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Results 351 - 400 of 1275
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Montet-Abou Karin - - 2005
Loading cells with magnetic nanoparticles, and tracking their fate in vivo by high resolution MRI, is an attractive approach for enhancing the efficacy of cell-based therapies including those utilizing hematopoietic stem cells, neuroprogenitor cells, and T cells. The transfection agent (internalization agent) assisted loading with the Feridex IV nanoparticle is ...
Bergman Michael - - 2005
Following clinical observations that patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are more susceptible to infections than non-anemic individuals, the phagocytic capacity and number of apoptotic peripheral white blood cells (PWBC) from patients with IDA were examined. PWBC from 15 patients with IDA and from 18 healthy donors were incubated with ...
Juzenas Petras - - 2005
Effect of the iron chelator deferoxamine (DF) on the production of endogenous porphyrins was studied in adenocarcinoma WiDr cells and erythroid K562 cells in vitro. Porphyrin fluorescence was observed in the cells in vitro incubated with DF. The fluorescence spectra recorded in the cells were similar to that of protoporphyrin ...
Alberghini Alessandra - - 2005
Given the modulation of iron metabolism by hypoxia and the high iron requirement of neoplastic cells, we investigated iron metabolism in a human renal cancer cell line with a mutated von Hippel Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene (RCC10) and in a transfectant clone with wild-type VHL (RCC63). The loss of ...
Bonnah Robert A - - 2005
Neisseria meningitidis (MC) is an important cause of meningitis and septic shock. Primary loose attachment of MC to host epithelial cells is mediated by type IV pili. Lipooligosaccharide (LOS), opacity (Opa) proteins and glycolipid adhesins facilitate subsequent tight attachment. MC infection causes numerous changes in host epithelial cell homeostasis. These ...
Wang Li - - 2005
AIM: To determine the method of growing small intestinal epithelial cells in short-term primary culture and to investigate the effect of extracellular iron concentration ([Fe3+]) on calcium absorption and the relationship between the rising intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and cell apoptosis in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells. METHODS: Primary culture ...
Petri-Fink A - - 2005
Our goal is to develop, characterize and optimize functionalized super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) demonstrating the capacity to be internalized by human cancer cells. SPION (mean diameter 9nm) were coated with various ratios to iron oxide of either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), carboxylate-functionalized PVA, thiol-functionalized PVA and amino-functionalized PVA (amino-PVA). ...
Rivière Charlotte - - 2005
PURPOSE: To perform a quantitative analysis of anionic maghemite nanoparticle-labeled cells in vitro and determine the effect of labeling on signal intensity at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional animal care and use committee at Hôpital Bichat. In vitro cell proliferation, iron ...
Jeong Young-Il - - 2005
Poly(gamma-benzyl L-glutamate) (PBLG)/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) diblock copolymer endcapped with galactose moiety (abbreviated as GEG) was synthesized and characterized for study of liver-specific targeting. From dynamic light scattering measurement, particle sizes of copolymeric nanoparticles were decreased with an increase of PEG in the copolymer. The morphology of GEG-3 nanoparticles observed by ...
Lupu Cristina - - 2005
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) blocks tissue factor-factor VIIa (TF-FVIIa) activation of factors X and IX through the formation of the TF-FVIIa-FXa-TFPI complex. Most TFPI in vivo associates with caveolae in endothelial cells (EC). The mechanism of this association and the anticoagulant role of caveolar TFPI are not yet known. ...
Tylko Grzegorz - - 2005
The toxic effects of heavy metals on organisms are well established. However, their specific action at the cellular level in different tissues is mostly unknown. We have used the housefly, Musca domestica, as a model organism to study the toxicity of four heavy metals: copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), ...
Kraml Pavel J - - 2005
Epidemiological studies have established that a high level of iron body stores is associated with increased risk of acute coronary heart disease. To explain this association, it has been proposed that iron catalyzes the production of highly reactive forms of free oxygen species, and thus, promotes low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, ...
Carlson Anne - - 2005
Tyrosine phosphorylation has emerged as a mechanism to control cellular events in the nucleus. The c-Fes protein-tyrosine kinase is an important regulator of cell growth and differentiation in several cell types, and is found in the nucleus of hematopoietic cells. In this study, we showed nuclear localization of c-Fes in ...
Ishay J S - - 2005
On the ceiling of the Oriental hornet comb cell, there are mineral granules of polycrystalline material known to belong to the group of perovskites. In a comb cell intended to house a worker hornet, the roof base usually carries one or several such perovskite granules containing titanium (Ti), whereas in ...
Johnson Deborah M - - 2005
A number of regulatory factors including dietary iron levels can dramatically alter the expression of the intestinal iron transporter DMT1. Here we show that Caco-2 cells exposed to iron for 4h exhibited a significant decrease in plasma membrane DMT1 protein, though total cellular DMT1 levels were unaltered. Following biotinylation of ...
Zeiner Michaela - - 2005
An electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method (ET-AAS) was developed for the direct determination of iron in intestinal Caco-2 cells after studying cell viability and proliferation using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT test). Zeeman background correction and end-capped graphite tubes with L'vov platforms were used. Samples were dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and ...
Matuszewski Lars - - 2005
To evaluate the effect of lipofection, particle size, and surface coating on labeling efficiency of mammalian cells with superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIOs). Institutional Review Board approval was not required. Different human cell lines (lung and breast cancer, fibrosarcoma, leukocytes) were tagged by using carboxydextran-coated SPIOs of various hydrodynamic diameters (17-65 ...
Olsen Katja N - - 2005
Members of the ferritin-like Dps protein family are found in a number of bacterial species, where they demonstrate the potential to bind iron, and have been implicated in tolerance to oxidative stress. In this study of the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, the fri gene encoding a Dps homologue was deleted, ...
Paris Irmgard - - 2005
We report a new and specific mechanism for iron-mediated neurotoxicity using RCHT cells, which were derived from rat hypothalamus. RCHT cells exhibit immunofluorescent-positive markers for dopamine beta-hydroxylase and the norepinephrine transporter, NET. In the present study, we observed that iron-induced neurotoxicity in RCHT cells was dependent on (i) formation of ...
Jansen Guus H E - - 2005
The enterolignans enterolactone and enterodiol are phytoestrogens that are formed from plant lignans by microorganisms in the human colon. Enterolignans circulate in plasma as conjugates. We hypothesized that conjugation of enterolignans takes place in colon epithelial cells, and studied the time course of uptake and metabolism of enterolactone and enterodiol ...
MacKenzie Tyler D B - - 2005
Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC7942 cells were grown in high or low environmental concentrations of inorganic C (high-C(i), low-C(i)) and subjected to a light shift from 50 micromol m(-2) s(-1) to 500 micromol m(-2) s(-1). We quantified photosynthetic reductant (O(2) evolution) and molar cellular contents of phycobilisomes, PSII, PSI, and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate ...
Fernaeus Sandra - - 2005
Prion diseases are characterized by the conversion of the normal cellular prion protein PrP(C) into a pathogenic isoform, PrP(Sc). The mechanisms involved in neuronal cell death in prion diseases are largely unknown, but accumulating evidence has demonstrated oxidative impairment along with metal imbalances in scrapie-infected brains. In this study, we ...
Kang C D - - 2005
During light induction for astaxanthin formation in Haematococcus pluvialis, we substituted photoautotrophic induction for heterotrophic induction using acetate, both to prevent contamination by heterotrophs due to addition of organic carbon and to enhance carbon assimilation in the induced cells. Strong photoautotrophic induction was performed by N-deprivation of photoautotrophically grown Haematococcus ...
Shapiro Erik M - - 2005
There is rapidly increasing interest in the use of MRI to track cell migration in intact animals. Currently, cell labeling is usually accomplished by endocytosis of nanometer-sized, dextran-coated iron oxide particles. The limitations of using nanometer-sized particles, however, are that millions of particles are required to achieve sufficient contrast, the ...
Wang Jian - - 2005
Iron-regulatory protein 2 (IRP2), a posttranscriptional regulator of iron metabolism, undergoes proteasomal degradation in iron-replete cells, while it is stabilized in iron deficiency or hypoxia. IRP2 also responds to nitric oxide (NO), as shown in various cell types exposed to pharmacological NO donors and in gamma interferon/lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. However, the ...
Hall G - - 2005
The passive treatment system designed to treat the mine water discharge of the abandoned Wheal Jane tin mine in Cornwall consisted of a sequence of artificial wetland cells, an anaerobic cell and a final series of rock filters. Three systems were operated which differed only in the pre-treatment of the ...
Knutson Mitchell D - - 2005
Ferroportin 1 (FPN1) is transmembrane protein involved in iron homeostasis. In the duodenum, FPN1 localizes to the basolateral surface of enterocytes where it appears to export iron out of the cell and into the portal circulation. FPN1 is also abundantly expressed in reticuloendothelial macrophages of the liver, spleen, and bone ...
Yeung Chi Kong - - 2005
Iron chelates, namely, ferrous bisglycinate and ferric EDTA, are promising alternatives to iron salts for food fortification. The objectives of this study were to compare iron uptake from radiolabeled ferrous sulfate, ferrous ascorbate, ferrous bisglycinate, ferric chloride, ferric citrate, and ferric EDTA by Caco-2 cells with different iron status and ...
Molinari Beatriz L - - 2005
MTT is taken up by cells by endocytosis and reduced to formazan in the endosomal/lysosomal compartment. Formazan is deposited intracellularly as blue granules and is later exocytosed as needle-like formazan crystals. The present study involves an analysis of the pattern of exocytosis of MTT in different cell types showing clearcut ...
Wang L - - 2005
A heavy metal accumulation bacterium Pseudomonas putida 5-x isolated from electroplating effluent was used as biosorbent for heavy metal removal from wastewater. In order to compete with physical adsorbent, the optimization of the cell preparation technique for further improving its heavy metal adsorption capacity was conducted. Experimental results showed that ...
Rachmilewitz Eliezer A - - 2005
The pathophysiology of thalassemia is, to a certain extent, associated with the generation of labile iron in the pathological red blood cell (RBC). The appearance of such forms of iron at the inner and outer cell surfaces exposes the cell to conditions whereby the labile metal promotes the formation of ...
Pahl Paula M B - - 2005
Iron is an essential micronutrient for the growth and function of all cells. It is, therefore, an attractive target for chemotherapeutic compounds. Numerous studies in vitro and in vivo provide evidence that iron chelators may be effective antitumor agents. Lipophilic iron chelators that are readily cell permeable and can bind ...
Baldys Aleksander - - 2005
Although the mechanism by which asbestos causes cancer remains unknown, iron associated with asbestos is thought to play a role in the pathogenic effects of fibers. Here, we examined the effects of asbestos on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in human lung epithelial (A549) cells, human pleural mesothelial (MET5A) ...
Chen Haobin - - 2005
Nickel (Ni) compounds are well-established carcinogens and are known to initiate a hypoxic response in cells via the stabilization and transactivation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha). This change may be the consequence of nickel's interference with the function of several Fe(II)-dependent enzymes. In this study, the effects of soluble nickel ...
Geninatti Crich Simonetta - - 2005
The high binding affinity between avidin and biotin has been exploited to develop a procedure for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visualization of target cells. SHIN3 and PANC1 tumor cell lines have been used as target cells because they possess on their membranes galactosyl receptors able to bind avidin molecules. Avidin-Gd ...
Sturm Brigitte - - 2005
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is caused by low expression of frataxin, a small mitochondrial protein. Studies with both yeast and mammals have suggested that decreased frataxin levels lead to elevated intramitochondrial concentrations of labile (chelatable) iron, and consequently to oxidative mitochondrial damage. Here, we used the mitochondrion-selective fluorescent iron indicator/chelator rhodamine ...
Falgueyret Jean-Pierre - - 2004
We describe a novel diazomethylketone-containing irreversible inhibitor (BIL-DMK) which is specific for a subset of pharmaceutically important cysteine cathepsin proteases. BIL-DMK rapidly inactivates cathepsins B, F, K, L, S, and V in isolated enzyme assays and labels cathepsins in whole cells. The presence of catalytically active cathepsins B, L, and ...
Sutak Robert - - 2004
The ability of the parasitic flagellate Tritrichomonas foetus to use various iron sources for its physiological requirements was studied. The siderophores ferrioxamine B, ferrichrome, triacetylfusarinine, coprogen, enterobactin and pyoverdine sustained growth of the cells under iron-limited conditions, and siderophore iron was incorporated into the major iron protein of T. foetus, ...
Bulte Jeff W M - - 2004
Given the remarkable progress that has recently been obtained in animal studies, the clinical use of stem and progenitor cells to correct or replace defective cell populations may soon become a reality. In order to develop effective cell therapies, the location and distribution of these cells must be determined in ...
Aime S - - 2004
The low sensitivity is the major disadvantage of MRI as compared to PET. Therefore, amplification strategies are necessary for specific pathway labeling. This survey is aimed at exploring different routes to the entrapment of Gd(III) chelates in various type of cells at amounts sufficiently large to allow MRI visualization. Namely, ...
Lai Henry - - 2005
Artemisinin reacts with iron to form free radicals that kill cells. Since cancer cells uptake relatively large amount of iron than normal cells, they are more susceptible to the toxic effect of artemisinin. In previous research, we have shown that artemisinin is more toxic to cancer cells than to normal ...
Huang En E Department of Anatomy, National University of Singapore, 119260 - - 2005
A gradual increase in iron occurs in the lesioned hippocampus after neuronal injury induced by the excitotoxin kainate, and the present study was carried out to investigate whether this increase in iron might be associated with changes in expression of the iron binding protein, ferritin. An increase in ferritin immunoreactivity ...
Elfick A P D - - 2004
The cellular reaction to wear debris may result in the failure of an artificial joint's fixation to the skeleton. The influence of debris opsinization on cell activity has received little attention. This study seeks to establish whether different proteinaceous culture environments may invoke variant cellular responses to debris challenge. Consideration ...
Linsenmayer Thomas F - - 2005
We have identified the heavy chain of ferritin as a developmentally regulated nuclear protein of embryonic chicken corneal epithelial cells. The nuclear ferritin is assembled into a supramolecular form that is indistinguishable from the cytoplasmic form of ferritin found in other cell types. Thus it most likely has iron-sequestering capabilities. ...
Carlson Hanqian - - 2005
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is an autosomal recessive disease that leads to parenchymal iron accumulation. The most common form of HH is caused by a single amino acid substitution in the HH protein, HFE, but the mechanism by which HFE regulates iron homeostasis is not known. In the absence of transferrin ...
Wu Xing - - 2004
The clinical use of bleomycin is limited by a dose-dependent pulmonary toxicity. Bleomycin is thought to be growth inhibitory by virtue of its ability to oxidatively damage DNA through its complex with iron. Our previous preclinical studies showed that bleomycin-induced pulmonary toxicity can be reduced by pretreatment with the doxorubicin ...
Lin Hsin-Yi - - 2004
We hypothesized that macrophage cells and their released reactive chemical species (RCS) affect Co-Cr-Mo alloy's corrosion properties and that alloy corrosion products change macrophage cell behavior. A custom cell culture corrosion cell was used to evaluate how culture medium, cells, and RCS altered alloy corrosion in 3-day tests. Corrosion was ...
Nemeth Elizabeta - - 2004
Hepcidin is a peptide hormone secreted by the liver in response to iron loading and inflammation. Decreased hepcidin leads to tissue iron overload, whereas hepcidin overproduction leads to hypoferremia and the anemia of inflammation. Ferroportin is an iron exporter present on the surface of absorptive enterocytes, macrophages, hepatocytes, and placental ...
Xiu-Lian Du - - 2004
Transferrin (Tf), a naturally existing protein, has received considerable attention in the area of drug targeting since it is biodegradable, non-toxic, and non-immunogenic. The efficient cellular uptake of Tf shows it has potential in the delivery of anti-cancer drugs, proteins, and therapeutic genes into proliferating malignant cells that overexpress transferrin ...
Santos Renata - - 2004
We cloned the CaYFH1 gene that encodes the yeast frataxin homologue in Candida albicans. CaYFH1 was expressed in Deltayfh1 Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, where it compensated for all the phenotypes tested except for the lack of cytochromes. Double DeltaCayfh1/DeltaCayfh1 mutant had severe defective growth, accumulated iron in their mitochondria, lacked aconitase ...
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