Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1270
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Hinnen P - - 2002
Photodynamic therapy with the pro-drug 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA-PDT) is being used for the treatment of Barrett's oesophagus. We postulated that a first early course of ALA-PDT would increase protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) accumulation and thus the efficacy of a second course of ALA-PDT, by manipulating ferrochelatase (FC) and porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG-d) ...
Follett Jennifer R - - 2002
Heme-Fe is an important source of dietary iron in humans. Caco-2 cells have been used extensively to study human iron absorption with an emphasis on factors affecting nonheme iron absorption. Therefore, we examined several factors known to affect heme iron absorption. Cells grown in bicameral chambers were incubated with high ...
Moan Johan - - 2002
Human adenocarcinoma cells of the line WiDr and human leukemia T cells of the line Jurkat were incubated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and found to produce protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). They were able to transfer a fraction of the sensitizer to neighboring control cells. The transfer took place through direct membrane contact. ...
Levy Yossef S. - - 2002
The exact pathogenesis of neuronal death following bleeding in brain parenchyma is still unknown. Hemoglobin (Hb) toxicity has been postulated to be one of the underlying mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible contribution to neurotoxicity of each of the Hb compounds and to characterize the ...
Yik Jasper H N - - 2002
The hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) is an endocytic recycling receptor that mediates the endocytosis of desialylated glycoproteins. The human ASGP-R is composed of two homologous subunits, H1 and H2, and the cytoplasmic Cys residues in both subunits are palmitoylated. To study the effects of palmitoylation on ASGP-R activity and function, ...
Koh Shay-Whey M - - 2002
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that corneal endothelial (CE) cells that survive oxidative stress in corneas release ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), which does not possess the secretion signal sequence. METHODS: CNTF and CNTF receptor alpha subunit (CNTFRalpha) in CE cells and cell-conditioned medium (H2O2 and PBS placed in bovine corneal cups for ...
Ren Qing-Guang - - 2002
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a precursor to heme synthesis pathway and currently used to induce endogenous protoporphyrin IX (PpIX, a potent photosensitizer) for photodynamic therapy of cancer. ALA has, however, a limited ability to cross cellular membranes due to its low lipid solubility. The use of lipophilic ALA esters may ...
Pifl Christian - - 2002
Cell cycle blockers inhibit growth in dividing cells, but promote survival of differentiated cells, including neurons. Low micromolar dopamine profoundly inhibited cell growth in dopamine transporter transfected SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells by cell cycle arrest at G(1). This effect was independent of oxy radical formation, antagonized by transporter block, abolished by ...
Nielsen Jeppe Lund - - 2002
Microautoradiography (MAR) was used to enumerate acetate-consuming bacteria under Fe(III)-reducing conditions in activated sludge. This population is believed to consist of dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria, because the applied incubation conditions and the use of specific inhibitors excluded consumption of radiolabeled acetate by other physiological groups such as sulfate reducers. By use ...
Kasugai Nobuyoshi - - 2002
We investigated the effect on cell death of reactive oxygen species induced by [[5,10 (or 5,15)-bis(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)-15,20 (or 10,20) diphenyl]porphinato]iron (cis-FeMPy(2)P(2)P or trans-FeMPy(2)P(2)P) with SOD activity. The SOD activities of the cis-FeMPy(2)P(2)P and trans-FeMPy(2)P(2)P were measured using stopped-flow kinetic analysis. The cell viability of four cell lines treated with cis-Fe-porphyrin, trans-Fe-porphyrin, ...
Yik Jasper H N - - 2002
The hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) internalizes desialylated glycoproteins via the clathrin-coated pit pathway and mediates their delivery to lysosomes for degradation. The human ASGP-R contains two subunits, H1 and H2. Cytoplasmic residues Cys(36) in H1, as well as Cys(54) and Cys(58) in H2 are palmitoylated (Zeng, F.-Y., and Weigel, P. ...
Michel Rosana B - - 2002
In previous experiments, 125I-labeled 1F5 (anti-CD20)was found to kill B-lymphoma cells efficiently and specifically.Unexpectedly, the number of antibody (Ab) molecules taken up per cell was much larger than the number of antigen sites on the cell surface. The present studies were designed to explain this apparent discrepancy. Incubation with fluorophore-conjugated ...
Bowen Chris V - - 2002
The relaxation rates of iron-oxide nanoparticles compartmentalized within cells were studied and found to satisfy predictions of the static dephasing (SD) regime theory. THP-1 cells in cell culture were loaded using two different iron-oxide nanoparticles (superparamagnetic iron-oxide (SPIO) and ultrasmall SPIO (USPIO)) with four different iron concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, ...
Watts Ralph N - - 2002
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) is a cytotoxic effector molecule produced by macrophages that results in Fe mobilization from tumour target cells which inhibits DNA synthesis and mitochondrial respiration. It is well known that NO has a high affinity for Fe, and we showed that NO-mediated Fe mobilization is markedly potentiated by ...
Foster Lisa-Anne Agiato - - 2002
Histoplasma capsulatum, a dimorphic fungus capable of causing severe respiratory illness in immunocompromised individuals, resides in macrophages during mammalian infection. Previous studies suggest that siderophore-mediated iron transport may be important for the acquisition of iron from transferrin while the organism resides in macrophages. However, iron is also present as hemin ...
Koszyca B - - 2002
Normally Fe(2+) is strictly controlled within the central nervous system (CNS) because of its potential to react with oxygen and form free radicals.(1,2) Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) leads to cell damage and haemorrhage, both of which may increase the pool of free iron.(3) The aim of this study was ...
Schwake Lukas - - 2002
The hereditary hemochromatosis protein HFE is known to complex with the transferrin receptor; however, its function regarding endocytosis of transferrin is unclear. We performed patch-clamp capacitance measurements in transfected HeLa cells carrying wild-type or C282Y-mutant HFE cDNA under the control of a tetracycline-sensitive promoter. Whole cell experiments in cells with ...
Roth Jerome A - - 2002
Alterations in iron levels are likely to influence the biological actions of Mn in PC12 cells, because both metals are transported via the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1; also Nramp2 or DCT1). Studies were performed to determine the effect of the iron chelator desferrioxamine (DfO) on Mn-induced PC12 cell death ...
Ferry-Dumazet H - - 2002
Anti-leukemia activity of human macrophages involves the generation of nitric oxide (NO) derivatives. However, leukemic transformation may involve mechanisms that rescue cells from NO-mediated apoptosis. In the present work, we analyzed the effects of exogenous NO on the proliferation of BCR-ABL(+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells. As normal leukocytes, the ...
Carvalho M L - - 2002
Knowledge of the element content of biological systems is important in enabling understanding of uptake mechanisms and physiological response to stress conditions. In this work concentrations of mineral elements in sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) cells grown in the presence of cadmium have been analysed and compared with concentrations in control ...
Cable Edward E - - 2002
Effects of modulators of protein phosphorylation on delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthase and heme oxygenase-1 mRNA were analyzed in the human hepatic cell lines Huh-7 and HepG2 using a quantitative RNase protection assay. Okadaic acid was found to induce ALA synthase mRNA in a concentration-dependent fashion in both Huh-7 and HepG2 ...
Eppler Bärbel - - 2002
Taurine (TAU) is a sulfur-containing amino acid that has been shown to decrease during aging and is believed to be important for cytoprotection. A decrease in TAU could exacerbate the accumulation of free radical-induced damage that may lead to cell death during the aging process. We have shown previously that ...
Galvez Fernando - - 2002
A magnetic cell separation technique (MACS) was developed for isolating and characterizing peanut lectin agglutinin positive (PNA(+)) cells from rainbow trout gills. Percoll density separated mitochondria-rich (MR) cells were serially labeled with PNA-FITC and an anti-FITC antibody covalently coupled to a 50-nm iron particle and then applied to a magnetic ...
Danzeisen Ruth - - 2002
We previously reported an endogenous, membrane-bound Cu oxidase with homology to ceruloplasmin in BeWo cells, a placental choriocarcinoma cell line. In this previous study, ceruloplasmin immunoreactivity was localized to the perinuclear region and non-brush-border membranes. Here, we show that azide-sensitive oxidase activity is enriched in the same fractions, correlating subcellular ...
Zhang Qi - - 2002
Marked regional differences in prevalence of pneumoconiosis are apparent in the US despite comparable dust exposure. In the present study, we examined the ability of 28 coal samples to release bioavailable iron (BAI) and calcium, as well as other metals such as Cr, Ni, Cu, and Co, from three coal ...
Han Okhee - - 2002
The influence of copper status on Caco-2 cell apical iron uptake and transepithelial transport was examined. Cells grown for 7-8 days in media supplemented with 1 microM CuCl(2) had 10-fold higher cellular levels of copper compared with control. Copper supplementation did not affect the integrity of differentiated Caco-2 cell monolayers ...
Zerounian Nora R. - - 2002
Previous studies have implicated copper proteins, including ceruloplasmin, in intestinal iron transport. Polarized Caco2 cells with tight junctions were used to examine the possibilities that (a) ceruloplasmin promotes iron absorption by enhancing release at the basolateral cell surface and (b) copper deficiency reduces intestinal iron transport. Iron uptake and overall ...
Lohmann Christoph H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that osteoblast-like cells respond directly to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles in culture, suggesting that they may be involved in aseptic loosening of endoprostheses. We tested the hypothesis that the state of cell maturation plays a role in the response of osteogenic cells to ultra-high ...
Liu Hua - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We have demonstrated an important role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) as a significant source of catalytic iron in reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cisplatin (CP)-induced renal injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was designed to explore the role of CYP2E1 as a site for ROS generation and a source ...
Kicic Anthony - - 2002
Desferrithiocin (DFT) is an orally effective Fe chelator, with a similar high affinity and selectivity for Fe to desferrioxamine (DFO), which has been shown clinically to possess antineoplastic activity. In this study, DFT was assessed for antineoplastic potential in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines (HCC). This was done as there are ...
Waheed Abdul - - 2002
The protein defective in hereditary hemochromatosis, called HFE, is similar to MHC class I-type proteins and associates with beta2-microglobulin (beta2M). Its association with beta2M was previously shown to be necessary for its stability, normal intracellular processing, and cell surface expression in transfected COS cells. Here we use stably transfected Chinese ...
Milchak Lawrence M - - 2002
This study examined the acute toxicity of ferrous sulfate on rat hepatocyte suspensions, the correlation between lipid peroxidation and cell death, and the roles of glutathione and vitamin E in protecting against iron toxicity. Incubation with ferrous sulfate for 2 h produced lipid peroxidation, but did not decrease cell viability ...
Pietrangelo Antonello - - 2002
Hepatic fibrosis due to iron overload is mediated by oxidant stress. The basic mechanisms underlying this process in vivo are still little understood. Acutely iron-dosed gerbils were assayed for lobular accumulation of hepatic lipid peroxidation by-products, oxidant-stress gene response, mitochondrial energy-dependent functions, and fibrogenesis. Iron overload in nonparenchymal cells caused ...
Wadia Jehangir S - - 2002
Intracellular delivery of macromolecules remains problematic because of the bioavailability restriction imposed by the cell membrane. Recent studies on protein transduction domains have circumvented this barrier, however, and have resulted in the delivery of peptides, full-length proteins, iron beads, liposomes, and radioactive isotopes into cells in culture and animal models ...
Ternan Nigel G - - 2002
Chromohalobacter marismortui VH1 was screened for its ability to utilise organosulfonate compounds at a range of NaCl concentrations. Only aminomethane sulfonate, of seven sulfonates tested, was utilised. Length of lag phase during growth on aminomethane sulfonate, as either nitrogen and/or sulfur source, increased with increasing NaCl concentration. Cell yields increased ...
POPOVICH, NEIL A.
Granular metal anodes were investigated for use in an alkaline metal anode/hydrogen peroxide fuel cell. The fuel cell utilizes granular metal as an anode, potassium hydroxide (KOH) as an anolyte and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) as a catholyte. Voltammetry experiments were carried out on granular aluminum anode. ...
Kuo Shiu-Ming - - 2002
Flavonoids appear to regulate the expression of many genes. As expected, when multiple flavonoids were compared in one study, structure-specificity was always observed. Unfortunately, little information is available regarding the proportion of contribution of various structural elements. Also, we have very limited information on their molecular mechanisms of action. The ...
Ishizaka Nobukazu - - 2002
Acute experimental iron loading causes iron to accumulate in the renal tissue. The accumulation of iron may play a role in enhancing oxidant-induced tubular injury by producing increased amounts of reactive oxygen species. From findings in cells from heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-deficient mice, HO-1 is postulated to prevent abnormal intracellular iron ...
Sangchot P - - 2002
One of the defining characteristics of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, is an abnormal accumulation of iron in the affected brain areas. By using SK-N-SH, a dopaminergic cell line, we have found that iron (100-250 microM FeSO(4)) decreased cell viability, increased lipid peroxidation, and the said effects were blocked by ...
Morath Daniel J - - 2002
One of the hallmarks of the pathology of iron deficiency in children is neurological disabilities that are often associated with hypomyelination. It has been hypothesized that this amyelination is mainly due to a disruption of myelin generation during the early postnatal stages when oligodendrocytes mature to generate myelin producing cell. ...
Kicic A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The siderophore desferrioxamine mesylate (DFO) is used routinely in clinical practice to treat diseases of iron (Fe) overload. Recent studies suggest that DFO and other chelators may have potential in the treatment of cancer. The current study reports the findings obtained when a number of chelators with varying membrane ...
Sasaki K - - 2001
High glucose (HG) concentrations are toxic to various cells in vivo, but cells become insensitive to HG toxicity when they are subcultured serially in vitro. Oxidative stress is involved in HG toxicity, and metal ions, especially iron, mediate some oxidative stress. To investigate mechanisms involved in the insensitiveness of cultured ...
Glasauer S - - 2001
Shewanella putrefaciens, a gram-negative, facultative anaerobe, is active in the cycling of iron through its interaction with Fe (hydr)oxides in natural environments. Fine-grained Fe precipitates that are attached to the outer membranes of many gram-negative bacteria have most often been attributed to precipitation and growth of the mineral at the ...
Rausch M - - 2001
Cells of the mononuclear phagocytotic system (MPS) are often found near to or within ischemic tissue and can potentially aggravate cellular damage. Hence, visualization of those cells would allow demarcation of putatively affected from intact tissue. Experimental MRI studies have shown that ultrasmall particles of dextran-coated iron oxide (USPIO) are ...
Doucette M M - - 2001
The folate receptor (FR) binds physiologic folates with nmol/L affinities and is expected to play an important role in transporting serum folates into cells that express this receptor. Although it has been shown that FR expression increases when extracellular levels of folate are low, whether this receptor is regulated in ...
Pérez G - - 2001
Aluminium (Al) affects erythropoiesis but the real mechanism of action is still unknown. Transferrin receptors (TfR) in K562 cells are able to bind Tf, when carrying either iron (Fe) or Al, with similar affinity. Then, the aim of this work was to determine whether Al could interfere with the cellular ...
Schmalbrock P - - 2001
The objective of this work was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of T1 and relaxivity measurements in cell cultures using 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the long-term goal to develop a tool for evaluation of novel paramagnetic agents in a realistic macromolecular environment. This initial study was carried ...
Lee K Y - - 2001
The structural analysis of high mannose-type Asn-linked (N-linked) oligosaccharides of the human transferrin receptor (hTR) from D-[2-3H]mannose metabolic-radiolabeled human cells--A431, K562, BeWo, and HL60--was investigated. The radiolabeled hTR glycopeptides were prepared and fractionated by a lectin chromatography of Concanavalin A-Sepharose. The composition analysis of hTR glycopeptides revealed that Con A-I ...
Bierau J - - 2001
This paper describes the effects of cyclopentenyl cytosine (CPEC) on the proliferation and cell-cycle distribution of the SK-N-BE(2)c and SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cell lines, as well as their ability to recover from treatment with CPEC. The IC50 value of SK-N-BE(2)c for CPEC, determined after 48 hr was 80 nM. SK-N-BE(2)c cells ...
Caro A A - - 2001
Priming of the liver for ethanol-induced injury, by nutrients such as polyunsaturated fat and iron, plays a key role in alcoholic liver disease. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the combination of Fe-nitrilotriacetic acid (Fe-NTA) and arachidonic acid (AA) on the viability of HepG2 cells ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >