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Yako Hideji - - 2011
Pituitary embryonic development progresses daily toward terminal differentiation exhibiting quantitative and qualitative alterations regulated by signal molecules and transcription factors expressed under temporospatial control. In this study, we analyzed the heterogeneity of the cells in the pituitary primordium of embryonic day (E) 13.5. The three-dimensional structure of the Rathke's pouch ...
Yoshida S - - 2011
We reported recently that a pituitary-specific transcription factor PROP1 is present in SOX2-positive cells and disappears at the early stage of the transition from progenitor cell to committed cell during the embryonic development of the rat pituitary. In the present study, we examined the localisation and identification of SOX2-positive and ...
Liu James K - - 2011
R-flurbiprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug derivative, has been shown to inhibit colonic adenoma formation in mice. We investigated the effects of R-flurbiprofen on cell proliferation and apoptosis in pituitary adenoma cell lines. GH4C1 rat pituitary cell line cultures and low-passage human primary pituitary cell cultures were treated with varying concentrations ...
Zhao Weijiang - - 2011
The binding of Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) to its cognate receptors ErbB-3 and -4 mediates intercellular and intracellular communication. In vitro, this interaction has been shown to control prolactin (PRL) secretion from pituitary tumour cells. However, Nrg1/ErbB signaling and its function in vivo are not well understood. In this study, we demonstrated ...
Garrel Ghislaine - - 2011
The activity of pituitary gonadotrope cells, crucial for reproductive function, is regulated by numerous factors including signals related to nutritional status. In this work, we demonstrated, for the first time, that in vivo central exposure of rats to lipids intracarotid infusion of a heparinized triglyceride emulsion selectively increases the expression ...
Kikuchi Motoshi - - 2011
In the anterior and intermediate lobes of the rat pituitary gland, non-hormone-producing cells that express S-100 protein coexist with various types of hormone-producing cells and are believed to function as phagocytes, supporting and paracrine-controlling cells of hormone-producing cells and stem cells, among other functions; however, their cytological characteristics are not ...
Puertas-Avendaño R A - - 2011
To better understand the role of the non-canonical Notch ligand delta-like protein 1 (DLK1), in hormone-producing cells, we studied the cell distribution and subcellular localisation of DLK1 in the pituitary of male adult 129/SvJ mice, and analysed the variations in the hormone-producing cells associated with the lack of this gene ...
Binello E - - 2011
Objective: Signet-ring cell changes in the pituitary adenomas are extremely rare. To date, there have been only two reports documenting signet-ring cells in pituitary adenomas, one in a growth-hormone cell adenoma and the other in a nullcell adenoma. This report describes, for the first time, signet-ring cells in a prolactincell ...
Matsuno Akira - - 2011
Combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) under electron microscopy (EM-ISH & IHC) has sufficient ultrastructural resolution to provide two-dimensional images of subcellular localization of pituitary hormone and its mRNA in a pituitary cell. The advantages of semiconductor nanocrystals (Quantum dots; Qdots) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) enable ...
Legros S - - 2011
Human T cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of a fatal adult T-cell leukemia. Through deregulation of multiple cellular signaling pathways the viral Tax protein has a pivotal role in T-cell transformation. In response to stressful stimuli, cells mount a cellular stress response to limit the damage ...
Lima Raquel T - - 2011
Background/Aims: EBV has been associated with Burkitt lymphoma (BL). It establishes a latent infection but its reactivation has been observed in patients receiving long-term chemotherapy. The effect of doxorubicin on virus reactivation has been described previously, but the effect of etoposide or cytarabine on EBV reactivation has not been reported ...
Seo Jung Seon - - 2011
Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with 6-16% of the gastric carcinoma (GC) cases, the effect of EBV infection on the tumorigenesis process and the responsiveness to chemotherapy remain unclear. We compared chemosensitivity of the EBV-positive GC (AGSEBV) and EBV-negative GC (AGS) cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Although 5-FU inhibited the ...
Vrzalikova Katerina - - 2011
An important pathogenic event in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphomas is the suppression of virus replication, which would otherwise lead to cell death. Because virus replication in B cells is intimately linked to their differentiation toward plasma cells, we asked whether the physiologic signals that drive normal B-cell differentiation are absent ...
Lee Chun-Wei - - 2011
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects and transforms primary B cells into lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). We observed death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) upregulation in B cells following EBV infection and high DAPK1 levels in LCLs. DAPK1 participates in several apoptosis-inducing pathways, yet DAPK1 expression increased during B cell transformation. Data ...
Wang L-T - - 2011
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with many human neoplasms, in which EBV-derived latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) appears to be critical, but its exact oncogenic mechanism remains to be defined. To this end, our initial microarray analyses identified a LMP1-inducible gene, Ugene, originally characterized as a binding partner for uracil ...
Nakama Shinji - - 2011
We evaluated the effects of Bidens pilosa, a plant found in tropical and subtropical regions, and investigated the molecular pathways responsible for the anti-adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) effect. Water extracts of B. pilosa had growth suppressive effects on human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected T-cell lines and ATL cells. ...
Nakachi Sawako - - 2011
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is a T-cell malignancy associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and characterized by visceral invasion. Degradation of the extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is a crucial process in invasion of tumors and metastasis. MMP-7 (or matrilysin), is a "minimal domain MMP" with ...
Sadagopan Sathish - - 2011
During de novo infection of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC-d), Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) induced the multifunctional angiogenin (ANG) protein, which entered the nuclei and nucleoli of infected cells and stimulated 45S rRNA gene transcription, proliferation, and tube formation, which were inhibited by blocking ANG nuclear translocation with the ...
Yang Liangpeng - - 2011
Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), a malignancy of CD4(+) T cells whose etiology is thought to be associated with the viral trans-activator Tax. We have shown recently that Tax can drastically upregulate the expression of p27(Kip1) and p21(CIP1/WAF1) through protein ...
Bălinişteanu B - - 2011
The large majority of neoplasms located in the sella turcica are benign pituitary adenomas derived from cells of the adenohypophysis. Pituitary adenomas represent the third most common primary intracranial tumor in neurosurgical practice, outnumbered only by gliomas and meningiomas. Their biology of pituitary adenomas is complex and they can cause ...
Gregori Silvia - - 2011
Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells are adaptive regulatory T cells that are induced in the periphery upon chronic exposure to antigen (Ag) in a tolerogenic environment containing interleukin (IL)-10. Tr1 cells are Ag-specific; they produce high levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in the absence of IL-4 and suppress T-cell ...
Yehezkel Shiran - - 2011
Human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells provide therapeutic promises, as well as a potent in vitro model for studying biological processes which take place during human embryonic development and subsequent differentiation in normal and disease states. The epigenetic characteristics of iPS cells are reprogrammed to the embryonic state at which ...
Ferraris Jimena - - 2011
The anterior pituitary is under a constant cell turnover modulated by gonadal steroids. In the rat, an increase in the rate of apoptosis occurs at proestrus whereas a peak of proliferation takes place at estrus. At proestrus, concomitant with the maximum rate of apoptosis, a peak in circulating levels of ...
Megyola Cynthia - - 2011
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-driven B cell proliferation is critical to its subsequent persistence in the host and is a key event in the development of EBV-associated B cell diseases. Thus, inquiry into early cellular events that precede EBV-driven proliferation of B cells is essential for understanding the processes that can lead ...
Hagiya Keita - - 2011
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive malignancy of CD4+ T-cells caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). The HTLV-1 bZIP factor (HBZ) gene, which is encoded by the minus strand of the viral genome, is expressed as an antisense transcript in all ATL cases. By using yeast ...
Chen Yen-Ju - - 2011
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) Rta belongs to a lytic switch gene family that is evolutionarily conserved in all gamma-herpesviruses. Emerging evidence indicates that cell cycle arrest is a common means by which herpesviral immediate-early protein hijacks the host cell to advance the virus's lytic cycle progression. To examine the role of ...
Saha Abhik - - 2011
EBNA3C, one of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent antigens, is essential for primary B-cell transformation. Cyclin D1, a key regulator of G1 to S phase progression, is tightly associated and aberrantly expressed in numerous human cancers. Previously, EBNA3C was shown to bind to Cyclin D1 in vitro along with Cyclin ...
Nikitin Pavel A - - 2010
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), an oncogenic herpesvirus that causes human malignancies, infects and immortalizes primary human B cells in vitro into indefinitely proliferating lymphoblastoid cell lines, which represent a model for EBV-induced tumorigenesis. The immortalization efficiency is very low, suggesting that an innate tumor suppressor mechanism is operative. We identify the DNA ...
Jee Hye Jin - - 2010
Nek6 is an NIMA-related kinase that plays a critical role in mitotic cell cycle progression. Recent studies have shown that Nek6 is upregulated in various human cancers, but the function of Nek6 in tumorigenesis is largely unknown. Here, we examined the role of Nek6 in cellular senescence. Our data revealed ...
Lim Yongchul - - 2010
Protein-arginine methylation is one of the modifications that yields mono and dimethyl (asymmetric or symmetric) arginine residues in proteins. Previously, we found that asymmetric arginine methylation is decreased proportionately with a decrease of cell proliferation potential of cells, and such arginine methylation is greatest in immortalized cells, followed by normal ...
Chen Guangming - - 2011
Human liver-related putative tumor suppressor (LPTS) is a gene that encodes a telomerase inhibitory protein that is similar to human Pin2/TRF1-interacting protein. The LPTS protein binds directly to the telomerase catalytic subunit (human telomerase reverse transcriptase) and suppresses telomerase activity. Telomere maintenance and telomerase activity are required for long-term proliferation ...
Lee Kyoung Eun KE Cell and Molecular Biology Program, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, - - 2010
Mutational activation of KRas is the first and most frequently detected genetic lesion in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the precise role of oncogenic KRas in the pathogenesis of PDAC is not fully understood. Here, we report that the endogenous expression of oncogenic KRas suppresses premature senescence in primary pancreatic ...
Kuilman Thomas - - 2010
Almost half a century after the first reports describing the limited replicative potential of primary cells in culture, there is now overwhelming evidence for the existence of "cellular senescence" in vivo. It is being recognized as a critical feature of mammalian cells to suppress tumorigenesis, acting alongside cell death programs. ...
Xiao Yi - - 2010
Although the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) has served as a powerful assay for detecting telomerase activity, its use has been significantly limited when performed directly in complex, interferant-laced samples. In this work, we report a modification of the TRAP assay that allows the detection of high-fidelity amplification of telomerase ...
Parkinson E Kenneth EK Centre for Clinical and Diagnostic Oral Sciences, Institute of Dentistry, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, England, UK. - - 2010
Senescence of somatic cells in vitro can occur through the gradual erosion of the chromosomal telomeres following multiple rounds of cell division, or more acutely following cellular stresses connected with oncogene activation, tumour suppressor loss, ageing and migration. These various forms of senescence are associated with the activation of DNA ...
Hasegawa Tomokazu - - 2010
Although periodontal ligament (PDL) cells have previously been isolated from permanent teeth, they have not been isolated from deciduous teeth. Here, we used human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) induction to establish the first immortalized PDL cell lines derived from deciduous teeth. Cells were transfected with plasmids containing hTERT. Single-cell cloning ...
Zhao Hong H Department of Pathology, Brander Cancer Research Institute, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2010
The imaging analytical capabilities of laser scanning cytometer (LSC) have been used to assess morphological features considered to be typical of the senescent phenotype. The characteristic "flattening" of senescent cells was reflected by the decline in the density of staining (intensity of maximal pixel) of DNA-associated fluorescence [4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)] paralleled ...
Seo Pil Joon - - 2011
The plasma membrane is an important cellular organ that perceives incoming developmental and environmental signals and integrates these signals into cellular regulatory mechanisms. It also acts as a barrier against unfavorable extracellular factors to maintain cell viability. Despite its importance for cell viability, molecular components determining cell viability and underlying ...
Beltrami Antonio Paolo - - 2011
Cellular senescence is a specialized form of growth arrest, confined to mitotic cells, induced by various stressful stimuli and characterized by a permanent growth arrest, resistance to apoptosis, an altered pattern of gene expression and the expression of some markers that are characteristic, although not exclusive, to the senescent state. ...
Hsieh Yu-Shan - - 2011
Trophocytes and fat cells are distributed around the abdominal segments in honeybees (Apis mellifera). Whether these cells are a good model for cellular senescence studies is unknown. Here we used histochemical, biochemical, and genetic techniques to investigate the fluctuation of age-related molecules in trophocytes and fat cells of newly emerged ...
Kenmotsu M - - 2010
To investigate the characteristics of side population (SP) cells derived from the dental pulp of young and aged rats. Maxillary and mandibular incisors were extracted from 5-week-old (young) rats and 60- to 80-week-old (aged) rats. Coronal pulp tissue was removed mechanically, and single-cell suspensions were prepared using collagenase and dispase. ...
Zhang Hao - - 2010
Telomere stability is believed to be related to aging and tumorigenesis. Besides telomerase, telomere length is also regulated by several telomere-specific binding proteins. Tankyrase 1, a telomeric poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), elongates telomere length by inhibiting TRF1 binding to telomeres. In order to study the synergistic action of tankyrase 1 and ...
Yip Yim-Ling - - 2010
Cell immortalization is regarded as an early and pre-requisite step in tumor development. Defining the specific genetic events involved in cell immortalization may provide insights into the early events of carcinogenesis. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is common among the Southern Chinese population. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated closely with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. ...
Romanov V S - - 2010
Cell senescence is characterized by senescent morphology and permanent loss of proliferative potential. HDAC inhibitors (HDACI) induce senescence and/or apoptosis in many types of tumor cells. Here, we studied the role of cyclin-kinase inhibitor p21(waf1) (Cdkn1n gene) in cell cycle arrest, senescence markers (cell hypertrophy, SA-βGal staining and accumulation of ...
Jeang Kuan-Teh - - 2010
The mechanism of HTLV-1 transformation of cells to Adult T cell leukemia (ATL) remains not fully understood. Currently, the viral Tax oncoprotein is known to be required to initiate transformation. Emerging evidence suggests that Tax is not needed to maintain the transformed ATL phenotype. Recent studies have shown that HTLV-1 ...
Ju Yeun-Jin - - 2010
A combination of a radiotherapeutic regimen with telomerase inhibition is valuable when tumor cells are to be sensitized to radiation. Here, we describe cell clones unresponsive to radiosensitization after telomere shortening. After extensive division of individual transformed clones of mTERC-/- cells, about 22% of clones were unresponsive to radiosensitization even ...
Morbach H - - 2010
The composition of the peripheral blood lymphocyte compartment underlies developmental changes during ontogeny. Recently, several new B cell populations have been characterized which were suggested to develop in an age-dependent manner. However, age-dependent reference values for distinct B cell populations have rarely been reported. Therefore, we have characterized developmental changes ...
Hernroth Bodil - - 2010
In contrast to most vertebrates, invertebrate deuterostome echinoderms, such as the sea star Asterias rubens, undergo regeneration of lost body parts. The current hypothesis suggests that differentiated cells are the main source for regenerating arm in sea stars, but there is little information regarding the origin and identity of these ...
Kim Sung Young - - 2010
Hypo-responsiveness to growth factors is a fundamental feature of cellular senescence. In this study, we found markedly decreased level of Nup107, a key scaffold protein in nuclear pore complex assembly, in senescent human diploid fibroblasts as well as in organs of aged mice. Depletion of Nup107 by specific siRNA in ...
Lee Inkyoung - - 2010
Senescence is an important determinant of treatment outcome in cancer therapy. In the present study, we show that knockdown of the inwardly rectifying K(+) channel Kir2.2 induced growth arrest without additional cellular stress in cancer cells lacking functional p53, p16, and/or Rb. Kir2.2 knockdown also induced senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity and ...
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