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Results 101 - 150 of 1021
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Daniels Candelaria C - - 2008
Walleye dermal sarcoma virus is a complex retrovirus that is associated with walleye dermal sarcomas that are seasonal in nature. Fall developing tumors contain low levels of spliced accessory gene transcripts A and B, suggesting a role for the encoded proteins, Orf A and Orf B, in oncogenesis. In explanted ...
Löber Kristin - - 2008
The human mast cell line (HMC-1(560)) was used to study the effects of tyrosine kinase (TyrK) inhibition on histamine release in consequence of intracellular Ca2+ or pH changes. This is important since the TyrK inhibitor STI571 (Glivec) inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in HMC-1(560). HMC-1(560) cells have a mutation in ...
Rock Nathan - - 2008
Irreversible loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is a major clinical issue in glaucoma, but the mechanisms that lead to RGC death are currently unclear. We have previously reported that elevated levels of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) cause the death of RGCs in vivo and ...
Löber Kristin - - 2008
The human mast cell line (HMC-1(560, 816)) was used to study the effect of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI571 (Glivec) on exocytosis, intracellular Ca(2+) and pH changes, because STI571 inhibits the proliferation of HMC-1(560) and induces its apoptosis. This drug does not have these effects on HMC-1(560, 816). Exocytosis in ...
Patel R - - 2008
Atypical protein kinase C-iota (PKC-iota) protects cells against apoptosis and may play a role in cell proliferation. However, in vivo, the status and function of PKC-iota in human normal brain tissue, gliomas, benign and malignant meningiomas as well as its in vitro status in proliferating and confluent glioma cells, remains ...
Sazonova Olga - - 2008
Kidney collecting duct principal cells are the main source of stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) production and secretion. From there, the hormone targets thick ascending limb and distal convoluted tubule cells, as well as collecting duct cells. More specifically, STC-1 targets their mitochondria to exert putative antiapoptotic effects. Two distal tubule cell lines ...
Walid Elfalleh
We applied a subcellular fractionation of three cell lines (HEL, K562 and Jurkat). This technique based on successive centrifugation allows as to obtain three fractions; Cytosolic Fraction (FC), Membranous Fraction (FM) and Cytoskeletic Fraction (FX). The purpose of this study was to characterize the isoforms translocation and properties of PKC ...
Jerde Travis J - - 2008
Prostanoid synthesis via cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 induction during urothelial stretch is central to nociception, inflammation, contractility, and proliferation caused by urinary tract obstruction. We used our primary human urothelial cell stretch model published previously to evaluate the signaling mechanisms responsible for stretch-induced COX-2 expression in urothelial cells. To determine intracytosolic calcium ...
Oliva Jose L - - 2008
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been widely implicated in positive and negative control of cell proliferation. We have recently shown that treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) during G1 phase inhibits the progression into S phase, an effect mediated by PKC delta-induced up-regulation ...
Sroka Jolanta - - 2007
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: TrxR (thioredoxin reductase), in addition to protecting against oxidative stress, plays a role in the redox regulation of intracellular signalling pathways controlling, among others, cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether TrxR1 is involved in the regulation of cell migration. RESULTS: ...
Shahabi Nahid A - - 2008
Stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1alpha) is the exclusive ligand for the chemokine receptor CXCR4. This receptor plays a pivotal role in immune responses, the pathogenesis of infection such as HIV, and cellular trafficking. However, the signaling mechanisms regulating SDF-driven T cell migration are not well defined. In this study, we ...
Yoshihara Ritsuko - - 2007
A two-step culture system was used to investigate the role of chondroitin sulfate (CS) B, which is mitogenic to B cells, in differentiation of B cells. Mouse spleen B cells were incubated for 3 days with CSB in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5. After washing, the cells were ...
Vancaeyzeele Cédric - - 2007
We describe the synthesis and characterization of element-encoded polystyrene nanoparticles with diameters on the order of 100 nm and a narrow size distribution. Individual particles contain ca. 10(3) chelated lanthanide ions, of either a single element or a mixture of elements. These particles were effectively internalized by nonspecific endocytosis into ...
Pan Y - - 2007
Propidium monoazide (PMA) and ethidium monoazide were used for enumeration of viable Listeria monocytogenes cells in the presence of dead cells. PMA had no antimicrobial effect on L. monocytogenes. Viable cell counts were linearly related to real-time PCR threshold cycle values for PMA-treated cells from planktonic and biofilm sources over ...
Kolset Svein Olav - - 2008
The human monocytic cell line U-937 has been widely used as a model system for human monocytes. The subclone U-937-B has been adapted to serum-free conditions. This particular U-937 clone and its parent clone U-937-1 were used to investigate the role of the proteoglycan serglycin in human monocytes. For this ...
Yoshida Keiichiro - - 2007
We established a mesenchymal stem cell clone, 5F9A, from rat bone marrow substrate adherent cells by repeated limiting dilutions. The cells have a fibroblastic shape and form intimate contacts with adjacent cells with interdigitations and junctions similar to adherence and tight junctions in a semi-confluent culture. Analysis of the phenotypes ...
Kanda I - - 2008
Epithelial cell scattering recapitulates the first steps of carcinoma invasion/metastasis. While the balance between cell-cell adhesive activity and cell motility ultimately determines this process, its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Adherence junctions and tight junctions (TJs) are primarily responsible for cell-cell adhesive activity and subjected to dynamic remodeling. We previously showed ...
Guo Jian - - 2007
Our previous studies have demonstrated that tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA) might be involved in matrix degradation of blood-testis barrier in rat. In this study, we have further investigated the effect of testosterone (T) on tPA production in rat Sertoli cells. Our results showed that Sertoli cells isolated from rat ...
Coates, Leigh Carol
Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. Serpins (serine protease inhibitors) are a superfamily of over 500 proteins that are expressed in many organisms. Serpins inhibit serine proteases by a unique mechanism that results in the cleavage of the serpin and ...
Woster Andrew P - - 2007
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists are known to inhibit select pro-inflammatory changes in models of CNS and systemic inflammation. Recent reports suggest that these anti-inflammatory effects are due to mechanisms other than canonical nuclear receptor-mediated transcriptional alteration. Using primary microglia and the monocytic cell line, THP-1, we demonstrate that ...
Bellon Alfredo - - 2007
Melatonin increases neurite formation in N1E-115 cells through microtubule enlargement elicited by calmodulin antagonism and vimentin intermediate filament reorganization caused by protein kinase C (PKC) activation. Microfilament rearrangement is also a necessary process in growth cone formation during neurite outgrowth. In this work, we studied the effect of melatonin on ...
Harvey Ronée - - 2007
Although previous studies have indicated that elevated levels of the tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) associate with the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), it was unclear whether these proteases directly cause cell death. With the use of a transformed and undifferentiated retinal ganglion cell ...
Sprowl Jason A - - 2007
Expression of bovine PKCalpha in Saccharomyces cerevisiae results in growth inhibition, which is strongly augmented upon addition of phorbol esters. To investigate the nature of this PKC-induced inhibition of cell growth, wildtype and bovine PKCalpha-expressing yeast cells were examined by flow cytometry and by fluorescence microscopy after staining with propidium ...
Wang Shiow Y - - 2007
Fruit of deerberry [Vaccinium stamineum L.] were evaluated for their antioxidant capacity and anticancer properties in JB6 P (+) mouse epidermal cells, human lung and leukemia cells. Deerberries contain potent free radical scavenging activities. Pretreatment of JB6 P (+) mouse epidermal cells with deerberry fruit extracts produced an inhibition on ...
Rekus, Martin T.
HaCaT, a human spontaneously immortalized keratinocyte cell line, is routinely cultured in serum-containing medium. This study established in vitro culture of HaCaT cells in serum-free medium containing MCDB 153 with supplements. Growth and differentiation characteristics were analyzed by cell enumeration, clonal growth assays, flow cytometry, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, an apoptosis ...
Loitto Vesa M - - 2007
Understanding filopodial formation in motile cells is a pertinent task in cell biology. In the present study we show that expression of the human water channel aquaporin-9 (AQP9) in different cell lines induces the formation of numerous filopodial extensions. Several lines of evidence support the role of aquaporins functioning both ...
Oh Mi-Kyung - - 2007
Haptoglobin (Hp) is a glycoprotein that is produced by hepatic cells and secreted into the circulation. While studying the physiologic functions of Hp, we found that Hp synthesized in THP-1 monocytic cells was largely retained within cells, although Hp is considered a secretory protein. To investigate the molecular mechanism on ...
Selle Astrid - - 2007
Long-term culture of phorbol ester (TPA)-differentiated and growth-arrested human U937 leukemia cells was associated with expression of c-jun transcription factors and vimentin intermediate filaments until the cells entered a retrodifferentiation program. This retrodifferentiation process revealed a reversion of the senecent differentiated cells back to undifferentiated and proliferative active young cells. ...
Elnakat, Hala
FR quantitatively recycles, within minutes, between the cell surface and endocytic compartments via a Cdc42-regulated endocytic pathway. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which FR recycling is regulated by PMA since its effects on physiological processes are known to stimulate cell signaling through the second messenger diacylglycerol. ...
Leotlela P D - - 2007
Serial analysis of gene expression followed by pathway analysis implicated the tight junction protein claudin-1 (CLDN1) in melanoma progression. Tight junction proteins regulate the paracellular transport of molecules, but staining of a tissue microarray revealed that claudin-1 was overexpressed in melanoma, and aberrantly expressed in the cytoplasm of malignant cells, ...
Vallentin Alice - - 2007
RBCK1 (RBCC protein interacting with PKC 1) has originally been identified as a protein kinase CbetaI (PKCbetaI)-binding partner by a two-hybrid screen and as one of the gene transcripts that increases during adult cardiac hypertrophy. To address whether RBCK1 and PKCbetaI functions are interconnected, we used cultured neonatal myocytes where ...
Iakoubov Roman - - 2007
Long-chain, monounsaturated fatty acids (FAs) stimulate secretion of the incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) from the intestinal L cell. Because the atypical protein kinase C (PKC), PKCzeta, is involved in FA signaling in many cells, the role of PKCzeta in FA-induced GLP-1 secretion was investigated, using the murine GLUTag L ...
Kim Hyoung Jin - - 2006
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was produced in ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC) cells by introducing the tPA gene into OTC cells. OTC cells were originally derived from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and express the first two enzymes of the urea cycle, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I (CPS I) and OTC. To investigate ...
Lin Ching-Tai - - 2006
Phorbol ester was known to activate protein kinase C (PKC) and exert numerous cellular effects, including proliferation, apoptosis, and oncogenic transformation. How phorbol ester stimulates both apoptosis and tumor promotion is not clear. Here DNA mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient human colon cancer cells (DLD-1+Ch2; hMSH6+) treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) undergo rapid ...
Varani, James
A number of factors have been identified which are chemotactic for tumor cells. Recent studies have shown that, in addition to inducing directional motility in the Boyden chamber assay, these factors also induce a number of other responses. Included among these responses are cell swelling and foreign surface adhesiveness. The ...
Batchev, Alexander C.
Phorbol ester binding was examined in two lines of murine fibrosarcoma cells. The two cell lines were isolated from the same parent tumor but respond differentially to stimulation with phorbol esters. In one of the lines, these agents stimulate a rapid attachment and spreading response and induce directional migration. The ...
Dutton Roshni L - - 2006
A Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO1-15(500), producing recombinant human tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA) via the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) amplification system, was studied in batch culture. In this system both DHFR and tPA are under the control of the strong constitutive viral SV40 early promoter. Employing the cumulative viable ...
Hemström Therese H TH Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2006
Non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLC) are more resistant to anticancer treatment as compared with other types of cancer cells. Recently (Hemström et al., Exp Cell Res 2005;305:200-13) we showed that apoptosis of U1810 NSCLC cells induced by the staurosporine analog PKC 412 correlated with inhibition of Akt and ERK1/2, ...
Tzircotis G - - 2006
Cancer progression is associated with enhanced directional cell migration, both of the tumour cells invading into the stroma and stromal cells infiltrating the tumour site. In cell-based assays to study directional cell migration, phorbol esters are frequently used as a chemotactic agent. However, the molecular mechanism by which these activators ...
Tatsumi Yasuaki - - 2006
Paxillin is a substrate of the Src tyrosine onco-kinase and is involved in cell transformation, cell spreading, migration, and cancer development mediated through the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascades. Here, we showed that paxillin plays a key role in skin cell transformation induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate ...
Furness John B - - 2006
In many organs, different protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms are expressed in specific cell types, suggesting that the different PKCs have cell-specific roles, and also that drugs acting on a particular PKC may have effects on the whole organ that are distinguishable from drugs that target other isoforms. Previous studies ...
Kim Wan-Young - - 2006
Recent studies of the distribution of PKC isoenzymes in the mouse kidney demonstrated that PKC-alpha, -beta(I), and -delta are expressed in intercalated cells. The purpose of this study was to identify the intercalated cell subtypes that express the different PKC isoenzymes and determine the location of the PKC isoenzymes within ...
Lossdörfer S - - 2006
Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells exhibit several osteoblastic traits and are parathyroid hormone (PTH)-responsive providing evidence for a role of these cells in dental hard-tissue repair. To examine the hypothesis that PDL cells respond to PTH stimulation with changes in proliferation and apoptotic signaling through independent but convergent signaling pathways, PDL ...
Lin H.,
Long-term exposure of SH-SY5Y human neural cells to retinoic acid (RA) increased the binding of [3H]DAMGO and [3H]DPDPE by up to 3-fold compared to membranes of untreated cells. In contrast, incubation of the cells with phorbol ester (TPA) selectively up-regulated the binding of [3H]DAMGO. RA enhanced the maximal inhibition of ...
Bryan Benjaman A - - 2006
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the latest addition to the long list of human herpesviruses. Reactivation of latent herpesvirus infections is still a mystery. It was demonstrated recently that the phorbol ester TPA was efficient in inducing a reactivation of KSHV infection in the S phase of the cell cycle. ...
Glesne David - - 2006
Many proteins require the binding of trace metals such as Ca, Fe, Cu, or Zn, which may modulate their structure, function, or activity. To determine if there were any overall changes in metalloprotein distribution or metal concentration during the process of macrophage differentiation we induced human myeloid HL-60 leukemia cells ...
Ikewaki Nobunao - - 2006
Human CD93, also known as complement protein 1, q subcomponent, receptor (C1qRp), is selectively expressed by cells with a myeloid lineage, endothelial cells, platelets, and microglia and was originally reported to be involved in the complement protein 1, q subcomponent (C1q)-mediated enhancement of phagocytosis. The intracellular molecular events responsible for ...
Gopinath V K - - 2006
The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in hydroxyapatite (HA)-induced phagocytosis by RAW 264.7 cells was investigated. The cells were incubated with HA particles at various incubation time and the levels of PKC activity were determined from the cell lysate. To determine the role of PKC, particles were incubated with ...
Rozowsky J - - 2006
We have used genomic tiling arrays to identify transcribed regions throughout the human genome. Analysis of the mapping results of RNA isolated from five cell/tissue types, NB4 cells, NB4 cells treated with retinoic acid (RA), NB4 cells treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13 acetate (TPA), neutrophils, and placenta, throughout the ENCODE region reveals ...
Oh Phil-Sun - - 2006
Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) has been used for a long time to cure inflammation in oriental medicine. To evaluate the cytoprotective effects of the UDN glycoprotein, we measured cytotoxicity, the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), nitric oxide (NO) production, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances ...
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