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Alvarado Jorge A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether selective laser trabeculoplasty and prostaglandin analogs regulate the permeability of cultured human Schlemm canal cells by inducing intercellular junction disassembly. DESIGN: Laboratory investigation. METHODS: Intercellular junctions were made visible in living cells by making them fluoresce after transfection with a plasmid expressing the zonula occludens 1 ...
Larre Isabel I Department of Physiology, Center for Research and Advanced Studies, 07300 Mexico DF, - - 2010
Epithelial cells treated with high concentrations of ouabain (e.g., 1 microM) retrieve molecules involved in cell contacts from the plasma membrane and detach from one another and their substrates. On the basis of this observation, we suggested that ouabain might also modulate cell contacts at low, nontoxic levels (10 or ...
Sáez Juan C - - 2010
Vertebrate cells that express connexins likely express connexin hemichannels (Cx HCs) at their surface. In diverse cell types, surface Cx HCs can open to serve as a diffusional exchange pathway for ions and small molecules across the cell membrane. Most cells, if not all, also express pannexins that form hemichannels ...
Espejo Rosario R Sealy Center for Cancer Cell Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1074, - - 2010
An important step in carcinoma progression is loss of cell-cell adhesion leading to increased invasion and metastasis. We show here that the protein tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-PEST, is a critical regulator of cell-cell junction integrity and epithelial cell motility. Using colon carcinoma cells, we show that the expression level of PTP-PEST ...
Crespin Sophie - - 2010
Connexin43 (Cx43) is a ubiquitously expressed member of the gap junction protein family that mediates gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) by allowing exchange of cytosolic materials. Previous studies have used Cx43 truncated at the cytoplasmic tail (C-tail) to demonstrate that the C-tail is essential to regulate cell growth and motility. ...
Majumder Paromita - - 2010
Connexin 26 (Cx26) and connexin 30 (Cx30) form hemichannels that release ATP from the endolymphatic surface of cochlear supporting and epithelial cells and also form gap junction (GJ) channels that allow the concomitant intercellular diffusion of Ca(2+) mobilizing second messengers. Released ATP in turn activates G-protein coupled P2Y(2) and P2Y(4) ...
Johnstone Scott R SR Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, 70 Cowcaddens Rd, Glasgow, Scotland G4 0BA, - - 2010
Connexins (Cxs) and gap junction (GJ)-mediated communication have been linked with the regulation of cell cycle traverse. However, it is not clear whether Cx expression or GJ channel function are the key mediators in this process or at what stage this regulation may occur. We therefore tested the hypothesis that ...
Chung Sanny S W SS Department of Genetics and Development, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, - - 2010
Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha)-deficient mice are sterile, with abnormalities in the progression of spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether defective retinoid signaling involved at least in part, disrupted cell-cell interactions. Hypertonic fixation approaches revealed defects in the integrity of the Sertoli-cell barrier in the tubules of ...
Pointis Georges - - 2010
Spermatogenesis is a highly regulated process of germ cell proliferation and differentiation, starting from spermatogonia to spermatocytes and giving rise to spermatids, the future spermatozoa. In addition to endocrine regulation, testicular cell-cell interactions are essential for spermatogenesis. This precise control is mediated through paracrine/autocrine pathways, direct intercellular contacts and through ...
Mruk Dolores D DD Population Council, Center for Biomedical Research, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2010
In the testis, tight junctions (TJs) are found between adjacent Sertoli cells at the level of the blood-testis barrier (BTB) where they coexist with basal ectoplasmic specializations and desmosome-gap junctions. The BTB physically divides the seminiferous epithelium into two distinct compartments: a basal compartment where spermatogonia and early spermatocytes are ...
Dube Evemie - - 2010
Post-testicular sperm maturation requires a specific luminal environment in the epididymis that is created, in part, by the blood-epididymis barrier. There is limited information on gene expression in the epididymis of infertile obstructive azoospermia (OA) patients due to the difficulty in obtaining tissues. The objectives of this study were to ...
Raikwar Nandita S - - 2010
Nedd4-2, a E3 ubiquitin ligase, regulates epithelial sodium channel-mediated transcellular Na(+) transport in the collecting duct. We investigated the effect of Nedd4-2 on the junctional complex and paracellular conductance in mpkCCD(c14) cells, a collecting duct cell line. We demonstrate that Nedd4-2 coimmunoprecipitated with and reduced the expression of transfected occludin ...
Toure Amadou - - 2010
We have studied the effect of cell geometry on propagation velocity of the cardiac impulse using a subcellular computer model of myocardium. Variation of cell size has only small effects on longitudinal and transverse conduction velocities, when the ratio of cell length/width is constant, for cell sizes (length x width) ...
Sokabe Takaaki - - 2010
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel is a physiological sensor for hypo-osmolarity, mechanical deformation, and warm temperature. The channel activation leads to various cellular effects involving Ca(2+) dynamics. We found that TRPV4 interacts with beta-catenin, a crucial component linking adherens junctions and the actin cytoskeleton, thereby enhancing cell-cell junction ...
Salameh Aida - - 2010
RATIONALE: Cyclic mechanical stretch (CMS) is an important physiological and pathological factor in the heart. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether CMS can affect localization of gap junctions with regard to the cell axis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured (7 days) on flexible 6-well plates. Thereafter, cells were kept ...
Poellmann Michael J - - 2010
Cell behavior is influenced by numerous factors in the physical environment, and a deep understanding of these interactions can lead to the design of better scaffolds for tissue engineering. In vitro substrates can be used to evaluate a wide range of factors, such as topography, and identify which show promise ...
Carvalho C P F - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Cell-cell coupling mediated by gap junctions formed from connexin (CX) contributes to the control of insulin secretion in the endocrine pancreas. We investigated the cellular production and localisation of CX36 and CX43, and gap junction-mediated beta cell coupling in pancreatic islets from rats of different ages, displaying different degrees ...
Burunova V V - - 2010
It is demonstrated that the output optical signal of MTT test is directly proportional to the number of viable cells in the primary culture of mesenchymal cells (skin fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells from the bone marrow, placenta, and umbilical cord). The slope of the best curve in coordinates "cell ...
Simone Robert P RP University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, 421 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6048, - - 2010
Proper control of epithelial morphogenesis is vital to development and is often disrupted in disease. After germ band extension, the cells of the Drosophila ventral embryonic epidermis are packed in a two-dimensional polygonal array. Although epithelial cell rearrangements are being studied productively in several tissues, the ventral epidermis is of ...
Théard Delphine - - 2010
In epithelial cells, the tight junction (TJ) functions as a permeability barrier and is involved in cellular differentiation and proliferation. Although many TJ proteins have been characterized, little is known about the sequence of events and temporal regulation of TJ assembly in response to adhesion cues. We report here that ...
Madan Vanesa - - 2010
Poliovirus 2B protein is a well-known viroporin implicated in plasma membrane permeabilization to ions and low-molecular-weight compounds during infection. Translation in mammalian cells expressing 2B protein is inhibited by hygromycin B (HB) but remains unaffected in mock cells, which are not permeable to the inhibitor. Here we describe a previously ...
Wang Qin - - 2010
Cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)]/oxaliplatin [1,2-diamminocyclohexane(trans-1)oxolatoplatinum(II)] toxicity is enhanced by functional gap junctions between treated cells, implying that inhibition of gap junctions may decrease cytotoxic activity of these platinum-based agents. This study investigates the effect of gap junction modulation by cisplatin/oxaliplatin on cytotoxicity in a transformed cell line. The effects were explored using ...
Pidoux Guillaume - - 2010
Trophoblastic cell-cell fusion is an essential event required during human placental development. Several membrane proteins have been described to be directly involved in this process, including connexin 43 (Cx43), syncytin 1 (Herv-W env), and syncytin 2 (Herv-FRD env glycoprotein). Recently, zona occludens (ZO) proteins (peripheral membrane proteins associated with tight ...
Geneau Graziello - - 2010
Bone is a dynamic tissue that undergoes a precise remodeling process involving resorptive osteoclastic cells and bone-forming osteoblastic (OB) cells. The functional imbalance of either of these cell types can lead to severe skeletal diseases. The proliferation and differentiation of OB cells play a major role in bone development and ...
Sperry Rebecca Bakkevig - - 2010
Development is punctuated by morphogenetic rearrangements of epithelial tissues, including detachment of motile cells during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Dramatic actin rearrangements occur as cell-cell junctions are dismantled and cells become independently motile during EMT. Characterizing dynamic actin rearrangements and identifying actin machinery driving these rearrangements is essential for understanding basic ...
Kang Hwan-Goo - - 2010
The methanol extract from the leaves of Petasites japonicus Maxim (PJ) was studied for its (anti-)mutagenic effect with the SOS chromotest and reverse mutation assay. The (anti-)carcinogenic effects were evaluated by the cytotoxicity on human cancer line cells and by the function and the expression of gap junctions in rat ...
Chang Eugene H - - 2010
Cell tight junction proteins create a barrier between airway epithelial cells to limit paracellular transport from the apical to basolateral surface. This barrier can impede the entry of respiratory pathogens and toxins from the airway lumen into the systemic circulation. Mast cell-mediated inflammation in the human airway can cause a ...
Inai Tetsuichiro - - 2010
Claudins constitute tight junction (TJ) strands and regulate paracellular permeability, which varies in the epithelial cells of various organs. Heterotypic claudin compatibility and/or the association of TJ particles to either the protoplasmic (P) or exoplasmic (E) face may be related to paracellular permeability. This study examined the relationship between the ...
Han Jeong Hee - - 2010
Gap junction channels facilitate chemical and electrical communication between adjacent cells. Gap junction protein, connexin (Cx), is expressed in the endothelial cells of vessels, glomerulus, and renin-secreting cells of the kidney. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Cx in renin release using Cx-overexpressing As 4.1 ...
Dubé Evemie - - 2010
The epididymis is responsible for posttesticular sperm maturation. Sperm maturation is dependent on the luminal microenvironments along the epididymis. Though the role of the epididymis is well established, the molecular and cellular mechanisms responsible for sperm maturation remain to be elucidated, particularly in the human, as limited biological tools exist. ...
Chen Sisi - - 2010
Gap junctions are protein channels between cells that allow direct electrical and metabolic coupling via the exchange of biomolecules and ions. Their expression, though ubiquitous in most mammalian cell types, is especially important for the proper functioning of cardiac and neuronal systems. Many existing methods for studying gap junction communication ...
Logue Jürg B - - 2010
To understand the mechanisms determining community composition, it is essential to distinctively unravel the importance of local from that of regional processes. In this effort, the mechanisms underlying bacterioplankton community assembly were analysed in eight lakes of short water residence time (WRT) during a four-season sampling campaign. Bacterioplankton community composition ...
Orellana Juan A - - 2010
Brain ischemia causes more extensive injury in hyperglycemic than normoglycemic subjects, and the increased damage is to astroglia as well as neurons. In the present work, we found that in cortical astrocytes from rat or mouse, reoxygenation after hypoxia in a medium mimicking interstitial fluid during ischemia increases hemichannel activity ...
Shin Kahee - - 2010
In the present work we report on an investigation of TiO(2) nanotube arrays sensitized by low band-gap materials, such as CdS and CdSe, prepared by the one-step spray pyrolysis deposition method, which is very suitable for mass production, and their performance in photoelectrochemical cells.
Wang Zhao - - 2010
Aqueous humor is formed by fluid transfer from the ciliary stroma sequentially across the pigmented ciliary epithelial (PE) cells, gap junctions, and nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells. Which connexins (Cx) contribute to PE-NPE gap junctional formation appears species specific. We tested whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) against Cx43 (siCx43) affects ...
Lindqvist Maria - - 2010
The Wnt planar cell polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway signals through small Rho-like GTPases to regulate the cytoskeleton. The core PCP proteins have been mapped to the Wnt/PCP pathway genetically, but the molecular mechanism of their action remains unknown. Here, we investigate the function of the mammalian PCP protein Vang-like protein 2 ...
Chakraborty Souvik - - 2010
It is as yet unknown how the assembly of connexins (Cx) into gap junctions (GJ) is initiated upon cell-cell contact. We investigated whether the trafficking and assembly of Cx43 and Cx32 into GJs were contingent upon cell-cell adhesion mediated by E-cadherin. We also examined the role of the carboxyl termini ...
De Wever O - - 2010
Cancer malignancy is characterized by cancer cell invasion within local and distant ecosystems. Data from our laboratory are reviewed with a focus on cross-signaling between cancer cells and host cells such as myofibroblasts, mesenchymal stem cells and adipocytes. Invasion-associated cellular activities, namely epithelial to mesenchymal transition, homotypic and heterotypic cell-cell ...
Pieperhoff Sebastian - - 2010
Current cell biology textbooks mention only two kinds of cell-to-cell adhering junctions coated with the cytoplasmic plaques: the desmosomes (maculae adhaerentes), anchoring intermediate-sized filaments (IFs), and the actin microfilament-anchoring adherens junctions (AJs), including both punctate (puncta adhaerentia) and elongate (fasciae adhaerentes) structures. In addition, however, a series of other junction ...
Asti Annalia - - 2010
Pluripotent adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASCs) can differentiate into various mesodermal cell types such as osteoblasts, chondroblasts, and myoblasts. We isolated hASCs from subcutaneous adipose tissue during orthopaedic surgery and induced the osteogenic differentiation for 28 days on three different synthetic scaffolds such as polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA), polylactide-co-glycolide/hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA), and trabecular ...
Gakhar Gunjan - - 2010
Tamoxifen is a drug of choice for endocrine-responsive breast tumor patients. However, tamoxifen resistance has become a major concern for the treatment of breast cancer. Combinational therapies of tamoxifen and different drugs are being frequently studied. In this study, we tested the efficacy of substituted quinolines (code name=PQ1; a gap ...
LaJeunesse Dennis R - - 2010
The underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms that coordinate the physiological processes in digestion are complex, cryptic, and involve the integration of multiple cellular and organ systems. In all intestines, peristaltic action of the gut moves food through the various stages of digestion from the anterior end towards the posterior, with ...
Zhuo Ye Hong - - 2010
Patients reproduce symptoms of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) when treated with glucocorticoids (GCs) topically on the eyes. Here we investigated the effects of GCs on junctional protein expression and cytoskeleton organization in primary human trabecular meshwork (TM) cultures to understand the molecular pathologies of POAG. Human TM cells from POAG ...
Cottin Sylvine - - 2010
Solid tumors are often poorly vascularized, with cells that can be 100 microm away from blood vessels. These distant cells get less oxygen and nutrients and are exposed to lower doses of chemotherapeutic agents. As gap junctions allow the passage of small molecules between cells, we tested the possibility that ...
Mathias Richard T - - 2010
The cells of most mammalian organs are connected by groups of cell-to-cell channels called gap junctions. Gap junction channels are made from the connexin (Cx) family of proteins. There are at least 20 isoforms of connexins, and most tissues express more than 1 isoform. The lens is no exception, as ...
Belgiovine Cristina - - 2010
Mesenchymal and amoeboid movements are two important mechanisms adopted by cancer cells to invade the surrounding environment. Mesenchymal movement depends on extracellular matrix protease activity, amoeboid movement on the RhoA-dependent kinase ROCK. Cancer cells can switch from one mechanism to the other in response to different stimuli, limiting the efficacy ...
Kawashima Motoko - - 2010
To determine whether epithelial-mesenchymal transition is involved in the development of corneal subepithelial fibrosis (pannus). Frozen samples of pannus tissue removed from human corneas with a diagnosis of total limbal stem cell deficiency were characterized by immunostaining for both epithelial and mesenchymal markers. We selected transformation-related protein 63 (p63) and ...
Tian Kun K State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Disease Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, - - 2010
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been implicated in antitumor therapy for hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic tumors. Cell-contact and soluble factors are demonstrated to play a role in the growth inhibition of tumor cells mediated by MSCs in vitro, while there is little clue about signaling pathways involved in the process. P38 ...
Rossello Ricardo A RA Departments of Biologic and Materials Sciences, and Biomedical Engineering; University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, MI - - 2010
Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is ubiquitous in the majority of cells and is indispensable for proper development and function of most tissues. The loss of gap junction mediated cell to cell communication leads to compromised development in many tissues and organs, and also facilitates tumorigenesis and autonomous cell behavior ...
Sachdeva Gairik - - 2010
In an earlier study, we suggested that adaptive gap junctions (GJs) might be a basis of cardiac memory, a phenomenon which refers to persistent electrophysiological response of the heart to external pacing. Later, it was also shown that the proposed mechanism of adaptation of GJs is consistent with known electrophysiology ...
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