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García-Morales Luis L Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina and Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
A number of adherent mycoplasmas have developed highly complex polar structures that are involved in diverse aspects of the biology of these microorganisms and play a key role as virulence factors by promoting adhesion to host cells in the first stages of infection. Attachment activity of mycoplasma cells has been ...
Lima Wanessa C - - 2013
Recognition of bacteria by metazoans is mediated by receptors that recognize different types of microorganisms and elicit specific cellular responses. The soil amoebae Dictyostelium discoideum feeds upon a variable mixture of environmental bacteria, and it is expected to recognize and adapt to various food sources. To date, however, no bacteria-sensing ...
Overkamp Wout - - 2013
Green fluorescent protein offers efficient ways of visualizing promoter activity and protein localization in vivo and many different variants are currently available to study bacterial cell biology. Which of these variants are best suited for a certain bacterial strain, goal or experimental condition is not clear. Here, we have designed ...
Wong Sook-San - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Colonization of the nasopharynx by Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered a prerequisite for pneumococcal infections such as pneumonia and otitis media. Probiotic bacteria can influence disease outcomes through various mechanisms, including inhibition of pathogen colonization. Here, we examine the effect of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on S. pneumoniae ...
Gradstedt Henrik - - 2013
Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the major causative agents of pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis and other morbidities. In spite of its heavy disease burden, surprisingly little is known about the mechanisms involved in the switch of life style, from commensal colonizer of the nasopharynx to invasive pathogen. In vitro experiments, and ...
Markkula Eveliina - - 2012
Chlamydia pneumoniae protein CPn0809 is a type three secretion system substrate, the exact function of which in infection pathogenesis has remained unknown. In this study, we identified by yeast two-hybrid screening a potential host cell interaction partner of CPn0809, Golgi anti-apoptotic protein (GAAP), a conserved protein found in eukaryotic cells. ...
Dietrich Hans H - - 2012
VaD is the second-most common form of dementia, second only to that caused by AD. As the name indicates, VaD is predominantly considered a disease caused by vascular phenomena. In this invited review, we introduce the reader to recent developments in defining VaD as a unique form of dementia by ...
Nguyen Huey T - - 2012
Amyloid plaques are a hallmark of the aging and senile dementia brains, yet their mechanism of origins has remained elusive. A central issue is the regulatory mechanism and identity of α-secretase, a protease responsible for α-processing of amyloid-β precursor protein (APP). A remarkable feature of this enzyme is its high ...
Truernit Elisabeth - - 2012
Vascular development is embedded into the developmental context of plant organ differentiation and can be divided into the consecutive phases of vascular patterning and differentiation of specific vascular cell types (phloem and xylem). To date, only very few genetic determinants of phloem development are known. Here, we identify OCTOPUS (OPS) ...
Kushiro Kyoko - - 2012
Every year, approximately 68,000 new cases of malignant melanoma are diagnosed in the US. Ethanol consumption inhibits metastasis of melanoma in mice, but the mechanism is not well understood. C57BL/6J ob/+ mice, given either water or 20% ethanol, were injected intravenously with B16-BL6 melanoma cells to determine pulmonary metastasis. The ...
Lee Seung-Jae - - 2012
It is now recognized that the cell-to-cell transmission of misfolded proteins such as α-synuclein contributes to the neurodegenerative phenotype in neurological disorders such as idiopathic Parkinson's disease, Dementia with Lewy bodies, and Parkinson's disease dementia. Thus, establishing cell-based models for the transmission of α-synuclein is of importance to understand the ...
Oberoi Harinder Singh - - 2011
In this study, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was employed to produce ethanol from 1% sodium hydroxide-treated rice straw in a thermostatically controlled glass reactor using 20 FPU gds(-1) cellulase, 50 IU gds(-1) β-glucosidase, 15 IU gds(-1) pectinase and a newly isolated thermotolerant Pichia kudriavzevii HOP-1 strain. Scanning electron micrograph images showed that ...
Zheng Chunming - - 2011
Microporous and mesoporous zeolites, including ZSM-5, H-β, H-Y, and MCM-41, were modified with 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES), then inorganic fillers, such as abovementioned zeolites or mesoporous materials, (α-AlOOH or γ-Al(2)O(3)), were mixed with alginate embedded with yeast; and finally these carriers were cross-linked through the double oxirane. The alginate-based immobilized yeast with ...
Schwartz Joel - - 2011
PURPOSE: Ethanol, human papilloma virus (HPV), and poor oral hygiene are risk factors that have been attributed to oral carcinogenesis. Streptococci sp and HPV infections are common in the head and neck, often associated with sexual activity. Although HPV is linked to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, it is ...
Le Roux Karlien - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crotalaria species have been widely used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat several types of internal cancers. Crotalaria agatiflora is used as a medicinal plant in several African countries for the treatment of bacterial and viral infections as well as for cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Water and ethanol ...
Simet Samantha M - - 2012
Tight junctions form a continuous belt-like structure between cells and act to regulate paracellular signaling. Protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to regulate tight junction assembly and disassembly and is activated by alcohol. Previous research has shown that alcohol increases the permeability of tight junctions in lung alveolar cells. ...
Kelso M L - - 2011
Excessive alcohol intake, characteristic of an alcohol use disorder (AUD), results in neurodegeneration as well as cognitive deficits that may recover in abstinence. Neurodegeneration in psychiatric disorders such as AUDs is due to various effects on tissue integrity. Several groups report that alcohol-induced neurodegeneration and recovery include a role for ...
Yusup Abdiryim - - 2012
Aims. Study the effect of Abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq) ethanol extract on the proliferation, apoptosis, and correlative gene, expression in colon cancer cells (Caco-2) to elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the anticancer property of Abnormal Savda Munziq. Materials and Methods. ASMq ethanol extract was prepared by a professional pharmacist. ...
Basu Devraj - - 2011
Curative eradication of all cells within carcinomas is seldom achievable with chemotherapy alone. This limitation may be partially attributable to tumor cell subpopulations with intrinsic resistance to current drugs. Within squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines, we previously characterized a subpopulation of mesenchymal-like cells displaying phenotypic plasticity and increased resistance ...
Bradley Elizabeth W - - 2011
Although genetic evidence has demonstrated a role for Wnt5b during cartilage and limb development, little is known about the mechanisms underlying Wnt5b-regulated chondrocyte differentiation. We observed that Wnt5b inhibited chondrocyte hypertrophy and expression of type X collagen. In addition, Wnt5b regulated the overall size of chondrogenic cultures, suggesting that Wnt5b ...
Gorodetsky Raphael - - 2011
Efficient transfer of progenitor cells without affecting their survival is a key factor in any practical cell therapy. Fibrin microbeads (FMB) were developed as hard biodegradable cell carriers. The FMB could efficiently isolate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from different sources and support the expansion of matrix-dependent cell types in a ...
Mamalis Anastasios - - 2011
Abstract ABSTRACTThe differential effects of dual-acid etched (Osseotite®), hydroxyapatite coated (HA®) and sand-blasted/acid-etched (SLA®) titanium surfaces on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells (hMSCs) were investigated. Proliferation was significantly promoted on the SLA surfaces. 16 genes were significantly upregulated when hMSCs were cultured on the Osseotite® and the HA® surfaces and ...
Caliari Steven R SR Dept. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2011
Current surgical and tissue engineering approaches for treating tendon injuries have shown limited success, suggesting the need for new biomaterial strategies. Here we describe the development of an anisotropic collagen-glycosaminoglycan (CG) scaffold and use of growth factor supplementation strategies to create a 3D platform for tendon tissue engineering. We fabricated ...
Kinikoglu Beste - - 2011
The extent of the influence of mesenchymal tissue on epithelial development is still debated, and elucidation of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions should be of relevance for controlling normal as well as pathological growth and development. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the influence of the mesenchymal cell type on ...
Ranjbarvaziri Sarah - - 2011
Quantum dots (QDs), as new and promising fluorescent probes, hold great potential in long term non-invasive bio-imaging, however there are many uncovered issues regarding their competency. In the present study, different QDs (525, 585 and 800 nm) were used to label CD133, CD34, CD14 and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) using positively ...
He Fan - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. After plating for six passages on either plastic flasks or extracellular matrix (ECM) deposited by synovium-derived stem cells (SDSCs), expanded nucleus pulposus (NP) cells were evaluated for redifferentiation capacity.Objective. The aim was to assess the feasibility of using ECM deposited by a tissue-specific stem cell to provide ...
Douezan Stéphane - - 2011
We study the spreading of spheroidal aggregates of cells, expressing a tunable level of E-cadherin molecules, on glass substrates decorated with mixed fibronectin and polyethylene glycol. We observe the contact area by optical interferometry and the profile by side-view microscopy. We find a universal law of aggregate spreading at short ...
Teh Thomas K H - - 2011
The concept of contact guidance utilizes the phenomenon of anchorage dependence of cells on the topography of seeded surfaces. It has been shown in previous studies that cells were guided to align along the topographical alignment of the seeding substrate and produced enhanced amounts of oriented extracellular matrix (ECM). In ...
Cai Sa - - 2011
Schwann cells are critically important for tissue repair, axonal regrowth and remyelination following injury to peripheral nerves. The absence of Schwann cells or an equivalent cell type in the central nervous system (CNS) may limit the regeneration capacity of the CNS. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have therefore been investigated for ...
Song Wei - - 2011
Micropatterned surfaces are very useful to control cell microenvironment and investigate the physical effects on cell function. In this study, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) micropatterns on polystyrene cell-culture plates were prepared using UV photolithography. Cell adhesive polystyrene geometries of triangle, square, pentagon, hexagon, and circle were surrounded by cell nonadhesive PVA ...
Martins Albino - - 2011
A specially designed electroconductive collector enables the electrospinning of P-NFM composed of areas of parallel/uniaxially aligned fibers and areas of random/orthogonal nanofiber distribution. The biological relevance of P-NFM is demonstrated using hBMSCs as an autologous cell source. The structures induce cell orientation along the uniaxially aligned fibers, mainly during earlier ...
Breu Anita - - 2011
Chondrocyte aging is associated with cartilage degeneration and senescence impairs the regenerative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Estrogen exerts profound effects on human physiology including articular cartilage and MSCs. The present study should analyze the effects of pre- and postmenopausal estrogen concentrations on chondrogenic cells. Physiologic premenopausal concentrations of ...
Hamanaka Gen - - 2011
During development, the embryos and larvae of the starfish Asterina pectinifera possess a single type of mesenchyme cell. The aim of this study was to determine the patterns of behavior of mesenchyme cells during the formation of various organs. To this end, we used a monoclonal antibody (mesenchyme cell marker) ...
Appelman Taly P - - 2011
Mechanically induced cell deformations have been shown to influence chondrocyte response in 3D culture. However, the relationship between the mechanical stimulation and cell response is not yet fully understood. In this study a finite element model was developed to investigate cell-matrix interactions under unconfined compression conditions, using a tissue engineered ...
Jakubova R - - 2011
Objectives:  The aim of this study was to develop functionalized nanofibres as a simple delivery system for growth factors (GFs) and make nanofibre cell-seeded scaffold implants a one-step intervention. Materials and methods:  We have functionalized polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibres with thrombocytes adherent on them. Immobilized, these thrombocytes attached to nanofibre scaffolds ...
Yoshino Takashi - - 2011
Embryonic cells are classified into two types of cells by their morphology, epithelial and mesenchymal cells. During dynamic morphogenesis in development, epithelial cells often switch to mesenchymal by the process known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT is a central issue in cancer metastasis where epithelial-derived tumor cells are converted to ...
Häcker Anita - - 2011
The structure of an underlying tissue network has a strong impact on cell dynamics. If, in addition, cells alter the network by mechanical and chemical interactions, their movement is called mesenchymal. Important examples for mesenchymal movement include fibroblasts in wound healing and metastatic tumour cells. This paper is focused on ...
Quaggin Susan E - - 2011
The hypothesis that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) might be a contributor to the accumulation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts (MFs) in the kidney during fibrogenesis was postulated 15 years ago. This paradigm offered an elegant explanation of how the loss of epithelial functions is coupled to the gain of deleterious mesenchymal functions; ...
Hoshiba Takashi - - 2011
Cell-derived extracellular matrices (ECMs) are a key factor in regulating cell functions in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The fact that cells are surrounded by their specific ECM in vivo elicits the need to elucidate the effects of ECM derived from different cell sources on cell functions. Here, three types ...
Kumar P T Sudheesh - - 2011
α-chitin hydrogel/nano hydroxyapatite (nHAp) composite scaffold have been synthesized by freeze-drying approach with nHAp and α-chitin hydrogel. The prepared nHAp and nanocomposite scaffolds were characterized using DLS, SEM, FT-IR, XRD and TGA studies. The porosity, swelling, degradation, protein adsorption and biomineralization (calcification) of the prepared nanocomposite scaffolds were evaluated. Cell ...
Ishigaki Yasuhito - - 2011
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key event in cancer metastasis and is characterized by increase in cell motility, increase in expression of mesenchymal cell markers, loss of proteins from cell-to-cell junction complexes, and changes in cell morphology. Here, the morphological effects of a representative EMT inducer, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, ...
Schneider Ulrich - - 2011
PURPOSE: The value of cell-free techniques in the treatment of cartilage defects remains under debate. In this study, cartilage repair of full-thickness chondral defects in the knees of Goettinger minipigs was assessed by treatment with a cell-free collagen type-I gel or a collagen type-I gel seeded with autologous chondrocytes. As ...
Futterman Matt A - - 2011
Embryonic epiboly has become an important developmental model for studying the mechanisms underlying collective movements of epithelial cells. In the last couple of decades, most studies of epiboly have utilized Xenopus or zebrafish as genetically tractable model organisms, while the avian epiboly model has received virtually no attention. Here, we ...
Achille Valentina - - 2011
Human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) expanded in vitro for cell therapy approaches need to be carefully investigated for genetic stability, by employing both molecular and conventional karyotyping. Reliability of cytogenetic analysis may be hampered in some MSC samples by the difficulty of obtaining an adequate number of metaphases. In an ...
Choh Sun-Young - - 2011
Injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels cross-linked via disulfide bond are synthesized using a thiol-disulfide exchange reaction. The production of small-molecule reaction product, pyridine-2-thione, allows the hydrogel formation process to be monitored quantitatively in real-time by UV spectroscopy. Rheological tests show that the hydrogels formed within minutes at 37 °C. Mechanical ...
Teh Thomas Kok Hiong - - 2011
The concept of contact guidance utilizes the phenomenon of anchorage dependence of cells on the topography of seeded surfaces. It has been shown in previous studies that cells were guided to align along the topographical alignment of the seeding substrate and produced enhanced amounts of oriented extracellular matrix (ECM). In ...
Brammer Karla S - - 2011
Surface engineering approaches that alter the topological chemistry of a substrate could be used as an effective tool for directing cell interactions and their subsequent function. It is well known that the physical environment of nanotopography has positive effects on cell behavior, yet direct comparisons of nanotopographic surface chemistry has ...
Kheterpal Indu - - 2011
Adipose tissue contains a heterogeneous population of mature adipocytes, endothelial cells, immune cells, pericytes, and preadipocytic stromal/stem cells. To date, a majority of proteomic analyses have focused on intact adipose tissue or isolated adipose stromal/stem cells in vitro. In this study, human subcutaneous adipose tissue from multiple depots (arm and ...
Ren Dayong - - 2011
Expression of Snail has been shown to mediate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of epithelial cells and carcinomas, characterized by morphological alterations with disappearance and appearance of E-cadherin and vimentin, respectively. Here, we show that ectopic expression of Snail in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells (Snail/A431) induces the representative EMT, resulting in ...
Woon Colin Y L - - 2011
: Tissue engineering of human flexor tendons combines tendon scaffolds with recipient cells to create complete cell-tendon constructs. Allogenic acellularized human flexor tendon has been shown to be a useful natural scaffold. However, there is difficulty repopulating acellularized tendon with recipient cells, as cell penetration is restricted by a tightly ...
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