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Liu P S - - 1992
Tumor promoter (phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate:PMA) stimulates the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in a dose- and time-dependent manner in cloned rat thymic epithelial cells, TEA3A1. This stimulation of PGE2 production by PMA was blocked by pretreatment of cells with protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor staurosporin and was abolished in PKC down modulated ...
Lee S A - - 1992
Previous studies have demonstrated elevated levels of protein kinase C (PKC) activity in multidrug-resistant human breast carcinoma MCF-7/ADR cells compared to control drug-sensitive MCF-7/WT cells (R.L. Fine, J. Patel, and B.A. Chabner, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 85:582-586, 1988). In our present studies, immunohistochemical localization analysis using a polyclonal PKC ...
Salvaris E - - 1992
In this report we describe two newly isolated pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cell lines. Both cell lines lack EBV as detected by the EBNA-1 gene probed Southern-blots. Neither cell line expressed the B-cell-specific CD20 antigen on the cell membrane. However surface expression of CD20 was induced by phorbol ester (TPA) ...
Bussolino F - - 1992
Murine endothelial cell lines containing middle T antigen provide a good model to study the biology of capillary cells of different anatomical districts. These cell lines obtained from skin (sEnd.1), brain (bEnd.4), thymus (tEnd-1) and embryo tissue (eEnd.1) are activated by platelet-activating factor (PAF). PAF, but not lyso-PAF or the ...
Hass R - - 1992
Human myeloid leukemia cells (i.e., HL-60, U937, THP-1) which are induced to differentiate along the monocytic pathway by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), revert back to the undifferentiated phenotype after 3 to 4 weeks. During this differentiation and retrodifferentiation process the cells obviously establish a distinct sequence of biological processes which is integrally ...
Barka T - - 1992
The TT cell line of human medullary thyroid carcinoma, that retains some of the differentiated functions of thyroid C cells including the synthesis and secretion of calcitonin, was found to contain and release into the culture medium cysteine proteinase inhibitor(s), cystatin(s). The major inhibitor, which is similar to, if not ...
Nakamura M - - 1992
Changes in the level of calcium-activated neutral proteases (calpains) in K562 cells induced to differentiate by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) were examined by an immunohistochemical technique and Western blot analysis. A remarkable increase in m-calpain (high-Ca(2+)-requiring form) level was detected after PMA-treatment, while there was no significant difference in mu-calpain ...
Pendse, Girish J.
NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. In this work, influence of some genetic factors on the productivity of recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells has been investigated using a number of experimental techniques. The first system that ...
Watanabe S - - 1992
12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is known to affect the proliferation and/or differentiation of several types of cells. We injected TPA directly into the lumen of rat bladder to determine, using scanning and transmission electron microscopy, its effects on the bladder epithelium in vivo. At 1 h after TPA injection (1 microgram/ml), the ...
Van Endert P M - - 1992
The paradox that cross-linking of IgM antigen receptors on B cells by native or surrogate antigen can inhibit, as well as stimulate, B cell functions has previously been attributed to changes during maturation and activation, programming either a negative or a positive response at defined developmental stages. In contrast to ...
Giese G - - 1992
We correlated cell cycle progression and vimentin expression at the single cell level by multiparameter flow cytometry in populations of MPC-11 cells enriched in different cell cycle phases by centrifugal elutriation and subsequently treated with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Synchronized, untreated cultures showed a uniform, synchronous progression through the ...
Murgo A J - - 1992
The P2T purinergic receptor for ADP has previously been found only in platelets. We investigated the effect of ADP on the concentration of intracellular free calcium ([Ca++]i) in fura-2-loaded K562 leukemia cells, a cell line with the potential for megakaryocytic differentiation. ADP causes a rapid and transient increase in [Ca++]i, ...
Bradshaw T D - - 1992
12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and bryostatin 1 are activators of protein kinase C (PKC). TPA is a potent inhibitor of the growth of A549 cells, while bryostatin 1 exerts a weak antiproliferative effect upon this cell line. We tested the hypothesis that the PKC inhibitor staurosporine (STAU) can interfere with the effects ...
Milhiet P E - - 1992
Neutral endopeptidase (EC 3.4.24.11, NEP) is an ectoenzyme, identified as the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA, CD10). This enzyme is involved in the inactivation of regulatory peptides such as enkephalins and atrial natriuretic peptide and its expression on the cell surface is therefore essential. NEP levels have been measured ...
Geilen C C - - 1992
The mechanism of the inhibition of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis by the phospholipid analogue, hexadecylphosphocholine, was investigated in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. In the presence of 50 mumol/liter hexadecylphosphocholine, there was a translocation of CTP:choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC 22.7.7.15) activity from the membranes to the cytosol of the cells. Since we recently demonstrated ...
Silver R - - 1992
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) regulates the secretion of pituitary gonadotropins and facilitates the display of sexual behavior. We report that in doves, following a brief period of courtship, non-neuronal cells containing GnRH-like immunoreactivity (ir) are seen in the habenula of both male and female doves. These cells appear to be translocated ...
Leli U - - 1992
Certain biological actions of phorbol esters cannot be duplicated by diacylglycerol (DAG). Thus, the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y differentiates when exposed to 12-tetradecanoyl-13-acetyl-beta-phorbol (TPA) and protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, but not when exposed to DAG. To investigate the specific features of the phorbol diester molecule that might be ...
Sun Y - - 1992
TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate), a potent tumor promoter, has been shown to stimulate or inhibit cell growth depending on the cell type investigated. We recently found that RT101 cells, a transformed mouse JB6 epidermal cell line, acquired a greater growth inhibition response to TPA during conventional subcultivation. The growth of low-passage RT101 ...
Hass R - - 1992
Treatment of human myeloid leukemia cells (HL-60, U-937, THP-1) with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is associated with differentiation along the monocytic lineage. This induction by TPA is characterized in part by growth arrest and the appearance of differentiated monocytic phenotype. The present studies demonstrate that myeloid leukemia cells exit ...
Kim K M - - 1992
The growth of a human B lymphoma cell line B104, an experimental model for mature B cells, was inhibited by ionomycin but not 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Ionomycin inhibited B104 cells from entering into the M phase of the cell cycle without affecting DNA synthesis. The inhibition of cell division of B104 ...
Gunji H - - 1992
The treatment of human myeloid leukemia cell lines with phorbol esters, such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), is associated with loss of proliferative capacity and induction of monocytic differentiation. The present results demonstrate that treatment of asynchronous human U-937 leukemia cells with 10 nM TPA is also associated with oligonucleosomal DNA cleavage. ...
Dunn J A - - 1992
The aflatoxin B1-transformed C3H/10T1/2 (10T1/2) cell line 7SA has disordered growth in culture and is tumorigenic in syngeneic mice. Chronic exposure (14 days) of 10T1/2 and 7SA cells to phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) increased the saturation density of 10T1/2 cells but dramatically slowed the entry of 7SA cells into the log ...
Anderson K M - - 1992
ETYA (5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid), an arachidonic acid analogue, inhibited DNA synthesis in human transformed U937 (monoblastoid), PC3 (prostate) and A172 (glioblastoma) cells, and partially differentiated the U937 and A172 lines. The agent is not primarily cytotoxic at the concentrations employed, based upon exclusion of trypan blue, continued attachment of PC3 and ...
Smith J S JS - - 1992
In a study of arachidonic acid metabolism in murine epidermal JB6 cells, promoter-sensitive (P+) and promoter-resistant (P-) variants, labeled with [3H]arachidonic acid, were treated successively with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and the calcium ionophore A23187. Released radiolabel was separated by HPLC and identified by coelution of standards. Prostacyclin release was then quantified ...
Wang J C - - 1992
Epidermal cells isolated from newborn mice and cultured in low Ca2+ (0.02 mM) medium showed typical basal cell morphology and proliferated as monolayer. An increase in the medium Ca2+ concentration to normal level (1.8 mM) induced terminal differentiation of epidermal cells. Epidermal cells obtained from newborn mice transplacentally initiated with ...
Akhtar R A - - 1992
The effects of phorbol esters on phospholipase C (PLC) activity towards phosphoinositides and phosphatidylcholine (PC) in bovine corneal epithelial cells were examined. The cells were labeled with 32Pi, myo[3H]inositol or methyl[14C]choline, and PLC stimulated by incubation of the cells with Ca2+ ionophore, ionomycin. The PLC activity was assessed by monitoring ...
Bunce C M - - 1992
A homogeneous population of undifferentiated myeloid blast cells was purified from human fetal liver by rosette sedimentation of erythroblasts and macrophages, after coating these cells with monoclonal antibodies, followed by a cell elutriation step. The undifferentiated blast cells were maintained in culture, in a serum-free medium containing 1 mg l-1 ...
Ansari N A - - 1992
MIA C51 is a rat monocytic leukemia cell line which exhibits undifferentiated monocytic phenotype in culture. The proliferation of MIA C51 cells was not inhibited by the addition of 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA, 1 microgram/ml) or phorbol 12, 13 dibutyrate (PDBu, 10 micrograms/ml). Comparison of MIA C51 cells to a phorbol diester-sensitive ...
Kirkhus B - - 1992
The DNA content and the changes in cellular and nuclear size of isolated regenerating mouse epidermal basal cells were studied after topical application of the skin irritant cantharidin and the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to the back skin of hairless mice. The DNA and protein contents of isolated basal cells ...
Zenser T V - - 1992
TPA regulation of prostaglandin H synthase activity in primary and subcultured dog urothelial cells was investigated. Previous studies have demonstrated an early (0-2 hr) increase in PGE2 synthesis mediated by TPA which is dependent upon release of endogenous arachidonic acid by a phospholipase-mediated pathway. In this study, prostaglandin H synthase ...
Ma L - - 1992
HL-60 cells isolated for resistance to vincristine are multidrug resistant and defective in the cellular accumulation of drug. Further studies demonstrate that these cells are also highly defective in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced differentiation to macrophages. Analysis of this system demonstrates that certain protooncogenes which may contribute to differentiation are expressed ...
Islam L N - - 1992
Visual assays were used to study the effect of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) on the locomotion of lymphocytes from 14 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). Previous reports had shown that CLL cells from blood were defective in locomotor capacity and that adding PMA to the cells did not restore ...
Busch S J - - 1992
Heparin blocks the phorbol ester-induced progression of nontransformed cells through the G0/G1 phase (Wright, T.C., L.A. Pukac, J.J. Castellot, M.J. Karnovsky, R.A. Levine, H.-Y. Kim-Park, and J. Campisi. 1989. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 86: 3199-3203) or G1 to S phase (Reilly, C. F., M. S. Kindy, K. E. Brown, ...
Bernstein L R - - 1992
Neoplastic transformation and transcriptional activation by activator protein-1 (AP-1) complex are stimulated by tumor-promoting agents in promotion-sensitive (P+) but not promotion-resistant (P-) mouse epidermal JB6 cells in culture. This implicates AP-1 as a specific regulator of signal transduction pathways in the promotion phase of neoplastic transformation. We therefore hypothesized that ...
Roth P - - 1992
The inflammatory response requires the localization of monocytic cells to sites of tissue injury through adherence to extracellular matrix molecules such as fibronectin (Fn), a nonimmune opsonin, which binds to collagen, fibrin, heparin and cell surfaces. Adherence to this molecule of two myeloid cell lines differing in their stage of ...
Negoro S - - 1992
1. Proliferative responses to the costimulation with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and suboptimal doses of ionomycin in the purified T and B cells from old mice were lower than those from young mice. 2. The degree of the age-related decline was more significant in T cells than in B cells. 3. Taurine, ...
Bomalaski J S - - 1992
The early events in IL-1-mediated activation of T cells were investigated in the murine T cell line, EL-4. Treatment of EL-4 cells with human rIL-1 beta resulted in a rapid increase in phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity. PLA2 activity increased approximately fivefold within 4 min after exposure to IL-1. Synthesis of ...
Murate T - - 1991
The commitment process of a human megakaryoblastic cell line (MEG-O1) induced with phorbol ester, TPA, was investigated with special reference to glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa expression, multinuclear formation, and DNA replication. TPA (10(-7) mol/L) completely inhibited cellular division in MEG-O1, but did not suppress de novo DNA synthesis. Two days' culture ...
Aihara H - - 1991
Although a single dose of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) allowed HL-60 cells to differentiate to macrophages, a single dose of membrane-permeant diacylglycerol (DAG), 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (1,2-DiC8), was normally insufficient to differentiate these cells. These cells metabolized 1,2-DiC8 very rapidly, and 1,2-DiC8 available to protein kinase C (PKC) activation was removed from ...
Shayman J A - - 1991
Two independent approaches were employed to explore the potential role of endogenous glucosylceramide or a closely related glucosphingolipid in mediating the cellular proliferation of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. First, cultured cells were depleted of glucosphingolipids by exposure to a glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor, D-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol. This agent markedly inhibited cell growth and ...
Levine B L - - 1991
T lymphocyte activation is initiated as a result of the interaction between the TCR complex and Ag as seen in the framework of a membrane-bound MHC molecule. Receptor stimulation results in a rise in free intracellular Ca2+ and the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Bryostatin (Bryo) and phorbol esters ...
Ramchandani A G - - 1991
Previous studies on the influence of phorbol esters on mouse skin tumorigenesis have shown that 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) enhances development of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal skin tumors by a completely carcinogenic dose of 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA), while its congener phorbol-12, 13-diacetate (PDA) exerts an inhibitory effect. Differential effects of these two agents ...
Lazaretti-Castro M - - 1991
The presence of a direct estrogen effect on calcitonin secretion is controversial. Because most of the data available were obtained from complex in vivo systems, we chose an in vitro approach to assess the problem. Using a human C cell carcinoma cell line (TT cells) with well-documented estrogen receptors, we ...
Cadet J L - - 1991
Unilateral injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) cause significant bilateral increases in striatal proenkephalin (PEK) mRNA in rat brain. We have tested the possibility that implantation of fetal mesencephalic cells can normalize these changes. Two types of grafts were used: 1) embryonic day-15 mesencephalic cells and 2) embryonic day-15 cells which have ...
Patte C - - 1991
This work focused on three themes. First, evidence was obtained for the presence of proteins of 34, 35, 32, and 69 kDa immunologically related to lipocortins I, II, V, and VI, respectively, in human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVE) cells. The 69-kDa protein (p69), but not proteins related to lipocortins I, ...
Hii C S - - 1991
12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) stimulated the release of [3H]ethanolamine from HeLa cells prelabeled with [3H]ethanolamine within 2 min, and of [3H]choline from cells prelabeled with [3H]choline after a lag of 10-20 min. This result suggests that TPA activates phospholipase D. Propranolol alone or propranolol plus TPA stimulated phosphatidic acid (PA) labeling in ...
Georgiadis C - - 1991
A rat fibroblast cell line, R6PKC3, that stably overexpresses the beta-1 form of protein kinase C was used to analyze sensitivity to inhibitors of epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding. R6PKC3 cells overexpress protein kinase C activity 53-fold relative to non-overexpressing control R6C1 cells. Inhibition of EGF binding by the tumor ...
Solito E - - 1991
The effect of dexamethasone on mRNA and protein synthesis of lipocortins (LCT) 1, 2 and 5 has been investigated in U-937 cells. A constitutive expression of both mRNAs and proteins was detected in undifferentiated U-937 cells. This constitutive level was increased time- and dose-dependently by incubation with phorbol myristate acetate ...
Gennaro D E - - 1991
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease which cleaves plasminogen to its active form, plasmin. tPA plays a physiologic role in hemostasis, wound healing, and embryogenesis. Therapeutically, recombinant human tPA is used as a thrombolytic in myocardial infarction. Although production of therapeutic quantities of tPA in Chinese hamster ovary ...
Adachi M - - 1991
The human cell line CMK spontaneously expresses megakaryocytic characteristics and can be induced to differentiate into mature megakaryocytes after exposure to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In comparison with CMK, we have examined the characteristics of a subclone, designated as CMK11-5, that is morphologically larger than the parent clone CMK and contains multinucleated ...
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