Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1538
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Waki Koji - - 2010
We previously reported that the telomere-targeting drug telomestatin induces apoptosis accompanied by G-tail reduction and dissociation of binding protein TRF2 from telomeres in cancer cell lines but not normal or human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT)-immortalized cells. Because telomere-targeting drugs induce growth arrest in normal cells at higher doses, their development ...
Peeper Daniel S - - 2010
Senescence is increasingly recognized as a critical feature of mammalian cells to suppress tumorigenesis, acting together with cell death programs. Whether senescence, like programmed cell death, can be exploited therapeutically has been unclear. Pandolfi and coworkers now propose that PTEN-loss-induced cellular senescence (PICS) may be triggered in vivo for therapy.
Watanabe Shin - - 2010
Out of normal human fibroblasts OUMS-36 and three clones (T1, T2 and T3) of telomere reverse transcriptase gene (hTERT)-transfectants, telomere length is in order: T3 >T2 >T1 >>OUMS-36 (young) >>OUMS-36 (old), and telomerase activity is in order: T2 >T3 >T1 >>OUMS-36 (young, old), suggesting that telomere length may be roughly ...
Diener Thomas - - 2010
Mitotic cells in culture show a limited replicative potential and after extended subculturing undergo a terminal growth arrest termed cellular senescence. When cells reach the senescent phenotype, this is accompanied by a significant change in the cellular phenotype and massive changes in gene expression, including the upregulation of secreted factors. ...
Rodriguez-Brenes Ignacio A - - 2010
In normal somatic cells, telomere length shortens with each cell replication. This progressive shortening is associated with cellular senescence and apoptosis. Germ cells, stem cells, and the majority of cancer cells express telomerase, an enzyme that extends telomere length and, when expressed at sufficient levels, can immortalize or extend the ...
Shalaby T - - 2010
Embryonal tumours most commonly occur in the first few years of life and account for approximately 30% of childhood malignancies. Knowledge of these tumours' genetics has already impacted on their clinical management and further knowledge of their cellular immortalization will hopefully result in novel therapies. The ends of human chromosomes ...
Marión Rosa M - - 2010
Reprogramming of adult differentiated cells to a more pluripotent state has been achieved by various means, including somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and, more recently, by over expression of specific transcription factors to generate the so-called induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Since telomeres play an important role in the maintenance ...
Yoon Jihee - - 2010
Lysosomes are a cell organelle type processing antimicrobial activity. Here, we investigate the lysosomal activity in a primary cell line, bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs), during cellular aging, based on the antimicrobial activity of lysosomes isolated from BAECs at cell passages 4, 6, 8, and 10. Cytochemical analysis of lysosomes ...
Calado Rodrigo T - - 2010
In this issue of Blood, Ugel and colleagues provide evidence that, in murine models, telomerase is an efficient target for adoptive cell therapy against a variety of cancer cells, but also can elicit an autoimmune response against B cells.(1).
Maehara Kayoko - - 2010
Cellular senescence is an irreversible growth arrest and is presumed to be a natural barrier to tumor development. Like telomere shortening, certain defects in chromosome integrity can trigger senescence; however, the roles of centromere proteins in regulating commitment to the senescent state remains to be established. We examined chromatin structure ...
Knecht Hans - - 2010
In Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) negative Hodgkin's cell lines and classical EBV-negative Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), Reed-Sternberg cells (RS cells) represent end-stage tumor cells, in which further nuclear division becomes impossible because of sustained telomere loss, shortening and aggregation. However, the three-dimensional (3D) telomere organization in latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1)-expressing RS ...
Shin Dong-Myung - - 2011
Genetic material in the nucleus governs mechanisms related to cell proliferation, differentiation, and function. Thus, senescence and aging are directly tied to the change of nuclear function and structure. The most important mechanisms that affect cell senescence are: (i) telomere shortening; (ii) environmental stress-mediated accumulation of DNA mutations, and (iii) ...
Sasaki Motoko - - 2010
We investigated the pathologic significance of ductular reactions in chronic liver diseases with respect to cellular senescence. The expression of senescence-associated markers (p16(INK4a) and p21(WAF1/Cip1)), cell proliferation, cell cycle markers (cyclin D and cyclin A), and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) was examined immunohistochemically in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC, n ...
Yuan Furong F Department of Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78245, - - 2010
Werner syndrome (WS) results from defects in the gene encoding WRN RecQ helicase. WS fibroblasts undergo premature senescence in culture. Because cellular senescence is a tumor suppressor mechanism, we examined whether WS fibroblasts exhibited reduced tumorigenicity, in comparison to control cells, in a model of experimental conversion of normal human ...
Kim Sahn-Ho - - 2010
The telomeric complex, shelterin, plays a critical role in protecting chromosome ends from erosion, and disruption of these complexes can lead to chromosomal instability culminating in cell death or malignant transformation. We reported previously that dominant-negative mutants of one of the telomeric proteins called TIN2 cause death of androgen receptor ...
Guarente Leonard - - 2010
Propagation of a species requires periodic cell renewal to avoid clonal senescence. Liu et al. (2010) now describe a new mechanism of cell renewal in budding yeast, in which damaged protein aggregates are transported out of the daughter buds along actin cables to preserve youthfulness.
Lim Jae Sung - - 2010
Elderly individuals have an increased susceptibility to microbial infections because of age-related anatomical, physiological, and environmental factors. However, the mechanism of aging-dependent susceptibility to infection is not fully understood. Here, we found that caveolae-dependent endocytosis is elevated in senescent cells. Thus, we focused on the implications of caveolae-dependent endocytosis using ...
Vidacek Nikolina Skrobot - - 2010
Aging is one of the most basic properties of living organisms. Abundant evidence supports the idea that cell senescence underlies organismal aging in higher mammals. Therefore, examining the molecular mechanisms that control cell and replicative senescence is of great interest for biology and medicine. Several discoveries strongly support telomere shortening ...
Li Guorong - - 2010
To investigate the alterations in microRNA (miRNA) expression during replicative senescence (RS) in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. Two HTM cell lines were serially passaged until they reached RS. Changes in expression of 30 miRNAs were assessed by real-time quantitative (q)-PCR. The effects of miR-146a on gene expression were analyzed ...
Cogan Nicola - - 2010
The bystander effect is a feature of low dose radiation exposure and is characterized by a signaling process from irradiated cells to non irradiated cells, which causes DNA and chromosome damage in these 'nearest neighbour' cells. Here we show that a low and short dose of Cr(VI) can induce stem ...
Young Andrew Rj - - 2010
Cellular senescence is an extremely stable form of cell cycle arrest activated in response to stress. Autophagy, a lysosome-dependent cellular catabolic process, can also be triggered by cellular stresses. Both senescence and autophagy have been implicated in a similar range of pathophysiologies, including cancer, aging and age-related symptoms. Senescence is ...
Choi Mi Jin - - 2010
The anti-aging effects of cyanidin were investigated under stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) using WI-38 human diploid fibroblasts. WI-38 cells that were treated with 300 microM H(2)O(2) showed losses of cell viability, increased lipid peroxidation, and shortened cell lifespans. However, treatment with cyanidin attenuated cellular oxidative stress through increase of cell ...
Karimi-Busheri Feridoun - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: A subpopulation of cancer cells, tumor-initiating cells, is believed to be the driving force behind tumorigenesis and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. The persistence of tumor-initiating cells may depend on altered regulation of DNA damage and checkpoint proteins, as well as a reduced propensity to undergo apoptosis or senescence. ...
Yoshitake Kazutoshi - - 2010
The ends of chromosomes, termed telomeres consist of repetitive DNA. The telomeric sequences shorten with cell division and, when telomeres are critically abbreviated, cells stop proliferating. However, in cancer cells, by the expression of telomerase which elongates telomeres, the cells can continue proliferating. Many approaches for telomere shortening have been ...
Wesbuer Simone - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity compensates shortening of telomeres during cell division and enables cancer cells to escape senescent processes. It is also supposed, that telomerase is associated with radio- and chemoresistance. In the here described study we systematically investigated the influence of telomerase activity (TA) and telomere length on the outcome ...
Suhr Steven T - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e8124 in vol. 4.].
Miri-Moghaddam Ebrahim - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The close correlation between telomerase activity and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression has made hTERT to be considered as a selective molecular target for human cancer therapy. In this study, the ability of short-interfering RNA (siRNA) to downregulate hTERT expression and its correlation with cell growth and apoptosis ...
Clarke Christopher J P - - 2010
Expression of the human HIN-200 family member IFI 16 has been reported to suppress cell growth and contribute to the onset of cellular senescence. However the molecular events involved in this process have not been fully characterised. We fused IFI 16 to the estrogen receptor ligand-binding domain to establish an ...
Colonna-Romano G - - 2010
Immunosenescence is considered a major contributory factor to the increased frequency of morbidity and mortality among elderly. On the other hand centenarians are considered the best example of successful ageing. To gain insight into mechanisms of immunosenescence and its clinical relevance, a possible model is represented by centenarians and/or their ...
Besancenot Rodolphe - - 2010
Thrombopoietin (TPO) via signaling through its cognate receptor MPL is a key cytokine involved in the regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation leading to platelet production. Mature megakaryocytes are polyploid cells that have arrested DNA replication and cellular proliferation but continue sustained protein synthesis. Here, we show that TPO induces cell-cycle arrest ...
Deruy Emeric - - 2010
Senescence is a state of growth arrest resulting mainly from telomere attrition and oxidative stress. It ultimately leads to cell death. We have previously shown that, in keratinocytes, senescence is induced by NF-kappaB activation, MnSOD upregulation and H(2)O(2) overproduction. We have also shown that senescent keratinocytes do not die by ...
Brondello Jean-Marc - - 2010
This study aims at highlighting the common signature between cartilaginous tissue in osteoarthritis (OA) and preneoplasic tissues preceding neoplasia and tumour formation and, second, focusing on the molecular mechanisms at the aetiology of both pathologies. Because age is the highest risk factor common for both OA and cancer development, it ...
Makpol Suzana - - 2010
The effects of palm gamma-tocotrienol (GGT) on oxidative stress-induced cellular ageing was investigated in normal human skin fibroblast cell lines derived from different age groups; young (21-year-old, YF), middle (40-year-old, MF) and old (68-year-old, OF). Fibroblast cells were treated with gamma-tocotrienol for 24 hours before or after incubation with IC50 ...
Coppé Jean-Philippe - - 2010
Cellular senescence irreversibly arrests cell proliferation in response to oncogenic stimuli. Human cells develop a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which increases the secretion of cytokines and other factors that alter the behavior of neighboring cells. We show here that "senescent" mouse fibroblasts, which arrested growth after repeated passage under standard ...
Gruber Helen E - - 2010
Senescent cells are well-recognized in the aging/degenerating human disc. Senescent cells are viable, cannot divide, remain metabolically active and accumulate within the disc over time. Molecular analysis of senescent cells in tissue offers a special challenge since there are no cell surface markers for senescence which would let one use ...
Zhao Chenfu - - 2010
Spontaneous immortalisation of cultured mammary epithelial cells (MECs) is an extremely rare event, and the molecular mechanism behind spontaneous immortalisation of MECs is unclear. Here, we report the establishment of a spontaneously immortalised bovine mammary epithelial cell line (BME65Cs) and the changes in gene expression associated with BME65Cs cells. BME65Cs ...
Passos João F JF Ageing Research Laboratories, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2010
Cellular senescence--the permanent arrest of cycling in normally proliferating cells such as fibroblasts--contributes both to age-related loss of mammalian tissue homeostasis and acts as a tumour suppressor mechanism. The pathways leading to establishment of senescence are proving to be more complex than was previously envisaged. Combining in-silico interactome analysis and ...
Kennedy Alyssa L AL CR-UK Beatson Labs, Glasgow University, Glasgow, UK. - - 2010
Cellular senescence is a permanent growth arrest that occurs in response to cellular stressors, such as telomere shortening or activation of oncogenes. Although the process of senescence growth arrest is somewhat conserved between mouse and human cells, there are some critical differences in the molecular pathways of senescence between these ...
Singh Richa R Proteomics Laboratory, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), PO Box 80, MG Marg, Lucknow-226001, India. - - 2010
Senescence and mitotic catastrophe (MC) are two distinct crucial non-apoptotic mechanisms, often triggered in cancer cells and tissues in response to anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapeuticals and myriad other factors induce cell eradication via these routes. While senescence drives the cells to a state of quiescence, MC drives the cells towards death ...
Fordyce Colleen C Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of prostaglandins. Its overexpression induces numerous tumor-promoting phenotypes and is associated with cancer metastasis and poor clinical outcome. Although COX-2 inhibitors are promising chemotherapeutic and chemopreventative agents for cancer, the risk of significant cardiovascular and gastrointestinal complications currently outweighs their potential ...
Tsuji Takao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Alveolar cell senescence is accelerated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that alveolar cell senescence contributes to the chronic inflammation that affects the lungs of COPD patients. METHODS: We exposed alveolar type II-like epithelial (A549) cells to a G-quadruplex-interacting telomerase inhibitor in ...
Talluri Srikanth - - 2010
Terminally differentiated cell types are needed to live and function in a postmitotic state for a lifetime. Cellular senescence is another type of permanent arrest that blocks the proliferation of cells in response to genotoxic stress. Here we show that the retinoblastoma protein (pRB) uses a mechanism to block DNA ...
Zhong Cuiping - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports have shown that multipotent stem cells/progenitor cells that are capable of proliferation and regeneration are present in mammalian cochleae. However, progenitor cells have not been isolated from the adult cochlea. We examined the proliferative potential of cells derived from neonatal rats of various ages. The determination of ...
Damri Meytal - - 2009
Dedifferentiation signifies the capacity of somatic cells to acquire stem cell-like properties. This process can be induced during normal development and as a response to various stimuli, such as pathogen infection and wounding. Dedifferentiation also characterizes the transition of differentiated leaf cells into protoplasts (plant cells devoid of cell walls), ...
Zhou Wen-Jun - - 2009
Agents stabilizing G-quadruplexes have the potential to destroy the functional structure of telomere and could therefore act as antitumor agents. We previously reported that SYUIQ-5 could stabilize G-quadruplex, induce senescence, and inhibit c-myc gene promoter activity. In this study, we showed that SYUIQ-5 inhibited proliferation of CNE2 and HeLa cancer ...
Prencipe M - - 2009
The mitotic arrest deficiency protein 2 (MAD2) is a key component of the mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint, monitoring accurate chromosomal alignment at the metaphase plate before mitosis. MAD2 also has a function in cellular senescence and in a cell's response to microtubule inhibitory (MI) chemotherapy exemplified by paclitaxel. Using an ...
Demidenko Zoya N - - 2009
Development of agents that suppress aging (aging suppressants) requires quantification of cellular senescence. Cellular senescence in vitro is characterized by a large cell morphology and permanent loss of proliferative potential. When HT-1080 cells were arrested by p21, they continued to grow exponentially in size and became hypertrophic with a 15-fold ...
Zhang Yue Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, - - 2009
Cardiac tissue engineering will remain only a prospect unless large numbers of therapeutic cells can be provided, either from small samples of cardiac cells or from stem cell sources. In contrast to most adult cells, cardiomyocytes are terminally differentiated and cannot be expanded in culture. We explored the feasibility of ...
Cho Wha Ja - - 2009
Previously, we have reported tissue- and stage-specific expression of miR-372 in human embryonic stem cells and so far, not many reports speculate the function of this microRNA (miRNA). In this study, we screened various human cancer cell lines including gastric cancer cell lines and found first time that miR-372 is ...
Zheng Xin Ting - - 2010
An optical fiber nanobiosensor was constructed to successfully detect a general cancer biomarker, telomerase at single cell level with its nanoscale tip. The nanotip immobilized with a specific antibody was inserted into a MCF-7 breast cancer cell nucleus to capture telomerases directly, after which an in vitro enzymatic sandwich immunoassay ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >