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Jiang Shujia - - 2006
Akt is a major cell survival and angiogenic mediator downstream of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)/Tie-2 signaling pathway. We hypothesize that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) co-overexpressing Ang-1 and Akt lead to better prognosis. Ang-1 and Akt genes were adenovirally transduced into MSCs from male Fischer rats. Cytoprotective effects of transgene overexpression ...
Aruldhas Mariajoseph Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To understand, through a simulation experiment in a nonhuman primate model, the potential in vivo spermatotoxic toxic effect of hexavalent chromium (CrVI) in men who are occupationally or environmentally exposed to it. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory in a department of endocrinology in a university in India. ...
Chen Gwo-Shing - - 2006
To address whether matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 expression by mesenchymal fibroblasts may be differentially modulated by interactions with normal or malignant epidermal cells, we set up a fibroblast co-culture model separately with keratinocytes, basal cell carcinoma cells and melanoma cells. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and gelatin zymography were ...
Schneider Martina M Department for Experimental Medical Science, Section for Developmental Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. - - 2006
Dystroglycan (Dg) is a widely expressed extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor required for muscle viability, synaptogenesis, basementmembrane formation and epithelial development. As an integral component of the Dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex, Dg plays a central role in linking the ECM and the cytoskeleton. Disruption of this linkage in skeletal muscle leads to ...
Olszewska Ewa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the proliferative capacity in certain layers of the cholesteatoma epithelium and normal skin. MATERIAL/METHODS: Cholesteatoma and skin were obtained during ear surgical procedures. The number of PCNA- and Ki-67-positive cells were counted within each of three microscopic fields at a magnification ...
Radoja Nada - - 2006
In epidermal differentiation basal keratinocytes detach from the basement membrane, stop proliferating, and express a new set of structural proteins and enzymes, which results in an impermeable protein/lipid barrier that protects us. To define the transcriptional changes essential for this process, we purified large quantities of basal and suprabasal cells ...
Mak Grace Z - - 2006
Renal tubular epithelial cells synthesize laminin (LN)5 during regeneration of the epithelium after ischemic injury. LN5 is a truncated laminin isoform of particular importance in the epidermis, but it is also constitutively expressed in a number of other epithelia. To investigate the role of LN5 in morphogenesis of a simple ...
Ercan Ibrahim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The uncinate process (UP) is an important anatomic landmark in frontal recess surgery. Its superior attachment shows great anatomic variability. The agger nasi (AN) cell is another important structure that affects frontal recess anatomy and there is a close neighborhood between them. The aim of this study was to ...
Zhou Ming - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prostate basal cell lesions can have architectural and cytologic atypia that mimic prostate adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical stains for basal cell markers are most helpful in the differential diagnosis. All of the published studies show basal cell lesions are positive for basal cell keratins, whereas adenocarcinoma is negative for both. We ...
Fejfarová Vladimíra - - 2006
Abnormal immune functions of polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells occur in a variety of pathophysiological conditions. There exists a close link between glucose metabolism and PMN functions. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of short-term hyperglycemia and/or hyperinsulinemia on phagocytosis and respiratory burst of PMN cells in healthy ...
Alibardi L - - 2006
Beta-keratins form large part of the corneous material of scales and feathers. The present immunocytochemical study describes the fine distribution of scale- and feather-keratins (beta-keratins) in embryonic scales of the alligator and in avian embryonic feathers. In embryonic scales of the alligator both scale-keratin and feather-keratin can be immunolocalized, especially ...
Zhou Mingyuan - - 2006
The basal layer of limbal and central corneal epithelium is enriched in stem cells and transient amplifying cells, respectively. This physical separation of stem and transient amplifying cells makes the limbal/corneal epithelium an exceptionally suitable system for isolating basal cells enriched in these two proliferative populations. Prior attempts to isolate ...
Orita Yorihisa - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Notch signaling pathway may play an important role in the development of the olfactory epithelium (OE). Objectives. To elucidate whether the Notch signaling pathway mediates the developmental processes in the developing OE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Notch1 and Hes5 in the developing OE of mice with ages ...
Burdon-Jones David - - 2006
A retrospective analysis of the histopathology reports for all first or single basal cell carcinomas (1567) surgically treated over a 13-year period, was undertaken. Basal cell carcinomas classified by standard skin pathology nomenclature were divided into three groups: purely morphoeic basal cell carcinomas, partly morphoeic basal cell carcinomas and non-morphoeic ...
Alibardi L - - 2006
The present ultrastructural and immunocytochemical study on the embryonic feathers of the zebrafinch, an altricial passerine bird, describes cellular differentiation of developing downfeathers. Barb ridges are folds of the original epidermis of the embryonic feather germ in which the basal-apical polarity of epidermal cells is upset. The result is the ...
Buono Krista D - - 2006
Mammary alveoli are composed of luminal (secretory) and basal (myoepithelial) cells, which are descendants of a common stem cell. This study addressed the role of RBP-J-dependent Notch signaling in the formation, maintenance and cellular composition of alveoli during pregnancy. For this purpose, the genes encoding RBP-J, the shared transcriptional mediator ...
Kase Satoru - - 2006
PURPOSE: The mechanism in regulation of the cell cycle and proliferation of corneal epithelium in the homeostatic ocular surface remains unclear. The aim of this study is to examine the expression of p27(KIP1) and its phosphorylation in corneal epithelium. METHODS: The eyes of C57BL/6 mice (7 weeks old) were enucleated. ...
Alibardi L - - 2006
The formation of feathers occurs by the transformation of the embryonic epidermis of feather filaments into keratinized barbules and barbs. The present ultrastructural study directly documents this transformation in chick and zebrafinch downfeathers and juvenile feathers. The transformation of the epidermis in the feather filament (downfeathers) or in the follicle ...
Proia Alan D - - 2006
A 93-year-old woman developed a mass on her right lower eyelid that was present for more than 6 months but underwent rapid expansion during several weeks prior to her ophthalmological evaluation. Examination revealed an approximately 1.8 cm in diameter, fleshy, fungating growth involving more than 60% of the right lower ...
Zhang Zhi Feng - - 2006
It is commonly believed that crustacean haemocytes originate from a specialised haematopoietic tissue (HPT), whereas the differentiation relationship between HPT cells and circulating haemocytes is still not clearly understood. The HPT cells and haemocytes of Fenneropenaeus chinensis were characterised using morphological and histochemical methods. Three types of HPT cells were ...
Martinelli Paul T - - 2006
BACKGROUND Basal cell carcinoma, the most common malignancy in humans, rarely occurs on the nail unit and may be frequently misdiagnosed clinically. OBJECTIVES To present a case of basal cell carcinoma of the nail unit successfully treated with the mohs technique and to review the literature regarding this unique presentation ...
Ramaglia Luca - - 2006
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), an autosomal dominant disorder with a high degree of penetrance and variable expressivity, is characterized by basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, palmar and/or plantar pits, and ectopic calcifications of the falx cerebri. More than 100 minor criteria have been described, but 2 major and ...
Tang Ping - - 2006
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a group of heterogeneous lesions genetically, morphologically, and biologically. Recently, breast epithelium in the terminal ductal lobular unit has been sub-classified based on the expression of several cytokeratin markers as stem cells (CK5/6 +), luminal cells (CK8, CK18 +), and basal cells (CK14, CK17 ...
Man Yan-gao - - 2006
Immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin (CK) 34ssE12 has been routinely used to elucidate prostate basal cells for differentiation between non-invasive and invasive lesions. Our previous studies, however, revealed that some morphologically distinct basal cells observed on H&E-stained sections completely lacked CK34ssE12 expression. Our current study attempted to assess whether these basal ...
Nikezic D - - 2006
To calculate the absorbed dose in the human lung due to inhaled radon progeny, ICRP focussed on the layers containing the target cells, i.e., the basal and secretory cells. Such an approach did not consider details of the sensitive cells in the layers. The present work uses the microdosimetric approach ...
Matschke Katharina - - 2006
Between day E8 and E12 of embryonic development, the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) undergoes massive structural rearrangement enabling calcium-uptake from the eggshell to supply the growing embryo. However, the contribution of the various cell types of the chorionic epithelium including the capillary covering (CC) cells, villus cavity (VC) cells, endothelial-like ...
Schierwater Bernd - - 2005
Trichoplax adhaerens is more simply organized than any other living metazoan. This tiny marine animal looks like a irregular "hairy plate" ("tricho plax") with a simple upper and lower epithelium and some loose cells in between. After its original description by F.E. Schulze 1883, it attracted particular attention as a ...
Nishigori C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by tumorigenesis such as multiple basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts and developmental abnormalities such as calcified dural folds and rib-anomalies. Recently, it has been shown that ultraviolet (UV) B exposure produced more BCCs in ptch knockout ...
Tamiolakis D - - 2005
The fact that the CD30 molecule can mediate signals for cell proliferation or apoptosis prompted us to perform a systematic investigation of CD30 antigen expression in embryonal tissues during proliferation and differentiation stages. We first targeted the foetal human intestinal cryptae cells with positive results. The epidermis is a dynamic ...
Pajoohesh-Ganji Ahdeah - - 2006
Adult corneal epithelial stem cells (CESCs) have been shown to reside at the periphery of the cornea at a site called the corneoscleral junction or limbus. Although studies have shown that these cells are slow cycling, their molecular characteristics are not well understood. Using a whole-mount procedure, we show that ...
Mattii Letizia - - 2005
Granulocyte function may be altered after in vivo G-CSF administration and this has been related to both an immaturity of mobilized cells and to a defect in F-actin polymerization. In this paper we show that in resting Filgrastim (non-glycosylated G-CSF)-pulsed cells, F-actin polymerization, membrane-linked RhoA and cell polarization are enhanced ...
Rao L G - - 2005
We have shown that osteoblastic cells derived from trabecular bone explants of osteoporotic subjects (OP cells) exhibited an altered alkaline phosphatase (ALP) response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] compared to control (CON) cells. Our hypothesis that OP cells have other intrinsic abnormalities was investigated using our cell models representing two different ...
Zitzmann N U - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The host response to microbial challenge depends on the recruitment of homing leucocytes and may be related to the experience to infectious insults over years. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the soft tissue reactions to de novo plaque formation at sites treated with either open ...
Tseng Jill - - 2006
We measured innate immune responses by primary human tracheal epithelial (HTE) cells grown as confluent, pseudostratified layers during exposure to inflammatory activators on apical vs. basolateral surfaces. Apical Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAK (but not flagellin mutant PAK.fliC), flagellin, and flagellin + PAK.fliC activated NF-kappaB and IL-8 expression and secretion. In ...
Iorio Egidio - - 2005
Recent characterization of abnormal phosphatidylcholine metabolism in tumor cells by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has identified novel fingerprints of tumor progression that are potentially useful as clinical diagnostic indicators. In the present study, we analyzed the concentrations of phosphatidylcholine metabolites, activities of phosphocholine-producing enzymes, and uptake of [methyl-14C]choline in human ...
Akbarsha M A - - 2005
Among reptiles, an ampulla ductus deferentis has been reported only in Squamata. Fairly detailed studies are available only for two species, the lizard Calotes versicolor (Fam: Agamidae) and the snake Seminatrix pygaea (Fam: Colubridae). The light microscopic study on C. versicolor revealed the ampulla to be a prominent organ, whereas ...
Dvoránková Barbora - - 2005
Keratin 19 and nuclear reactivity to an endogenous lectin, galectin-1, represent a potential marker of epidermal stem cells. We detected expression of keratin 19 and nuclear binding sites for galectin-1 in adult cells migrating from the hair follicle, where cells expressing keratin 19 are located in the bulge region. The ...
Teh Muy-Teck - - 2005
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common human cancer with increasing incidence reported worldwide. Despite the aberrant signaling role of the Hedgehog pathway, little is known about the genetic mechanisms underlying basal cell carcinomas. Towards a better understanding of global genetic events, we have employed the Affymetrix Mapping 10K single ...
Morrow Christopher J - - 2005
Recent studies have identified conserved missense mutations in PIK3CA, the gene encoding the catalytic phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase subunit p110alpha, in a variety of human cancers. Further investigation demonstrated that PIK3CA mutations lead to increased basal phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity, promoting cell growth and invasion [Samuels, Y., Diaz, L.A., Jr., Schmidt-Kittler, O., Cummins, J.M., Delong, ...
Shappell Nancy W - - 2005
Ergovaline's role in the direct causation of fescue toxicosis first requires establishment of its dietary absorption. Therefore, ergovaline movement across human intestinal cells was assessed using Caco-2 cells derived from human colon carcinoma. A pre-equilibrated mixture of ergovaline/ergovalinine (60:40 ratio of isomers) was added to the apical compartment, and isomer ...
Pan Junmin - - 2005
Almost all eukaryotic cells form cilia/flagella, maintain them at their genetically specified lengths, and shorten them. Here, we define the cellular mechanisms that bring about shortening of flagella prior to meiotic cell division and in response to environmental cues in the biflagellated green alga Chlamydomonas. We show that the flagellar ...
Lechler Terry - - 2005
The epidermis is a stratified squamous epithelium forming the barrier that excludes harmful microbes and retains body fluids. To perform these functions, proliferative basal cells in the innermost layer periodically detach from an underlying basement membrane of extracellular matrix, move outward and eventually die. Once suprabasal, cells stop dividing and ...
McCutcheon Brion - - 2005
Imiquimod is a topical immune response modifier that has proved efficacious in the treatment of the superficial variant of basal cell carcinoma. The nodular variant of basal cell carcinoma has shown moderate response to imiquimod; other variants have not been tested. The mechanism of action is largely unknown; however, studies ...
Kücken Michael - - 2005
Fingerprints (epidermal ridges) have been used as a means of identifications for more than 2000 years. They have also been extensively studied scientifically by anthropologists and biologists. However, despite all the empirical and experimental knowledge, no widely accepted explanation for the development of epidermal ridges on fingers, palms and soles ...
Manabe T - - 2005
The LIM homeobox family of transcription factors is involved in many processes during the development of the mammalian central nerves system. L3, also called Lhx8 (L3/Lhx8), is a recently identified member of the LIM homeobox gene family and is selectively expressed in the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE). Our previous study ...
Yavisheva T M - - 2005
The long axis of epidermal cambial cells determining the direction of their division is determined before the beginning of division and is oriented perpendicularly, but not parallel, to the basal membrane, as in other basal cells. As a result, only one of the two newly formed cells adheres to the ...
Kim Mi-Yeon - - 2005
Presenilins (PS) have been reported to be functionally involved in amyloid precursor protein processing, notch receptor signaling, and programmed cell death, or apoptosis. To understand the role of PS1 in the signaling events, we investigated in this study the role of PS1 in the basal level of mitogen-activated protein kinase ...
Lebeau S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: ERBIN is a binding partner of Erb-B2, an orphan receptor within the Erb-B family critically involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. Although its function remains unclear, ERBIN is thought to affect the polarity of epithelial cells and cell growth via the Ras signalling pathway. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Grounds Haslett R - - 2005
The use of small membrane-permeable sequences or protein transduction domains (PTDs) can facilitate the transport of proteins into many cell types. In preliminary studies with the application of three PTDs (penetratin, modified penetratin, and the HIV TAT transduction domains) to cardiac myocytes, we found that the TAT and penetratin sequences ...
Gómez-Mendikute Amagoia - - 2005
Mussel gill cells are attractive models in ecotoxicological studies because gills are the first uptake site for many toxicants in the aquatic environment; gill cells are thus often affected by exposure to pollutants. Our aim was to characterize mussel gill cells in vivo and in vitro by using morphological, histochemical ...
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