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Results 501 - 550 of 1463
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Chang Ue-Min - - 2006
Ganoderiol F (GolF), a tetracyclic triterpene, was isolated from Ganoderma amboinense and found to induce senescence of cancer cell lines. GolF induced growth arrest of cancer cell lines HepG2, Huh7 and K562, but exerted much less effect in hepatoma Hep3B cells and normal lung fibroblast MRC5 cells, and no effect ...
Ide Nagatoshi - - 2006
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels have been recognized as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. During formation of early atherosclerotic lesions, expression of CD36, a class B scavenger receptor on macrophages, is crucially involved in the uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and foam-cell formation. We therefore determined ...
Matsuura Nariaki - - 2006
Because colorectal cancer is likely to develop in many people at some point during their lives, prevention has become a high priority. Diet and nutrition play an important role during the multistep colon carcinogenic process. Garlic has been traditionally used as a spice and is well known for its medicinal ...
McClintock Dayle - - 2006
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man accession no. 176670) is a rare disorder that is characterized by segmental premature aging and death between 7 and 20 years of age from severe premature atherosclerosis. Mutations in the LMNA gene are responsible for this syndrome. Approximately 80% of HGPS ...
Lee Jeeyun - - 2006
Lovastatin inhibits a 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase and prevents the synthesis of cholesterol precursors, such as farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP), responsible for important cell signaling in cell proliferation and migration. Recently, the anti-cancer effect of lovastatin has been suggested in various tumor types. In this study, ...
Nishiyama Atsuya - - 2006
Telomeres are regulated by a homeostatic mechanism that includes telomerase and telomeric repeat binding proteins, TRF1 and TRF2. Recently, it has been hypothesized that telomeres assume distinct configurations in a cell-cycle-dependent manner, although direct biochemical evidence is lacking. Here we demonstrated that Xenopus TRF1 (xTRF1) associates with telomere chromatin specifically ...
Russo Valentina - - 2006
Telomerase is crucial for chromosome stability because it maintains telomere length. Little is known about telomerase in ovarian follicles, where an intense cell division is crucial to sustain estrous cycle and to drive oocyte development. The present research was performed to detect, by immunohistochemistry, the distribution of telomerase catalytic subunit ...
Voglauer Regina - - 2006
In a recent screening for genes down regulated in replicatively senescent human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we have isolated the novel protein SNEV. Since then SNEV has proven as a multifaceted protein playing a role in pre-mRNA splicing, DNA repair, and the ubiquitin/proteosome system. Here, we report that SNEV ...
Kwak Sungwook - - 2006
Using normal swine kidney epithelial (SKE) cells that were shown to be senescent at passages 12 to 14, we have established one lifespan-extended cell line and two lifespan-extended cell lines by exogenous introduction of the human catalytic subunit of telomerase (hTERT) and simian virus 40 large T-antigen (SV40LT), all of ...
Greider C W - - 2006
Small functional RNAs play essential roles in many biological processes. Regulating the level of these small RNAs can be as important as maintaining their function in cells. The telomerase RNA is maintained in cells at a steady-state level where small changes in concentration can have a profound impact on function. ...
Xu Tao - - 2006
In order to study the effects of dominant negative human telomerase reverse transcriptase (DN-hTERT) on cell growth and telomerase activity in osteosarcoma cell line MG63, MG63 cells were transfected with DN-hTERT-IRES2-EGFP9 (DN) or IRES2-EGF (I, blank vector) with lipofectamine 2000. The stably transfected cells were selected with G-418. Cell growth ...
Krikun Graciela - - 2006
The loss of replicative potential with each cell division has been attributed to the progressive shortening of telomeres. This "mitotic clock" occurs because most normal human cells are telomerase-negative. Telomerase is a multicomponent enzyme that prevents loss of telomeric DNA associated with normal cell division. Transfection of cells with vectors ...
Velasco-Velázquez Marco A - - 2006
Gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity limits the use of this antibiotic. It has been shown that aged garlic extract (AGE) and S-allylcysteine (SAC), the most abundant organosulfur compound in AGE, ameliorate GM-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. The present communication evaluated the effect of AGE and SAC on proliferation and on GM-induced toxicity and ...
Hertzog Radu G - - 2006
Like cells, all mammals have a limited life span. Among cells there are a few exceptions (e.g., immortal cells), among mammals not, even if some of them live longer. Many in vitro and in vivo studies support the consensus that telomere length is strongly correlated with life span. At the ...
Passos João F - - 2006
The mitochondrial theory of aging remains to date one of the most popular theories of aging. One major model of aging is replicative senescence, where the irreversible loss of division potential of somatic cells occurs after a more or less constant number of cell divisions. Few data are available concerning ...
Zhang Lili - - 2006
The cellular response to telomere dysfunction in plants was investigated with the use of telomestatin, an inhibitor of human telomerase activity. Telomestatin bound to plant telomeric repeat sequence, and inhibited telomerase activity in suspension-cultured cells of Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa (rice) in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitor did not ...
Tomlinson Rebecca L - - 2006
Telomerase synthesizes telomeres at the ends of human chromosomes during S phase. The results presented here suggest that telomerase activity may be regulated by intranuclear trafficking of the key components of the enzyme in human cells. We examined the subcellular localization of endogenous human telomerase RNA (hTR) and telomerase reverse ...
Pandita Tej K - - 2005
The inability of radiotherapy to control tumour growth is still a daunting clinical problem leading to failure of the overall treatment regimens. The fundamental question is; could tumour cells be specifically sensitized to ionizing radiation (IR) by heat or factors exclusively expressed in tumour cells? One such factor, expressed in ...
Fujita Tomohisa - - 2005
Since the periodontal ligament (PDL) contains a heterogeneous cell population, it is challenging to identify all cell types within the tissue and to determine whether they function alone to produce tissue components or interact with other cell types. Further, it is difficult to isolate and expand single cell clones from ...
Du C W - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epstein - Barr virus (EBV)-encoded LMP1 is suggested to have an important role in the pathogenesis and development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Our previous study showed that As2O3 exhibited growth inhibition of NPC in animal model. Here, we further explore whether LMP1 is involved in As2O3 anticancer ...
Keskitalo Johanna - - 2005
We have studied autumn leaf senescence in a free-growing aspen (Populus tremula) by following changes in pigment, metabolite and nutrient content, photosynthesis, and cell and organelle integrity. The senescence process started on September 11, 2003, apparently initiated solely by the photoperiod, and progressed steadily without any obvious influence of other ...
Kennedy Brian K - - 2005
In this issue of Cell, Longo and colleagues (Fabrizio et al., 2005) examine the role of Sir2, a histone deacetylase, in chronological aging in yeast by measuring the long-term survival of nondividing cells. In contrast to measurements of aging for mitotic cells, cell survival in the nonmitotic state is decreased ...
Blazić T Manestar TM Department of Dermatovenerology, Rijeka Medical School and University Hospital Center, Kresimirova 42, 510000 Rijeka, Croatia. - - 2006
Keloids are a hyperproliferative response of connective tissue in response to trauma. The mechanism by which this occurs is poorly understood and currently no successful treatment exists. Senescent fibroblasts form during wound repair, as the result of oxidative stress. They have a major role in the control of fibroblast proliferation ...
Lindkvist Anna - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) on telomerase activity in a panel of human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cell lines. Addition of TGF-beta1 decreased the telomerase activity in HTh 74 and KTC-1 cells, while in C 643 and HTh 7 ...
Gunduz Cumhur - - 2005
Propolis is a resinous substance which is used by bees to repair and maintain their hives. It has more than 180 compounds including flavonoids, phenolic acids and its esters which have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, immunomodulatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects. Propolis is shown to inhibit cell division and protein synthesis. However ...
Potter Alan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Telomeres shorten during DNA replication; extensive erosion of telomeres likely promotes replicative senescence and chromosomal instability. Telomere length in individual cells has been quantified by flow cytometric analysis of fluorescence in situ hybridization (flow-FISH). To determine the rate of telomere attrition (telomere erosion per cell division), we combined flow-FISH ...
Trimborn Marc - - 2005
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mental retardation and congenital microcephaly with a head circumference at least 4 SD below age and sex means, in the absence of other significant malformations or neurological deficits. Truncating alterations in the MCPH1 gene have previously been shown ...
Park Woo-Chan - - 2005
Telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that functions as a reverse transcriptase, is detected exclusively in immortal cells such as germ cells, stem cells and cancer cells. Telomerase activity is present in almost all human cancers. Telomerase activation is considered to be essential to maintain the integrity of the replicating tumor cell ...
Wick U - - 2005
The nucleo-protein structure of an intact telomere protects each chromosome from being recognized as a break and subsequently being degraded. The DNA component of this structure, the telomeric repeats, undergo attrition with every cell division, as well as in response to endogenous events, like oxidative stress. Exposure to exogenous damage ...
Tkemaladze J V - - 2005
The centrosome (centriole) and the cytoskeleton produced by it are structures, which probably determine differentiation, morphogenesis, and switching on the mechanism of replicative aging in all somatic cells of multicellular animals. The mechanism of such programming of the events seems to include cytoskeleton influences and small RNAs related to the ...
Kil In Sup - - 2006
The free radical hypothesis of aging postulates that senescence is due to an accumulation of cellular oxidative damage, caused largely by reactive oxygen species that are produced as by-products of normal metabolic processes. Recently, we demonstrated that the control of cytosolic and mitochondrial redox balance and the cellular defense against ...
Chagnon Pierre - - 2005
X-inactivation is a random process that occurs in females early during embryogenesis. Females are mosaics with an equal proportion of cells with the paternal (Xp) or maternal X-chromosome (Xm) in the active state. However, close to 40% of healthy females aged more than 60 y.o. present a significant skewing of ...
Viola Maria - - 2005
Bovine seminal-ribonuclease (BS-RNase) is a member of the 'ribonucleases with special biological actions' family since it possesses specific anti-tumour, anti-spermatogenic and embryotoxic activities and exerts an immunosuppressive effect on T lymphocytes. In previous studies it was demonstrated that BS-RNase induced apoptosis in proliferating, malignant and normal cells and that telomerase ...
Sadighi Akha Amir A - - 2005
T cells from aged mice show defects in the early stages of the activation process, including alterations in cytoskeletal reorganization that precede discrimination, by the T cell receptor, of agonist from antagonist peptides. Aging also modifies the pattern of glycosylation of T cell surface macromolecules, and enzymatic cleavage of these ...
Hao Zhi-Ming - - 2005
Restoration of telomerase activity is essential for most of the malignancies. Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is the key component of telomerase. In this study, we designed a hammerhead ribozyme against human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and observed its growth inhibition and pro-apoptosis effects on cancer cells. The efficiency of this ...
Vigneron Arnaud - - 2005
DNA-damaging drugs stop tumor cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis, necrosis, or senescence. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21waf1 is an important regulator of these responses, promoting senescence and preventing aberrant mitosis that leads to cell death. Because tumors expressing oncogenic tyrosine kinases are relatively resistant to DNA-damaging agents, the effects of Src ...
Gupta Sudhir - - 2006
Aging in humans is associated with progressive decline in T cell function, hyperimmunoglobulinemia, increased prevalence of autoantibodies and decline in naïve CD8(+) T cells and accumulation of memory T cells, which appears to be oligoclonal and display feature of senescence, that is, decreased replication, short telomere length and resistance to ...
Chang Martina Wei-Fen - - 2005
The need for standardized experimental conditions to gain relevant and reproducible results has increased the demand for well characterized continuously growing cell lines that exhibit the characteristics of their normal counterparts. Immortalization of normal human cells by ectopic expression of the catalytic subunit of human telomerase (hTERT) has shown to ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2006
We studied by immunocytochemistry the expression of AM in human carotid bodies, sampled at autopsy from 16 adult subjects (mean age+/-S.D.: 44.3+/-3.4 years) and from six fetuses (mean gestational age+/-S.D.: 167+/-11 days). No AM immunoreactivity was visible in the type II cells of both series. The percentage of immunoreactive type ...
Carter R T - - 2005
Paraffin wax-embedded ocular globes of cats with post-traumatic ocular sarcomas were examined for the presence of TERT, the active subunit of telomerase. The latter is a ribonucleoprotein complex essential for immortalization and expressed by most malignant tumours, germ line cells, lens epithelial cells, and some stem cells. Due to the ...
Yang Nae-Cherng - - 2005
The senescence associated-beta-galactosidase (SA-betaG) assay has become one of the most commonly used markers of cell-aging. However, the reliability of the assay is questionable because the enzyme is a non-specific marker for cell-aging. In this study, we found that the SA-betaG activity increased with cell age as well as in ...
Crea Francesco - - 2006
The enzyme telomerase plays a crucial role in cellular proliferation. By adding hexameric repeats to the chromosome ends, it prevents telomeric loss and, thus entry into senescence of limited life span cells. It is unclear, however, what would be the effect of over-expressing telomerase in an immortalised cell line, characterised ...
Wright Woodring E - - 2005
It is thought that a limited investment by the body in many types of maintenance and repair causes aging. Cell turnover is one mechanism of replacing damaged cells, and cell division thus contributes to good repair, but the number of times cells can divide is limited to form a barrier ...
Chau Nguyen Phong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical and experimental observations indicate that resistance to anticancer drugs may be spontaneously reversible over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This work is a mathematical and statistical analysis of the relationship, during a 9-month experiment, between the resistance of repeatedly re-seeded hepatoma cells to methotrexate (MTX) or to cisplatin (cisP) ...
Raices Marcela - - 2005
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, after completing its developmental stages and a brief reproductive period, spends the remainder of its adult life as an organism consisting exclusively of post-mitotic cells. Here we show that telomere length varies considerably in clonal populations of wild-type worms, and that these length differences are conserved ...
Crowe David L - - 2005
Stratified squamous epithelial cells undergo an orderly process of cell cycle arrest following detachment from the basement membrane. The basal layer cells which adhere to the basement membrane express telomerase, which maintains the ends of chromosomes in this rapidly dividing population. Non-dividing suprabasal cells downregulate telomerase activity. However, the mechanisms ...
Katakura Yoshinori - - 2005
We investigated the effects of a sublethal concentration of H(2)O(2) on cancer cells by using sublines derived from human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells exposed to 200 microM H(2)O(2). These sublines (AST cells) showed an elongated morphology distinct from the rounded morphology of A549 cells. Notably, AST cells demonstrated ...
O'Sullivan Jacintha N - - 2005
Telomeres are repetitive DNA sequences at the end of each chromosome that provide stability and prevent end-to-end chromosome fusions. In order to understand mechanisms responsible for telomere shortening, it is necessary to develop methods for accurate telomere length measurement that can be applied to archival and fresh tissue and cells. ...
Burke Janice M - - 2005
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a monolayer of cells that appear phenotypically regular, but which exhibit striking cell-cell variability in content of melanin and lipofuscin granules, and in expression of many proteins. This naturally occurring cell heterogeneity likely arises by normal mechanisms regulating gene expression during development and postnatal ...
Wang Zhen - - 2005
PURPOSE: Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in the regulation of cell function. The aging process may involve chemical modifications to ECM proteins, which may contribute to the aging of the Bruch membrane and pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The purpose of this study is to investigate nitrite ...
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