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Yang Gong - - 2007
Ovarian cancer is developed from a single layer of thin epithelial cells covering the surface of ovary, named human ovarian surface epithelial cells. Like all primary human cells, human ovarian surface epithelial cells have a finite life span and will go into senescence and eventually die when cultured in vitro. ...
Wang Yun-Feng YF Department of General Surgery, The Center Hospital of Shanghai Yangpu District (Branch Hospital of the Affiliated Xinhua Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University), Shanghai 200127, China. - - 2006
To investigate the effect of telomerase hTERT gene antisense oligonucleotide (hTERT-ASO) on proliferation and telomerase activity of pancreatic cancer cell line Bxpc-3. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of different doses of hTERT-ASO on proliferation of Bxpc-3 cell for different times. To study the anti-tumor activity, the cells ...
Minois Nadège - - 2006
Theories of the evolution of senescence state that symmetrically dividing organisms do not senesce. However, this view is challenged by experimental evidence. We measured by immunofluorescence the occurrence and intensity of protein carbonylation in single and symmetrically dividing cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Cells of S. pombe show different levels of ...
Tadokoro Tomomi - - 2006
Human diploid fibroblastic cell line, TIG-3, has a finite life span of about 80 population doubling levels (PDL), and is used for in vitro aging studies. Young cells (PDL 23) grew to higher cell densities at a higher growth rate than aged cells (PDL 77). When the electrophoretic mobility of ...
Walen Kirsten H - - 2006
Previously, it was found that senescent cells can undergo a modified cell cycle with mitotic cells as the end results. The major cycling events started with polyploidization, followed by depolyploidization to multinucleated cells (MNCs). These latter cells produced mononuclear offspring cells that could express mitotic cell divisions. In this report ...
Liu Yang - - 2006
We identified a series of immunodominant and subdominant epitopes from alpha fetoprotein (AFP), restricted by HLA-A*0201, which are recognized by the human T cell repertoire. The four immunodominant epitopes have been tested for immunogenicity in vivo, in HLA-A*0201+AFP+ advanced stage hepatocellular cancer (HCC) patients, and have activated and expanded AFP-specific ...
Roberts S - - 2006
Intervertebral discs demonstrate degenerative changes relatively early in life. Disc degeneration, in turn, is associated with back pain and disc herniation, both of which cause considerable clinical problems in the western world. Cell senescence has been linked to degenerative diseases of other connective tissues such as osteoarthritis. Thus we investigated ...
Wang Yan-ling - - 2006
Placental trophoblast cells are unique endocrine cells that play vital roles during the processes of embryonic implantation and placentation. However, research into the function of human trophoblast has been largely restrained mainly due to a lack of adequate cell models. A normal placenta-origin cytotrophoblast cell line (NPC) was previously established ...
Won Jaejoon - - 2006
Most somatic cells encounter an inevitable destiny, senescence. Little progress has been made in identifying small molecules that extend the finite lifespan of normal human cells. Here we show that the intrinsic 'senescence clock' can be reset in a reversible manner by selective modulation of the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) protein ...
Mizukoshi Eishiro - - 2006
Human telomerase reverse transcriptase, hTERT, has been identified as the catalytic enzyme required for telomere elongation. hTERT is expressed in most tumor cells but seldom expressed in most human adult cells. It has been reported that 80% to 90% of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) express hTERT, making the enzyme a potential ...
Cukusić A - - 2006
Normal human somatic cells have a limited division potential when they grow in vitro. It is believed that shortening of telomeres, specialized structures at the ends of chromosomes, controls cell growth. When one telomere achieves a critical minimal length, the cell cycle control mechanism recognizes it as DNA damage and ...
Zou Lin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects and possible mechanisms of mitosis arrest deficiency 1 (Mad1), the heterodimerizer of Max and a transcriptional repressor, on cell proliferation of bladder cancer in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Combining methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, luciferase assay, telomeric repeat amplification protocol-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ...
Cheng Hsueh-Ling - - 2006
It was attempted in this work to establish a cell line in which senescent cells can be readily and directly identified in situ in live culture. Transcriptional activation of p21(Cip1/Waf1) gene is known to be one of the key steps in the development of cellular senescence, whereas the elements within ...
Ohshima Susumu - - 2006
To study the role of cell death in the aging process, cell death during spontaneous cellular senescence in vitro was examined with normal human fibroblasts. A small subset of the senescent cells showed aberrant morphology such as remarkable nuclear fragmentation or multiple micronuclei, and such cells often showed positive reactions ...
Katakura Yoshinori - - 2006
Although dysfunctional telomeres and oncogenic or stressful stimuli are known to trigger cellular senescence in normal human diploid cells, the molecules and signaling network involved in the cellular senescence program are not fully understood. We have been trying to identify cellular senescence-inducing factors by various means. First, we screened for ...
Davis Terence - - 2006
In the Werner syndrome (WS) fibroblasts have an increased life span and growth rate when treated with the p38 inhibitor SB203580. Additionally, the cellular morphology reverts to that seen in young normal fibroblasts. The p38 pathway is activated in young WS cells, associated with high levels of p21(WAF1) leading to ...
Edqvist Anna - - 2006
Elevated telomerase activity is an important molecular signature of cancer cells and primitive cells in regenerative tissues. However, isolation of single living cells with endogenous telomerase activity has not yet been possible. Here, we developed adenovirus serotype 35 tropism-based vectors encoding destabilized enhanced green fluorescence protein with a half-life of ...
Bartling Babett - - 2006
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions contribute to functionality and integrity of the lung epithelium, which might change during ageing and associated cellular ageing. Therefore, we studied the effect of senescent versus pre-senescent lung fibroblasts (WI-38) on mitogenic and stress-protective factors in lung epithelial cells (H358). By use of conditioned medium, we found a ...
Vaughan Melville B - - 2006
A therapeutic approach being investigated for a variety of pathologies is tissue regeneration using a patient's own cells. Such studies have been hampered due to the difficulty in growing epithelial cells for prolonged periods in culture. Replicative senescence due to short telomeres and p16 induced by culture stress work together ...
Alge Claudia S - - 2006
Functional research of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) most often relies on utilization of RPE-derived cell lines in vitro. However, no studies about similarities and differences of the respective cell lines exist so far. Thus, we here analyze the proteome of the most popular RPE cell lines: ARPE-19 and hTERT and ...
Cell broadest rougly in the middle, posteriorly ending in a blunt antapex, length 56-70 microns.
Chang Ue-Min - - 2006
Ganoderiol F (GolF), a tetracyclic triterpene, was isolated from Ganoderma amboinense and found to induce senescence of cancer cell lines. GolF induced growth arrest of cancer cell lines HepG2, Huh7 and K562, but exerted much less effect in hepatoma Hep3B cells and normal lung fibroblast MRC5 cells, and no effect ...
Ide Nagatoshi - - 2006
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels have been recognized as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. During formation of early atherosclerotic lesions, expression of CD36, a class B scavenger receptor on macrophages, is crucially involved in the uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and foam-cell formation. We therefore determined ...
Matsuura Nariaki - - 2006
Because colorectal cancer is likely to develop in many people at some point during their lives, prevention has become a high priority. Diet and nutrition play an important role during the multistep colon carcinogenic process. Garlic has been traditionally used as a spice and is well known for its medicinal ...
McClintock Dayle - - 2006
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man accession no. 176670) is a rare disorder that is characterized by segmental premature aging and death between 7 and 20 years of age from severe premature atherosclerosis. Mutations in the LMNA gene are responsible for this syndrome. Approximately 80% of HGPS ...
Lee Jeeyun - - 2006
Lovastatin inhibits a 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase and prevents the synthesis of cholesterol precursors, such as farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP), responsible for important cell signaling in cell proliferation and migration. Recently, the anti-cancer effect of lovastatin has been suggested in various tumor types. In this study, ...
Nishiyama Atsuya - - 2006
Telomeres are regulated by a homeostatic mechanism that includes telomerase and telomeric repeat binding proteins, TRF1 and TRF2. Recently, it has been hypothesized that telomeres assume distinct configurations in a cell-cycle-dependent manner, although direct biochemical evidence is lacking. Here we demonstrated that Xenopus TRF1 (xTRF1) associates with telomere chromatin specifically ...
Russo Valentina - - 2006
Telomerase is crucial for chromosome stability because it maintains telomere length. Little is known about telomerase in ovarian follicles, where an intense cell division is crucial to sustain estrous cycle and to drive oocyte development. The present research was performed to detect, by immunohistochemistry, the distribution of telomerase catalytic subunit ...
Voglauer Regina - - 2006
In a recent screening for genes down regulated in replicatively senescent human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we have isolated the novel protein SNEV. Since then SNEV has proven as a multifaceted protein playing a role in pre-mRNA splicing, DNA repair, and the ubiquitin/proteosome system. Here, we report that SNEV ...
Kwak Sungwook - - 2006
Using normal swine kidney epithelial (SKE) cells that were shown to be senescent at passages 12 to 14, we have established one lifespan-extended cell line and two lifespan-extended cell lines by exogenous introduction of the human catalytic subunit of telomerase (hTERT) and simian virus 40 large T-antigen (SV40LT), all of ...
Greider C W - - 2006
Small functional RNAs play essential roles in many biological processes. Regulating the level of these small RNAs can be as important as maintaining their function in cells. The telomerase RNA is maintained in cells at a steady-state level where small changes in concentration can have a profound impact on function. ...
Xu Tao - - 2006
In order to study the effects of dominant negative human telomerase reverse transcriptase (DN-hTERT) on cell growth and telomerase activity in osteosarcoma cell line MG63, MG63 cells were transfected with DN-hTERT-IRES2-EGFP9 (DN) or IRES2-EGF (I, blank vector) with lipofectamine 2000. The stably transfected cells were selected with G-418. Cell growth ...
Krikun Graciela - - 2006
The loss of replicative potential with each cell division has been attributed to the progressive shortening of telomeres. This "mitotic clock" occurs because most normal human cells are telomerase-negative. Telomerase is a multicomponent enzyme that prevents loss of telomeric DNA associated with normal cell division. Transfection of cells with vectors ...
Velasco-Velázquez Marco A - - 2006
Gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity limits the use of this antibiotic. It has been shown that aged garlic extract (AGE) and S-allylcysteine (SAC), the most abundant organosulfur compound in AGE, ameliorate GM-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. The present communication evaluated the effect of AGE and SAC on proliferation and on GM-induced toxicity and ...
Hertzog Radu G - - 2006
Like cells, all mammals have a limited life span. Among cells there are a few exceptions (e.g., immortal cells), among mammals not, even if some of them live longer. Many in vitro and in vivo studies support the consensus that telomere length is strongly correlated with life span. At the ...
Passos João F - - 2006
The mitochondrial theory of aging remains to date one of the most popular theories of aging. One major model of aging is replicative senescence, where the irreversible loss of division potential of somatic cells occurs after a more or less constant number of cell divisions. Few data are available concerning ...
Zhang Lili - - 2006
The cellular response to telomere dysfunction in plants was investigated with the use of telomestatin, an inhibitor of human telomerase activity. Telomestatin bound to plant telomeric repeat sequence, and inhibited telomerase activity in suspension-cultured cells of Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa (rice) in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitor did not ...
Tomlinson Rebecca L - - 2006
Telomerase synthesizes telomeres at the ends of human chromosomes during S phase. The results presented here suggest that telomerase activity may be regulated by intranuclear trafficking of the key components of the enzyme in human cells. We examined the subcellular localization of endogenous human telomerase RNA (hTR) and telomerase reverse ...
Pandita Tej K - - 2005
The inability of radiotherapy to control tumour growth is still a daunting clinical problem leading to failure of the overall treatment regimens. The fundamental question is; could tumour cells be specifically sensitized to ionizing radiation (IR) by heat or factors exclusively expressed in tumour cells? One such factor, expressed in ...
Fujita Tomohisa - - 2005
Since the periodontal ligament (PDL) contains a heterogeneous cell population, it is challenging to identify all cell types within the tissue and to determine whether they function alone to produce tissue components or interact with other cell types. Further, it is difficult to isolate and expand single cell clones from ...
Du C W - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epstein - Barr virus (EBV)-encoded LMP1 is suggested to have an important role in the pathogenesis and development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Our previous study showed that As2O3 exhibited growth inhibition of NPC in animal model. Here, we further explore whether LMP1 is involved in As2O3 anticancer ...
Keskitalo Johanna - - 2005
We have studied autumn leaf senescence in a free-growing aspen (Populus tremula) by following changes in pigment, metabolite and nutrient content, photosynthesis, and cell and organelle integrity. The senescence process started on September 11, 2003, apparently initiated solely by the photoperiod, and progressed steadily without any obvious influence of other ...
Kennedy Brian K - - 2005
In this issue of Cell, Longo and colleagues (Fabrizio et al., 2005) examine the role of Sir2, a histone deacetylase, in chronological aging in yeast by measuring the long-term survival of nondividing cells. In contrast to measurements of aging for mitotic cells, cell survival in the nonmitotic state is decreased ...
Blazić T Manestar TM Department of Dermatovenerology, Rijeka Medical School and University Hospital Center, Kresimirova 42, 510000 Rijeka, Croatia. - - 2006
Keloids are a hyperproliferative response of connective tissue in response to trauma. The mechanism by which this occurs is poorly understood and currently no successful treatment exists. Senescent fibroblasts form during wound repair, as the result of oxidative stress. They have a major role in the control of fibroblast proliferation ...
Lindkvist Anna - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) on telomerase activity in a panel of human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cell lines. Addition of TGF-beta1 decreased the telomerase activity in HTh 74 and KTC-1 cells, while in C 643 and HTh 7 ...
Gunduz Cumhur - - 2005
Propolis is a resinous substance which is used by bees to repair and maintain their hives. It has more than 180 compounds including flavonoids, phenolic acids and its esters which have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, immunomodulatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects. Propolis is shown to inhibit cell division and protein synthesis. However ...
Potter Alan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Telomeres shorten during DNA replication; extensive erosion of telomeres likely promotes replicative senescence and chromosomal instability. Telomere length in individual cells has been quantified by flow cytometric analysis of fluorescence in situ hybridization (flow-FISH). To determine the rate of telomere attrition (telomere erosion per cell division), we combined flow-FISH ...
Trimborn Marc - - 2005
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mental retardation and congenital microcephaly with a head circumference at least 4 SD below age and sex means, in the absence of other significant malformations or neurological deficits. Truncating alterations in the MCPH1 gene have previously been shown ...
Park Woo-Chan - - 2005
Telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that functions as a reverse transcriptase, is detected exclusively in immortal cells such as germ cells, stem cells and cancer cells. Telomerase activity is present in almost all human cancers. Telomerase activation is considered to be essential to maintain the integrity of the replicating tumor cell ...
Wick U - - 2005
The nucleo-protein structure of an intact telomere protects each chromosome from being recognized as a break and subsequently being degraded. The DNA component of this structure, the telomeric repeats, undergo attrition with every cell division, as well as in response to endogenous events, like oxidative stress. Exposure to exogenous damage ...
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