NAA found in the brain remains unknown. Here, a human astroglial cell line (STTG) was treated with NAA and stimulated with ionomycin, ionomycin/PMA, or IL-1beta. PGE(2) levels ...
Kolb Todd M - - 2004
Loss of tumor suppressor function dramatically alters the cellular response to chemicals. The phorbol ester tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), stimulates cell proliferation through rapid activation of protein kinase C (PKC), followed by gradual degradation of the kinase. TPA also activates the GTPase Rap1 in some cell types. The tumor ...
Krasagakis Konstantin - - 2004
Exponential proliferation of human melanoma cells has been associated with low levels of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha. The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional relationship between PKC-alpha and melanoma cell proliferation. Treatment of human melanoma cells with the selective PKC inhibitor Ro-31-8220 resulted in a significant ...
Chakraborti Sajal - - 2004
Treatment of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells with the calcium ionophore, A23187, stimulates the cell membrane associated protease activity, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity, and arachidonic acid (AA) release from the cells. Pretreatment of the cells with arachidonyl-trifluomethylketone (AACOCF3), a cPLA2 inhibitor, but not bromoenollactone (BEL), a iPLA2 inhibitor, prevents A23187 ...
Heckman C A - - 2004
During long-term culture, certain lines become neoplastic while accumulating changes in cell shape. Early and late cell populations have characteristic shape phenotypes that have been quantified by computerized assay. Phenotypes are determined from variables describing three-dimensional aspects of the subcellular distribution of mass. The features of cells can be recognized ...
Shafer Shulamith H - - 2004
Although muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) regulate proliferation in many cell types, the signaling pathways involved are unclear. The participation of the small GTPases Rac1 and RhoA in M(3) mAChR-mediated inhibition of proliferation was investigated by activating M(3) mAChRs stably transfected in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably coexpressing hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged wild-type ...
Sasaki Norihiko - - 2004
Extravasation of peripheral blood monocytes through vascular basement membranes requires degradation of extracellular matrix components including heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). Heparanase, the heparan sulfate-specific endo-beta-glucuronidase, has previously been shown to be a key enzyme in melanoma invasion, yet its involvement in monocyte extravasation has not been elucidated. We examined a ...
Brzóska Edyta - - 2004
Satellite cells (myogenic stem cells) dissociated from adult muscle tissue proliferate, fuse and form multinucleate myotubes when placed in culture. This study focused on the role of talin distribution during the differentiation of satellite cells. Talin plays a key role in anchoring actin filaments to integrins as well as to ...
Makuc Jana - - 2004
Human bladder urothelium is able to secrete tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA). The aim of our study was to analyse localisation of tPA antigen in comparison to differentiation state of cells in samples of histologically normal urothelium and non-invasive tumours of the human urinary bladder. Twenty-five samples of normal urothelium and ...
Hahn Michael A - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of PKC in Bcl-2 protection against serum withdrawal-induced apoptosis in PC-12 cells. Human Bcl-2 was overexpressed in PC-12 cells and was found to totally inhibit serum withdrawal-induced apoptosis. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) could induce cell death in PC-12 cells that overexpressed ...
Boyan Barbara D - - 2003
1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) regulates rat growth plate chondrocytes via nuclear vitamin D receptor (1,25-nVDR) and membrane VDR (1,25-mVDR) mechanisms. To assess the relationship between the receptors, we examined the membrane response to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) in costochondral cartilage cells from wild type VDR(+/+) and VDR(-/-) mice, the latter lacking the 1,25-nVDR and exhibiting type ...
Geeraert Virginie - - 2003
Actin is a major substrate for protein kinase C (PKC) and PKC is considered a modulator of the actin network. In addition in vitro studies (Biochemistry 39 (2000) 271) have suggested that all PKC isoforms bind to actin during the process of activation of the enzyme. To test the physiological ...
Ye Xiao-Feng - - 2003
AIM: To investigate and determine the mechanism and signal pathway of tetradecanoylphorbol-1, 3-acetate (TPA) in degradation of RXRalpha. METHODS: Gastric cancer cell line, BGC-823 was used in the experiments. The expression level of RXRalpha protein was detected by Western blot. Nuclear and cytoplasmic protein fractions were prepared through lysis of ...
Kruger Joseph S - - 2003
Elevated levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are predictive of increased invasion and metastasis in many human cancers. In the present study, we have shown that two distinct pathways regulate cell migration in EGFR-overexpressing invasive cells such as MDA 468 breast cancer cells: mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK or ERK ...
Gauthier Mona L - - 2003
Previous work has shown that phorbol esters modulate chemotaxis. Here, we demonstrate that PKC activation via phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells inhibits EGF-induced cell spreading, the initial event of motility and chemotaxis. Of five PKC isoforms (alpha,iota,lambda,delta,and epsilon) identified in this cell line, PMA treatment only induced ...
Cerbón Jorge - - 2003
We have investigated the effects of inhibiting sphingomyelin (SM) biosynthesis on cellular diacylglycerol (DAG) content and protein kinase C (PKC) activation during growth initiation in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. We utilized beta-chloroalanine (BCA) to inactivate serine C -palmitoyltransferase, the first enzyme in the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway. This inactivation prevented growth, ...
Goytia-Acevedo Raquel C - - 2003
This study examined the effects of sodium arsenite treatment on free [Ca(2+)]i and cell death in mitogen-activated murine lymphocytes. The main findings of this study were that simultaneous sodium arsenite treatment inhibited PHA- but not Con A-induced T cell proliferation, induced a higher increase in free [Ca(2+)]i and an early ...
Ali Shadan - - 2003
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The interaction between the PKC modulator bryostatin 1 (BRYO), and gemcitabine in human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and in the non-transformed MCF-10A human breast epithelial cells was investigated. Immunoblotting was used to determine the ...
Yakushiji Kentaro - - 2003
We have established a C2-ceramide-resistant HL-60 subline (HL-CR). HL-CR cells were resistant not only to C2-ceramide but also to various anticancer drugs. HL-CR cells did not respond to differentiation-inducing reagents including 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), retinoic acid, and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). TPA induced apoptosis in HL-CR cells much slower than in parental HL-60 ...
Gaté Laurent - - 2003
Glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi; EC 2.5.1.18) has been shown recently to be a regulator of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). We have developed, by chronic exposure of HL60 cells to increasing concentrations of a peptidomimetic GSTpi inhibitor TLK199, a 10-fold resistant cell line (HL60/TLK199). Among the cellular adaptations observed in this ...
Tanaka Yoshinari - - 2002
Nectin is a Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecule implicated in the organization of the junctional complex comprised of E-cadherin-based adherens junctions and claudin-based tight junctions in epithelial cells. Scatter factor (SF)/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a tumor-promoting phorbol ester, induce cell spreading, followed by cell-cell dissociation and cell ...
Hiraki Akimitsu - - 2002
Cultivation of human parotid glands in serum-free medium (Ca(2+) concentration, 0.2 mM) with growth supplements resulted in isolation of a homogeneous population of epithelial cells without any mesenchymal cells. The isolated cells showed an undifferentiated phenotype with scant cytoplasmic organelles, and low levels of alpha-amylase expression. The cells remained viable ...
Matheson Loren A - - 2002
The prominent cell type found on implanted medical devices during the chronic inflammatory response is the monocyte-derived macrophage (MDM). Using an activated in vitro cell system, it was possible to show that MDMs possess esterolytic activities that may contribute to the degradation of polyurethanes. In the present study, the U937 ...
Nayeem Mohammed A - - 2002
This study examined the hypothesis that the activation of A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR) induces delayed cellular protection (DCP) in porcine coronary smooth muscle cells (PCSMC). The following groups of cultured PCSMC, subjected to simulated ischemia (SI) at 20 h were studied: (a) SI: with ischemia alone; (b) A1AR agonist chloro-N6-cyclopentyl ...
Yoshida Shinobu - - 2002
To elucidate the biological differences in neural phenotype between malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) and neuroblastoma cell lines, we examined the expression of solube N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex proteins in MRT cell lines under differentiation induction with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Six MRT cell lines (TM87-16, STM91-01, TTC642, TTC549, ...
Meinhardt Gerold - - 2002
Modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) activity has been demonstrated to either prevent or enhance drug-induced apoptosis in various tissue types. We tested four novel modulators of PKC activity in comparison to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) for the capability to affect differentiation, cell cycle progression and apoptosis in the ...
Peng Ze - - 2002
Downregulation of protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) following long-term exposure to phorbol esters such as TPA is traffic dependent and involves delivery of the active, membrane-associated PKCalpha to endosomes. In this study, we show that synaptotagmin II (Syt II), a member of the Syt family of proteins, is required for TPA-induced ...
McGarvey Terence W - - 2002
Given a role for the deregulation of p21WAF1 in the progression of bladder tumors, we examined the growth of cultured urothelial cells from wild-type and p21WAF1 null bladders. Bladders were excised, minced from euthanized p21WAF1 and wild-type mice, treated overnight with dispase, and then placed into flasks coated with collagen ...
Han Ying - - 2002
AIM:To investigate the expression and function of classical protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes in inducing MDR phenotype in gastric cancer cells. METHODS: Two cell lines were used in the study: gastric cancer cell SGC7901 and its drug-resistant cell SGC7901/VCR stepwise-selected by vincristine 0.3, 0.7 and 1.0 mg.L(-1), respectively. The expression ...
Kim Ha Won - - 2002
Epithelial xanthine oxidase (XOD) is one of the major enzymes responsible for superoxide (O(2)(-)) generation, which is involved in oxidative stress. However, there are few known reports of a convenient bioassay to detect cellular XOD activity. We tested several cell lines, and found that AS52, from Chinese hamster ovary cells, ...
Chabot Sophie - - 2002
Ecalectin/galectin-9 was recently described as a novel eosinophil chemoattractant highly expressed in immune tissues. We investigated the regulation of galectin-9 expression and release in Jurkat (a T cell line) cells. We demonstrated that medium and long-sized galectin-9 isoforms were constitutively expressed, and phorbol 12-myriastate 13-acetate (PMA) upregulated the level of ...
Richards Jeanette A - - 2002
Aromatase (estrogen synthase) is the cytochrome P450 enzyme complex that converts C(19) androgens to C(18) estrogens. Aromatase activity has been demonstrated in breast tissue in vitro, and expression of aromatase is highest in or near breast tumor sites. Thus, local regulation of aromatase by both endogenous factors as well as ...
Negoro Takaharu - - 2002
Among the eight inbred mouse strains employed in our preceding report, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) painting alone induced CD4+ regulatory T (Tr) cells in four strains (e.g., C3H/He) at 6-8 weeks of age, but not in the remaining strains (e.g., C57BL/6, BALB/c). In the present study, the effect of growth from ...
Prudovsky Igor - - 2002
Macrophage-like development of myeloid leukemia cells which can be induced by agents such as phorbol esters (TPA) is accompanied by integrin expression and cell adhesion. Thus, in differentiating myeloid leukemia cells CD11b is predominantly expressed which can associate with CD18 to form the functional heterodimeric integrin Mac-1. To elucidate the ...
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