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Results 201 - 250 of 1457
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Brondello Jean-Marc - - 2010
This study aims at highlighting the common signature between cartilaginous tissue in osteoarthritis (OA) and preneoplasic tissues preceding neoplasia and tumour formation and, second, focusing on the molecular mechanisms at the aetiology of both pathologies. Because age is the highest risk factor common for both OA and cancer development, it ...
Makpol Suzana - - 2010
The effects of palm gamma-tocotrienol (GGT) on oxidative stress-induced cellular ageing was investigated in normal human skin fibroblast cell lines derived from different age groups; young (21-year-old, YF), middle (40-year-old, MF) and old (68-year-old, OF). Fibroblast cells were treated with gamma-tocotrienol for 24 hours before or after incubation with IC50 ...
Coppé Jean-Philippe - - 2010
Cellular senescence irreversibly arrests cell proliferation in response to oncogenic stimuli. Human cells develop a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which increases the secretion of cytokines and other factors that alter the behavior of neighboring cells. We show here that "senescent" mouse fibroblasts, which arrested growth after repeated passage under standard ...
Gruber Helen E - - 2010
Senescent cells are well-recognized in the aging/degenerating human disc. Senescent cells are viable, cannot divide, remain metabolically active and accumulate within the disc over time. Molecular analysis of senescent cells in tissue offers a special challenge since there are no cell surface markers for senescence which would let one use ...
Zhao Chenfu - - 2010
Spontaneous immortalisation of cultured mammary epithelial cells (MECs) is an extremely rare event, and the molecular mechanism behind spontaneous immortalisation of MECs is unclear. Here, we report the establishment of a spontaneously immortalised bovine mammary epithelial cell line (BME65Cs) and the changes in gene expression associated with BME65Cs cells. BME65Cs ...
Passos João F JF Ageing Research Laboratories, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2010
Cellular senescence--the permanent arrest of cycling in normally proliferating cells such as fibroblasts--contributes both to age-related loss of mammalian tissue homeostasis and acts as a tumour suppressor mechanism. The pathways leading to establishment of senescence are proving to be more complex than was previously envisaged. Combining in-silico interactome analysis and ...
Kennedy Alyssa L AL CR-UK Beatson Labs, Glasgow University, Glasgow, UK. - - 2010
Cellular senescence is a permanent growth arrest that occurs in response to cellular stressors, such as telomere shortening or activation of oncogenes. Although the process of senescence growth arrest is somewhat conserved between mouse and human cells, there are some critical differences in the molecular pathways of senescence between these ...
Singh Richa R Proteomics Laboratory, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), PO Box 80, MG Marg, Lucknow-226001, India. - - 2010
Senescence and mitotic catastrophe (MC) are two distinct crucial non-apoptotic mechanisms, often triggered in cancer cells and tissues in response to anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapeuticals and myriad other factors induce cell eradication via these routes. While senescence drives the cells to a state of quiescence, MC drives the cells towards death ...
Fordyce Colleen C Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of prostaglandins. Its overexpression induces numerous tumor-promoting phenotypes and is associated with cancer metastasis and poor clinical outcome. Although COX-2 inhibitors are promising chemotherapeutic and chemopreventative agents for cancer, the risk of significant cardiovascular and gastrointestinal complications currently outweighs their potential ...
Tsuji Takao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Alveolar cell senescence is accelerated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that alveolar cell senescence contributes to the chronic inflammation that affects the lungs of COPD patients. METHODS: We exposed alveolar type II-like epithelial (A549) cells to a G-quadruplex-interacting telomerase inhibitor in ...
Talluri Srikanth - - 2010
Terminally differentiated cell types are needed to live and function in a postmitotic state for a lifetime. Cellular senescence is another type of permanent arrest that blocks the proliferation of cells in response to genotoxic stress. Here we show that the retinoblastoma protein (pRB) uses a mechanism to block DNA ...
Zhong Cuiping - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports have shown that multipotent stem cells/progenitor cells that are capable of proliferation and regeneration are present in mammalian cochleae. However, progenitor cells have not been isolated from the adult cochlea. We examined the proliferative potential of cells derived from neonatal rats of various ages. The determination of ...
Damri Meytal - - 2009
Dedifferentiation signifies the capacity of somatic cells to acquire stem cell-like properties. This process can be induced during normal development and as a response to various stimuli, such as pathogen infection and wounding. Dedifferentiation also characterizes the transition of differentiated leaf cells into protoplasts (plant cells devoid of cell walls), ...
Zhou Wen-Jun - - 2009
Agents stabilizing G-quadruplexes have the potential to destroy the functional structure of telomere and could therefore act as antitumor agents. We previously reported that SYUIQ-5 could stabilize G-quadruplex, induce senescence, and inhibit c-myc gene promoter activity. In this study, we showed that SYUIQ-5 inhibited proliferation of CNE2 and HeLa cancer ...
Prencipe M - - 2009
The mitotic arrest deficiency protein 2 (MAD2) is a key component of the mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint, monitoring accurate chromosomal alignment at the metaphase plate before mitosis. MAD2 also has a function in cellular senescence and in a cell's response to microtubule inhibitory (MI) chemotherapy exemplified by paclitaxel. Using an ...
Demidenko Zoya N - - 2009
Development of agents that suppress aging (aging suppressants) requires quantification of cellular senescence. Cellular senescence in vitro is characterized by a large cell morphology and permanent loss of proliferative potential. When HT-1080 cells were arrested by p21, they continued to grow exponentially in size and became hypertrophic with a 15-fold ...
Zhang Yue Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, - - 2009
Cardiac tissue engineering will remain only a prospect unless large numbers of therapeutic cells can be provided, either from small samples of cardiac cells or from stem cell sources. In contrast to most adult cells, cardiomyocytes are terminally differentiated and cannot be expanded in culture. We explored the feasibility of ...
Cho Wha Ja - - 2009
Previously, we have reported tissue- and stage-specific expression of miR-372 in human embryonic stem cells and so far, not many reports speculate the function of this microRNA (miRNA). In this study, we screened various human cancer cell lines including gastric cancer cell lines and found first time that miR-372 is ...
Zheng Xin Ting - - 2010
An optical fiber nanobiosensor was constructed to successfully detect a general cancer biomarker, telomerase at single cell level with its nanoscale tip. The nanotip immobilized with a specific antibody was inserted into a MCF-7 breast cancer cell nucleus to capture telomerases directly, after which an in vitro enzymatic sandwich immunoassay ...
Yu Jian - - 2010
Telomerase-negative cancer cells maintain their telomeres by a mechanism known as alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) and achieve unlimited replicative potential. A hallmark of ALT cells is the recruitment of telomeres to promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies and formation of ALT-associated PML bodies (APBs). Although the exact molecular mechanism of APBs ...
Litwiniec Anna - - 2010
PURPOSE: Senescence and cell death are fail-safe mechanisms protecting against tumorigenesis. Both these forms of cellular response could be induced in cancer cells, thus suppressing tumor progression. Therefore, to fully understand chemotherapeutic effects, not only symptoms of cell death, but also of senescence should be evaluated. Since the involvement of ...
Starodubtseva Maria N - - 2011
Mechanical properties are fundamental properties of the cells and tissues of living organisms. The mechanical properties of a single cell as a biocomposite are determined by the interdependent combination of cellular components mechanical properties. Quantitative estimate of the cell mechanical properties depends on a cell state, method of measurement, and ...
Singh Sanjleena - - 2009
This study aimed to determine the cellular aging of osteophyte-derived mesenchymal cells (oMSCs) in comparison to patient-matched bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs). Extensive expansion of the cell cultures was performed and early and late passage cells (passages 4 and 9, respectively) were used to study signs of cellular aging, telomere ...
Zimmermann Stefan - - 2009
Telomere dysfunction is evoking a DNA damage response which leads to replicative senescence or apoptosis. Tumor cells feature telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein complex counteracting telomere shortening and proliferation limitation as a prerequisite of immortal cell growth. Recently, we demonstrated the effects of telomerase inhibition on the proteome of tumor cell clones ...
Xie Hong - - 2009
In this study, effects of echinacoside, one of the phenylethanoids isolated from the stems of Cistanches salsa, a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, on human embryo lung fibroblastic MRC-5 cells, was investigated. Activity of cell proliferation was evaluated with Alamar Blue, showing that treatment with echinacoside could retard the senescence. Flow ...
Liew C W - - 2009
Telomerase is a specialized reverse transcriptase that is responsible for extending and preserving the end of the chromosomes (telomeres). Telomerase plays a key role in regulating the lifespan of mammalian cells and is involved in critical aspects of cellular ageing processes. In this review, we will briefly summarize our current ...
Petersen Thomas H TH Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2010
While advances in regenerative medicine and vascular tissue engineering have been substantial in recent years, important stumbling blocks remain. In particular, the limited life span of differentiated cells that are harvested from elderly human donors is an important limitation in many areas of regenerative medicine. Recently, a mutant of the ...
Webb Lisa M - - 2010
Phospholipase D (PLD) has been implicated in mitotic regulation and has been shown to be defective in cells following replicative senescence. We examined the source of changes in PLD activity in senescent human umbilical vein endothelial cells and in human diploid fibroblasts. Using fractionated cell components we found that the ...
Khan Sheik J - - 2010
This study aims to demonstrate the role of stress-induced senescence in aged-related neointimal formation. We demonstrated that aging increases senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity (SA-beta-Gal) after vascular injury and the subsequent neointimal formation (neointima-to-media ratio: 0.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 0.54 +/- 0.15) in rats. We found that senescent cells (SA-beta-Gal(+) p21(+)) were ...
Boding Lasse - - 2009
TCR and cytokine receptor signaling play key roles in the complex homeostatic mechanisms that maintain a relative stable number of T cells throughout life. Despite the homeostatic mechanisms, a slow decline in naive T cells is typically observed with age. The CD3gamma di-leucine-based motif controls TCR down-regulation and plays a ...
Tao Qian Q Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Guanghua School and Hospital of Stomatology and Institute of Stomatological Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510055, China. - - 2009
Ameloblastoma (AM) is recognized as a benign tumour but locally invasive with a high risk of recurrence. In vitro model systems for studying AM are limited due to the fact that AM cells grow poorly and begin to senesce early. Japanese researchers have reported the construction of an AM cell ...
Gosselin Karo - - 2009
Studies on human fibroblasts have led to viewing senescence as a barrier against tumorigenesis. Using keratinocytes, we show here that partially transformed and tumorigenic cells systematically and spontaneously emerge from senescent cultures. We show that these emerging cells are generated from senescent cells, which are still competent for replication, by ...
Canudas Silvia - - 2009
Replicated sister chromatids are held together until mitosis by cohesin, a conserved multisubunit complex comprised of Smc1, Smc3, Scc1, and Scc3, which in vertebrate cells exists as two closely related homologues (SA1 and SA2). Here, we show that cohesin(SA1) and cohesin(SA2) are differentially required for telomere and centromere cohesion, respectively. ...
Giri Shibashish - - 2010
Presently, there is growing interest on telomerase activity in all cells (somatic cells, stem cells, cancerous cells and others) since this activity is associated with cellular changes such as proliferation, differentiation, immortalization, cell injury and ageing. Telomerase activity is absent in most of the somatic cells but present in over ...
Kong Qing-Li - - 2009
Experimental models that allow investigation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) progression could provide valuable insights of the molecular mechanism of nasopharyngeal carcinogenesis as well as potential clinical intervention. Because Epstein-Barr virus only infects humans and a few species of monkeys, representative NPC animal models have not been available so far. Attempts to ...
Moon Dong-Oh - - 2009
Gefitinib is an anti-cancer drug that selectively inhibits epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase activity and induces apoptosis in many cancer cells. Cancer cells are often protected from apoptotic cell death by telomerase, however the gefitinib-induced telomerase inhibition remains unknown. Here we investigated the effects of gefitinib on telomerase ...
Moser Bettina A BA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 900 S. Ashland Ave. MC669, Chicago, IL 60607, - - 2009
Telomeres, the natural ends of linear chromosomes, must be protected and completely replicated to guarantee genomic stability in eukaryotic cells. However, the protected state of telomeres is not compatible with recruitment of telomerase, an enzyme responsible for extending telomeric G-rich repeats during S-phase; thus, telomeres must undergo switches from a ...
Orjalo Arturo V - - 2009
Inflammation underlies most age-related diseases, including cancer, but the etiology is poorly understood. One proposed factor is the presence of senescent cells, which increase with age. The senescence response arrests the proliferation of potentially oncogenic cells, and most senescent cells secrete high levels of proinflammatory cytokines and other proteins. The ...
Straszewski-Chavez S L SL Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2009
Studies using first trimester trophoblast cells may be limited by the inability to obtain patient samples and/or adequate cell numbers. First trimester trophoblast cell lines have been generated by SV40 transformation or similar methods, however, this approach is known to induce phenotypic and karyotypic abnormalities. The introduction of telomerase has ...
Hornsby Peter J - - 2010
Senescence is a general cellular process that occurs as a response to stress and damage. It forms an alternative response of cells to damage that might otherwise cause programmed cell death. Whereas telomere shortening leading to telomere dysfunction was the first described cause of senescence, it is now known that ...
Ikeda Hiroko - - 2009
Large cell change involves the clustering of hepatocytes with hyperchromatism and cellular enlargement without an increase in the nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio. This study investigated whether large cell change in chronic viral hepatitis reflects cellular senescence because of morphological similarities between the 2 conditions. The expression of markers of senescence such as ...
Pizzimenti Stefania - - 2010
The effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) obtained from the diet on colorectal cancer have been widely explored. However, controversial results have been obtained about the role played by the lipid peroxidation products of PUFAs, such as 4-hydroxy-nonenal (HNE), in the control of colon cancer growth. This aldehyde, indeed, showed ...
Deezagi Abdolkhaleg - - 2009
The purpose of this research was to understand the effect of hyperthermia on the telomerase activity in human leukemic cell lines (HL-60, K562, and TF-1). The cells were treated by hyperthermia at the range of 41-44 degrees C for 120 min and incubated for 96 h. Then telomerase activity, cell ...
Dumont S - - 2010
The mode of action of two cosmetic active ingredients (AIs), palmitoyl glycine (PG) and cocoyl alanine (CA) was studied with cDNA array experiments and quantitative PCR confirmations, which were performed on experimentally aged human fibroblasts. These preliminary studies revealed complementary profiles. Thus, specific supplementary investigations were then carried out for ...
Lee Young-Hee - - 2010
This study examined whether c-myb acts as a survival molecule in aged cells. A previous in vitro ageing model suggested that aged cells have a higher cell capacity for survival after exposure to oxidative stress, which involves blockage of the translocation of Hsp60 from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm followed ...
Vantourout Pierre - - 2009
Human Vgamma9Vdelta2 T lymphocytes recognize phosphorylated alkyl Ags. Isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) was previously proposed as the main Ag responsible for Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cell activation by cancer cells. However, triphosphoric acid 1-adenosin-5'-yl ester 3-(3-methylbut-3-enyl) ester (ApppI), a metabolite in which the isopentenyl moiety is linked to ATP, was reported in cells ...
Sasaki Motoko - - 2009
Polycomb-group proteins Bmi1 is regarded as a "stemness" gene involved in the maintenance of stem cells, malignant transformation, and biologic aggressiveness of several human carcinomas. We examined the significance of the Bmi1 expression in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. The expression of Bmi1 was examined in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 30; 9 bile ...
Zhuo Li - - 2009
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is relevant to cell senescence and organismal aging. This study firstly showed that the level of mTOR expression increased with aging in rat kidneys, rat mesangial cells and WI-38 cells (P < 0.05). The levels of phosphorylated-mTOR (p-mTOR), cyclin D1 and p21(WAF1/CIP1/SDI1) expression were ...
Bertram Catharina - - 2009
The extracellular matrix (ECM) and a complex interplay of cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix (ECM) interactions provide important platforms to determine cellular senescence and a potentially tumorigenic transformation of normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC). An enhanced formation of extracellular filaments, consisting of elastin-like structures, in senescent post-selection HMEC populations was paralleled ...
Utikal Jochen J Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Center for Regenerative Medicine, Harvard Stem Cell Institute, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2009
The overexpression of defined transcription factors in somatic cells results in their reprogramming into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. The extremely low efficiency and slow kinetics of in vitro reprogramming suggest that further rare events are required to generate iPS cells. The nature and identity of these events, however, remain ...
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