Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1021
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Adachi M - - 1991
The human cell line CMK spontaneously expresses megakaryocytic characteristics and can be induced to differentiate into mature megakaryocytes after exposure to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In comparison with CMK, we have examined the characteristics of a subclone, designated as CMK11-5, that is morphologically larger than the parent clone CMK and contains multinucleated ...
Oh S Y - - 1991
Western blot analysis indicated that WB cells contained multiple proteins of molecular mass 42-47 K which reacted with anti-connexin 43 antibody. Incubation of cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) for 5 min caused the inhibition of dye transfer and the appearance of reactive material of 50 K which was abolished by acid ...
Marczynska B - - 1991
Kidney cells established in vitro from a white-lipped marmoset (106) were exposed to N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) alone or in combination with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Low (0.1 micrograms/ml, 4 times), intermediate (1 microgram/ml) and high (1 microgram/ml, 4 times) doses of MNNG resulted in 100%, 50% and 2.8% of cell survival, respectively. High ...
Vinogradov A E - - 1991
The effect of tumour promoter TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) on the cell cycle of human peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) in vitro was studied and it was found that TPA caused cells to accumulate in all the cell cycle phases. This accumulation took place preferentially at later culture passages, when ...
Stuiver I - - 1991
We have previously isolated a phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-non-responsive variant line (VT-1) from mouse 3T3-L1 cells [Shimizu, Fujiki, Sugimura & Shimizu (1986) Cancer Res. 46, 4027-4031]. Differential hybridization of cDNAs obtained from PMA-treated 3T3-L1 and VT-1 cells resulted in the isolation of a number of unique cDNA clones, including one ...
Robinson M - - 1991
The molecular species of diacylglycerol and alkylacylglycerol of Madin-Darby canine Kidney (MDCK) cells were analyzed to determine the sources of diradylglycerols generated during cell growth and phorbol ester stimulation. MDCK cells in log phase growth contained higher levels of diacylglycerol and alkylacylglycerol than confluent cells. Both subclasses of diradylglycerol showed ...
Kaszkin M - - 1991
The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA; also called phorbol myristate acetate) and epidermal growth factor both rapidly inhibit the transition of HeLa cells from G2 phase to mitosis in a reversible fashion with characteristics of a receptor-mediated response. It was proposed that an intracellular mediator was responsible for this inhibition. In ...
Lotem J - - 1991
Growth factor-independent clones of myeloid leukemic cells can regain a growth factor-dependent state during differentiation. Loss of viability in these differentiating leukemic cells in the absence of growth factor was associated with DNA fragmentation and morphologic changes typical of programmed cell death (apoptosis). The differentiating leukemic cells could be rescued ...
Cowen D S - - 1991
In previous studies we have demonstrated that extracellular ATP (and UTP), acting through P2-purinergic receptors, can stimulate the inositol phospholipid signaling system in neutrophils and monocytes, as well as in neutrophil/monocyte progenitor cells. In this study we have examined the ability of extracellular nucleotides to modulate the phenotype of myelomonocytic ...
Grafton G - - 1991
When exposed to the phorbol ester TPA, HL60 cells undergo growth arrest and differentiate towards monocytes. During TPA-induced differentiation there was a 2.6-fold increase in the rate of inositol transport (Vmax), a 2.1-fold increase in intracellular inositol and a 1.5-fold increase in inositol lipid. An increase in the Vmax of ...
Pessa-Morikawa T - - 1991
We have earlier reported changes in the GTP binding of several membrane proteins including Gs alpha and Gi alpha during thymic differentiation of T cells. Using an [alpha-32P]GTP-photoaffinity labeling technique we have studied the pattern of GTP binding proteins in activated and resting T lymphocytes and in T cells induced ...
Jensen D E - - 1991
Treatment of sensitive EL4 mouse thymoma cells with phorbol esters causes growth inhibition, adherence to substrate and production of several lymphokines including Interleukin 2. Resistant cells lack all of these responses. Since production of Interleukin 2 mRNA is dependent on protein synthesis, and the Interleukin 2 gene has a phorbol ...
Miwa M - - 1991
We investigated the effects of hypergravity on DNA synthesis and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in cloned osteoblast-like cells, MC3T3-E1. Hypergravity (5 x g) stimulated DNA synthesis in these cells in a time-dependent manner and increased it approximately up to 150% of that of the control (1 x g). 12-O-Tetra-decanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), ...
Mackanos E A - - 1991
The phorbol ester tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate), directly activates the calcium- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C (protein kinase C), which, in turn, generates a number of cellular responses. The bryostatins, a family of macrocyclic lactones isolated from marine bryozoans, also bind to and active protein kinase ...
Brooks G - - 1991
The nontumorigenic, immortal line of murine melanocytes, Mel-ab, requires the continual presence of biologically active phorbol esters for growth (R.E. Wilson et al., Cancer Res., 49:711-716, 1989). Comparable treatments of B16 murine melanoma cells result in partial inhibition of cell proliferation. The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the ...
Miccheli A - - 1991
Changes in phospholipid and energy metabolism in Epstein-Barr Virus transformed B lymphocytes (EBV-B), induced by phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PD) and sphingosine (an inhibitor of protein kinase C), have been evaluated by 31P-NMR spectroscopy. The effects of PD and sphingosine on [3H]thymidine incorporation have also been studied. An increase in phosphorylcholine (PCho) ...
Levine L - - 1991
Preincubation of rat liver cells (the C-9 cell line) with okadaic acid (0.6 microM), a known inhibitor of protein-serine/threonine phosphate phosphatases 2A and 1, for 30 min amplified 6-keto-PGF1 alpha production stimulated by thapsigargin, thrombin, platelet activating factor (PAF), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 and lysine-vasopressin (Lys.ADH) but not ...
Chuang L F - - 1991
Effects of heptachlor, an organochlorine pesticide, on human myeloblastic leukemia ML-1 cells were determined. Similar to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a known tumor promoter, heptachlor induced cell adherence and formation of extended cytoplasmic pseudopodia in ML-1 cells. The growth of ML-1 was slightly stimulated by low concentrations (less than 30 nM) of ...
Bernstein L R - - 1991
The mouse epidermal JB6 cell system consists of clonal genetic variants that are sensitive (P+) or resistant (P-) to the promotion of neoplastic transformation by phorbol esters and other tumor-promoting agents. P+ cells display AP-1-dependent phorbol-ester-inducible transactivation of gene expression, whereas P- cells have a defect in transactivation. Transfection of ...
Menaya J - - 1991
The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) exerts a dose-dependent effect on Daudi cell proliferation. A low concentration has a slight mitogenic effect but higher concentrations inhibit proliferation. The inhibitory effect is associated with increases in cell size, macromolecular content, and incorporation of precursors into RNA and protein. Cell cycle analysis indicates ...
Halper J P - - 1991
Splenic mononuclear cells isolated from rats exposed to two brief stressors (5 min of restraint or 2 min of footshock) showed a diminished response to the T cell mitogens, concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin. Cells from these stressed animals also exhibited a diminished response to stimulation with the phorbol ester, tetradecanoylphorbol ...
Nakashima S - - 1991
Exposure to antigen (Ag) caused a biphasic 1,2-diacylglycerol (DG) production in [3H]myristic acid-labeled RBL-2H3 cells; the early, small transient phase and the second large sustained phase. The accumulation of phosphatidic acid (PA) or phosphatidylethanol (PEt) in the presence of ethanol was paralleled by the second-phase DG generation. Ag-induced formation of ...
Nolan R D - - 1991
The human erythroleukemic cell line, HEL, which has numerous platelet markers, shows enhanced inositol phosphate production in response to thrombin. We investigated the production of phosphoinositides in HEL cells and showed that thrombin stimulates the turnover of several phosphoinositides including the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4)P2). Phosphatidylinositol 3-monophosphate is also ...
Cohen D P - - 1991
Conventional murine splenic B cells are stimulated to initiate DNA synthesis by the combination of a phorbol ester protein kinase C (PKC) agonist, and a calcium ionophore; in contrast, recent work from this laboratory has shown that peritoneal B cells, enriched for the Ly-1+ B cell subset, differ in that ...
Tamm I - - 1991
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) causes an epithelial to fibroblastoid conversion and an increase in the motility of human ductal breast carcinoma cell lines ZR-75-1 and T-47D. Although IL-6 decreases DNA synthetic activity in these cell lines, the IL-6-induced alterations in cell shape and motility occur independently of inhibition of DNA synthesis per ...
Toole-Simms W E - - 1991
A sialoglycopeptide (SGP), isolated and purified from bovine cerebral cortex cells, was studied in regard to early signal transduction events associated with the cell cycle. Previously shown to be a potent antagonist to a variety of mitogens, the SGP abrogated the ability of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13 acetate (TPA) to elicit an alkalinization ...
Kirkhus B - - 1991
The proliferative responses induced in hairless mouse epidermis after application of the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and the skin irritant cantharidin were investigated. Doses known to give the same degree of hyperplasia were chosen. Mice were pulse-labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) 30 min prior to or 24 h after a single ...
Edwards S - - 1991
The mean numbers of interphase fibrillar centers have been determined in triplicate experiments, using the argyrophil (AgNOR) method. Promonocytic U937 cells were incubated with each of three inducing agents, namely, interleukin-6, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. The cells were examined at 24, 48, and 72 h during ...
Das U N - - 1991
Phorbolmyristate acetate or 12-O-tetradecanyl phorbol 13-acetate (PMA or TPA) stimulates membrane phospholipases (phospholipase C or A2) resulting in the formation of diacylglyceride, free arachidonic acid, and increased amounts of arachidonic acid metabolites. Both PMA and AA are stimulators of the respiratory burst in phagocytic cells, induce inflammation, cause chromosomal aberrations, ...
Boesen J J - - 1991
The hypothesis that activation of the signal transduction pathways by environmental stress may lead to genetic instability was tested. Mouse T-lymphoma cells, GRSL13, were treated with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The induction of transcription of c-fos, fosB, c-jun, junB and collagenase was studied as well as the mutation rate ...
Zhang W - - 1991
Stimulation of C6 cells with endothelin-1 (ET) caused a biphasic sn-1,2-diacylglycerol (1,2-DG) generation, which occurred not only via phosphatidylinositol 4,5-P2 (PIP2) hydrolysis by specific phospholipase C action, but also through the breakdown of phosphatidylcholine (PC) induced by either PC phospholipase C or D. ET also stimulated DNA synthesis in serum-starved ...
Mercado C - - 1991
A group of nitrofurans (5-nitro-2-furaldehyde, nifuroxime, nitrofurazone, nitrofurantoin, 5-nitro-2-furoic acid and 2-nitrofuran) were evaluated for inhibition of mitogenesis (DNA synthesis) in human peripheral blood T cells. T cells, either triggered by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or in the presence of accessory cells, were activated with a specified mitogen [phytohemagglutin (PHA), ...
Pelosin J M - - 1991
Different endocrine, steroidogenic cell types were examined for their content in protein kinase C (PKC) subtypes I, II and III. The expression of the PKC isoforms was assayed following high-performance liquid chromatography separation and characterization using a set of antipeptide antibodies specific for each enzyme isotype. Bovine and rat adrenocortical ...
Uberall F - - 1991
Hexadecylphosphocholine (HePC) inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) from NIH3T3 cells in cell-free extracts with a 50% inhibitory concentration of about 7 microM. Inhibition is competitive with regard to phosphatidylserine with a Ki of 0.59 microM. In order to determine whether HePC affects PKC in intact cells, the bombesin or tetradecanoylphorbolacetate-induced, ...
Sham R L - - 1991
Maturation of human myeloid cells is associated with quantitative and qualitative changes in protein kinase C (PKC) and increases in N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP) receptors, actin, and actin regulatory proteins. We have studied the actin responses and cell shape changes caused by FMLP and its second messenger pathways in HL60 cells undergoing ...
Li Y S - - 1991
In the present study, we demonstrate that the PKC-activating phorbol ester PMA selectively induced IgA synthesis by PP B cells. PKC activation triggered neither B cell proliferation nor the switching rate of IgA- to IgA+ cells. Together with the fact that the rate of IgA secretion by the myeloma cell ...
Sehgal P B - - 1991
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is the major systemic mediator of the early host response to infection and injury (the "acute phase response"). Furthermore, IL-6 is often detected in the peripheral circulation and in the local neoplastic tissue in cancer patients. IL-6 has distinctive effect on epithelial cells depending upon the cell type ...
Lantz M - - 1991
Production and release of lymphotoxin (LT) was studied by metabolic labeling of human B- and T-cell lines with 14C-leucine and 35S-methionine. LT was immunoprecipitated with antiserum to LT and separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) followed by fluorography. Two molecular weight forms of LT with different ...
Barbero M C MC Departamento de Biología Celular y Ciencias Morfológicas, Universidad del País Vasco, Leioa, Vizcaya, - - 1991
In the present study, we described the effects of three different drugs, A23187 calcium ionophore (A23187), indomethacin (IND) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), on the secretion pattern and the metastatic potential in the low metastatic 3LL tumor cell line. The results evidence that a low molecular weight protein fraction is ...
Miyagi T - - 1990
Sialidase and sialyltransferase activities were studied in JB6 mouse epidermal cells before and after exposure to phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), which irreversibly induces anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenicity. JB6 cells exhibited sialidase activities toward 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-N-acetylneuraminic acid (4MU-NeuAc) and gangliosides at pH 4.5 in the particulate fraction but apparently not in ...
Konda Y - - 1990
We studied cellular processes activated by prostaglandins (PG) that are involved in the protection of gastric chief cell injury estimated in terms of dye exclusion test, release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), or 51Cr from prelabeled chief cells. Pretreatment of chief cells with 3 x 10(-6) M PGE2 or PGE1 at ...
Reddy A L - - 1990
Repeated promotion of 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene-initiated cells in mouse skin with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induces them to grow as premalignant skin papillomas and some of these subsequently progress to carcinomas. In this study, we demonstrate that this TPA-induced progression of initiated cells to papillomas and carcinomas could be prevented by exposing them previously ...
Schwartz G K - - 1990
To study the effect of the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor staurosporine on invasion, we selected the invasive human bladder carcinoma cell line EJ. Total PKC activity was more than twofold higher in the EJ cells than in RT4 cells (superficial human bladder carcinoma cells), which do not pass through ...
Trayner I D - - 1990
Human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells can be induced to differentiate into macrophage-like cells by the tumor-promoting phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Addition of this agent to HL-60 cells causes a rapid internalization of surface transferrin receptor, followed by long-term receptor down-regulation at the level of gene expression. These effects precede the ...
Duronio V - - 1990
Phorbol ester treatment of HepG2, a human tumorigenic cell line, caused rapid morphological changes characterized by a flattening and spreading of the cells that coincided with a rapid inhibition of thymidine incorporation. Within 24 h, cell division was completely inhibited, suggesting the cells had entered a quiescent state. Continued incubation ...
Hoshina S - - 1990
In previous studies (Housey et al.: Cell 52:343-354, 1988), our laboratory demonstrated that a cell line R6-PKC3 that stably overproduces high levels of the beta 1 isoform of PKC displayed several abnormalities in growth control, and these phenotypic changes were also markedly enhanced when the cells were exposed to TPA. ...
Darbon J M - - 1990
A cell line (RPh-4) insensitive to the effects of phorbol esters has been isolated from MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. The growth pattern of RPh-4 cells in the presence of 50 ng/mL (80 nM) 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) is similar to that of parental MCF-7 cells in the absence of TPA. ...
Sirak A A - - 1990
Treatment of HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells with dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (dbcAMP) induced these cells to differentiate toward mature neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN). DbcAMP was found to produce a rapid time- and dose-dependent inhibition of HL-60 cell proliferation, reaching a maximum after 48 hr treatment of the cells with 250-500 microM. ...
Tas Piet W. L. - - 1990
In this study we have observed an inhibition of the [3H]norepinephrine ([3H]NE) accumulation into rat phaeochromocytoma PC 12 cells by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), whereas a biologically inactive phorbol ester was without effect. The inhibition was no longer observed when the PC 12 cells were preincubated with 10 microM reserpine, ...
Kolman A - - 1990
Cell transformation in vitro of C3H/10T1/2 cells, using gamma-radiation and ethylene oxide (EtO), in both the absence and presence of the cancer promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), was studied. TPA promotes transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells to the same extent. In the dose ranges studied the average enhancement of the transformation frequency was ...
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