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Abdelrazzak Abdelrazek B AB CRUK/MRC Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus Research Building, Oxford OX3 7DQ, United - - 2011
An important stage in tumorigenesis is the ability of precancerous cells to escape natural anticancer signals. Apoptosis can be selectively induced in transformed cells by neighboring normal cells through cytokine and ROS/RNS signaling. The intercellular induction of apoptosis in transformed cells has previously been found to be enhanced after exposure ...
Dahle Jostein - - 2011
A better understanding of the non-targeted (bystander) effects of radiation may have important implications with regards to radiation risk assessment, radiation protection, and targeted cancer therapy. In the present study, the direct and bystander effects of α-particle irradiation in immortalized human fibroblasts (F11hTERT) and breast cancer cells (MCF-7) was investigated. ...
Kamlah Florentine - - 2011
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy resistance is a commonly encountered problem in cancer treatment. In this regard, stabilization of endothelial cells and release of angiogenic factors by cancer cells contribute to this problem. In this study, we used human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells to compare the effects of carbon ion and X-ray irradiation ...
Wang Ruiyan R Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of intense pulsed light (IPL) irradiation on 8-methoxypsoralen plus ultraviolet-A irradiation (PUVA)-induced senescence of fibroblasts in vitro. Exposure to PUVA may result in stress-induced senescence in fibroblasts. IPL has been widely used to treat photo-aged skin, but the mechanism is ...
Ghosh Somnath - - 2011
Oxygen beams are high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation characterized by higher relative biological effectiveness than low LET radiation. The aim of the current study was to determine the signaling differences between γ- and oxygen ion-irradiation. Activation of various signaling molecules was looked in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells irradiated with ...
Wang Lei - - 2011
It has been proposed that thioredoxin reductase (TR) is a mediator that allows non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to develop resistance to irradiation; however, little is known regarding the detailed mechanisms of action. Thus, ethaselen {1, 2-[bis (1,2-benzisoselenazolone-3 (2H)-ketone)] ethane, BBSKE}, a novel organoselenium TR inhibitor, is currently being investigated ...
Pistorio Ashley L - - 2011
The influence of mast cells upon aberrant wound repair and excessive fibrosis has supportive evidence, but the mechanism for these mast cell activities is unclear. It is proposed that heterocellular gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) between fibroblasts and mast cells directs some fibroblast activities. An in vitro model was used ...
Nagamine Marcia Kazumi - - 2011
Mast cell tumor (MCT) is one of the most prevalent neoplasms that affect skin and soft tissue in dogs. Because mast cell tumors present a great variety of clinical appearance and behavior, their treatment becomes a challenge. Trichostatin A (TSA), an antifungal antibiotic, has shown inhibitory effects on the proliferation ...
Mazucato Vivian Marino - - 2011
The role of the mast cell-specific gangliosides in the modulation of the endocytic pathway of FcεRI was investigated in RBL-2H3 cells and in the ganglioside-deficient cell lines, E5 and D1. MAb BC4, which binds to the α subunit of FcεRI, was used in the analysis of receptor internalization. After incubation ...
Diaconu Nicolae-Costin - - 2011
Increased numbers of mast cells is a typical feature of a variety of human cancers. The major mediators in the secretory granules of the MC(TC) type of mast cells, serine proteinases tryptase and chymase, may be involved in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) lesions by inducing matrix remodeling and epithelial cell ...
Enoksson Mattias - - 2011
In response to cell injury, caused, for example, by trauma, several processes must be initiated simultaneously to achieve an acute inflammatory response designed to prevent sustained tissue damage and infection and to restore and maintain tissue homeostasis. Detecting cell injury is facilitated by the fact that damaged cells release intracellular ...
Saito Kensuke - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of diode (GaAlAs) laser irradiation at an effective energy density of 5 or 20 J/cm(2) on cell growth factor-induced differentiation and proliferation in pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells), and whether those effects were related to activation of the p38 pathway. Laser irradiation at 20 J/cm(2) significantly ...
Khajo Abdelahad - - 2011
Certain fungi thrive in highly radioactive environments including the defunct Chernobyl nuclear reactor. Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans), which uses L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) to produce melanin, was used here to investigate how gamma radiation under aqueous aerobic conditions affects the properties of melanin, with the aim of gaining insight into its radioprotective ...
Fedrigo Carlos A - - 2011
Radiation therapy is routinely prescribed for high-grade malignant gliomas. However, the efficacy of this therapeutic modality is often limited by the occurrence of radioresistance, reflected as a diminished susceptibility of the irradiated cells to undergo cell death. Thus, cells have evolved an elegant system in response to ionizing radiation induced ...
Yan Shian-Jang - - 2011
Under genotoxic stress, activation of cell cycle checkpoint responses leads to cell cycle arrest, which allows cells to repair DNA damage before continuing to cycle. Drosophila larval epithelial sacs, called imaginal discs, are an excellent in vivo model system for studying radiation-induced cell cycle arrest. Larval imaginal discs go into ...
Kuil Joeri - - 2011
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is essential for high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) mediated mast cell degranulation. Once FcεRI is stimulated, intracellular ITAM motifs of the receptor are diphosphorylated (dpITAM) and Syk is recruited to the receptor by binding of the Syk tandem SH2 domain to dpITAM, resulting in activation of ...
Singh Tripti T Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, - - 2011
Melanoma is the leading cause of death from skin disease due, in large part, to its propensity to metastasize. We have examined the effect of berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid, on human melanoma cancer cell migration and the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects using melanoma cell lines, A375 and Hs294. Using ...
Tsai Cheng-Yu CY School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan, - - 2010
To investigate the effect of extracted soybean saponins on the growth of human colon cancer cells. WiDr human colon cancer cells were treated with 150, 300, 600 or 1200 ppm of soy saponin to determine the effect on cell growth, cell morphology, alkaline phosphatase (AP) and protein kinase C (PKC) ...
Palma-Nicolás José Prisco - - 2010
Retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) are the major cell type involved in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), which involves the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, proliferation, and directional migration of transformed RPE cells to the vitreous upon RPE exposure to serum components, thrombin among them. Although the aqueous humor and vitreous of ...
Bianchi M G - - 2010
Excitatory amino acid carrier 1 (EAAC1) belongs to the family of the Na(+)-dependent glutamate carriers. Although the association between defective EAAC1 function and neurologic disease has been repeatedly studied, EAAC1 regulation is not yet fully understood. We have reported that in C6 glioma cells both the activity and membrane targeting ...
Shiozaki Masao - - 2010
Alpha-Galactosylceramide (alphaGalCer, KRN7000) has been identified as a modulator of immunological processes through its capacity to bind iNKT cells mediated by CD1d molecules. Some analogues in while the amide group in alphaGalCer is replaced with ester or ether groups were synthesized from d-arabinitol or l-ribose to evaluate their ability to ...
Weng Chia-Jui - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer and is also highly metastatic. Metastasis is considered to be the major cause of death in cancer patients. Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) and related analogues have been reported as candidates to prevent cancer growth and invasion. The bioactivity of resveratrol-related analogues ...
Ting Yi - - 2010
Differentiation agents such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) engage cell signaling pathways that activate downstream transcriptional programs necessary for cell differentiation. Recent evidence has indicated microRNAs (miRNAs) are an integral part of these transcriptional programs, which target key proteins and impact cell growth thereby facilitating changes required for differentiation. To further investigate ...
Chang Bin - - 2010
Ethidium monoazide (EMA) and propidium monoazide (PMA) have been utilized for selective PCR amplification of DNA from viable bacterial cells. In this study, we compared the abilities of EMA and PMA, together with real-time PCR, to specifically distinguish dead Legionella cells from viable cells. Several experiments showed that PMA or ...
Kim Saejeong - - 2010
Despite the enormous potential of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) for use in tissue engineering and cell therapies, clinical use of ESCs has been deterred by difficulties in obtaining desired cell populations without undifferentiated or other undesired cell phenotypes. Previously we demonstrated the time-dependent variation of endothelial specific promoter activities in ...
Helal Racha - - 2010
The main purpose of this study was to investigate lysozyme synthesis and secretion in three human monocyte cell lines: U-937, HL-60, and THP-1, using sensitive fluorescence-based assay of lysozyme activity. PMA and hIFN-gamma were evaluated for inducing lysozyme activity. Using well-defined cell lines from the cell culture collection, no lysozyme ...
Yamazaki Taisuke - - 2010
7-Hydroxy-6,8-dimethoxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one (isofraxidin) is a major coumarin component isolated from the stem bark of Acanthopanax senticosus, a widely used Chinese medicinal herb. We investigated isofraxidin in its anti-tumor effects on human hepatoma cell lines HuH-7 and HepG2. Isofraxidin significantly inhibited hepatoma cell invasion, without affecting cell attachment or growth. Expression of ...
Petiti Juan Pablo - - 2010
In this report, we explored the role of PKCalpha and PKCe as mediators of phorbol 12-myristate13-acetate (PMA)-induced proliferation in pituitary tumor GH3B6 cells, and determined if the ERK1/2 and Akt pathways were activated. The GH3B6 cell proliferation was estimated by BrdU incorporation and the cell cycle progression by flow cytometric ...
Eldh Maria - - 2010
Exosomes are small extracellular nanovesicles of endocytic origin that mediate different signals between cells, by surface interactions and by shuttling functional RNA from one cell to another. Exosomes are released by many cells including mast cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, epithelial cells and tumour cells. Exosomes differ compared to their donor ...
Roybal Kole T KT Department of Immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, - - 2010
Protein kinase C (PKC-theta), one of many PKC isoforms expressed in T cells, is important for the activation of mature effector T cells. During T cell activation, PKC-theta is recruited to the interface between the T cell and the activating cellular interaction partner, the antigen-presenting cell or a synthetic substitute ...
Giannaccini Gino - - 2010
The serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) has been found altered in platelets of patients with genetically complex disorders, including mood-anxiety, pain and eating disorders. In this study, we used cell cultures of platelet precursors as models of investigation on mechanisms of SERT regulation: SERT expression was appraised during megakaryocytic differentiation of ...
Weber Thomas J - - 2010
The regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) oscillations in the context of wound healing and carcinogenesis have been investigated in premalignant and malignant JB6 mouse epidermal cells stimulated with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In premalignant JB6 cells, bFGF stimulation (1) increases cellular phospho-ERK and phospho-c-Jun ...
Ridd Katie - - 2010
HaCat cells, a human keratinocyte line, are commonly utilised as an in vitro cell model for toxicity testing and the discernment of processes of chemically induced skin carcinogenesis. Here, as part of an ongoing program of carcinogenesis research, we tested the genomic transcriptional response of two keratinocyte cell lines HaCat ...
Chang L - - 2009
Period2 is a core circadian gene, which not only maintains the circadian rhythm of cells but also regulates some organic functions. We investigated the effects of mPeriod2 (mPer2) expression on radiosensitivity in normal mouse cells exposed to 60Co-gamma-rays. NIH 3T3 cells were treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to induce endogenous mPer2 ...
Didier Pascal - - 2009
Quadrupolar Bodipy dyes exhibiting TPA activity and high brightness with an emission at 660 nm were synthesized and internalized in HeLa cells, whereupon FLIM experiments were conducted.
Samson Andre L - - 2009
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is an extracellular protease that converts plasminogen into plasmin. For tPA to generate plasmin under biologic conditions, a cofactor must first bring tPA and plasminogen into physical proximity. Fibrin provides this cofactor for tPA-mediated plasmin generation in blood. Despite being naturally devoid of fibrin(ogen), tPA-mediated plasmin ...
Dini Luciana - - 2009
This study deals with the morphofunctional influence of 72 h exposure to a 6 mT static magnetic field (SMF) during differentiation induced by 50 ng/ml 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-phorbol acetate (TPA) in human leukaemia U937 cells. The cell morphology of U937 cells was investigated by optic and electron microscopy. Specific antibodies and/or molecules ...
Nitta Nao - - 2009
Measurement of released granule components, popularly used to quantify mast cell exocytosis, does not deliver real-time information about degranulation at the single-cell level nor the ratio of responding/non-responding cells. Rather it provides, only end-point, bulk-population data. Here we studied degranulation of rat peritoneal mast cells dispersed in a narrow horizontal ...
Nam Kyung-Soo - - 2009
We examined the effects of polysaccharides extracted from Asterina pectinifera on the activities of quinone reductase (QR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and glutathione (GSH) levels in HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. We found that the polysaccharides extract induced QR activity in a dose-dependent manner over a ...
Diouf Barthélémy - - 2009
In the pituitary gland, activated protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms accumulate either selectively at the cell-cell contact (alpha and epsilon) or at the entire plasma membrane (beta1 and delta). The molecular mechanisms underlying these various subcellular locations are not known. Here, we demonstrate the existence within PKCepsilon of a cell-cell ...
Chamias Rachel - - 2010
We demonstrate here that TPA activates HTLV-1 LTR expression in Jurkat and H9 T-cell lines, by strictly different mechanisms. In Jurkat cells this activation is exerted by a PKCalpha- and PKCvarepsilon-antagonized mechanism which operates through an Sp1 binding site residing within the Est responsive region 1 of the LTR. On ...
Ou Yang-qiong YQ Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of the effects of Sinomenine (SIN) on the invasion and migration ability of activated human monocytic THP-1 cells (A-THP-1). Sinomenine is a pure alkaloid extracted from the Chinese medical plant Sinomenium acutum. Human monocytic THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate ...
Gao Qianying - - 2009
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in the regulation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated which of these isozymes could be responsible for the cell cycle and proliferation in human RPE cells. The effect of PKC activators on human RPE cell cycle ...
Lin Song - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of norrin, a nonconventional ligand for Wingless-Int (Wnt)-beta-catenin signaling pathway, on protease-mediated death of transformed rat retinal ganglion cells (RGC-5). METHODS: Transformed RGC-5 cells were treated with 2.0 microM staurosporine (SS), a broad-spectrum protein kinase-C inhibitor, to induce growth arrest, differentiation, and elevated levels of ...
Yamamoto T - - 2009
Human promonocytic cell line U937 cells can be induced to differentiate into macrophages by treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). TPA treatment induced the expression of the monocytic differentiation markers CD11b and CD36, with concomitant morphological changes. Moreover, TPA enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in these cells, and phagocytic ability was ...
Murata Kazumoto - - 2008
Des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) has been well established as a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor marker. However, the precise mechanism by which HCC cells produce DCP remains unknown. Importantly, DCP is not specific for HCC. For example, vitamin K-deficiency or ingestion of a vitamin K antagonist (warfarin) also leads to DCP production. ...
Katzenback Barbara A - - 2009
Neutrophils are one of the first cells to arrive at the site of inflammation and are central cells of innate immunity of vertebrates. Upon activation, neutrophils are capable of producing an intense respiratory burst response, they rapidly degranulate in the presence of pathogens, and deploy neutrophil extracellular traps that efficiently ...
Li Gang - - 2008
Polymer solar cells have been characterized during and after x-ray irradiation. The open circuit voltage, dark current and power conversion efficiency show degradation consistent with the generation of defect states in the polymer semiconductor. The polymer solar cell device remained functional with exposure to a considerable dose (500 krad (SiO(2))) and showed ...
Liu Chi-Jen - - 2008
We explored a very interesting gold nanoparticle system-pegylated gold in colloidal solution-and analyzed its uptake by mice colorectal adenocarcinoma CT26 tumor cells and the impact on the cell's response to x-ray irradiation. We found that exposure to polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified ('pegylated') 4.7 ± 2.6 nm gold nanoparticles synthesized by a ...
Takano Shinichi - - 2008
The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) is an important molecular chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induced by various stresses. This study showed that stimulation with anti-CD3 mAb, PMA plus ionomycin, or an antigen increased the levels of GRP78 mRNA in primary T cells, which was inhibited by Ca(2+) chelators EGTA ...
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