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Ramsey Joanne M - - 2013
The emergence of RNAi offers a potentially exciting new therapeutic paradigm for respiratory diseases. However, effective delivery remains a key requirement for their translation into the clinic and has been a major factor in the limited clinical success seen to date. Inhalation offers tissue-specific targeting of the RNAi to treat ...
Li Yi - - 2012
The role of WNT/β-catenin-signaling pathway is critical in mouse Sertoli cell maturation and tumorigenesis. This study aims to examine the effects of WNT/β-catenin signaling on the cultured adult human Sertoli cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) inhibitors, SB216763 and lithium chloride (LiCl), were used to ...
Tsui Man Kin Marco - - 2012
AIMS: Lithium is a common mood stabilizer to treat bipolar disorder. It has a narrow window of therapeutic action and its mechanism of action and possible side effects are still not fully understood. Lithium is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β). Previous studies indicated that lithium can ...
Huo Kaiming - - 2012
Lithium was recently shown to inhibit apoptosis and promote survival of neural progenitor cells after hypoxia-ischemia in the immature rat brain. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of lithium on cell death and proliferation in the hippocampus after irradiation (IR) to the immature brain. Male mice were injected with ...
Liu Yan - - 2012
Paracoccus sp. strain YF1 immobilized on bamboo carbon was developed for the denitrification. The results show that denitrification was significantly improved using immobilized cells compared to that of free cells, where denitrification time decreased from 24h (free cells) to 15h (immobilized cells). The efficiency of denitrification increased from 4.57mg/(Lh) (free ...
Li Jing - - 2012
A novel nanocomposite synthesis method of amino-modified NaYF(4):Yb,Er up-conversion luminescent nanoparticles (UCNPs) and singlewalled carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) was developed via covalent linkage for the fist time. The nanocomposite was covalently coupled with rabbit anti-CEA8 antibodiy (Ab), and then used successfully as a cell labeling agent for the immuno-labeling and imaging ...
Dang Song - - 2012
This study provides a parallel cytotoxicity study of water-soluble single-walled carbon nanotubes and fullerene C70(C(COOH)2)4-8 on Nicotiana tabacum BY-2 cells. After BY-2 cells were treated with single-walled carbon nanotubes or C70(C(COOH)2)4-8, the cells adopted a shrunken morphology and exhibited lower proliferation rate. Fluorescence imaging of the treated cells revealed increased ...
Choi Jungil - - 2012
This study demonstrated that the surface crystallinity of carbon nanostructures is an additional independent factor that should be considered for the inhibition of cancer proliferation without activating reactive oxygen species (ROS). In addition, cytotoxic evaluation of both proliferating cancer cells and fully differentiated nerve cells (i.e. non-proliferative) showed selective cytotoxicity: ...
Kim Hyun H Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, 5150 Centre Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2012
Carbamazepine, a sodium channel blocker and pro-autophagy agent used in the treatment of epilepsy and trigeminal neuralgia, is also an ionizing radiation mitigator and protector. We measured the effect of carbamazepine, compared to other pro-autophagy drugs (i.e. lithium and valproic acid), on irradiation of autophagy incompetent (Atg5(-/-)) and competent (Atg5(+/+)) ...
Nciri Riadh - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that lithium protects neurons from death induced by a wide array of neurotoxic insults, stimulates neurogenesis and could be used to prevent age-related neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, SH-SY5Y human neuronal cells were cultured in the absence (Con) or in the presence (Li+) of a low lithium ...
Wang Yucheng - - 2012
We investigated the character and origin of the newly described "microglia-like" cell in the mammalian organ of Corti after aminoglycoside intoxication. We replicated the neomycin-induced ototoxicity model in cochleae of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats and used their brains as microglia positive controls. The weak silver carbonate staining method of del Rio-Hortega ...
Harada Hisashi - - 2012
Many carotenoid pigments are present in a small quantity in nature or low yielding from their natural sources, despite these vivid colorations. Thus, the synthesis of useful carotenoids with metabolic pathway-engineered microorganisms should offer an alternative and promising approach for their efficient production. Here, we describe a novel method for ...
Palau Nuria - - 2011
In obesity an increase in β-cell mass occurs to cope with the rise in insulin demand. This β-cell plasticity is essential to avoid the onset of hyperglycemia, although the molecular mechanisms that regulate this process remain unclear. This study analyzed the role of adipose tissue in the control of β-cell ...
Han Jinah - - 2011
Adipose tissue is a structure highly specialized in energy storage. The adipocyte is the parenchymal component of adipose tissue and is known to be mesoderm or neuroectoderm in origin; however, adipocyte development remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the development of adipose tissue by analyzing postnatal epididymal adipose tissue (EAT) ...
Keck Maike - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Millions of plastic and reconstructive surgical procedures are performed each year to repair soft-tissue defects that result from significant burns, tumor resections, or congenital defects. Tissue-engineering strategies have been investigated to develop methods for generating soft-tissue. Preadipocytes represent a promising autologous cell source for adipose tissue engineering. These immature ...
Chan Cheuk Ying - - 2011
AIMS: A major objective in the treatment of obese individuals is the development of agents that reduce body fat and improve metabolic homeostasis. Among a variety of biological effects, green tea exerts an anti-obesity effect; however, the mechanisms behind its activity on adipose tissue are uncertain. Tea contains high levels ...
Gil Angel - - 2011
Abstract This review focuses on metabolic differences of adipose tissue at different sites of the body, with emphasis in pediatrics. Adipose tissue is composed of various cell types, which include adipocytes and other cells of the stromal vascular fraction such as preadipocytes, blood cells, endothelial cells and macrophages. Mammals have ...
Lysaght J - - 2011
Obesity has been associated with increased incidence and mortality of oesophageal and colorectal adenocarcinoma. Excess central adiposity may drive this association through an altered inflammatory milieu. Utilising a unique adipose tissue bioresource we aimed to determine the pro-tumour properties of visceral adipose tissue. Comparing subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue depots, ...
Levi Benjamin - - 2011
Given the diversity of species from which adipose-derived stromal cells are derived and studied, the authors set out to delineate the differences in the basic cell biology that may exist across species. Briefly, the authors found that significant differences exist with regard to proliferation and osteogenic potentials of adipose-derived stromal ...
Majumdar Aloke Bose - - 2011
A computer lithium battery cell was impacted in the cricopharynx of a 1 year and 9 month-old child. The battery cell was safely removed with the pediatric flexible oesophagoscope under anesthesia without trauma to the surrounding structures. The lithium battery cell is potentially dangerous due to its ability to cause ...
Fernández-Aceñero M J - - 2011
Clear cell basal cell carcinoma is a rare histological variant of basal cell carcinoma, which has been well described in the literature. We herein report a case of a 56-year-old man who developed lung metastasis from a rather aggressive tumor that grew very rapidly to involve the parotid gland, the ...
Xu Zhiwei Z Department of Pathology, Immunology, and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2011
Sle2c1 is an NZM2410- and NZB-derived lupus susceptibility locus that induces an expansion of the B1a cell compartment. B1a cells have a repertoire enriched for autoreactivity, and an expansion of this B cell subset occurs in several mouse models of lupus. A combination of genetic mapping and candidate gene analysis ...
Na So Young - - 2011
We describe a 74-year-old man presenting with a 10-year history of an asymptomatic, skin-colored hard plaque on his left cheek. Microscopy revealed well-demarcated tumor with peripheral palisading and peritumoral clefting in the dermis. The tumor included many plasmacytoid cells with cytoplasmic hyaline inclusions and eccentric nuclei. Electron microscopic examination showed ...
Allan Lenka L - - 2011
B cell activation and Ab production in response to protein Ags requires presentation of peptides for recruitment of T cell help. We and others have recently demonstrated that B cells can also acquire innate help by presenting lipid Ags via CD1d to NKT cells. Given the newfound contribution of NKT ...
Qi Qian Q Department of Veterinary & Biomedical Sciences, Center for Molecular Immunology & Infectious Disease, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, - - 2011
The Tec family tyrosine kinase interleukin-2 inducible T-cell kinase (Itk) is predominantly expressed in T cells and has been shown to be critical for the development, function and differentiation of conventional αβ T cells. However, less is known about its role in nonconventional T cells such as NKT and γδ ...
Field Joshua J JJ Blood Research Institute, BloodCenter of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2011
Sickle cell disease (SCD) causes widely disseminated vaso-occlusive episodes. Building on evidence implicating invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury, recent studies demonstrate that blockade of iNKT cell activation in mice with SCD reduces pulmonary inflammation and injury. In patients with SCD, iNKT cells in blood are ...
Young Mary H - - 2011
The recognition of lipid antigens by T cells is a complex and fascinating phenomenon. The MHC-like molecules of the CD1 family have evolved to present a wide variety of both self and foreign lipids for recognition by T-cell receptors. While much progress has been made in our understanding of the ...
Mleczko Anna - - 2011
Only 10 cases of patients with isolated basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the palms and soles have been published. We describe a patient with an isolated basal cell carcinoma of the palm. Our patient denied injury and exposure to noxious agents; he did not have basal cell nevus syndrome. The ...
Bohórquez Diego V DV Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2011
The peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY) is produced and secreted from L cells of the gastrointestinal mucosa. To study the anatomy and function of PYY-secreting L cells, we developed a transgenic PYY-green fluorescent protein mouse model. PYY-containing cells exhibited green fluorescence under UV light and were immunoreactive to antibodies against PYY ...
Yang Jun-Qi JQ Autoimmunity and Tolerance Laboratory, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2011
Autoantibody production is a hallmark of autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Accumulating evidence suggests a role of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in their pathogenesis. Mechanisms underlying the role of iNKT cells in these diseases, however, remain unclear. In this study, we show that iNKT cells suppress IgG ...
Basu Joydeep - - 2011
Therapeutically bioactive cell populations are currently understood to promote regenerative outcomes in vivo by leveraging mechanisms of action including secretion of growth factors, site specific engraftment and directed differentiation. Constitutive cellular populations undoubtedly participate in the regenerative process. Adipose tissue represents a source of therapeutically bioactive cell populations. The potential ...
Sellheyer K - - 2011
Morphoeic basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma can often be difficult to differentiate on routine sections and few reliable immunohistochemical markers are currently available. Recent cDNA microarray studies revealed the pleckstrin homology-like domain, family A, member 1 protein (PHLDA1) as a highly reliable marker of the hair follicle stem ...
Veerapen Natacha N School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2011
Stimulation of iNKT cells by α-galactosyl ceramide (α-GalCer), also known as KRN7000, and its truncated analogue OCH induces both Th1- and Th2-cytokines, with OCH inducing a Th2-cytokine bias. Skewing of the iNKT cells' response towards either a Th1- or Th2-cytokine profile offers potential therapeutic benefits. The length of both the ...
Guo Zhen - - 2010
The olfactory epithelium maintains stem and progenitor cells that support the neuroepithelium's life-long capacity to reconstitute after injury. However, the identity of the stem cells--and their regulation--remain poorly defined. The transcription factors Pax6 and Sox2 are characteristic of stem cells in many tissues, including the brain. Therefore, we assessed the ...
Bai Haiqing - - 2010
Pterygium is a chronic fibrovascular overgrowth on the corneal surface and is often associated with inflammation, astigmatism and obstructed vision. The common treatment is surgical removal but post-operative recurrences with more aggressive behavior are common. However, there is a controversy in the pathogenesis of primary pterygium between limbal stem cell ...
Abbas Ossama - - 2010
Microscopically, differentiating desmoplastic trichoepithelioma from morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma can be difficult as both show 'islands and strands of basaloid cells embedded in a sclerotic stroma'. A superficial shave biopsy further compounds the diagnostic conundrum. Although a plethora of immunohistochemical markers have been touted as being of use as adjunct ...
Poh Yeh-Chuin - - 2010
It has been previously established that living cells, including mesenchymal stem cells, stiffen in response to elevation of substrate stiffness. This stiffening is largely attributed to the elevation of the tractions at the cell base that is associated with increases in cell spreading on more-rigid substrates. We show here, surprisingly, ...
Kazakov A A - - 2010
An increased level of mutagenesis, partially caused by imbalanced activities of error prone DNA polymerases, is a key symptom of cell malignancy. To clarify the possible role of incorrect DNA polymerase iota (Pol iota) function in increased frequency of mutations in mammalian cells, the activity of this enzyme in extracts ...
Cole Brook B - - 2010
Analysis of lineage relationships in the naphthalene-injured tracheal epithelium demonstrated that two multipotential keratin 14-expressing cells (K14ECs) function as progenitors for Clara and ciliated cells. These K14EC were distinguished by their self-renewal capacity and were hypothesized to reside at the stem and transit amplifying tiers of a tissue-specific stem cell ...
Blick Tony - - 2010
We review here the recently emerging relationship between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and breast cancer stem cells (BCSC), and provide analyses of published data on human breast cancer cell lines, supporting their utility as a model for the EMT/BCSC state. Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of these cell lines has confirmed the existence ...
Hanson Peter J - - 2011
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which generally activates Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), is expressed on commensal colonic bacteria. In a number of tissues, LPS can act directly on epithelial cells to increase paracellular permeability. Such an effect in the colon would have an important impact on the understanding of normal homeostasis and of ...
Caro Ivor - - 2010
The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in embryogenesis across multiple species. Its activity is reduced or absent in adult organisms. However, activation of the pathway has been shown to be a factor in the development of a number of human malignancies and inhibition of the pathway is ...
Belliveau Michel J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the histopathologic findings in a series of eyelid basal cell carcinomas removed from patients with basal cell nevus syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 5 patients with basal cell nevus syndrome identified from our oculoplastics service. The systemic and ophthalmic features were reviewed, and a retrospective histopathologic ...
Saad Reda S - - 2010
We investigated the staining pattern of commonly used basal cell/myoepithelial markers, such as p63 (a p53-homologous nuclear protein), basal cell-specific cytokeratin antibody (34betaE12, K903), and smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC) in benign and malignant bronchioloalveolar proliferations of the lung. We studied 85 lung lesions consisting of 35 bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, ...
Kanner William A - - 2010
Podoplanin, D2-40, is often used for highlighting lymphatics. However, it has been described in a variety of normal and neoplastic tissues. We evaluated the expression of D2-40 in breast, salivary gland, skin, and mucosa, all organs rich in myoepithelial cells and basal cells. This study assessed the utility of using ...
Lo Blanche Ka Ki - - 2010
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin malignancy encountered worldwide. We hypothesized that CXC chemokines, small cytokines involved in inducing directed leukocyte chemotaxis, could play a key role in the modulation of BCC growth. In this study, quantitative RT-PCR revealed that the chemokines CXCL9, 10, 11, and their ...
Kobayashi Takanori - - 2010
To make reproducible diagnoses for oral carcinoma in situ (CIS), combined immunohistochemistry directed at the positioning of squamous cell proliferation (Ki-67) and differentiation (keratin (K) 13 and K19) was used, both of which support histological evaluations by providing biological evidence. Normal/hyperplastic epithelia was defined by K19+ cells only in the ...
Fortunel Nicolas O - - 2010
The basal layer of human epidermis contains both stem cells and keratinocyte progenitors. Because of this cellular heterogeneity, the development of methods suitable for investigations at a clonal level is dramatically needed. Here, we describe a new method that allows multi-parallel clonal cultures of basal keratinocytes. Immediately after extraction from ...
Krahl D - - 2010
Tumour development is frequently described in the basic pathology literature as a recapitulation of embryogenesis. However, a link between the embryology of the skin and the histogenesis of adnexal tumours has been largely overlooked. The low-affinity p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) has a profound role in hair follicle biology. We therefore ...
Doupé David P DP MRC Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison-MRC Research Centre, Cambridge CB2 0XZ, - - 2010
Typical murine epidermis has a patterned structure, seen clearly in ear skin, with regular columns of differentiated cells overlying the proliferative basal layer. It has been proposed that each column is a clonal epidermal proliferative unit maintained by a central stem cell and its transit amplifying cell progeny. An alternative ...
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