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Behdad Amir A From the Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann - - 2014
Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease with a variable clinical presentation, and its prognosis and treatment depend on the extent and severity of disease. Although the pathogenesis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been debated in the past, recent evidence suggests that it is a neoplastic proliferation potentially derived from ...
Stunkel Maria M University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, - - 2014
To determine which types of pediatric retinal degeneration are associated with inflammatory cells in the anterior vitreous. Retrospective, observational study in humans. Retrospective chart review was performed for pediatric patients with suspected retinal degeneration presenting to a single examiner from 2008 to 2013. Age, visual acuity (VA), slit-lamp examination of ...
El Houmami Nawal N 1 Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, University La Timone Children's Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France 2 URMITE "Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes", UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix-Marseille University, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France 3 Department of Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine, University North Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France 4 Department of Pediatric Oncology, La Timone Children's Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France 5 Department of Pathology, University La Timone Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, Marseille, France The authors have no conflicts of interest to - - 2014
Langerhans cell histiocytosis of bone is a rare pediatric neoplastic disorder of unclear pathogenesis. We report the case of a 3-year-old girl who presented with Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the ilium in which Kingella kingae was detected. Our findings argue for the search for K. kingae by PCR in children ...
Montana Marc M Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, Institut de Chimie Radicalaire ICR, UMR 7273, Laboratoire de Pharmaco-Chimie Radicalaire, Marseille 13385, France. - - 2014
Neuroblastoma is an aggressive pediatric malignancy with significant chemotherapeutic resistance. In order to obtain new compounds active on neuroblastoma cell lines, we investigated the reactivity of carbanion formed via TDAE in quinoxaline series. The new synthesized compounds were tested for their anti-proliferative activity on two neuroblastoma cell lines, and seven ...
Ma L L Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Sirtuins are NAD+ dependent deacetylases and/or ADP-ribosyl transferases active on histone and non-histone substrates. The first sirtuin was discovered as a transcriptional repressor of the mating-type-loci (Silent Information Regulator sir2) in the budding yeast, where it was shown to extend yeast lifespan. Seven mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7) have been now identified ...
Desai Vela D VD Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2013
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare atypical cellular disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells leading to myriad clinical presentations and variable outcomes. It usually occurs in children and young adults. It can be present with local and systemic manifestation involving skin, bone, mucosal tissues and internal organs. ...
Chau Eric E Departments of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2013
The respiratory system is one of the portals of entry into the body, and hence inhalation of engineered nanomaterials is an important route of exposure. The broad range of physicochemical properties that influence biological responses necessitate the systematic study to contribute to understanding occupational exposure. Here, we report on the ...
Park Jin-Ah JA Molecular and Integrative Physiological Sciences Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
Tissue factor (TF), a primary initiator of blood coagulation, also plays a pivotal role in angiogenesis. TF expression in the airways is associated with asthma, a disease characterized in part by subepithelial angiogenesis. To determine potential sources of TF and the mechanisms of its availability in the lung microenvironment. Normal ...
Jiang Haihong - - 2012
We recently reported that phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) directly regulates airway smooth muscle (ASM) contraction by modulating Ca(2+) oscillations. Because ASM contraction plays a critical role in airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) of asthma, the aim of the present study was to determine whether targeting PI3Kγ in ASM cells could suppress AHR ...
Chiappori A - - 2012
Polyspecific organic cation transporters (OCTs) in human cell membranes are involved in the uptake, distribution and excretion of cationic compounds. Although their relevance to drug disposition in the liver, small intestine and kidney has been investigated previously, less is known about the influence of these transporters on the pharmacokinetics and ...
Choe Youngji Y Institute of Oral Biosciences (BK21 Program) and School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, South - - 2012
Numerous studies have shown that hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) inhibits proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation in bone-like cells. Human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PLF) are capable of differentiating into osteoblasts and are exposed to oxidative stress during periodontal inflammation. However, the cellular responses of PLF to H(2)O(2) have not been identified. In this ...
Parmentier Celine N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is characterized by reversible airway obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness associated with T(H)2 cell-mediated inflammation. Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are potent lipid mediators involved in bronchoconstriction, mucus secretion, and cell trafficking in asthmatic patients. Recent data have implicated CysLTs in the establishment and amplification of T(H)2 responses in murine ...
Kondo Mitsuko - - 2012
Human Ca(2+)-activated Cl ion channel 1 (hCLCA1) is expressed in goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway of asthmatics, and murine CLCA3 is associated with antigen-sensitized and IL-13-induced goblet cell metaplasia in mice. However, the role of CLCA in goblet cell degranulation is not fully investigated. Niflumic acid (NFA), a relatively ...
Olsen Priscilla C - - 2012
Inhalation of JMF2-1, an analog of lidocaine with reduced anesthetic activity, prevents airway contraction and lung inflammation in experimental asthma models. We sought to test if the JMF2-1 effects are a consequence of increased intracellular cAMP levels in asthma cell targets, such as smooth muscle cells and T cells. Functional ...
Bara Imane - - 2012
Bronchial remodeling, including increased bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) mass, contributes to bronchial obstruction in asthma. However, its mechanisms are complex and remain controversial. Recently, a role of the chitinase 3-like 1 protein (YKL-40) has been evoked in asthma. Indeed, YKL-40 concentration was increased in asthmatic serum, and correlated with asthma ...
Furuta Hiroyuki - - 2012
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is constitutively activated in many cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and is involved in the invasive characteristics of OSCC, such as growth, anti-apoptotic activity and protease production. However, the cellular mechanism underlying NF-κB's promotion of bone invasion by OSCC is unclear. Therefore, we investigated the ...
Huesa Carmen - - 2012
This chapter describes several methods suitable for mechanically stimulating monolayers of bone cells by fluid shear stress (FSS) in vitro. Fluid flow is generated by pumping culture medium through two parallel plates, one of which contains a monolayer of cells. Methods for measuring nitric oxide production by bone cells in ...
Ge Qi - - 2012
Background. Persistent asthma is characterized by airway remodeling. Whereas we have previously shown that neither β(2)-agonists nor corticosteroids inhibit extracellular matrix (ECM) protein release from airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, the effect of their combination is unknown and this forms the rationale for the present study. Methods. ASM cells from ...
Stewart Ceri E - - 2012
The aim of the current study was to evaluate primary (human bronchial epithelial cells, HBEC) and non-primary (Calu-3, BEAS-2B, BEAS-2B R1) bronchial epithelial cell culture systems as air-liquid interface- (ALI-) differentiated models for asthma research. Ability to differentiate into goblet (MUC5AC+) and ciliated (β-Tubulin IV+) cells was evaluated by confocal ...
Liu Chi - - 2012
Airway epithelial cells have been demonstrated to be accessory antigen presentation cells (APC) capable of activating T cells and may play an important role in the development of allergic airway inflammation of asthma. In asthmatic airways, loss of expression of the adhesion molecule integrin β4 (ITGB4) and an increase in ...
Leidi Marzia - - 2011
An adequate intake of magnesium (Mg) is important for bone cell activity and contributes to the prevention of osteoporosis. Because (a) Mg is mitogenic for osteoblasts and (b) reduction of osteoblast proliferation is detected in osteoporosis, we investigated the influence of different concentrations of extracellular Mg on osteoblast-like SaOS-2 cell ...
Honami Tatsuki T Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8525, - - 2012
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) and its signaling have been identified in several human cancers, and increased levels of its expression appear to correlate with disease progression and metastasis. However, the role of Shh in bone destruction associated with oral squamous cell carcinomas, which frequently invade the maxilla or the mandible, is ...
Miki Hirokazu - - 2011
The spicamycin analogue KRN5500 alters glycoprotein processing and induces damage in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi apparatus in cancer cells. In the present study, we explored the cytotoxic effects of KRN5500 on multiple myeloma (MM) cells and the bone marrow microenvironment with special reference to ER stress. Cell proliferation assay showed ...
Khosroshahi Mohamad E - - 2011
The aim of this research is to study the normalized fluorescence spectra (intensity variations and area under the fluorescence signal), relative quantum yield, extinction coefficient and intracellular properties of normal and malignant human bone cells. Using Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy (LIFS) upon excitation of 405 nm, the comparison of emission spectra of ...
Rodriguez-Lorenzo Luis M - - 2011
The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether the cryopolymerization technique is capable of producing suitable scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Cryopolymers made of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and acrylic acid with (W1 and W20) and without (W0) wollastonite particles were prepared. The elastic modulus of the specimens rose one ...
Doostmohammadi A - - 2011
In this study, the cytotoxicity evaluation of prepared 63S bioactive glass and bone-derived hydroxyapatite particles with yeast and human chondrocyte cells was carried out using isothermal micro-nano calorimetry (IMNC), which is a new method for studying cell/biomaterial interactions. Bioactive glass particles were made via sol-gel method and hydroxyapatite was obtained ...
Cornish Jillian - - 2011
The conventional view of the mode of action of bisphosphonates is that they are taken up by bone surfaces and then ingested by bone-resorbing osteoclasts, the activity of which they inhibit through their actions on the enzyme, farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) synthase. This model suggests that these compounds should only have ...
Zhou Hongzhi H Department of Endodontics, Prosthodontics, and Operative Dentistry, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Division, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2011
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) can fill complex-shaped bone defects and set in situ to form a scaffold with intimate adaptation to neighboring bone. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the effects of fiber length and alginate microbead volume fraction on CPC mechanical properties, and (2) the effect ...
Buzhor Ella - - 2011
Cell-based approaches utilizing autologous human renal cells require their isolation, expansion in vitro and reintroduction back into the host for renal tissue regeneration. Nevertheless, human kidney epithelial cells (hKEpC) lose their phenotype, dedifferentiate and assume the appearance of fibroblasts after relatively few passages in culture. We hypothesized that growth conditions ...
Rodionova N V - - 2011
With the use of radioactive marker of DNA synthesis--3H-thymidine we have studied the dynamics, peculiarities of proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic cells under hind limb unloading of white rats ("tail suspension" method at an angle 35 degrees) during 28 days. The 3H-thymidine was administered at a single dose at the ...
Wang Jiandong - - 2011
To investigate the effect of ferritin protein overexpression on superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particle labeling of C6 rat glioma cells, and track the labeled cells in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A plasmid of H-chain of murine ferritin gene was constructed and transfected into C6 cells. The parental and ...
Hong Jiaxu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Keratolimbal allograft (KLAL) transplantation has been proved to be a useful surgical procedure for limbal stem cell deficiency patients. However, information about in vivo ocular surface changes in those patients is limited, due to the lack of a reliable and non-invasive technique for closely monitoring the changes of KLAL ...
Tragiannidis A - - 2011
Children with haematological malignancies such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) may have alteration of bone mineral metabolism therefore increased risk for osteopenia and osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the alterations of bone mineral metabolism in two groups of children (n=42) according to immunophenotyping (B-cell type, T-cell ...
Xu Huamin - - 2010
Ginsenoside-Rg1 is one of the pharmacologically active components isolated from ginseng. It was reported that Rg1 protected dopamine (DA) neurons in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) models in vivo and in vitro. Our previous study also demonstrated that iron accumulation was involved in the toxicity of 6-OHDA. However, whether Rg1 ...
Barnett Nicholas N Renal, Urology and Transplantation Directorate, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, Guy’s Hospital, London SE1 9RT, - - 2011
B cells are vital in renal transplantation. B2 cells are part of the adaptive immune system. Activated B cells mature into plasma cells or memory B cells: their life spans can be prolonged by niches. B cells have a wide variety of functions: antibody production, antigen presentation, cytokine production and ...
Wan Li - - 2011
Recent studies indicate that the deposition of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) is related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD); however, the underlying mechanism is still not clear. The abnormal interactions of Aβ with metal ions such as iron are implicated in the process of Aβ deposition and oxidative stress in ...
Ohgari Yoshiko - - 2011
Exogenous δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used in the treatment of cancer. To obtain a high efficacy of ALA-PDT, we have screened various chemicals affecting ALA-induced accumulation of protoporphyrin in cancerous cells. When HeLa cells were treated with quinolone chemicals including enoxacin, ciprofloxacin or norfloxacin, the ALA-induced ...
Lee Te-Chang - - 2011
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) treatment is a useful therapy against human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), however, it concomitantly brings potential adverse consequences including serious side effect, human carcinogenicity and possible development of resistance. This investigation revealed that those problems might be relaxed by simultaneous application with (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), one of the ...
Bhirde Ashwinkumar - - 2011
Cell based therapeutics are emerging as powerful regimens. To better understand the migration and proliferation mechanisms of implanted cells, a means to track cells in living subjects is essential, and to achieve that, a number of cell labeling techniques have been developed. Nanoparticles, with their superior physical properties, have become ...
Zhang Yinghui - - 2010
Cytosolic ferritins sequester and store iron, consequently protecting cells against iron-mediated free radical damage. However, the mechanisms of iron exit from the ferritin cage and reutilization are largely unknown. In a previous study, we found that mitochondrial ferritin (MtFt) expression led to a decrease in cytosolic ferritin. Here we showed ...
Cañete Magdalena - - 2010
In this study we present a morphological approach in observing the interaction of cationic magnetic nanoparticles with A-549 cells (human lung adenocarcinoma). Under our experimental conditions, nanoparticles easily penetrated cells and were observed in vivo, using bright light microscopy. In fixed cells, nanoparticles remained inside cells, showing quantity and distribution ...
Soenen Stefaan J H - - 2011
The in vitro labelling of cultured cells with iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) is a frequent practice in biomedical research. To date, the potential cytotoxicity of these particles remains an issue of debate. In the present study, 4 different NP types (dextran-coated Endorem, carboxydextran-coated Resovist, lipid-coated magnetoliposomes (MLs) and citrate-coated very ...
Zhang Zhuoli - - 2010
Labeling of cells with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles permits cell tracking by (1)H MRI while (31)P MRS allows non-invasive evaluation of cellular bioenergetics. We evaluated the compatibility of these two techniques by obtaining (31)P NMR spectra of iron-labeled and unlabeled immobilized C2C12 myoblast cells in vitro. Broadened but usable (31)P ...
Hermida Laura G - - 2011
The aim of this work was to study the iron uptake of Caco-2 cells incubated with five different formulations of liposomes containing iron. The vesicles were also characterized before, during, and after in vitro digestion. Caco-2 cells were incubated with digested and nondigested liposomes, and soluble iron uptake was determined. ...
Sørensen Anne D - - 2010
The present in vitro studies report on iron uptake by Caco-2 cells from pepsin and pepsin+pancreatin-digested pork meat proteins at pH values between 4.6 and 7 mimicking conditions in the duodenum and the proximal jejunum, respectively. Heat treatment of the pork meat resulted in increased iron uptake from pepsin-digested samples ...
van Tiel Sandra T - - 2010
Various studies have shown that various cell types can be labeled with iron oxide particles and visualized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, reported protocols for cell labeling show a large variation in terms of labeling dose and incubation time. It is therefore not clear how different labeling protocols may ...
Blake Emma - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the pro-drugs 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) utilizes the combined interaction of a photosensitizer, light and molecular oxygen to ablate tumor tissue. To potentially increase accumulation of the photosensitizer, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), within tumor cells an iron chelator can be employed. This study analyzed ...
Cengelli Feride - - 2010
Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIONs) are currently under development for the intracellular delivery of therapeutics. However, the mechanisms of cellular uptake and the cellular reaction to this uptake, independent of therapeutics, are not well defined. The interactions of biocompatible cationic aminoUSPIONs with human cells was studied in 2D and ...
Harned Jill - - 2010
The iron storage protein ferritin is necessary for the safe storage of iron and for protection against the production of iron-catalyzed oxidative damage. Ferritin is composed of 24 subunits of two types: heavy (H) and light (L). The ratio of these subunits is tissue specific, and alteration of this ratio ...
Metzendorf Christoph - - 2010
Iron is essential for life and is needed for cell proliferation and cell cycle progression. Iron deprivation results first in cell cycle arrest and then in apoptosis. The Drosophila tumorous larval hemocyte cell line l(2) mbn was used to study the sensitivity and cellular response to iron deprivation through the ...
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