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Results 201 - 250 of 1171
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Thievessen Ingo - - 2005
Constitutive activation of hedgehog signaling, often caused by PTCH1 inactivation and leading to inappropriate activation of GLI target genes, is crucial for the development of several human tumors including basal cell carcinoma of the skin and medulloblastoma. The PTCH1 gene at 9q22 is also considered as a candidate tumor suppressor ...
Atanassova Nina - - 2005
This study investigated whether transient, neonatal (days 2-12) treatment of rats with the potent oestrogen, diethylstilboestrol (DES), altered the structure of the cauda epididymis/vas deferens in adulthood, and if the changes observed related to altered development of basal cells in early puberty. Neonatal treatment with 10 microg DES resulted in ...
Park Keehyun - - 2005
CONCLUSION: The results of this study encourage our belief that some cholesteatomas can be managed using only conservative treatments. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that once cholesteatoma is in a normal environment, its cellular or molecular pathology can revert to those characteristic of normal epidermis. The aim of this study was to ...
Shoji Jun - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical dexamethasone and topical FK506 treatment on allergic inflammation in conjunctiva, we performed a comparative study using a mouse experimental allergic conjunctivitis model. METHODS: The experimental allergic conjunctivitis model was developed by ovalbumin (OVA) instillation after OVA sensitization by intraperitoneal application of a mixed ...
Cheung King-Ho - - 2005
The epithelia lining the epididymides of many species consists of several cell types. We have provided evidence that the basal cells are essential to the integrated functions of the epithelium. Basal cells, but not principal cells, and other cells in the epididymis express TRPC3 and COX-1. We have isolated basal ...
Alibardi L - - 2005
The present ultrastructural study shows how cells organize to form the complex structure of downfeathers in chick embryos. The embryonic epidermis of the apical part of feather filaments folds inward forming barb ridges which extend toward the base of the feather. The stratification of epidermal cells in barb ridges is ...
Santos-Ruiz Leonor - - 2005
Teleost fishes can regenerate their fins by epimorphic regeneration, a process that involves the transition of the formerly quiescent tissues of the stump to an active, growing state. This involves dynamic modifications of cell phenotype and behavior that must rely on alterations of the cytoskeleton. We have studied the spatial ...
Shebani Eyman - - 2005
Shedding of airway epithelial cells is a common finding in asthma. In this study, the attachment of the airway epithelial cells to the basal lamina (BL) was investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of biopsies from patients with atopic asthma and healthy controls. The following parameters were quantitatively determined: the ...
Yousefi Morvarid - - 2005
The authors' previous studies revealed that a subset of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) contained focally disrupted myoepithelial (ME) cell layers and basement membrane (BM). As the disruption of these two structures is a prerequisite for tumor invasion, and white blood cells (WBCs) contain digestive enzymes capable of degrading both ...
Montironi R - - 2005
Prostatic basal cell proliferations range from ordinary basal cell hyperplasia (BCH) to florid basal cell hyperplasia to basal cell carcinoma. The distinction between these forms of BCH, including the variant with prominent nucleoli (formerly called atypical BCH), and basal cell carcinoma depends on morphological and immunohistochemical criteria and, in particular, ...
Zimoch L - - 2005
In insects, chitin is not only synthesized by ectodermal cells that form chitinous cuticles, but also by endodermal cells of the midgut that secrete a chitinous peritrophic matrix. Using anti-chitin synthase (CHS) antibodies, we previously demonstrated that in the midgut of Manduca sexta, CHS is expressed by two cell types, ...
Hudson Amber E - - 2005
The AON epitope of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is a conserved motif expressed by human SPARC in a variety of human cell types. Through the use of a monoclonal antibody that recognizes this epitope, transitional epithelium was found to restrict expression of SPARC to the suprabasal ...
Hsu, Pi-en
Olfactory neurons arise from the division of a stem cell in the basal area of the epithelium. After dividing asymmetrically and symmetrically, the stem cell gives rise to many immature olfactory receptor neurons that gradually differentiate into mature neurons as they migrate away from the basement membrane. The neurogenesis in ...
Ram Prassad V V S - - 2005
Recent progress in understanding the biology of keratins together with the development of monoclonal antibodies to individual keratin proteins provide the foundation for studying the keratin expression in normal and pathological oral epithelia. Cytokeratin (CK) alterations have been reported in carcinomas and these have been associated with specific aspects of ...
Matic Maja - - 2005
Single-cell suspensions of primary keratinocytes comprise a heterogeneous cell population that consists of basal cells (stem cells, transient amplifying cells, and post-mitotic basal cells) and suprabasal cells at different stages of differentiation. Quantitative data for the differential expression of epitopes on single cells can be obtained using a flow cytometer. ...
Kamiya Makoto - - 2004
The p73 gene is a member of the p53 gene family and the structure and functions of p73 protein are similar to those of p53. However, these two proteins have different roles. In the present study, p73 protein was found immunohistochemically to be distributed in the basal cells of the ...
Wu Howard Her-Juing - - 2004
P63, a homologue of p53, was recently identified as a useful basal cell-specific marker. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of p63 with the widely used high-molecular-weight keratin 34betaE12 for the diagnosis of prostate carcinoma in needle biopsies. We selected 100 consecutive prostate carcinoma diagnosed by needle biopsies with an ...
Manglapus Glen L - - 2004
Direct damage to the olfactory epithelium by inhalation of the olfactotoxin methyl bromide activates a population of multipotent globose basal cells, which reconstitute all depleted cell populations. Because members of the basic helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors are known to regulate neurogenesis and cell production, we performed in situ hybridization ...
Harrell Permila C - - 2005
Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is primarily expressed in glandular epithelium. Therefore, its mechanism of action may be influenced by its regulated vectorial release to either the apical and/or basolateral compartments, where it would act on its various substrates. To gain a better understanding of where MMP-7 is released in polarized epithelium, ...
Athar Mohammad - - 2004
Abnormal activation of the hedgehog-signaling pathway is the pivotal abnormality driving the growth of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), the most common type of human cancer. Antagonists of this pathway such as cyclopamine may therefore be useful for treatment of basal cell carcinomas and other hedgehog-driven tumors. We report here that ...
Cappugi P - - 2004
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality using a photosensitizer, light and oxygen to cause photochemically-induced selective cell death. Topical PDT is most suitable for thin lesions such as superficial basal cell carcinoma and actinic keratoses in dermatology. Results with PDT as treatment of thicker lesions such as nodular basal ...
Yu Hsiao-Man - - 2004
Carcinoma cells in PIN are situated above a layer of basal epithelial cells, which shield the tumor cells from stimulation by factors from the prostate stroma. During progression to invasive carcinoma, the basal cell layer becomes disrupted and tumor cells adhere to the basement membrane. The close proximity of basal ...
Silapunt Sirunya - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of basal cell carcinoma within a port-wine stain or nevus flammeus is rare. Sixteen cases of basal cell carcinoma which developed in a port-wine stain or nevus flammeus have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to demonstrate a rare case of basal cell carcinoma occurring in a ...
Furuya Hidetaka - - 2004
Cell numbers and cellular composition were examined in infusoriform larvae of 44 species of dicyemid mesozoans belonging to 6 genera; Conocyema, Dicyema, Dicyemennea, Dicyemodeca, Microcyema, and Pseudicyema. In addition, literature on infusoriform larvae of another 20 species was reviewed. Infusoriform larvae consist of a constant cell number which is species-specific. ...
Michalczyk Agnes - - 2004
We developed a method for obtaining viable buccal cells from mouthwash samples for use as a source of mRNA and protein. Immunofluorescent analysis showed that most cells were derived from nonkeratinized parabasal epithelia, with a minor proportion of proliferative cells. Gene expression was detected in buccal cells using reverse transcription ...
Goncharuk Valeri - - 2004
Neuropeptides with C-terminal RFamide and their receptors NPFF1 (FF1) and NPFF2 (FF2) have been implicated in a wide variety of functions, including nociception and autonomic and neuroendocrine regulation. Recent studies indicate that the FF1, but not FF2, mRNA is highly expressed in the human hypothalamus. In the present study, localization ...
Pajoohesh-Ganji Ahdeah - - 2004
The epithelial basal cells of the corneal limbus are known to contain adult corneal epithelial stem cells, but the properties of these cells are not well understood. In addition, how and when the limbal epithelium forms during postnatal development in mammals is not clear. To better understand the anatomy and ...
Daniely Yaron - - 2004
The trachea and esophagus originate from the foregut endoderm during early embryonic development. Their epithelia undergo a series of changes involving the differentiation of stem cells into unique cell types and ultimately forming the mature epithelia. In this study, we monitored the expression of p63 in the esophagus and the ...
Itkin Aleksandr - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome suffer from multiple basal cell carcinomas, requiring numerous surgical procedures that over time leave them with multiple disfiguring scars. Photodynamic therapy with delta-aminolevulinic acid using red light (approximately 630 nm) sources has been reported as effective in treatment of superficial and small ...
Diaz Jose I - - 2004
Basal cells play an undefined role in signaling the growth and differentiation of normal secretory epithelial cells in the human prostate. Because basal cells disappear during malignant transformation, we hypothesize that loss of basal cell function may have a permissive role in progression of prostate intraepithelial neoplasia into invasive carcinoma. ...
Maslakova S A - - 2004
Nemerteans have been alleged to belong to a protostome clade called the Trochozoa that includes mollusks, annelids, sipunculids, echiurids, and kamptozoans and is characterized by, among other things, the trochophore larva. The trochophore possesses a prototroch, a preoral belt of specialized ciliary cells, derived from the trochoblast cells. Nemertea is ...
Monteiro, WR; Departamento de ...
Foliar glandular trichomes of <i>Stevia rebaudiana </i>(Bert.) Bert. were examined by transmission electron microscopy in order to detect changes occurring in their cells in association with the secretory process. In the foliar, 10-celled lipophilic glandular trichome of <i>Stevia rebaudiana</i> (Bert.) Bert., the six secretory cells forming three pairs of head ...
Yavisheva T M - - 2004
The basal layer of mouse skin epidermis consists of special structures - rosettes functionally arranged in zones including about 20 rosettes. The rosette contains a central cambial cell; after division of this cell the mother cell remains in the center of the rosette and the daughter cell migrated to the ...
Edwards Paul C - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of p63 immunoreactivity in the malignant salivary gland neoplasms adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) and to compare this to the expression of this marker in the benign salivary gland tumors canalicular adenoma and basal cell ...
Triel Charlotte - - 2004
Cells that exclude Hoechst 33342 have been found in many tissues, and common for these cells is a characteristic profile when analysed by flow fluorimetry (sp, side population). Since sp cells in some cases function as multipotent stem cells, we investigated whether the epidermis contains sp cells (Esp cells) and ...
Selvapandiyan Angamuthu - - 2004
Centrin is a calcium-binding cytoskeletal protein involved in the duplication of centrosomes in higher eukaryotes. To explore the role of centrin in the protozoan parasite Leishmania, we created Leishmania deficient in the centrin gene (LdCEN). Remarkably, centrin null mutants (LdCEN(-/-)) showed selective growth arrest as axenic amastigotes but not as ...
Cabral Ailton - - 2004
The distribution of proliferating cells in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) may be related to lesion type and architecture. Single proliferation indexes may not be representative. We aimed to establish the distribution of cell proliferation in BCC as related to architecture. We studied an unselected, consecutive series of 45 resection specimens ...
Sunny Francis - - 2004
The effect of exogenous administration of cortisol (0.2 microg/g body weight) for 24, 48 and 72 hr on the gill epithelium of Tilapia has been studied. The results clearly revealed that out of the three sub-types of chloride cells viz., shallow basin, wavy convex and deep hole, the shallow basin ...
Romanelli Pantaleo - - 2004
OBJECT: The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a key structure for motor control through the basal ganglia. The aim of this study was to show that the STN in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) has a somatotopic organization similar to that in nonhuman primates. METHODS: A functional map of the STN ...
Hogg Nancy - - 2004
The T lymphocyte (or T cell) has classically been perceived to be a passive circular cell attaching to other cells or fibrils of the extracellular matrix when its integrins become activated. We now understand that the modus operandi of the T cell is migration. These cells are proving to be ...
van Tiel Claudia M - - 2004
Phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PI-TPs) consist of two isoforms (PI-TPalpha and PI-TPbeta), which differ in phospholipid transfer properties and intracellular localization. Both PI-TP isoforms are substrates for protein kinase C and contain a minor phosphorylation site (Ser166 in PI-TPalpha; Ser165 in PI-TPbeta). Only PI-TPbeta contains a major phosphorylation site at Ser262, ...
Leung G P H - - 2004
The epithelia lining the epididymides of many species including the human are known to consist of several cell types. Among them, the principal cells are the most abundant and their functions most extensively studied. There are other cell types such as the narrow cells, clear cells, halo cells and basal ...
Sato H - - 2004
Mongolian jirds, Meriones unguiculatus, are susceptible to infection with Trypanosoma grosi, which naturally parasitizes Apodemus spp. The present study investigated T cell dependence of elimination of T. grosi from the bloodstream of jirds by in vivo T cell depletion using a monoclonal antibody (HUSM-M.g.15). In T cell-depleted jirds, elimination of ...
Franssen Mannon E J - - 2004
Vitamin D3 analogues are a first-line treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis, but so far, comparative clinical studies on calcipotriol and calcitriol ointment are sparse, and in particular no comparative studies are available on cell biological effects of these compounds in vivo. Using flow cytometric assessment, we investigated whether these compounds ...
Nadiri A - - 2004
Intercellular signaling controls all steps of odontogenesis. The purpose of this work was to immunolocalize in the developing mouse molar four molecules that play major roles during odontogenesis: BMP-2, -4, FGF-4, and WNT10b. BMP-2 and BMP-4 were detected in the epithelium and mesenchyme at the bud stage. Staining for BMP-2 ...
Koizumi Michiko - - 2004
Full-thickness excisional wounds were made on the dorsal skin of 1-day-old rats to elucidate from where the cells move into the defect and what kinds of cells they are. Immunohistochemical analyses of the wound sites revealed that the following two subsets of keratinocytes were the major contributors to reepithelialization: first, ...
Wakayama Masataka - - 2003
The leaf of the NADP-malic enzyme type C(4) grass, Arundinella hirta, has not only mesophyll cells (MCs) and bundle sheath cells (BSCs, usual Kranz cells) but also another type of Kranz cells (distinctive cells; DCs) that are not associated with vascular bundles. We investigated photosynthetic enzyme accumulation along the base-to-tip ...
Romano Andre C - - 2003
PURPOSE: In the epidermis, the highest clonogenicity, a feature of stem cells (SCs), is found in the smallest keratinocyte. In the limbal-corneal (LC) epithelium the SCs are exclusively localized in the basal epithelial layer of the limbal domain. The current study was conducted to determine whether this spatial SC arrangement ...
Nardi James B - - 2004
Cell-mediated responses of the moth immune system involve the interaction of two main classes of hemocytes-granular cells and plasmatocytes. During embryogenesis, granular cells arise much earlier than plasmatocytes, and the presence of granular cells is closely coupled with the formation of basal laminae that line the hemocoel occupied by hemocytes. ...
Kozłowski J - - 2003
Accumulation of noncoding DNA and therefore genome size (C-value) may be under strong selection toward increase of body size accompanied by low metabolic costs. C-value directly affects cell size and specific metabolic rate indirectly. Body size can enlarge through increase of cell size and/or cell number, with small cells having ...
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