Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1021
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Brackman D - - 1993
The growth-modulating effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] were studied on three mouse embryo fibroblast cell lines. Concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 100 nM inhibited dose-dependently proliferation in the non-tumorigenic C3H/10T1/2 Cl 8 (10T1/2) and the chemically transformed C3H/10T1/2 Cl 16 (Cl 16) cells. The hormone had a biphasic effect on ...
Katayama T - - 1993
This study was undertaken to assess the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in activin action in the rat pituitary. Pretreatment with 500 nM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 22-24 h reduced subsequent FSH and LH release (percentage of total cellular FSH and LH released) in response to 100 nM ...
Kaji H - - 1993
The present study was performed to examine whether parathyroid hormone (PTH) and parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) would stimulate osteoclast-like cell formation via soluble factor(s) released from osteoblasts and, if so, to characterize the involvement of PTH/PTHrP-responsive dual signal transduction systems [cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and calcium/protein kinase C(PKC)]. Osteoblasts-conditioned medium ...
Knox K A - - 1993
The steady-state population of stratified squamous epithelium is maintained by balanced cell proliferation and apoptosis. Protein kinase C (PKC) is intimately involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and cell survival. In order to gain insight into the mechanisms regulating apoptosis, the immunocytochemical localization of six PKC isozymes (PKC-alpha, -beta, ...
Yen A - - 1993
The phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), induced increased expression of the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor gene product in the course of megakaryocytic differentiation of the K562 human leukemia cell line, a differentiatively multipotent hematopoietic precursor cell. The induced increase in RB protein per cell occurred early, by 8 h of treatment, ...
Li Y S - - 1993
Previously, we have demonstrated that protein kinase C-activating phorbol esters selectively induce IgA synthesis by mouse B cells whether stimulated or not by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In this study, we investigated in detail whether this maturation into IgA-secreting cells is preceded by cell proliferation. T-depleted spleen B cell suspensions were fractionated ...
Sparatore B - - 1993
In murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells the length of the latent period before the onset of hexamethylenebisacetamide induced terminal erythroid differentiation is inversely correlated to the intracellular level of delta-PKC. This is supported by the following experimental evidence. V3.17[44] MEL cell line, characterized by a very high rate of differentiation, contains ...
Chang P L - - 1993
To study the role of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) in tumor promotion, we used JB6 C141.5a cells, a mouse epidermal cell model of tumor promotion. The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) irreversibly induces anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenicity in these cells. Since we previously showed that calcitriol does not transform these cells ...
Rogalsky V - - 1993
Immunocytochemistry revealed an association between growth inhibition and a translocation of retinoblastoma protein (pRB) to the nucleoli of U-2 osteosarcoma cells inhibited in their growth by the negative growth factor NCPI (natural cell proliferation inhibitor). Similar phenomenon was demonstrated by Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry in U937 leukemic cells inhibited ...
Ota S - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT), originally described as a rare renal sarcoma in childhood, has been known to express phenotypic diversity. In this study, unique characteristics of the MRT cells were investigated by using established cell lines. METHODS: Immunocytochemical, ultrastructural, cytogenetic, and molecular (by polymerase chain reaction, PCR) analyses were ...
Bell K L - - 1993
This study examines the phagocytic hyaline cells of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas, for a respiratory burst in vitro. Following stimulation of the cells with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), ferricytochrome c was reduced at 550 nm. Addition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) to the reaction mixture decreased this reduction, confirming that ...
Burón M I - - 1993
Besides its effect in inhibiting proliferation and inducing differentiation of HL-60 cells to macrophage-like cells, TPA also produces a transient increase of transplasma membrane redox activity and pyridine nucleotide levels and a shift in the NAD+/NADH ratio. After 24 h of incubation NADH ferricyanide reductase activity of isolated plasma membranes ...
Lalmanach-Girard A C - - 1993
In comparison to B cell stimulation mediated by surface immunoglobulin (Ig) antigen receptor ligation, little is known about the intracellular events associated with T cell-dependent B cell responses. A model for the efferent phase of T cell-B cell interaction was used to examine the capacity of activated T cells to ...
Sorrentino G - - 1993
The incorporation of [14C] choline, [14C] ethanolamine, and [14C] serine by LAN-2 cells into their corresponding phospholipids was investigated in the presence or absence of TPA. The presence of TPA increased the amount of radioactivity incorporated into the phospholipids with a corresponding decrease in the amount of radioactivity in the ...
Watanabe H - - 1993
The role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9, 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase) in invasion of mononuclear phagocytes was studied with U937 monoblastoid cells. 12-o-tetradecanoyl 13-phorbol acetate (TPA) differentiated them to macrophage-like cells with induction of MMP-9, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) stimulated the production ...
Kumar K - - 1993
To study the presence and distribution of various isozymes of PKC in glial cells, immunofluorescent studies were performed on a cortical glial cell line cultured derived from rat cerebral cortex and analyzed by a highly sensitive automated laser cytometric device, ACAS-570 (Adherent Cell Analysis and Sorting). The antibodies tested were ...
Kiguchi K - - 1993
The patterns of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) were analyzed in an HL-60 cell variant, HL-205, which is susceptible to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced monocyte/macrophage differentiation, and in an HL-60 cell variant, HL-525, which is resistant to such differentiation. The amounts and types of the GSLs were similar in both the HL-205 and ...
Chun J S - - 1993
Release of arachidonic acid (AA) and subsequent formation of a lipoxygenase (LOX) metabolite(s) is an obligatory signal to induce spreading of HeLa cells on a gelatin substratum (Chun and Jacobson, 1992). This study characterizes signaling pathways that follow the LOX metabolite(s) formation. Levels of diacylglycerol (DG) increase upon attachment and ...
Trubiani O - - 1993
Phorbol myristic acetate (PMA) is a tumor-promoting agent that has been shown to induce differentiation of human leukemia cells and of normal lymphoid cells. We have investigated the ability of PMA to induce inhibition of cell growth of the human KM-3 pre-B leukemic cell line by multiparametric analysis. Our results ...
Narahara H - - 1993
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) plays an important role in a number of biological processes ranging from inflammation to reproductive biology. We have reported that the enzyme that inactivates this potent autacoid, PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), is decreased in maternal plasma during the latter stages of pregnancy. This enzyme is associated with the plasma ...
Hass R - - 1993
Treatment of human U-937 myeloid leukemia cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is associated with growth arrest and induction of monocytic differentiation. The present results demonstrate that exposure of G1- or S phase-enriched U-937 cells to TPA was associated with delayed transition through G2-M and then exit from the cell cycle in ...
Horiguchi-Yamada J - - 1993
Differentiation leads to the cessation of cellular proliferation, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms of growth arrest. We compared the effect of two differentiation inducers, 12-o-tetradecanoyl 13-acetate (TPA) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on both the cell-cycle and the modulation of G2-related genes in synchronized HL60 cells. TPA treatment ...
Ishida Y - - 1993
Biological and biochemical characteristics of a murine megakaryoblastic cell line (L8057), derived from an irradiated C3H/He mouse, were studied. The L8057 cells grew in liquid cultures with a doubling time of 24 to 27 hours. By light and electron microscopy, the L8057 cells were small and basophilic with a high ...
Takada M - - 1993
We have examined effects of the deregulated c-fos protein on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated B cell responses using splenic B cells from transgenic lines carrying the mouse c-fos gene under the control of the H-2K (H2-c-fos) and the inducible Mx promoter (Mx-c-fosD). High c-fos expression was induced in Mx-c-fosD B cells ...
Whitelock J M - - 1993
Multiple levels of regulation of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase 1; MMP-1), have been demonstrated in a clonal rat epithelial cell line (A5P/B10). Secreted enzyme could not be demonstrated in culture medium from A5P/B10 cells but, using antibodies specific for collagenase, the enzyme was detected within the cytoplasm and on the surface ...
Kawanishi H - - 1993
We studied the effects of aging on the activities and translocation of Ca-dependent protein kinase C (PKC) in resting mesenteric lymph node (MLN) T and B cells during the activation process induced by T and B cell mitogens and B cell-stimulatory interleukins, including IL-4, IL-5 and IL-6. The activation process ...
Komada N - - 1993
The interaction of human rectal adenocarcinoma cell line RCM-1 cells with extracellular matrix components, was studied to elucidate the key steps in the liver metastasis of colorectal carcinomas. Highly metastatic variant L-10 cells selected from the metastatic foci of the liver after intrasplenic implantation in nude mice and its parental ...
Ahrens P B - - 1993
Human erythroleukemia (K-562) cells grown in the presence of phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate formed aggregates of cells not seen in untreated control cultures. Furthermore, the proportion of cells in aggregates and the size of the aggregates both increased dramatically in cultures treated with both phorbol ester and kifunensine, an inhibitor of asparagine-linked ...
Morinaga N - - 1993
Susceptibility of human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells to staphylococcal leukocidin following treatment of cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) was examined. TPA treatment for 6 hr rendered the cells very resistant transiently to leukocidin. There was no change in binding of leukocidin to the cells, but leukocidin-induced 45CaCl2 influx, phospholipase A2 ...
Dawson T - - 1993
Phorbol esters and related compounds provide a promising source of potential anticancer agents. The mechanism of their toxicity, however, is unclear, and interpretation has been complicated by the conflicting responses exhibited by different transformed cell lines. Previously we showed that in primary thyroid follicular cells, expression of mutant p21ras conferred ...
Alling C - - 1993
Human neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y and neuroblastoma-glioma cells NG 108-15 have been used as models for the elucidation of the effects of ethanol on receptor-mediated phospholipase C activity, c-fos mRNA expression and protein kinase C activity. Cells were exposed to ethanol (0-200 mM) for varying periods up to seven days. Agonist ...
Murray S A - - 1993
Effects of the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors on cell-cell communication were studied in a normal rat liver cell line, clone 9. Communication was observed and quantitated with microspectofluorometric and image analysis techniques following scrape-loading of the cells with lucifer yellow. Lucifer yellow migrated as ...
Tsuji S - - 1992
Previously, we reported that ganglioside GQ1b specifically promoted neuritogenesis of human neuroblastoma cells (GOTO), and also that is specifically stimulated the phosphorylation of several cell surface proteins on the same cells. To disclose the relationship between the two events, we examined them using a novel protein kinase inhibitor, K-252b, which ...
Livingston B T - - 1992
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated as important in controlling cell differentiation during embryonic development. We have examined the ability of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), an activator of PKC, to alter the differentiation of cells during sea urchin development. Addition of TPA to embryos for 10-15 min during early cleavage ...
Gong Y - - 1992
We have examined the effects of protein kinase-C (PKC) activation on expression of the six known insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) by human endometrial carcinoma cells. Each of six known IGFBPs was expressed in one or more of the three cell lines examined. The addition of 10(-7) M 4 beta-phorbol ...
Whyte P - - 1992
Immunoprecipitated retinoblastoma protein from HL60 cells migrated as a series of bands during electrophoresis. The heterogeneity appeared to be generated by phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein. Treatment of the cells with the phorbol ester, tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA), resulted in both a loss of the heterogeneity of the pRB species ...
Valentine M A - - 1992
Programmed cell death (PCD), or apoptosis, is characterized by several morphologic alterations and eventual cleavage of nuclear DNA into oligonucleo-some-length fragments. We defined a human B cell line, Ramos, that responds with PCD following ligation of surface IgM. Of the DNA in Ramos cells 3%-10% was fragmented as early as ...
Kitajima Y - - 1992
DJM-1 cells (a human squamous cell carcinoma cell line) grown in low Ca2+ medium did not form cell-cell junctions of desmosome-keratin intermediate filament (KIF). When they were shifted to normal (high) Ca2+ medium, rapid translocation of desmoplakins from the cytosol to the plasma membrane to form desmosomes and reorganization of ...
Kitajima Y - - 1992
The hemidesmosome is an adhesion structure of the epidermal-dermal junction in keratinocytes. When keratinocytes migrate laterally or upward to differentiate, they must control the formation and disintegration of the hemidesmosomes. When keratinocytes are cultured in low-calcium (below 0.1 mM) medium, all cells behave like basal cells, adhere to the culture ...
Wu W S - - 1992
A two-stage (initiation and promotion) model of chemical transformation of mouse embryonic fibroblasts was used to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of tumor promotion in vitro. C3H10T1/2 cells which had been initiated with a subcarcinogenic dose (0.5 micrograms ml-1) of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) were isolated after 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) treatment lasting ...
Ozaki M - - 1992
The fly has a receptor cell highly specialized for the taste of sugars. We introduced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), Ca2+, or a phorbol ester, 12-deoxyphorbol 13-isobutylate 20-acetate (DPBA), into the cell and investigated their effects on the response to sucrose. The sugar receptor cell generates impulses during constant stimulation with sucrose, ...
Hosoya H - - 1992
U937 cells were differentiated into macrophages after being treated with 12-o-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) for the first two days and dedifferentiated with daily medium renewal for 10 days. Cell proliferation slowed down and the number of cells reached the maximum level on day 2. By day 4, all of the cells had ...
Jin L W - - 1992
T-cell hybridoma activated by a variety of stimuli such as anti-cell surface antigen, notably CD3 and T-cell receptors, and Con A undergoes a cell lysis process called activation-induced cell death (AICD). It was found that the major protein kinase C (PKC) isoform in the 2B4.11 T-cell hybridoma, PKC(alpha), was translocated ...
Yamada H - - 1992
Using a digital imaging fluorescence microscope we have observed the membrane immunoglobulin (mIg)-induced desensitization of calcium signals in individual BAL17 B lymphoma cells which express two kinds of antigen receptors, mIgM and mIgD. The mIgD-mediated desensitization was partly abrogated by pretreating the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 24 ...
Tint I S - - 1992
Morphological alterations in the structure of undifferentiated and morphologically differentiated human neuroblastoma cells induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C, were examined by video microscopy and immunomorphology. In undifferentiated cells, PMA induced the formation of motile actin-rich lamellas and of stable cylindrical processes rich in ...
Kawase T - - 1992
The purpose of this study is to investigate the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-stimulated cAMP production of two macrophage-like cell lines (G3 and XC). XC cells are thought to be placed at a more differentiated stage than G3 cells [Orikasa et al. (1991) Cell Immunol. ...
Murti K G - - 1992
The subcellular distribution of protein kinase C (PKC) was determined by immunofluorescence using anti-PKC monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). The antibodies used were: (1) 1.9 MAb that is directed against an epitope in the catalytic domain of PKC, (2) 1.3 MAb that recognizes an isozyme of PKC (Mochly-Rosen, D., and Koshland, D. ...
Skibinski G - - 1992
PROBLEM: Prostasomes are trilamellar to multilamellar vesicles produced by the acinar cells of the human prostate and are present in appreciable amounts in normal human semen. The aim of this work was to study the effect of prostasomes on human polymorphonuclear cell and monocyte function. METHODS: Functional activity of human ...
GuptaRoy B - - 1992
Treatment of murine erythroleukemia cells (MELC) attached to fibronectin-coated dishes with dimethyl sulfoxide causes the cells to become committed to the erythroid differentiation pathway. These cells mature extensively and acquire the characteristics of erythroid cells. The cells lose their cell-surface fibronectin receptors and accumulate red cell-specific membrane proteins, such as ...
Singh I N - - 1992
It was shown that in LA-N-2 cells prelabeled with [3H-methyl]choline for 24 hr (Singh et al.: Mol Chem Neuropathol 14:53-66, 1991) the major intracellular and extracellular hydrophilic compound was phosphorylcholine. LA-N-2 cells were labeled with [14C-methyl]choline for 24 hr, harvested, and incubated in Hepes/BSA/saline buffer for varying periods of time. ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >