Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1270
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Okimura Yuya - - 2007
The aim of the present work is to clarify the mechanism(s) that regulates the accumulation of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in human histiocytic lymphoma cell line U937 incubated with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Biosynthesis and accumulation of PpIX in the cells was determined after incubation with 0.1-5 mM ALA using a flow ...
Carosio Roberta - - 2007
Neuroblastoma (NB) is an extra-cranial solid tumour of childhood. In spite of the good clinical response to first-line therapy, complete eradication of NB cells is rarely achieved. Thus, new therapeutic strategies are needed to eradicate surviving NB cells and prevent relapse. Sodium ascorbate has been recently reported to induce apoptosis ...
Jones Malcolm K - - 2007
Iron (Fe) is an important trace element found in nearly all organisms, and is used as a cofactor in many biological reactions. One role for Fe in some invertebrates is in stabilization of extracellular matrices. The human blood fluke, Schistosoma japonicum, is responsible for significant human disease in developing and ...
Workman V L VL Department of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3XQ, United - - 2007
Cellular transplantation is a promising technology with great clinical potential in regenerative medicine and disease management. However, effective control over patient immunological response is essential. The encapsulation of cells within hydrogel microspheres is an increasingly prevalent method for the protection of cellular grafts from immune rejection. Microfluidic "chip" reactors present ...
Cox, Timothy Chilton
Copies of author's previously published articles inserted.
Cavadini Patrizia - - 2007
X-linked sideroblastic anemia with ataxia (XLSA/A) is caused by defects of the transporter ABCB7 and is characterized by mitochondrial iron deposition and excess of protoporphyrin in erythroid cells. We describe ABCB7 silencing in HeLa cells by performing sequential transfections with siRNAs. The phenotype of the ABCB7-deficient cells was characterized by ...
Yamamoto Fuki - - 2007
Application of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) results in the endogenous accumulation of protoporphyrin IX and is a useful approach in the photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancers. To investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the specific accumulation of protoporphyrin and ALA-induced PDT of cancerous cells, we transfected inducible-nitric oxide synthase ...
Wang Yongsheng - - 2007
Fluoridated hydroxyapatite (FHA) coatings were deposited onto Ti6Al4V substrates by sol-gel dip-coating method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results showed that fluoride ions were successfully incorporated into the hydroxyapatite (HA) lattice structure. The dissolution behavior in Tris-buffered physiological saline indicated that all fluoridated HA coatings had lower solubility than that of the ...
Koc M - - 2006
We tested the effect of iron deprivation on cell death induction in human Raji cells pre-adapted to differing availability of extracellular iron. Iron deprivation was achieved by incubation in a defined iron-free medium. Original Raji cells have previously been adapted to long-term culture in a defined medium with 5 microg/ml ...
Giesel Frederik Lars - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Cell tracking using ultrasmall iron particles is well established in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, in experimental models, intrinsic iron signals derived from erythrocytes mask the labeled cells. Therefore, we evaluated Gadofluorine M with other gadolinium chelates for a T1-weighted positive enhancement for cell tracking in vitro. In addition, ...
Latunde-Dada Gladys O GO Department of Biochemistry, School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Franklin Wilkins Building, King's College London, 150 Stamford Street, London, SE1 9NH, United - - 2006
Haem released from digestion and breakdown of meat products provides an important source of dietary iron, which is readily absorbed in the proximal intestine. The recent cloning and characterization of a haem carrier protein 1 (HCP 1) has provided a candidate intestinal haem transporter. The current studies describe the expression ...
Dragone Leonard L - - 2006
Src-like adaptor protein (SLAP) and c-Cbl recently have been shown to cooperate in regulating T cell receptor (TCR) levels in developing T cells. SLAP also is expressed in developing B cells, and its deficiency leads to alterations in B cell receptor (BCR) levels and B cell development. Hence, we hypothesized ...
Allen Michael D - - 2007
For photoheterotrophic growth, a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cell requires at least 1.7 x 10(7) manganese ions in the medium. At lower manganese ion concentrations (typically <0.5 microm), cells divide more slowly, accumulate less chlorophyll, and the culture reaches stationary phase at lower cell density. Below 0.1 microm supplemental manganese ion in ...
Chitambar Christopher R - - 2006
The antineoplastic agent doxorubicin inhibits cell growth through mechanisms that include an interaction with iron, resulting in the generation of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Prior studies have shown that the wild-type hemochromatosis gene (wt HFE) may downregulate iron uptake and alter iron homeostasis in cells. We therefore tested the ...
Meng W - - 2006
A useful route for the development of antitumour therapies is by creating improved methods for delivering therapeutic agents to tumour cells or subcellular compartments and increasing retention of drugs within target cells. In this study, we have characterized nanoparticle (NP) uptake and metabolism by DAOY cells, a human medulloblastoma cell ...
Bergqvist Sharon W - - 2006
An in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model was applied to explore the impact of lactic acid (LA) fermentation by Lactobacillus pentosus FSC1 and Leuconostoc mesenteroides FSC2 on the Fe bioavailability of carrot juice. The redox state of Fe in fermented carrot juice was also assessed as a crucial factor for absorption. ...
Juliano R L - - 2006
Enhancing the delivery of antisense and siRNA molecules to cells and tissues is a key issue for oligonucleotide therapeutics. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have the ability to convey linked "cargo" molecules into the cytosol; thus we have explored the use of CPPs as delivery agents for oligonucleotides. We have extensively evaluated ...
Vanden Broeck Davy - - 2006
Epsin is an essential accessory protein exclusively implicated in clathrin-mediated endocytosis and therefore an ideal target to study involvement of this entry route in the uptake of bioligands. The technique of RNA interference (RNAi) was exploited to generate a cell line constitutively silencing epsin expression in a sequence-specific manner In ...
Ou Ming-Ming - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of iron and phosphorus on Microcystis physiological reactions. METHODS: The experimental conditions were chosen as the light dark cycles of 16 h 8 h, 12 h 12 h, and 8 h 16 h. The cell change of morphology and life history, cell number, cell color, ...
Garcia-Alonso Francisco J - - 2007
The antioxidant potential of phenolic compounds is generally linked to their ability to scavenge free radicals. However, in addition to their radical-scavenging activity, phenolic compounds can chelate metal ions, such as iron, to prevent their participation in Fenton-type reactions, which lead to the formation of free radicals. The aim of ...
Garrick Michael D - - 2006
DMT1 (divalent metal transporter; also known as SLC11A2, DCT1 or Nramp2) is responsible for ferrous iron uptake in the duodenum, iron exit from endosomes during the transferrin cycle and some transferrin-independent iron uptake in many cells. Four protein isoforms differ by starting in exon 1A or 2 and ending with ...
Shackelford Rodney E - - 2006
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is characterized by ataxia, genomic instability, and increased cancer incidence. Previously, iron chelator concentrations which suppressed normal cell colony formation increased A-T cell colony formation. Similarly, iron chelators preferentially increased A-T cell colony formation following peroxide exposure compared to normal cells. Last, A-T cells exhibited increased short-term sensitivity ...
Serrano Emilio, Toro Maria ...
This paper studies the corrosion phenomenon by taking three aspects into consideration. The first one is the use of a model, which allows interpreting by analogy the concept of standard potential of the electrode. The second one is an exhaustive analysis of the work of the iron-oxygen cell. It permits ...
Habel Marie-Eve - - 2006
The addition of ferric citrate to Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell lines inhibits growth, leads to the accumulation of cells in the phase G(2)/M of the cell cycle and to the modulation of translocated c-myc expression. The increase in the labile iron pool (LIP) of iron-treated BL cells leads to cytotoxicity. ...
Henriksson C E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cell surface tissue factor (TF) is normally encrypted, but can be activated by various cellular perturbations. Exposure of TF bearing cells to calcium ionophore has been reported to increase TF activity, de-encrypt TF, by phosphatidylserine (PS)-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Our aim has been to examine at the single cell ...
Fernandes R S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: That there is a correlation between cancer and procoagulant states is well-known. C6 glioma cell line was originally induced in random-bred Wistar-Furth rats and is morphologically similar to glioblastoma multiforme, the most common aggressive glioma resistant to therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: In this study we analyzed the molecular mechanisms responsible ...
Persson H Lennart - - 2006
A novel mechanism of radiosensitization involves radiation-enhanced autophagy of damaged mitochondria and various metalloproteins, by which iron accumulates within lysosomes. Hydrogen peroxide, formed by the radiolytic cleavage of water, generates in the presence of lysosomal redox-active iron extremely reactive hydroxyl radicals by Fenton-type chemistry. Subsequent peroxidative damage of lysosomal membranes ...
Mura Casilda V - - 2006
The brain uses massive amounts of oxygen, generating large quantities of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Because of its lipid composition, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, the brain is especially vulnerable to ROS. Furthermore, oxidative damage in the brain is often associated with iron, which has pro-oxidative properties. Iron-mediated oxidative damage ...
Kanda Shigeru - - 2006
Cell migration is regulated by focal adhesion (FA) turnover. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) induces FA disassembly in the murine brain capillary endothelial cell line IBE, leading to FGF-2-directed chemotaxis. We previously showed that activation of Src and Fes by FGF-2 was involved in chemotaxis of IBE cells. In this study, ...
Deans Abby E AE Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, - - 2006
Recently there has been growing interest in the development and use of iron-based contrast agents for cellular imaging with MRI. In this study we investigated coexpression of the transferrin receptor and ferritin genes to induce cellular contrast in a biological system. Expression of transgenic human transferrin receptor and human ferritin ...
Ng Patrick P - - 2006
We have previously reported that an anti-human transferrin receptor IgG3-avidin fusion protein (anti-hTfR IgG3-Av) inhibits the proliferation of an erythroleukemia-cell line. We have now found that anti-hTfR IgG3-Av also inhibits the proliferation of additional human malignant B and plasma cells. Anti-hTfR IgG3-Av induces internalization and rapid degradation of the TfR. ...
Harned J - - 2006
Although an essential nutrient, iron can catalyze damaging free radical reactions. Therefore elaborate mechanisms have evolved to carefully regulate iron metabolism. Ceruloplasmin, a protein with ferroxidase activity, and transferrin, an iron binding protein have important roles in maintaining iron homeostasis in cells. Since oxidative damage is a hallmark of cataractogenesis, ...
Martelli A - - 2006
Cadmium is found in the environment as part of several, mainly zinc-rich, ores. It has been used in many technological applications, but biological systems generally failed to safely deal with this element. In mammalian biology, cadmium exposure jeopardizes health and mechanisms of cadmium toxicity are multifarious. Mainly because bioavailable cadmium ...
Clardy Stacey L - - 2006
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by a strong urge to move the legs. Sufferers of RLS often experience chronic sleep deprivation, due to the characteristic worsening of symptoms both when at rest and during the night. MRI data, autopsy studies, and a consistent decrease in CSF ...
Kurz Tino - - 2006
Oxidant-induced cell damage may be initiated by peroxidative injury to lysosomal membranes, catalyzed by intralysosomal low mass iron that appears to comprise a major part of cellular redox-active iron. Resulting relocation of lytic enzymes and low mass iron would result in secondary harm to various cellular constituents. In an effort ...
Leuschner Carola - - 2006
Targeted delivery of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) could facilitate their accumulation in metastatic cancer cells in peripheral tissues, lymph nodes and bones and enhance the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The specificities of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) and luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin (LH/CG)- bound SPIONs were tested in ...
Gonçalves Ana Sofia - - 2006
Ferroportin [FPN; Slc40a1 (solute carrier family 40, member 1)] is a transmembrane iron export protein expressed in macrophages and duodenal enterocytes. Heterozygous mutations in the FPN gene result in an autosomal dominant form of iron overload disorder, type-4 haemochromatosis. FPN mutants either have a normal iron export activity but have ...
Pires Viviane Silva - - 2006
Cell cycle progression is dependent on intracellular iron level and chelators lead to iron depletion and decrease cell proliferation. This antiproliferative effect can be inhibited by exogenous iron. In this work, we present the synthesis of new synthetic calix[4]arene podands bearing two aspartic/glutamic acid, ornithine groups or hydrazide function at ...
Yiakouvaki Anthie - - 2006
Exposure of human skin cells to solar UVA radiation leads to an immediate dose-dependent increase of labile iron that subsequently promotes oxidative damage and necrotic cell death. Strong iron chelators have been shown to suppress cell damage and necrotic cell death by moderating the amount of labile iron pool (LIP), ...
Double K L - - 2006
The function of the dark polymer pigment neuromelanin found in catecholaminergic neurons of the human brain is not understood, especially as most published data are based upon a synthetic model melanin which differs structurally to the native pigment. Nevertheless human neuromelanin has been shown to efficiently bind transition metals such ...
Yuan Songhu - - 2006
This study deals with the degradation of various nitrophenols by cathode reduction and electro-Fenton methods. Phenols (Poh), 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), 3-nitrophenol (3-NP), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), and 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) are treated and different degradation sequences are obtained. The relationship between the structure and activities of nitrophenols is discussed. Using 4-NP as a model ...
Chao How-Ran - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the arsenic effect on activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated gene expression by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) in human hepatoma cells. The human hepatoma Huh7 cells were treated with sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) from 0.5 to 20 microM for 24 h. Our data revealed that ...
Higai Koji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Natural killer (NK) cells mediate cytotoxicity through cell-surface receptors including lectin-like receptors. We have investigated whether sialyl Lewis X (sLe(X)) antigen, Neu5Acalpha2,3Galbeta1,4(Fucalpha1,3) GlcNAc-R, can bind to the lectin-like receptors on human NK-derived KHYG cells, using transferrin secreted by human hepatoma-derived HepG2 cells (Hep-TF), whose N-glycans are rich in alpha1,3-fucosylated ...
Basireddy Mahesh - - 2006
Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in renal tubules occurs as an adaptive and beneficial response in acute renal failure (ARF) following ischemia and nephrotoxins. Using an in vitro model of polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells, we examined apical and basolateral cell surface sensitivity to HO-1 induction by heme. ...
Kidane Theodros Z - - 2006
How ferritin-Fe becomes available for cell functions is unknown. Our previous studies with rat hepatoma cells indicated ferritin had to be degraded to release its Fe. In these studies, we investigated whether this occurs in other cell types and whether lysosomes are required. Release of ferritin-Fe was induced with desferoxamine ...
Jeschke Udo - - 2006
Galectin-1 (gal-1), a member of the mammalian beta-galactoside-binding proteins, recognizes preferentially Galbeta1-4GlcNAc sequences of several cell surface oligosaccharides. We demonstrate histochemically that the lectin recognizes appropriate glycotopes on the syncytiotrophoblast and extravillous trophoblast layer from second trimester human placenta and on BeWo chorion carcinoma cells. Gal-1 binding to BeWo cells ...
Kim Dae Won - - 2006
To understand the biochemical response of RANKL in response to mechanical loading, MC3T3-E1 cells were biequiaxially stretched. A murine RANKL cDNA with double epitopes, pEF6 HA-RANKL-V5His, was transfected into MC3T3-E1 cells, which were then stretched. Endogenous RANKL protein expression increased in response to mechanical loading. Membrane-bound RANKL (HA-RANKL-V5His) increased in ...
Fleming Robert E - - 2006
The majority of clinical cases of iron overload is caused by mutations in the HFE gene. However, the role that HFE plays in the physiology of intestinal iron absorption remains enigmatic. Two major models have been proposed: 1) HFE exerts its effects on iron homeostasis indirectly, by modulating the expression ...
Ishii Masakazu - - 2006
The melastatin-related transient receptor potential channel TRPM2 is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel that is activated by H(2)O(2), and the Ca(2+) influx through TRPM2 mediates cell death. However, the responsible oxidants for TRPM2 activation remain to be identified. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of hydroxyl radical on TRPM2 activation ...
Hanioka Nobumitsu N Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2006
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are conjugation enzymes, which are regulated in a tissue-specific manner by endogenous and environmental factors. In this study, we focused on UGT1A isoforms (UGT1A1, UGT1A6 and UGT1A9), mainly expressed in the human liver, and examined the inducibility of UGT1As by beta-naphthoflavone (BNF) in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. The ...
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