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Results 401 - 450 of 1171
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Holtkamp G M - - 1999
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, situated between the neurosensory retina and the vascularized choroid, form part of the blood-eye barrier and are important for homeostasis of the outer retina. These cells are able to produce a variety of cytokines which may play a role in the maintenance of the immunosuppressive ...
Peppard J V - - 1999
The effects were measured and compared of three nonselective cysteine cathepsin inhibitors (leupeptin, trans-Epoxy-succinyl-L-Leucylamido(4-guanidino)-butane (E-64), and Z-Phe-Ala-CH2F) and a selective cathepsin B inhibitor, CA074Me, on the intracellular processing of 125I-labeled human recombinant Interleukin 6 (IL-6) by HepG2 cells. The uptake and processing of 125I-IL-6 by cells treated with inhibitors was ...
Rodriguez de Turco E B - - 1999
Retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) actively retrieve and recycle docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) from phagosomal phospholipids back to photoreceptor cells. Here we studied the fate of DHA in primary culture rat RPE cells after feeding with a suspension of rod outer segments (ROS) for 4 hr. Phospholipids (PLs), triacylglycerols (TAG), ...
Matsumoto Y - - 1999
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were obtained from hybridoma clones established by cell fusion between mouse myeloma cells and spleen cells from a mouse immunized against an affinity-purified 40-kDa component of rat 125-kDa glycoprotein (GP125). Two mAbs designated as 3F2 and 6B4 detected a 40-kDa and a 125-kDa band under reducing and ...
Fishelson L - - 1999
Rodlet cells have been found in the head and trunk kidneys of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L). From an experimental sample of 50 carps of various ages, we detected these cells in only seven fishes, contradicting the hypothesis that they constitute a normal component of the fish epithelia. The ...
Roque R S - - 1999
In animals with retinal degeneration, the presence of activated microglial cells in the outer retina during the early stages of injury suggests that they may be involved in the ensuing photoreceptor cell death. In the following study, we investigated the effects of rat retina-derived microglial cells on a photoreceptor cell ...
Mommers J M - - 1999
In the last few years, tacalcitol (1alpha,24-dihydroxy vitamin D(3), TV-02) has become widely available for the topical treatment of psoriasis. Several studies documented its effect on epidermal differentiation, inflammation and proliferation. Especially the effect on epidermal proliferation has shown to be most substantial. This finding strongly suggests that the antipsoriatic ...
Johansson S - - 1999
The present study examined the expression and occurrence of different retinoid binding proteins in human first trimester and term placenta. At both stages, messenger RNA for the serum transport vehicle for retinol, retinol-binding protein (RBP), was detected only in decidual cells of the basal plate. In contrast, immunoreactive RBP (irRBP) ...
Dang Z - - 1999
Freshwater Oreochromis mossambicus (tilapia) were exposed to 3.2 micromol/l Cu(NO(3))(2) in the water for up to 80 days, and copper (Cu) and immunoreactive metallothionein (irMT) were localized in the branchial epithelium. Cu was demonstrated in mucous cells (MC), chloride cells (CC), pavement cells (PC), respiratory cells (RC), and basal layer ...
McIntosh L M - - 1999
Infrared spectroscopy, by probing the molecular vibration of chemical bonds, directly indicates tissue biochemistry. An expanding body of literature suggests that infrared spectra distinguish diseased from normal tissue. The authors used infrared spectroscopy to examine basal cell carcinoma to explore distinctive characteristics of basal cell carcinoma versus normal skin samples ...
Andonian S - - 1999
The epithelial cells lining the cauda epididymidis and vas deferens are active in endocytosis and have an abundance of lysosomes and a well-characterized secretory apparatus. However, little is known about the nature of lysosomal proteins contained within lysosomes, the types of receptors on the cell surface, and the types of ...
Comer M T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The assessment of neoplastic disease in gynaecological histopathology can be complicated by the high incidence of metaplasia seen in tissues of the female genital tract. There is a need to identify specific tissue markers which can be applied in routine histopathological practice. AIM: To examine the clinical potential of ...
Krüger K - - 1999
In the present study, the immunophenotype of basal cell carcinoma was analysed in comparison with human vellus hair follicular keratinocytes. We also established the lectin binding profile of basal cell carcinoma and human vellus hair follicles (VHF), using several lectins with different sugar specificities. Our findings showed an almost identical ...
Ihrler S - - 1999
It is not clear, whether the so-called basal cells of the salivary striated ducts are an independent cell-type distinct from myoepithelial cells, making characterization of the cell proliferation typical of the duct lesions in Sjögren-type sialadenitis/benign lymphoepithelial lesion (BLEL) difficult. An immunohistochemical investigation including different cytokeratin subtypes, alpha-actin, Ki-67 and ...
Brigner W L - - 1999
A block face was generated by dividing a drawn face into a matrix of rectangular cells and then making the brightness of each cell equal to the average of the brightnesses within the facial area circumscribed by a cell. A wavelet analysis was performed on the numbers representing the brightnesses ...
Albarenque S M - - 1999
Acute lesions in the dorsal skin topically applied with T-2 toxin (10 microliters of 0.5 mg/ml-solution to 1 cm2) were examined in Wistar-derived hypotrichotic WBN/ILA-Ht rats up to 24 hours after treatment (24HAT). In the epidermis, depression of basal cell proliferating activity was detected at 3HAT by immunostaining for proliferating ...
Toyoshima K - - 1999
Taste organs in the frog have a distinctive cell type located exclusively in the basal portion. In the same fashion as type III cells in mammalian taste buds, these basal cells show immunoreactivity for serotonin antibody. Further, these cells are morphologically similar to epidermal Merkel cells. To determine the significance ...
Devalaraja M N - - 1999
The basal transcription of the CXC chemokine, melanocyte growth stimulatory activity (MGSA)/growth-regulated protein (GRO)-alpha, is up-regulated in Hs294T melanoma cells compared with the normal retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Previous studies characterized a cytokine-inducible, functional nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB consensus element in the immediate 5' regulatory region of the MGSA/GRO-alpha gene ...
Affar E B - - 1999
The concerted action of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) which synthesizes the poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr) in response to DNA strand breaks and the catabolic enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) determine the level of polymer and the rate of its turnover. In the present study, we have shown that the quail myoblast cells have high ...
Liebetrau M - - 1999
Calpains are intracellular proteinases whose proteolytic activity is directed mainly against the cytoskeleton and regulatory proteins. We studied the presence of calpain by immunohistochemistry in a rat model of reversible focal cerebral ischemia (3 h) at various times of reperfusion. The numbers of calpain-positive cells on the ischemic side were ...
Loro L L - - 1999
Apoptosis and the expression of Fas receptor (Fas) and Fas ligand (FasL) were studied in 8 samples of normal oral mucosa (OM) and in 19 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) by immunohistochemistry and the TUNEL method. Fas was detected in less than 2% of cells in OSCC compared with 84.3+/-9.0% ...
Nishida K - - 1999
In Stevens-Johnson syndrome, pathological keratinization of the ordinarily nonkeratinized corneal and conjunctival mucosal epithelia results in severe visual loss. We examined conjunctiva covering cornea in five eyes in the chronic cicatricial phase of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Normal conjunctiva from five age-matched individuals was studied also. The number of epithelial cells in ...
Andonian S - - 1999
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are dimeric proteins grouped into five classes based on the degree of amino acid homology of their subunits. They are involved in cellular detoxification through the catalyzation of the conjugation of reduced glutathione with various electrophilic substances. In the present study, the distribution of Ya and Yc ...
Kim C S - - 1999
HYPOTHESIS: Aural cholesteatoma has different morphologic and biologic characteristics from the normal epithelial cells. BACKGROUND: The exact pathophysiology of aural cholesteatoma has not been proved. There are certain factors that can be involved in the development of the aural cholesteatoma, which makes it necessary to find the morphologic and biologic ...
Mommers J M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: It is a well-established fact that very potent corticosteroids are highly effective in the treatment of psoriatic plaques, and that the addition of a hydrocolloid occlusive dressing (HCD) enhances its efficacy. It is known that topical steroids induce normal differentiation and diminish hyperproliferation during treatment of psoriatic plaques. These ...
Fradette J - - 1998
Keratins (K), the cytoplasmic intermediate filament (IF) proteins of epithelial cells, are encoded by a multigene family and expressed in a tissue- and differentiation-specific manner. In human skin, keratinocytes of the basal layer of epidermis and the outer root sheath of hair follicles express K5 and K14 as their main ...
van der Kwast T H - - 1998
Combined androgen blockade (CAB) therapy (LHRH agonist and flutamide) for 6 months leads to marked regressive changes of the prostate gland. This is associated with a reduction in the ratio of luminal to basal cells in the peripheral zone (PZ) in hyperplastic glands of the transitional zone (TZ). To examine ...
Weiler E - - 1998
Olfactory sensory cells are replaced continuously throughout the life of an animal. In postnatal rats proliferation density decreases dramatically, and continues to decrease into adulthood at least up to 11 months of age. This is true in both the basal cell and supporting cell populations. However, correlation analysis revealed there ...
Huard J M - - 1998
We have infused replication-incompetent retroviral vectors into the nasal cavity of adult rats 1 day after exposure to the olfactotoxic gas methyl bromide (MeBr) to assess the lineage relationships of cells in the regenerating olfactory epithelium. The vast majority of the retrovirus-labeled clones fall into three broad categories: clones that ...
Chou Y Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To characterize ultrastructurally and biochemically catecholamine release mechanisms of cultured human pheochromocytoma cells in the basal and stimulated states. METHODS: The cultured pheochromocytoma cells were prepared from human adrenal pheochromocytoma tumors. Biochemical determinations of catecholamine secretion from the cultured cells were carried out in the basal and stimulated states. ...
Sasaki Y - - 1998
Basal keratins, suprabasal keratins, filaggrin, and cornified cell envelope (CCE) precursor proteins are expressed during the differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes. These molecules are coordinately expressed during epidermal differentiation. The present study investigated the expression patterns of keratins and CCE precursor proteins in 15 patients with epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS), which ...
Wilson R P - - 1998
The influence of the time of injury on subsequent epidermal regeneration is unknown. Epidermal cell proliferation of tail skin in C57BL/6J mice in response to tape stripping was followed for 7 days by radiolabelled thymidine incorporation and autoradiography. The homeostatic labelling index (LI) of the basal epidermis of unmanipulated, unwounded ...
Laporte J D - - 1998
We have previously reported that pretreatment of cultured human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) results in decreased beta-adrenergic responsiveness. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prostanoids released as a result of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) induction by IL-1beta contribute to this effect of the cytokine. Confluent ...
Seiler P - - 1998
This work demonstrates similarities between epididymal basal cells and macrophages in the mouse. Light microscopic studies of the postnatal development of the murine epididymis showed that basal cells were not present before days 12, 14 and 16 in the cauda, caput and corpus epididymis, respectively. An increase in cell number ...
Henke A C - - 1998
Although basal cell carcinoma is the most common malignant skin tumor, it rarely metastasizes. Because of the infrequency of basal cell carcinoma metastases, the cytomorphologic findings have not been well documented. We retrospectively reviewed the cytologic findings of six cases of metastatic basal cell carcinoma from two patients. Five of ...
Ninomiya H - - 1998
Immunofluorescent analyses revealed distinct cellular/subcellular localization of endothelin (ET) receptors and ET-1 in the epithelial cell layer of guinea pig trachea. ETA was expressed predominantly in the basal cells. ETB was expressed predominantly in the ciliated columnar cells and was polarized at the apical side of the cell body within ...
Suzuki Y - - 1998
The cytotoxic agent colchicine induced apoptotic cell death and subsequent regeneration in the mouse olfactory epithelium and vomeronasal organ. The TUNEL method revealed the presence of many apoptotic bodies in the middle to basal region of the septal olfactory epithelium and vomeronasal organ near the boundary of the respiratory epithelium ...
Barbaud A - - 1998
A retrospective histological and immunohistochemical study was performed on 66 basal cell carcinomas (BCC). To determine the differentiation stages of epithelial cells in these BCC, three monoclonal antibodies directed against cytokeratins K1, K2, K9 and K10-11 (EE21-06), to cytokeratins K1 to K19 (F12-19), and to corneodesmosin (G36-19) were used in ...
Hiraiwa A - - 1998
hCDC47 is a human member of the MCM family, which has been implicated to be concerned with the regulatory machinery causing DNA to replicate once per cell cycle. In a previous paper, we described hCDC47 expression as being localized in the proliferative component of normal tissues, and showed greater expression ...
Suzuki Y - - 1998
Bulbectomy of neonatal mice induced cell migration from the olfactory epithelium in the nasal septum. We examined cell types of migrating clusters by immunohistochemistry using anti-keratin and anti-BrdU antibodies, and by electron microscopy. At 1-2 days after unilateral bulbectomy of P1 mice, cells migrated from the olfactory epithelium to the ...
Dutcher S K - - 1998
We have cloned the UNI3 gene in Chlamydomonas and find that it encodes a new member of the tubulin superfamily. Although Uni3p shares significant sequence identity with alpha-, beta-, and gamma-tubulins, there is a region of Uni3p that has no similarity to tubulins or other known proteins. Mutant uni3-1 cells ...
Boers J E - - 1998
Two roles have been suggested for basal cells on the basis of studies performed with laboratory animals: (1) anchoring of the tracheobronchial epithelium; and (2) being the epithelial stem cell. Parabasal cells located just above the basal cells have also been shown to contribute to cell renewal. However, a systematic ...
Kuchler-Bopp S - - 1998
The presence and synthesis of transthyretin, a major carrier protein of thyroxine in rat cerebrospinal fluid, was investigated in choroid plexus epithelial cells and ependymal cells by immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridization, and analysis by Northern and Western blot using a specific oligonucleotide probe and a specific polyclonal antibody to transthyretin. ...
Moon Y W - - 1998
The lectin, wheatgerm agglutinin (WGA) conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (HRP), previously was shown to be transported into the central nervous system following application by intranasal irrigation. The current study investigated the hypothesis that uptake of molecules, such as the lectin-conjugate, by olfactory receptor cells would mimic internalization of other substances ...
Bréchot J M - - 1998
The MRP (multidrug resistance-associated protein) transmembrane transporter, which actively transports a wide variety of lipophilic substrates out of cancer cells, has been suggested to play a major role in cell detoxification via efflux of glutathione conjugates. Because bronchial epithelial cells are constantly exposed to environmental pollutants, MRP might be a ...
Thewes M - - 1998
Histopathological differentiation between desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (DTE) and morphealike basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a difficult problem because of their similar morphological features. The matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-3 (ST-3), which is expressed as a specific fibroblastic factor especially surrounding carcinoma cells, was studied in these both conditions of wholly different clinical outcome. ...
Weiler E - - 1998
It is well known that progenitor cells in the basal layer of olfactory epithelium proliferate continuously throughout life; the offspring of these dividing cells produce replacements for receptor neurons. In the rat the number of proliferating basal cells/mm length of epithelium (proliferation density) decreases with postnatal age while the area ...
Holtkamp G M - - 1998
A number of cell types situated along interfaces of various tissues and organs such as the peritoneum and the intestine have been shown to secrete inflammatory cytokines in a polarized fashion. Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are positioned at the interface between the vascularized choroid and the avascular retina, forming ...
Candi E - - 1998
We have addressed the question of how keratin intermediate filaments are associated with the cell envelope at the periphery of cornified epidermal cells. Many peptides from human epidermal cell envelopes containing isopeptide crosslinks inserted by transglutaminases in vivo have been characterized. A major subset involves the type II keratin chains ...
Lee M C - - 1998
The Calu-3 cell line is being investigated as a model for human submucosal gland serous cells. In a previous investigation of basal short-circuit current (Isc) in Calu-3 cells, high levels of bumetanide-insensitive basal Isc (approximately 60 microA/cm2) were measured in cells grown at an air interface. Basal Isc was reduced ...
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