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Cao Ding - - 2011
Nanostructured biocomposite scaffolds of poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) blended with collagen (coll) or hydroxyapatite (HA), or both for tissue engineering application, were fabricated by electrospinning. The electrospun scaffolds were characterized for the morphology, chemical and tensile properties by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angle (WCA), Fourier transform ...
Felton Valerie M - - 2011
Obliterative bronchiolitis is the predominant histopathologic finding in patients with chronic rejection after lung transplant. This fibroproliferative transformation within small airways of lung allograft is poorly understood; however, studies suggest epithelial-mesenchymal transition plays a role. Transplant immunosuppressive therapy has been shown to cause epithelial-mesenchymal transition in renal tubular epithelial cells, ...
Lau Kimberly M - - 2011
Numb is an endocytic adaptor protein that regulates internalization and post-endocytic trafficking of cell surface proteins. In polarized epithelial cells Numb is localized to the basolateral membrane, and recent work has implicated Numb in regulation of cell adhesion and migration, suggesting a role for Numb in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We ...
Mercuri Jeremy J - - 2010
Numerous scaffold formulations have been investigated to support the regeneration of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue for use as an early-stage therapy for intervertebral disc degeneration. Particular attention has focused on recreating the biochemical and mechanical properties of the native NP via the incorporation of exogenous extracellular matrix (ECM) components or ...
Dolatshahi-Pirouz A - - 2011
In order to identify the cellular mechanisms leading to the biocompatibility of hydroxyapatite implants, we studied the interaction of human bone marrow derived stromal (mesenchymal) stem cells (hMSCs) with fibronectin-coated gold (Au) and hydroxyapatite (HA) surfaces. The adsorption of fibronectin was monitored by Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) at ...
Mercuri Jeremy J - - 2011
Numerous scaffold formulations have been investigated to support the regeneration of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue for use as an early-stage therapy for intervertebral disc degeneration. Particular attention has focused on recreating the biochemical and mechanical properties of the native NP via the incorporation of exogenous extracellular matrix (ECM) components or ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells have an important role in periodontal regeneration. The unique characteristics of PDL cells, mainly outgrown cells derived from PDL tissue, have been investigated. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells have been obtained from PDL tissue using enzyme digestion. The differences in properties of those PDL cells cultured ...
Akimoto Tadashi - - 2011
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important event in the developmental process of various organs. In periodontal development during root formation of a tooth, this EMT has been a subject of controversy. Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS), consisting of two epithelial layers, plays a role of inducing odontogenesis during root ...
Rohde Eva - - 2011
Clinical trials for therapeutic angiogenesis use blood- or bone marrow-derived hematopoietic cells, endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) for vascular regeneration. Recently concerns have emerged that all three cell types could also contribute to atherosclerosis by foam cell formation. Therefore, we asked whether human myelomonocytic cells, EPC ...
Tan Lijun - - 2012
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a simple and rapid cell seeding procedure for both calcium phosphate ceramic scaffolds and polymer scaffolds. Poly(d,l-lactic acid) and β-tri-calcium phosphate scaffolds were seeded with MC3T3-E1 cells in a syringe. Scaffolds were put in the syringe. After replacing the plunger, ...
Richard D - - 2010
The brown adipocyte is a thermogenic cell. Its thermogenic potential is conferred by uncoupling protein-1, which 'uncouples' adenosine triphosphate synthesis from energy substrate oxidation. Brown fat cells in so-called classical brown adipose tissue (BAT) share their origin with myogenic factor-5-expressing myoblasts. The development of myocyte/brown adipocyte progenitor cells into a ...
Xu Qiang - - 2011
Tracking of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles-labeled embryonic stem cells, neural stem cells, or adult mesenchymal stem cells in vitro and in vivo by using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have been reported. However, whether the transdifferentiated cells can be effectively labeled by USPIO has not yet been investigated. The ...
Jo Junghyo - - 2010
Fat pads dynamically regulate energy storage capacity under energy excess and deficit. This remodeling process is not completely understood, with controversies regarding differences between fat depots and plasticity of adipose cell number. We examined changes of mouse adipose cell-size distributions in epididymal, inguinal, retroperitoneal, and mesenteric fat under both weight ...
Amini Samira - - 2011
Longitudinal growth, occurring in growth plates with structurally distinct zones, has clinical implications in the treatment of progressive skeletal deformities. This study documents the three-dimensional morphology of chondrocytes within histological zones of growth plate using confocal microscopy combined with fluorescent labeling techniques. Three-dimensional reconstruction of Calcein AM-labeled chondrocytes was made ...
Amini Samira - - 2010
Longitudinal growth, occurring in growth plates with structurally distinct zones, has clinical implications in the treatment of progressive skeletal deformities. This study documents the three-dimensional morphology of chondrocytes within histological zones of growth plate using confocal microscopy combined with fluorescent labeling techniques. Three-dimensional reconstruction of Calcein AM-labeled chondrocytes was made ...
Choi Sung-Wook - - 2010
To validate the importance of uniformity in pore size and structure of a scaffold for tissue engineering, we fabricated two types of scaffolds with uniform (inverse opal scaffolds) and nonuniform pore sizes and structures, and then evaluated their properties in terms of diffusion of macromolecules, spatial distribution of fibroblasts, and ...
Lees J G - - 2010
Cell migration is an integral component of metastatic disease. The ability of cells to transit between mesenchymal and amoeboid modes of migration has complicated the development of successful therapies designed to target cell migration as a means of inhibiting metastasis. Therefore, investigations of the mechanisms that regulate cell migration and ...
Legant Wesley R - - 2010
Quantitative measurements of cell-generated forces have heretofore required that cells be cultured on two-dimensional substrates. We describe a technique to quantitatively measure three-dimensional traction forces exerted by cells fully encapsulated in well-defined elastic hydrogel matrices. Using this approach we measured traction forces for several cell types in various contexts and ...
Nuernberger Sylvia - - 2011
Scaffold architecture and composition are important parameters in cartilage tissue engineering. In this in vitro study, we compared the morphology of four different cell-graft systems applied in clinical cartilage regeneration and analyzed the cell distribution (DAPI nuclei staining) and cell-scaffold interaction (SEM, TEM). Our investigations revealed major differences in cell ...
Chung Jarom Y - - 2011
HGF signaling induces epithelial cells to disassemble cadherin-based adhesion and increase cell motility and invasion, a process termed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT plays a major role in cancer metastasis, allowing individual cells to detach from the primary tumor, invade local tissue, and colonize distant tissues with new tumors. While invasion ...
Seidel Thomas - - 2010
Many cardiac diseases coincide with changes in cell size and shape. One example of such a disease is cardiac hypertrophy. It is established that cardiac impulse propagation depends on the cell size, as well as other factors, but interrelations between conduction velocity (CV), cell size, and gap junction (GJ) conductance ...
Ale-Agha Niloofar - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether fine and ultrafine carbon black (fC and ufC), and fine and ultrafine silica (fS, ufS) particles affect gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in rat lung epithelial cells. Exposure of cells to subcytotoxic doses of ufC, fS and ufS resulted in a ...
Pelletier R-Marc - - 2011
Spermatogenesis requires connexin 43 (Cx43).This study examines normal gene transcription, translation, and phosphorylation of Cx43 to define its role on germ cell growth and Sertoli cell's differentiation, and identifies abnormalities arising from spontaneous autoimmune orchitis (AIO) in mink, a seasonal breeder and a natural model for autoimmunity. Northern blot analysis ...
Kusaka Masatomo - - 2010
The gonadal primordium first emerges as a thickening of the embryonic coelomic epithelium, which has been thought to migrate mediodorsally to form the primitive gonad. However, the early gonadal development remains poorly understood. Mice lacking the paired-like homeobox gene Emx2 display gonadal dysgenesis. Interestingly, the knockout (KO) embryonic gonads develop ...
Li Michelle W M - - 2010
In mammalian testes, the blood-testis barrier (BTB) or Sertoli cell barrier created by specialized junctions between Sertoli cells near the basement membrane confers an immunological barrier by sequestering the events of meiotic division and postmeiotic germ cell development from the systemic circulation. The BTB is constituted by coexisting tight junctions ...
Yoshida Toshiyuki - - 2010
Nectins are immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion proteins and their interactions recruit various cell-cell junctions. Mutations in human NECTIN-1 cause an ectodermal dysplasia syndrome, but Nectin-1 null mice have only slight defects in teeth, suggesting compensation by other nectin(s). We observed overlapping expression of nectin-3 with nectin-1 and enamel abnormality in the ...
Govindarajan Rajgopal - - 2010
Cadherins have been thought to facilitate the assembly of connexins (Cxs) into gap junctions (GJs) by enhancing cell-cell contact, however the molecular mechanisms involved in this process have remained unexplored. We examined the assembly of GJs composed of Cx43 in isogenic clones derived from immortalized and nontransformed rat liver epithelial ...
Casettari Luca L Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering Division, School of Pharmacy, and School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom and Critical Pharmaceuticals Limited, BioCity, Pennyfoot Street, Nottingham, NG1 1GF, United - - 2010
The aim of the present work is to investigate if conditions can be devised where PEGylation of chitosan would reduce its toxicity toward the nasal mucosa while maintaining its ability to open the cellular tight junctions and, consequently, produce an enhancement of macromolecular permeability. A series of mPEG-g-chitosan copolymers with ...
Gosavi Prajakta - - 2011
A decrease in the levels of the desmosomal plaque protein, plakophilin3 (PKP3), leads to a decrease in desmosome size and cell-cell adhesion. To test the hypothesis that PKP3 is required for desmosome formation, the recruitment of desmosomal components to the cell surface was studied in the PKP3 knockdown clones. The ...
Katakowski Mark - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are single-stranded 17- to 27-nucleotide RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by posttranscriptional silencing of target mRNAs. Here, we transformed rat 9L gliosarcoma cells to express cel-miR-67, a miRNA that lacks homology in rat. Coculture of these cells with cells that expressed a luciferase reporter that contained a ...
Korhonen Rami K - - 2010
Changes in the osmotic environment cause changes in volume of isolated cells and cells in tissue explants, and the osmotic environment becomes hypotonic in cartilage diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA). However, it is not known how cells respond to a hypotonic osmotic challenge when situated in the fully intact articular ...
Li Jing - - 2010
Numerous studies have shown that changes in the glycan structures of cells correlate with tumorigenesis, however, a casual link between the altered glycan structures and the abnormal GJIC in cancer cells is rarely studied. In this paper, we investigated the effects of sialic acid on the Cx43 gap junction functions, ...
Vinken Mathieu - - 2011
It is nowadays well established that gap junctions are critical gatekeepers of cell proliferation, by controlling the intercellular exchange of essential growth regulators. In recent years, however, it has become clear that the picture is not as simple as originally anticipated, as structural precursors of gap junctions can affect cell ...
Behrens Juliane - - 2010
The expression of connexin 43 (Cx43) has been shown to correlate with an enhanced migration of several cell types such as glioma or neural crest cells, but the mechanism remains unclear. We studied whether Cx43 also affects migration in non-neural cells and whether or not this is related to gap ...
Wu Cheng-Hsuan - - 2010
By use of a cell model, we found that high levels of androgen reduce connexin43 expression and impair gap junction intercellular communication between human granulosa cells through the androgen receptors. High levels of androgen may impair folliculogenesis and in turn lead to ovulatory dysfunction in polycystic ovary syndrome patients.
Herrero-González S - - 2010
One of the characteristics of gliomas is a decrease in the expression of connexin43, a protein that forms gap junctions. Restoring connexin43 expression in glioma cells reduces their exacerbated rate of cell growth, although it is not yet known how connexin43 modifies the expression of genes involved in cell proliferation. ...
Yao Jian - - 2010
Gap junctions play important roles in the regulation of cell phenotype and in determining cell survival after various insults. Here, we investigated the role of gap junctions in aminoglycoside-induced injury to renal tubular cells. Two tubular epithelial cell lines NRK-E52 and LLC-PK1 were compared for gap junction protein expression and ...
Colella Silvia - - 2010
The relations between the chemical-physical properties of novel designed monodispersed donors and their photovoltaic performances are discussed. The importance of intermolecular interactions is emphasized to figure out the achievement of high performing bulk hetero-junction solar cells which are solution processed.
Busche Stephan - - 2010
Epithelial junctions are dynamically and functionally linked to the actin cytoskeleton, and their disassembly is a key event during physiological and pathological processes. We recently showed that epithelial disintegration facilitates transcriptional activation via Rac, G-actin, MAL (also known as MRTF) and serum response factor (SRF). Here, we investigate which specific ...
Paíno Teresa - - 2010
It is well known that the efficiency of Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) therapy is improved by the bystander effect, which mainly relies on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Malignant gliomas communicate poorly through gap junctions, consequently, agents with the ability to increase GJIC are good candidates to ...
Weeke-Klimp Alida - - 2010
During heart development, cells from the proepicardial organ spread over the naked heart tube to form the epicardium. From here, epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) migrate into the myocardium. EPDCs proved to be indispensable for the formation of the ventricular compact zone and myocardial maturation, by largely unknown mechanisms. In this study ...
Wallace Sean W - - 2010
Cdc42 has been implicated in numerous biochemical pathways during epithelial morphogenesis, including the control of spindle orientation during mitosis, the establishment of apical-basal polarity, the formation of apical cell-cell junctions, and polarized secretion. To investigate the signaling pathways through which Cdc42 mediates these diverse effects, we have screened an siRNA ...
Xu Tao - - 2010
For the first time, we have developed a microfluidic device for on-chip monitoring of suspension cell-cell communication from stimulated to recipient HL-60 cells. A deformable PDMS membrane was developed as a compressive component to perform cell entrapment and exert different modes of mechanical stimulation. The number of cells trapped by ...
Shen Jing - - 2010
Gap junctions, which serve as intercellular channels that allow the passage of ions and other small molecules between neighboring cells, play an important role in vital functions, including the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and development. Statins, the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzymeA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, have been shown to inhibit the migration and ...
Arsovski Andrej A - - 2010
Plant cells are encased within a complex polysaccharide wall that strengthens the cell and has key roles in all aspects of plant cell growth, differentiation and interaction with the environment. This dynamic structure is under continual modification during plant development, and its synthesis and modification require the activity of a ...
Konieva A A - - 2010
Mesenchymal stem cells enzymatically isolated from human placenta were labeled with magnetic fluorescent microparticles (d=0.96 μ). We showed that microparticles in high doses (>10 μl stock suspension per 1 ml culture medium) significantly inhibited cell proliferation in culture. In our work we determined the optimal concentration of particles not affecting ...
Dienstknecht T - - 2010
Human mesenchymal stem cells are a valuable cell source for tissue engineering. Determination of cell number and viability is crucial. However, this can be tested only at the end of cell culture. This study shows that Resazurin dye staining is a reliable tool for evaluation of cell number and viability ...
Dai Pengcheng - - 2010
Sphalerite-type (Cu(2)Sn)(x/3)Zn(1-x)S (0 < or = x < or = 0.75) nanocrystals with tunable band gaps were successfully prepared via a solvothermal approach. Band gaps of the nanoparticles could be adjusted from 3.48 eV to 1.23 eV by changing the composition. Their implementation in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) ...
Zhurova Mariia - - 2010
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are of interest to researchers and clinicians due to their ability to differentiate into various tissue types and potential uses in cell-mediated therapies and tissue engineering. Currently DPSCs are cryopreserved in suspension using Me(2)SO. However, preservation as two and three dimensional constructs, along with the ...
Song Dongli - - 2010
Connexin 43 (Cx43), known to be the main protein building blocks of gap junctions and hemichannels in mammalian heart, plays an important role in cardiocytes proliferation. Gap junctional intercellular communication has been suggested to be necessary for cellular proliferation and differentiation. However, the effect of Cx43 hemichannel on cardiocytes proliferation ...
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