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Results 251 - 300 of 1171
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Düşmez Apa D - - 2003
The antibody 34-betaE12 stains selectively the keratins of basal cells. The aim of this study is to investigate the staining pattern of 34-betaE12 in borderline (keratoacanthomas and solar keratosis), and benign lesions (seborrheic keratoses). The proliferation index Ki-67 staining was also evaluated in these and also in malignant (basal and ...
Kwiatkowska M - - 2003
During the development of the antheridia of Chara species, dynamic changes in the occurrence and ultrastructure of plasmodesmata are observed which are closely correlated to particular developmental phases and presumably regulate the morphogenetic events in the antheridia. The disappearance of plasmodesmata between shield cells and between shied cells and the ...
Sneyd J - - 2003
We construct a mathematical model of Ca(2+) wave propagation in pancreatic and parotid acinar cells. Ca(2+) release is via inositol trisphosphate receptors and ryanodine receptors that are distributed heterogeneously through the cell. The apical and basal regions are separated by a region containing the mitochondria. In response to a whole-cell, ...
Doedens John R - - 2003
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM-17) is a metalloprotease disintegrin that cleaves a variety of membrane proteins, releasing ("shedding") their extracellular domains from cells. Most TACE-mediated shedding events occur at low basal rates that are enhanced by treatment of cells with a variety of stimuli. To study the mechanism of ...
Kulkarni Priya - - 2003
The expression of basal cell carcinoma tumors of the skin is blunted in individuals with dark skin and nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. The occurrence of multiple basal cell carcinomas in these patients is a relatively rare finding. We describe a 25-year-old man of partial African-American descent with constitutive Fitzpatrick ...
Hong Kyung U - - 2004
The composition of the conducting airway epithelium varies significantly along the proximal to distal axis, with that of the tracheal epithelium exhibiting the greatest complexity. A number of progenitor cells have been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of this cellular diversity both in the steady state and in response ...
Bertin N - - 2003
This work investigated the link between genetic and developmental controls of fruit size and composition. On two isogenic lines (CF12-C and CF14-L), differing by fruit weight and sugar content quantitative trait loci (QTLs) identified previously, basal and tip fruits were characterized at anthesis and at maturity through their growth, dry ...
Andonian Sero - - 2003
In addition to the maturation of sperm, the epididymis also serves to protect sperm from harmful reactive oxygen species. To this end, various antioxidant enzymes are produced by the epididymis, such as glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), a family of dimeric proteins that catalyze the conjugation of glutathione to various electrophilic compounds, ...
Sanada Hiromi - - 2003
A clinical investigation was conducted concerning the effects of a newly designed double-layer air-cell overlay in preventing the onset of pressure ulcers for patients with a Braden scale score of < or = 16, and who require a head-elevated position of 45 degrees or higher. A randomised controlled trial was ...
Kamakazu Kiyoaki - - 2003
Oral administration and nasal instillation of glucocorticoids are currently being conducted and are producing satisfactory results for the treatment of olfactory dysfunctions. However, there are still many unanswered questions about the actions of glucocorticoids on the olfactory cells. In the present study, the effects of glucocorticoids on the olfactory response ...
Gómez-Espejo Carmen - - 2003
We report a new case of sarcomatoid carcinoma, which showed cellular features of basal cell carcinoma and malignant fibrous myxoid histiocytoma. For this new case and rare neoplasm, we propose the designation of sarcomatoid basal cell carcinoma, as both components were intimately intermingled, the spindle cells seemed to arise from ...
Arifler Dizem - - 2003
The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method provides a flexible approach to studying the scattering that arises from arbitrarily inhomogeneous structures. We implemented a three-dimensional FDTD program code to model light scattering from biological cells. The perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary condition has been used to terminate the FDTD computational grid. We ...
You Yingjian - - 2004
Factors required for commitment of an undifferentiated airway epithelial cell to a ciliated cell are unknown. Cell ultrastructure analysis indicates ciliated cell commitment activates a multistage program involving synthesis of cilia precursor proteins and assembly of macromolecular complexes. Foxj1 is an f-box transcription factor expressed in ciliated cells and shown ...
Vandeweyer E - - 2003
Although extremely frequent elsewhere on the body, basal cell carcinomas are infrequent on the hands (< 1% of all basal cell carcinomas). Chronic sun exposure is considered as the main etiologic factor for its development but it does not explain low frequency of hand involvement. Presented here is a series ...
Thorson Phataraporn - - 2003
Basal cell hyperplasia in the prostate is often viewed as a transition zone proliferation, related to usual, nodular glandular, and stromal hyperplasia. Basal cell hyperplasia in the prostatic peripheral zone, the most common site for development of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and carcinoma, has not been previously characterized. We characterized the ...
Evans John J - - 2003
Endothelin-1 is an important factor in vasoregulation and circulating levels of the peptide are increased in a number of cardiovascular disorders. However, control of endothelin-1 secretion is only sketchily understood. The possibility that endothelin-1 influences its own release was investigated. A cell immunoblot method, which can detect local secretion of ...
Sahin Mustafa Turhan - - 2003
Keratotic basal cell carcinoma may not only clinically but also histologically share more or less the same features with giant solitary trichoepithelioma. It can be difficult to distinguish these two entities from each other, even for an experienced dermatopathologist. We present an unusual case of inguinal keratotic basal cell carcinoma ...
Yang Ximing J - - 2003
Basal cell proliferation is a common finding in a benign hyperplastic prostate gland. Occasionally, basal cell hyperplasia is so florid that it can be mistaken for prostatic adenocarcinoma. We characterized histological, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical features of florid basal cell hyperplasia from transurethral resections (n = 11) and prostatectomy specimens (n ...
Rubin Darrell - - 2003
We have previously shown that the acute stimulation of glucose transport in Clone 9 cells in response to azide is mediated by activation of Glut1 and that stomatin, a Glut1-binding protein, appears to inhibit Glut1 function. In Clone 9 cells under basal conditions, approximately 38% of Glut1, approximately 70% of ...
Günhan Omer - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nuclear morphometric features of epithelial cells lining keratocysts and some other odontogenic cysts. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were selected from the archives of the Department of Pathology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, as follows: 20 keratocysts and 10 dentigerous and 10 radicular cysts. Nuclear morphometric variables were ...
Harrison Devin A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine corneal basal epithelial cell density and morphology in a group of normal corneas and corneas with various conditions. METHODS: The central corneas of a group of 20 normal patients and 27 other patients who either had refractive surgery or had documented corneal pathology were examined with an ...
Steffl M - - 2003
Previous investigations of the expression of chromogranin A (CgA) have been performed primarily in neuroendocrine tissues containing amine and peptide secretory vesicles. More recently it has been shown that CgA, as a high capacity Ca2+ storage protein, interacts with the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor/Ca2+ channel (InsP3R) which has been found to ...
Zhou Ming - - 2003
Antibodies against high molecular weight cytokeratin (34betaE12) and p63 are frequently used basal cell markers to aid in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (Pca). Absence of a basal cell marker in an atypical lesion histologically suspicious for cancer supports a diagnosis of Pca. However, absence of basal cells demonstrable by ...
Asson-Batres M A - - 2003
We have shown previously that vitamin A deficiency (VAD) leads to the decreased expression of gene products that are specifically synthesized by mature neurons in the olfactory epithelium (OE) of adult rats. These results support the hypothesis that retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is required for neurogenesis and ...
Nordin-Andersson M - - 2003
Basal cytotoxicity, morphological changes and alterations in cell physiological and neurochemical functions were studied in differentiated human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells during exposure to acrylamide and during a subsequent recovery period after cessation of exposure. Acrylamide induced a 20% reduction in the number of neurites per cell at 0.21 mmol/L and ...
Voglmayr Hermann - - 2003
Two new aeroaquatic fungi, Ramicephala sphaerospora gen. sp. nov. and Beverwykella clathrata sp. nov., are described and illustrated from tropical and subtropical latitudes. B. clathrata, a species similar to B. cerebriformis, deviates from the latter in having a clathrate outermost cell layer instead of tightly appressed cells, a feature unique ...
Gu Jiali - - 2003
Evidence suggests that the 12-lipoxygenase (LO) pathway mediates angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced aldosterone synthesis in adrenal glomerulosa cells. To study the mechanisms of 12-LO pathway on aldosterone synthesis, the human adrenocortical cell line, H295R, was transiently transfected with a mouse leukocyte type of 12-LO. Overexpression of 12-LO stimulated aldosterone production ...
Tilli C M L J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aberrant expression patterns of nuclear lamins have been described in various types of cancer depending on the subtype of cancer, its aggressiveness, proliferative capacity and degree of differentiation. In general, the expression of A-type lamins (lamins A and C) has been correlated with a non-proliferating, differentiated state of cells ...
Song Pingfang - - 2003
It is well established that small cell lung carcinomas (SCLCs) express receptors for acetylcholine (ACh) and that stimulation of these receptors by nicotine or other cholinergic agonists stimulates cell growth via activation of nicotinic cholinergic receptors (nAChRs) and/or muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs). The aim of this study was to determine ...
Kozakiewicz Marcin - - 2003
To assess the effect of substances inducing mast cell degranulation (substance P and granuliberin R) on the mitotic indices of the gingiva stratified epithelium, basal cells from rats were studied in vivo. Seventy Lewis male rats were used in the study. The rats received injections of either 0.1 ml 0.9% ...
Taylor Gail - - 2003
Leaf expansion in the fast-growing tree, Populus x euramericana was stimulated by elevated [CO(2)] in a closed-canopy forest plantation, exposed using a free air CO(2) enrichment technique enabling long-term experimentation in field conditions. The effects of elevated [CO(2)] over time were characterized and related to the leaf plastochron index (LPI), ...
Kobayakawa Yoshitaka - - 2002
Foot regeneration in the freshwater hydra Pelmatohydra robusta was examined using a monoclonal antibody AE03 as a marker. This antibody specifically recognizes mucous-producing ectodermal epithelial cells in the basal disk, but not cells in the peduncle region located just above the basal disk in the foot. When the basal disk ...
Paitel E - - 2002
We examined the influence of cellular prion protein (PrPc) in the control of cell death in stably transfected HEK293 cell line and in the PrPc-inducible Rov9 cells. PrPc expression in stably transfected HEK293 human cells did not modify basal apoptotic tonus but drastically potentiated staurosporine-stimulated cellular toxicity and DNA fragmentation ...
González Salvador - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Real-time, near-infrared confocal laser scanning microscopy may provide a way to diagnose basal cell carcinoma in vivo and might potentially eliminate the need for invasive diagnostic biopsies in the future. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to define the in vivo histologic features of basal cell carcinoma by ...
Freeburn Robin W - - 2002
The leukemic T cell line Jurkat is deficient in protein expression of the lipid phosphatases Src homology 2 domain containing inositol polyphosphate phosphatase (SHIP) and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN). We examined whether the lack of expression of SHIP-1 and PTEN is shared by other leukemic ...
Dicker Tony - - 2002
The finding of mutations in the PTCH gene in both Gorlin's syndrome and sporadic basal cell carcinomas has significantly advanced our understanding of the molecular defects that lead to the formation of these tumours. Knowledge of the specific molecular and functional changes that have taken place in these tumours will ...
Traister Alexandra - - 2002
In all developing epithelia, the nuclei continually migrate between the apical and basal sides of the cell during the cell cycle, with S phase occurring basally and mitosis occurring apically. The purpose and mechanism of this nuclear migration are unknown. Here, we show that nitric oxide (NO) is endogenously produced ...
Jee S H - - 2002
Dysregulation of interleukin-6 has been reported to be associated with various types of tumors, and interleukin-6 plays an important part in regulating apoptosis in many types of cells. Previously, Mcl-1 was shown to be significantly increased in interleukin-6-overexpressed basal cell carcinoma cells and conferred on them anti-apoptotic activity. The aim ...
Fattorossi Andrea - - 2002
MUC1 (CD227) is a large glycoprotein normally produced by epithelial tissue and expressed aberrantly in carcinomas. Here we show that resting human T cells express basal levels of MUC1 mRNA and protein forms with molecular masses of approximately 150 and approximately 250 intracellularly, but lack surface expression. Mitogenic stimulation induces ...
Tomofuji Takaaki - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gingival bleeding is frequently accompanied by an ulcerated epithelium, with repair depending on the proliferative activity of the epithelial cells. The present study examined the proliferative activity of the junctional epithelium (JE) under several different methods of toothbrushing stimulation. METHODS: Twelve dogs were used in this 3-week experiment. Prior ...
Sato Atsuko - - 2002
Tuft cells are present in the mucosal epithelium of a number of hollow organs including the main excretory duct (MED). Despite their distinctive features such as the long, thick, blunt microvilli with prominent rootlets and the large number of vesicles in the apical cytoplasm, the hypolemmal terminal-tuft cell relationship and ...
Dvoránková Barbora - - 2002
A basal layer of squamous epithelia such as epidermis contains stem cells, transit amplifying cells as well as postmitotic differentiating cells. A detailed knowledge of the transition among these cell types in the course of epidermal renewal is important. It would help in better understanding of many pathological processes, including ...
Reis-Filho Jorge S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: p63 is a p53 homologue that is mapped to chromosome 3q27. This gene encodes six different isoforms, which have either transactivating or dominant negative effects on p53-reporter genes. It has been described that in contrast to p53, p63 seems not to be associated with tumor predisposition, as neither p63 ...
Ince Tan A - - 2002
p63 is a p53 homologue required for cutaneous development that is expressed in immature squamous epithelium and reserve cells of the cervix. Humans with p63 mutations exhibit defects in limb, accessory organ (skin appendage, breast, prostate), and genitourinary development. Because p63 expression patterns imply a strong role of the gene ...
Cui Libin - - 2002
We examined the influence of zinc status on expression of certain transcription factors involved in regulation of apolipoprotein A-I (apoAI) expression in human hepatoblastoma Hep G2 cells. A low zinc basal medium (zinc deficient, ZD) consisting of DMEM and 10% Chelex100-treated fetal bovine serum was used to deplete cellular zinc ...
De La Rosette Jean - - 2002
PURPOSE: We investigate the keratin phenotype of human transitional epithelium at various gestational ages and whether keratin composition of transitional epithelium is related to bladder function and morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive sections from formalin fixed paraffin embedded blocks of autopsy bladder tissue from 21 male and 5 female fetuses, ...
Potten C S - - 2002
The dorsal and ventral epithelia on the murine tongue exhibit very pronounced circadian rhythms in terms of the cell cycle. These rhythms are such that three injections of tritiated thymidine 3 h apart spanning the circadian peak in S phase cells labelled between 40 and 50% of the basal cells. ...
Perera Imara Y - - 2002
To evaluate the impact of suppressing inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) in plants, tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cells were transformed with the human type I inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase (InsP 5-ptase), an enzyme which specifically hydrolyzes InsP(3). The transgenic cell lines showed a 12- to 25-fold increase in InsP 5-ptase activity in vitro and ...
Cedazo-Minguez Angel - - 2002
We studied effects of the familial Alzheimer's disease presenilin 1 (PS1) exon 9 deletion (PS1-DeltaE9) mutation on basal and carbachol-stimulated phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis and intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. We demonstrate that PS1-DeltaE9 cells have an enhanced basal PI hydrolysis and [Ca(2+)](i) as compared with both ...
Illiano Gennaro - - 2002
Leptin has been hypothesized to be a pathophysiologic link between obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Because the adenylate cyclase (AC) system is a main effector of beta-adrenergic receptors and leptin has been shown to modulate AC activity in other cell lines, a leptin impact on cardiac AC activity was hypothesized. Therefore, ...
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