Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1726
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Xing Yifei - - 2007
Connexin-43 (Cx43) expression in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and the potency of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the cells were investigated, with an attempt to elucidate the reason why the so-called "bystander effect" mediated by thymidine kinase (TK) suicide gene therapy on PCa cells is not of significance and ...
Liu Xiaoyu - - 2007
The change of connexin 43 (Cx43) expression and the biological behaviors of Cx43 in rat heart cell line H9c2, expressing Wnt-3a (wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 3A), were evaluated in the present study. Plasmid pcDNA3.1/Wnt-3a was constructed and transferred into H9c2 cells. The cell model Wnt-3a(+)-H9c2 steadily expressing Wnt-3a ...
Kojima Takashi - - 2007
Connexins (Cx) are considered to play a crucial role in the differentiation of epithelial cells and to be associated with adherens and tight junctions. This review describes how connexins contribute to the induction and maintenance of tight junctions in epithelial cells, hepatic cells and airway epithelial cells. Endogenous Cx32 expression ...
Avanzo J L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Connexins (Cx) are proteins that form the gap junctional channels at neighbouring plasma membranes between adjacent cells. Cxs are involved in cell communication, which is reportedly correlated with cell proliferation and differentiation. Alterations in connexin expression and/or gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) capacity have long been postulated to be ...
Eugenín Eliseo A EA Department of Pathology, F727, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. - - 2007
Connexin43 (Cx43), a gap junction protein subunit, has been previously detected in Kupffer cells (KCs) during liver inflammation, however, KCs phagocytose cell debris that may include Cx43 protein, which could explain the detection of Cx43 in KCs. We determined that KCs express Cx43 and form gap junctions (GJs) both in ...
van Zeijl Leonie - - 2007
Cell-cell communication through connexin43 (Cx43)-based gap junction channels is rapidly inhibited upon activation of various G protein-coupled receptors; however, the mechanism is unknown. We show that Cx43-based cell-cell communication is inhibited by depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns[4,5]P(2)) from the plasma membrane. Knockdown of phospholipase Cbeta3 (PLCbeta3) inhibits PtdIns(4,5)P(2) hydrolysis and ...
Khan Zahidul - - 2007
Enzyme prodrug therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) as delivery vehicles has been applied in animal models of gliomas and relies on gap junction communication (GJC) between delivery and target cells. This study investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors on GJC for the purpose of facilitating transfer of ...
Phillips, Brett E
Numerous physiological barriers exist in the body to establish compartments with specific substrate concentrations. These compartments are required for various tissue functions such as nutrient absorption in the intestine, waste removal in the kidney, and neural function of the brain and retina. Barriers are established by the adherens and tight ...
Sims Tasha N - - 2007
The immunological synapse (IS) is a junction between the T cell and antigen-presenting cell and is composed of supramolecular activation clusters (SMACs). No studies have been published on naive T cell IS dynamics. Here, we find that IS formation during antigen recognition comprises cycles of stable IS formation and autonomous ...
Klauke Norbert - - 2007
In this paper we describe a microfluidic environment that enables us to explore cell-to-cell signalling between longitudinally linked primary heart cells. We have chosen to use pairs (or doublets) of cardiac myocyte as a model system, not only because of the importance of cell-cell signalling in the study of heart ...
Bopp Tobias - - 2007
Naturally occurring regulatory T cells (T reg cells) are a thymus-derived subset of T cells, which are crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance by controlling potentially autoreactive T cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of this strictly cell contact-dependent process are still elusive. Here we show that naturally occurring ...
Vaz-de-Lima Beatriz Brandão - - 2008
The scrape loading and dye transfer (SL/DT) method is a functional assay widely used to evaluate the level of the intercellular communication via gap junction. Initially, the evaluation of the degree of communication was done by counting the rows of fluorescent cells from the scrape. Its substitution by fluorescence distance ...
Benezra Miriam - - 2007
PURPOSE: Within the multidomain structure of ZO-1 are motifs responsible for ZO-1's localization to intercellular junctions and its newly demonstrated localization to the leading edge of lamellipodia in corneal fibroblasts. Since ZO-1 also has two nuclear localization signals, this study was undertaken to determine whether stimuli associated with wounding would ...
Chung Chul-Kyun - - 2007
Connexins are gap-junction proteins forming hexameric structures in the plasma membranes of adjacent cells, thereby creating intercellular channels. Connexin 43 (CX43) is expressed in pulp tissue. However, its function in dental pulp tissue has yet to be fully investigated. We have employed antisense oligonucleotides (AS) against rat CX43 to study ...
Wiszniewski Ludovic - - 2007
Gap junctions are documented in the human airway epithelium but the functional expression and molecular identity of their protein constituents (connexins, Cx) in the polarized epithelium is not known. To address this question, we documented the expression of a family of epithelial Cx (Cx26, Cx30, Cx30.3, Cx31, Cx31.1, Cx32, Cx37, ...
Qi Weier - - 2007
Proximal tubule cells (PTC) are the major cell type in the cortical tubulointerstitium. Because PTC play a central role in tubulointerstitial pathophysiology, it is essential to prepare pure PTC from kidney tissue to explore the mechanisms of tubulointerstitial pathology. The authors have successfully refined and characterized primary cultures of human ...
Vanisree Arambakkam Janardhanam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Neuroblastoma (NB) is a well-known malignant disease in infants, which comprises 10% of childhood malignancies. Despite recent advances in understanding the neuro-oncology, NB still accounts for more death in childhood than any other cancer. Research in childhood tumors should not only be focused on the malignant signatures of cancer ...
Nishioka, K
The temperature dependences of the electrical characteristics of InGaP/InGaAs/Ge triple-junction solar cells under concentration were evaluated. For these solar cells, conversion efficiency (η) decreased with increasing temperature, and increased with increasing concentration ratio owing to an increase in open-circuit voltage. The decrease in ηwith increasing temperature decreases with increasing concentration ...
Das Maitreyi - - 2007
Control of cellular dimensions and cell symmetry are critical for development and differentiation. Here we provide evidence that the putative Rho-GAP Rga4p of Schizosaccharomyces pombe controls cellular dimensions. rga4 Delta cells are wider in diameter and shorter in length, whereas Rga4p overexpression leads to reduced diameter of the growing cell ...
Wuchter Patrick - - 2007
Substrate-adherent cultured cells derived from human bone marrow or umbilical cord blood ("mesenchymal stem cells") are of special interest for regenerative medicine. We report that such cells, which can display considerable heterogeneity with respect to their cytoskeletal protein complement, are often interconnected by special tentacle-like cell processes contacting one or ...
Rodríguez-Sinovas Antonio - - 2007
Connexins form a diverse and ubiquitous family of integral membrane proteins. Characteristically, connexins are assembled into intercellular channels that aggregate into discrete cell-cell contact areas termed gap junctions (GJ), allowing intercellular chemical communication, and are essential for propagation of electrical impulses in excitable tissues, including, prominently, myocardium, where connexin 43 ...
Qi Bing - - 2007
Tight junctions are essential for the maintenance of epithelial cell polarity. We have previously established a system for the primary culture of salivary parotid acinar cells that retain their ability to generate new secretory granules and to secrete proteins in a signal-dependent manner. Because cell polarity and cell-cell adhesion are ...
Macpherson I R - - 2007
Loss of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell junctions has been correlated with cancer cell invasion and poor patient survival. p120-catenin has emerged as a key player in promoting E-cadherin stability and adherens junction integrity and has been proposed as a potential invasion suppressor by preventing release of cells from the constraints imposed by ...
Lu S J - - 2007
Connexin 36 (Cx36) is the predominant connexin isoform expressed in the mammalian neurons of the central nervous system (CNS). PC-12 cells, a neuronal-like cell line, are widely used for neuron functional studies. Many connexins have been shown to interact with zonula occludens-1 protein (ZO-1), a tight junction associated with protein. ...
Shao Chunlin - - 2007
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is an important function of metazoan cells and is believed to have beneficial effects in anti-tumor therapy. In this study, we found that, when neoplastic human salivary gland (HSG) cells were irradiated with a 100 keV/microm carbon-ion beam, micronuclei, G(2)/M-phase arrest, and cell killing were ...
Hejmej A - - 2007
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a ubiquitously distributed gap junction protein in testes and other reproductive tissues. Adjacent cells share ions and small metabolites through intercellular channels, which are present in gap junctions. Previously, Cx43 has not been reported in testes, epididymides and prostates either in healthy ...
Lee In-Kyoung - - 2007
An endocrine disruptor, bisphenol-A (BPA), has been reported to have several short-term actions in various cells and tissues. However, the mechanisms of these actions have not been fully elucidated. In order to assess the effect of BPA on the intercellular communication mediated by gap junctions, we conducted the present study ...
Muller-Borer Barbara J - - 2007
The mechanisms underlying stem cell acquisition of a cardiac phenotype are unresolved. We studied early events during the acquisition of a cardiac phenotype by a cloned adult liver stem cell line (WB F344) in a cardiac microenvironment. WB F344 cells express a priori the transcription factors GATA4 and SRF, connexin ...
Mafi Arash - - 2007
We relate local cell gap variations to visible defects in LCD panels using psychophysical methods of human eye perception of intensity variations. Our analysis is applicable to general shape of cell gap variation for any LCD mode. We use our method in an explicit example to determine the visible cell ...
Yi Zong-Chun - - 2007
Down-regulation of Cx43 expression had been shown to occur in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. The present study was undertaken to estimate if methylation of the promoter region in Cx43 gene was responsible for the repression of Cx43 expression in the CNE-1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Calcein transfer and lucifer yellow transfer were ...
Sung Jee Young - - 2007
Alpha-synuclein has been implicated in the pathology of certain neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (LBs). Overexpression of human alpha-synuclein in neuronal cells reduces cell viability, but the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is thought to be ...
Shaw Robin M - - 2007
Gap junctions are intercellular channels that connect the cytoplasms of adjacent cells. For gap junctions to properly control organ formation and electrical synchronization in the heart and the brain, connexin-based hemichannels must be correctly targeted to cell-cell borders. While it is generally accepted that gap junctions form via lateral diffusion ...
Zhang Dan - - 2007
In normal liver, Connexin (Cx) 43 is not detected, but up-regulated in some liver cancers. We herein investigated the role of Cx43 in hepatoma cell carcinogenesis. Cx43-silenced HuH7 cells using shRNA showed lower growth and higher differentiation, and Cx43-overexpressing cells exhibited rapid growth and low differentiation. Unexpectedly, gap junctional intercellular ...
Laffafian Iraj - - 2007
Cells in tissues or in experimental cell colonies respond to stimuli in a co-ordinated manner when they are electrically and chemically coupled by gap junctions. These junctions permit the cell-to-cell passage of small molecules, such as inositol tris phosphate (IP(3)) within the colony and are important in co-ordinating tissue activity. ...
Li Wei - - 2007
To explore new strategies for effective isolation, preservation, and expansion of human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs). Human corneal Descemet's membrane and corneal endothelial cells were digested with collagenase A or Dispase II in supplemented hormonal epithelial medium (SHEM) for 1.5 to 16 hours. HCEC aggregates derived from collagenase A digestion ...
Angelow Susanne - - 2007
Claudins are transmembrane proteins of the tight junction that determine and regulate paracellular ion permeability. We previously reported that claudin-8 reduces paracellular cation permeability when expressed in low-resistance Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) II cells. Here, we address how the interaction of heterologously expressed claudin-8 with endogenous claudin isoforms impacts epithelial ...
Schreiner Alexander - - 2007
Shrew-1 was previously isolated from an endometriotic cell line in our search for invasion-associated genes. It proved to be a membrane protein that targets to the basolateral membrane of polarized epithelial cells, interacting with E-cadherin-catenin complexes of adherens junctions. Paradoxically, the existence of adherens junctions is incompatible with invasion. To ...
Eyzaguirre Carlos - - 2007
Slices of rat carotid bodies, or cultured glomus cells, were used to study intercellular coupling. This phenomenon occurs because gap junctions allow passage of currents and dyes from one cell to another. There is a two-way resistive coupling between glomus cells (GC/GC coupling), which is accompanied by activity of intercellular ...
Wan Hong H Centre for Tumour Biology, Institute of Cancer and CR-UK Clinical Centre, Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, John Vane Science Centre, Charterhouse Square, London, UK. - - 2007
The intercellular adhesive junction desmosomes are essential for the maintenance of tissue structure and integrity in skin. Desmoplakin (Dp) is a major obligate plaque protein which plays a fundamental role in anchoring intermediate filaments to desmosomal cadherins. Evidence from hereditary human disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding Dp, ...
Orthmann-Murphy Jennifer L - - 2007
Recessive mutations in GJA12/Cx47, the gene encoding the gap junction protein connexin47 (Cx47), cause Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD), which is characterized by severe CNS dysmyelination. Three missense PMLD mutations, P87S, Y269D and M283T, were expressed in communication-incompetent HeLa cells, and in each case the mutant proteins appeared to at least partially ...
Podvyaznaya I M - - 2007
The germinal development in Prosorhynchoides gracilescens sporocysts was studied using electron microscopy. The germinal cells proliferated and developed within multiple floating germinal masses located in the terminal portions of sporocyst branches. The germinal masses were composed of supporting and germinal cells. Supporting cells possessed numerous flattened extensions that spread around ...
Wang Min - - 2007
To examine the effects of increased expression of connexin43 (Cx43) upon cell viability and response to cytotoxic agents, we expressed Cx43 in LNCaP and PC3 prostate cancer cells by infection with a recombinant adenovirus (Ad-Cx43). Infection with Ad-Cx43 led to the formation of Cx43-containing gap junction plaques at appositional membranes ...
Long, Amy Carise
Cataract is the leading cause of vision loss worldwide and is treated only by surgical intervention. Oxidative stress-induced damage to the lens can accumulate with aging or exposure to environmental and/or chemical stressors. Lens epithelial cells (LEC) comprise the first cell layer exposed to stress, and LEC death is considered ...
Richard R. King
The high efficiency of multijunction concentrator cells has the potential to revolutionize the cost structure of photovoltaic electricity generation. Advances in the design of metamorphic subcells to reduce carrier recombination and increase voltage, wide-band-gap tunnel junctions capable of operating at high concentration, metamorphic buffers to transition from the substrate lattice ...
Baur, C.
This paper gives a review of the work performed in the framework of the EC-funded project FULLSPECTRUM aiming for higher photovoltaic (PV) conversion efficiencies by investigating GaInP/GaInAs/Ge triple-junction concentrator solar cells. Lattice mismatched structures reached efficiencies beyond 35% at 600 sun concentration level. These cells are now ready to enter ...
Tomofuji T - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical stimulation by toothbrushing promotes healing of gingivitis through accelerating cell proliferation. Junctional epithelium proliferates at periodontal pocket formation. A question is arisen whether toothbrushing contributes to the repair of gingival inflammation or deterioration of pocket formation. The location of proliferating cells in gingiva stimulated mechanically by toothbrushing was ...
Wei Guodan - - 2007
Power efficiencies>60% have been predicted for idealized quantum dot (QD) intermediate band solar cells. This goal has not yet been realized, due in part to nonidealities that result in charge trapping followed by recombination of photocarriers in the QDs, and the lack of an optimal materials combination. To eliminate charge ...
Cui Hu-Shan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of berberine, an alkaloid isolated from some medicinal herbs, on the disruption of the barrier function in a human retinal pigment epithelial cell line (ARPE-19) stimulated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were cultured to confluence. Berberine and IL-1beta were added to the medium. Barrier ...
Robe Pierre A - - 2007
The efficacy of HSV-TK/ganciclovir-based gene therapy on malignant gliomas largely relies on the amplitude of the bystander effect. In these experiments, the anti-inflammatory drug Sulfasalazine increased the HSV-TK/ganciclovir bystander effect in C6, 9L and LN18 cells but not in U87 glioma cells. Using bi-compartmental culture devices and conditioned medium transfer ...
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