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Results 601 - 650 of 1728
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Lin Guosheng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an alternative approach to electronic pacemaker by using spontaneously excitable cell grafts as a biological pacemaker in a large animal model of complete atrioventricular block. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dissociated male human atrial cardiomyocytes including sinus nodal cells were ...
Fischer Petra - - 2005
Gap junctional intercellular communication between Sertoli cells and between Sertoli cells and spermatogonia is considered to play a key role in the regulation of both proliferation and differentiation of germ cells. A member of the gap junction protein family, Connexin 33 (cx33), probably has an inhibitory effect on the formation ...
Nakamura Yasushi - - 2005
We purified compounds from the husks of psyllium seeds (Plantago ovata Forsk; desert Indian wheat), beginning with an ethanol extraction then followed by HP-20 and silica gel chromatography, which restored gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in v-Ha-ras transfected rat liver epithelial WB-F344 cell line (WB-Ha-ras). GJIC was assessed by a ...
Chiba Hideki - - 2005
The F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cell line provides an attractive system for studying epithelial differentiation and antiproliferative processes. We have recently established F9 cells expressing doxycycline-inducible hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha and shown that HNF-4alpha triggers the gene expression of tight-junction molecules, occludin, claudin-6, and claudin-7, as well as formation of ...
Boucher Marie-Josée MJ CIHR Group on Functional Development and Physiopathology of the Digestive Tract, Département d'Anatomie et Biologie Cellulaire, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, QC, - - 2005
Intestinal epithelial cell differentiation is a complex process in which many different signaling pathways are likely involved. An increase in the intracellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP) has been shown to inhibit enterocyte differentiation; however, the mechanisms through which cAMP/PKA signaling modulates differentiation of human intestinal epithelial cells are still ...
Rapozzi Valentina - - 2004
In this work, double- and single-stranded small-interference RNAs (siRNAs) were designed to knock down the bcr/abl oncogene in leukaemia KYO-1 cells. The siRNA molecules were targeted against two distinct sites encompassing the b2a2 junction of the bcr/abl transcripts. The siRNAs were able to reduce the levels of both bcr/abl mRNA ...
Wong Ching-Hang - - 2005
The blood-testis barrier (BTB), in contrast to the blood-brain and blood-retina barriers, is composed of coexisting tight junctions, gap junctions, and basal ectoplasmic specializations, a testis-specific type of adherens junction. Recent studies showed that BTB restructuring that facilitates germ cell migration during spermatogenesis involves proteolysis, an event that is usually ...
Lo Michael M-C - - 2004
A collection of structurally complex and chemically diverse small molecules is a useful tool to explore cell circuitry. In this article, we report the split-pool synthesis of more than 3000 spirooxindoles on high capacity macrobeads. The key reaction to assemble the spirooxindole core stereoselectively is a Lewis acid variant of ...
Carruba Giuseppe - - 2004
We have previously reported that gap junction-mediated intercellular communication (GJIC) can be restored in junctionally deficient human prostate epithelial cells, also suggesting that GJIC activity is regulated by estrogen. In the present work, we report studies on sex steroid regulation of GJIC and proliferative activity in both nontumoral (Chang liver, ...
Yamada Akio - - 2005
E-cadherin and nectins are major cell-cell adhesion molecules at adherens junctions (AJs) in epithelial cells. When Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells stably expressing nectin-1 (nectin-1-MDCK cells) are cultured at normal Ca(2+), E-cadherin and nectin-1 are concentrated at the cell-cell contact sites. When these cells are cultured at low Ca(2+), E-cadherin ...
Bloomfield Stewart A - - 2004
The AII amacrine cells are critical elements in the primary rod pathway of the mammalian retina, acting as an obligatory conduit of rod signals to both on- and off-center ganglion cells. In addition to the chemical synaptic circuitry they subserve, AII cells form two types of electrical synapses corresponding to ...
Khoury Hanane - - 2005
Activation of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor Met induces a morphogenic response and stimulates the formation of branching tubules by Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells in three-dimensional cultures. A constitutively activated ErbB2/Neu receptor, NeuNT, promotes a similar invasive morphogenic program in MDCK cells. Because both receptors are expressed in ...
Suadicani S O SO Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA. - - 2004
Astrocytes express gap junction proteins and multiple types of P2Y receptors (P2YRs) that contribute to the propagation of intercellular Ca(2+) waves (ICW). To gain access to the role played by gap junctional communication in ICW propagation generated by P2YR activation, we selectively expressed P2Y(1,2,4)R subtypes and Cx43 in the human ...
Formigli Lucia - - 2005
The success of cellular cardiomyoplasty, a novel therapy for the repair of postischemic myocardium, depends on the anatomical integration of the engrafted cells with the resident cardiomyocytes. Our aim was to investigate the interaction between undifferentiated mouse skeletal myoblasts (C2C12 cells) and adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes in an in vitro ...
Morimoto Shinya - - 2005
During epithelial morphogenesis, adherens junctions (AJs) and tight junctions (TJs) undergo dynamic reorganization, whereas epithelial polarity is transiently lost and reestablished. Although ARF6-mediated endocytic recycling of E-cadherin has been characterized and implicated in the rapid remodeling of AJs, the molecular basis for the dynamic rearrangement of TJs remains elusive. Occludin ...
Nolte-'t Hoen Esther N M - - 2004
Although intercellular transfer of cell surface molecules has been observed between several cells of the immune system, the physiological relevance of this phenomenon remained obscure. Until now the transfer of molecules between antigen-presenting cells (APC) and T cells has been described as a unidirectional process from APC to T cells. ...
Voloshin S A - - 2004
In developing bacterial populations many essential processes, such as division, genetic transformation, sporulation, and synthesis of antibiotics and secondary metabolites, are regulated by intercellular communication mediated by secretion of signaling molecules, such as homoserine lactones and peptides. Another intercellular communication type, namely a physical contact between cells (cell aggregation), plays ...
Collares-Buzato Carla B - - 2004
Cell-cell contacts mediated by intercellular junctions are crucial for proper insulin secretion in the endocrine pancreas. The biochemical composition of the intercellular junctions in this organ and the role of junctional proteins in endocrine pancreatic dysfunctions are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the expression and cellular location of ...
Li Xinbo - - 2004
The PDZ domain-containing protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), a well-established component of tight junctions, has recently been shown to interact with various connexin proteins that form gap junctions. We investigated the association of connexin36 (Cx36) with ZO-1 in various cultured cells and tissues. Punctate immunofluorescence labeling for Cx36 was detected in ...
Ermentrout Bard - - 2004
A biophysical model for the interactions between bursting (B) cells and nonbursting (NB) cells in the procerebral lobe of Limax is developed and tested. Phase-sensitivity of the NB cells is exhibited due to the strong inhibition from the rhythmically bursting B cells. Electrical and chemical junctions coupled with a parameter ...
Jiang Jean X - - 2005
Connexins have been known to be the protein building blocks of gap junctions and mediate cell-cell communication. In contrast to the conventional dogma, recent evidence suggests that in addition to forming gap junction channels, connexins possess gap junction-independent functions. One important gap junction-independent function for connexins is to serve as ...
Somosy Zoltán - - 2004
Adherens (AJ) and tight junctions (TJ), as integrated parts of the junctional complex, are multifunctional specialized regions of the cell membrane in epithelial cells. They are responsible for cell-to-cell interactions and also have great importance in cellular signaling processes including Wnt protein-mediated signals. As electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure is known ...
Furuya Sonoko - - 2005
Subepithelial fibroblasts form a cellular network with gap junctions under the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. Previously, we have reported their unique characteristics, such as reversible rapid cell-shape changes from a flat to a stellate configuration induced by dBcAMP and endothelins (ETs), and Ca2+ responses to, for example, ETs, ATP, ...
Figueroa Xavier F - - 2004
Gap junctions are common features in the vasculature, long thought to provide a pathway for cell-cell signaling. Emerging understanding of the gap-junctional proteins (connexins) and new tools for their investigation now offer the opportunity to explore the vital role that the gap junctions may play in cardiovascular homeostasis and pathophysiology.
Mruk Dolores D - - 2004
Spermatogenesis is the process by which a single spermatogonium develops into 256 spermatozoa, one of which will fertilize the ovum. Since the 1950s when the stages of the epithelial cycle were first described, reproductive biologists have been in pursuit of one question: How can a spermatogonium traverse the epithelium, while ...
Wallraff Anke - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that two subpopulations of cells with astrocytic properties coexist in the mouse hippocampus, which display distinct morphological and functional characteristics, specifically a nonoverlapping expression of either AMPA-type glutamate receptors (GluR cells) or glutamate transporters (GluT cells). Use of transgenic mice with hGFAP promoter-controlled EGFP expression and ...
Bittman Kevin S - - 2004
Intercellular communication mediated by gap junctions is developmentally regulated in many tissues, including the nervous system. In rodent lumbar spinal cord, extensive gap junctional coupling among motor neurons innervating the same muscle is present at birth but is no longer present 1 week later. Little is known about how this ...
Kapoor Preeti - - 2004
The breast cancer metastasis-suppressor gene BRMS1 is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer cells. Previous reports have shown restoration of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the metastatic human breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-435 (435) transfected with BRMS1 cDNA. Metastasis, to a large extent in most breast cancers, occurs to bone. ...
Yoshii Takako - - 2005
PAR-3 (partitioning-defective) is a scaffold-like PDZ (postsynaptic density-95/discs large/zonula occludens-1) domain-containing protein that forms a complex with PAR-6 and atypical PKC, localizes to tight junctions, and contributes to the formation of functional tight junctions. There are several alternatively spliced isoforms of PAR-3, although their physiological significance remains unknown. In this ...
Daugherty Brandy L BL Department of Physiology, Institute for Environmental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, B-400 Richards Bldg./6085, 3700 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2004
Tight junction proteins in the claudin family regulate epithelial barrier function. We examined claudin expression by human fetal lung (HFL) alveolar epithelial cells cultured in medium containing dexamethasone, 8-bromo-cAMP, and isobutylmethylxanthanine (DCI), which promotes alveolar epithelial cell differentiation to a type II phenotype. At the protein level, HFL cells expressed ...
Siu Michelle K Y - - 2004
In the seminiferous tubule of the mammalian testis, one type A1 spermatogonium (diploid, 2n) divides and differentiates into 256 spermatozoa (haploid, n) during spermatogenesis. To complete spermatogenesis and produce approximately 150 x 10(6) spermatozoa each day in a healthy man, germ cells must migrate progressively across the seminiferous epithelium yet ...
Sellitto Caterina - - 2004
PURPOSE: Connexin50 (Cx50) is absolutely essential for normal postnatal lens growth. Deletion of Cx50 or replacement with Cx46 by knockin resulted in smaller lenses containing fewer cells. To determine why Cx50-deficient lenses fail to grow normally, cell proliferation was assayed during the period of growth failure. METHODS: Wild-type, Cx50-knockout, and ...
Fortes Fabio S A - - 2004
Gap junctions are connexin-formed channels that play an important role in intercellular communication in most cell types. In the immune system, specifically in macrophages, the expression of connexins and the establishment of functional gap junctions are still controversial issues. Macrophages express P2X(7) receptors that, once activated by the binding of ...
Fiorini Céline - - 2004
Gap junctional intercellular communication is involved in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. Connexin33, a member of the multi-gene family of gap junction proteins, exerts an inhibitory effect on intercellular communication when injected into Xenopus oocytes. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain to be elucidated. Our results show that ...
Koivunen Jussi - - 2004
Changes in activation balance of different protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes have been linked to cancer development. The current study investigated the effect of different PKC inhibitors on cellular contacts in cultured high-grade urinary bladder carcinoma cells (5637 and T24). Exposure of the cells to isoenzyme-specific PKC inhibitors yielded variable ...
Cheng Aiwu - - 2004
The mechanisms that determine whether neural stem cells remain in a proliferative state or differentiate into neurons or glia are largely unknown. Here we establish a pivotal role for gap junction-mediated intercellular communication in determining the proliferation and survival of mouse neural progenitor cells (NPCs). When cultured in the presence ...
Nishimura T - - 2004
Little is known about the role of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in human trophoblast differentiation, particularly during the formation of extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cell columns and their subsequent differentiation into invasive cells. We have identified transcripts for five connexin gap junction proteins in the early human placenta (Cx32, Cx37, ...
Umeda Kazuaki - - 2004
In well polarized epithelial cells, closely related ZO-1 and ZO-2 are thought to function as scaffold proteins at tight junctions (TJs). In epithelial cells at the initial phase of polarization, these proteins are recruited to cadherin-based spotlike adherens junctions (AJs). As a first step to clarify the function of ZO-1, ...
Brooks R Amy - - 2004
In ovarian follicles of Oncopeltus fasciatus, and of Xylocopa virginica, calmodulin (CaM) of epithelial cell origin is required by oocytes for endocytic uptake of yolk precursor molecules. Furthermore, this 17-19 kDa protein is normally transported to the oocytes via gap junctions. Downregulation of gap junctions by treatment with 1 mM ...
Schiwek Daniel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cell culture of podocytes has become an indispensable tool in the study of podocyte biology. To date, however, podocyte cell lines with stable expression of the crucial slit diaphragm protein nephrin and localization of nephrin to cell-cell contacts are not available. METHODS: Conditionally immortalized cells were grown from isolated ...
Vidulescu Cristina - - 2004
We detected cell-to-cell communication via intercellular bridges in DU 145 human prostate cancer cells by fluorescence microscopy. Since DU 145 cells have deficient gap junctions, intercellular bridges may have a prominent role in the transfer of chemical signals between these cells. In culture, DU 145 cells are contiguous over several ...
Decrouy X - - 2004
In the testis, spermatogenesis is a highly regulated process that includes germ cell multiplication and differentiation supported by Sertoli cells. Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC), that is known to play an important role in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation, allows communication between adjacent cells. Gap junctions are present ...
Robe Pierre A - - 2004
The efficacy of HSV-TK/ganciclovir gene therapy largely relies on the bystander effect, i.e. the ability of transfected cells to kill the adjacent, untrasfected cells. This mechanism itself depends chiefly on the transfer via gap junctions of phosphorylated ganciclovir between cells, and is often deficient in glioblastomas. In this report, we ...
Katsube Takanori - - 2004
Cortactin is an F-actin binding protein that contributes to cytoskeleton remodelling. We identified five isoforms of mouse cortactin that differ in the number of tandem 37-amino acid repeats, named cortactin repeats. The transcription of minor isoforms with 4.5, 3.5 or 2.5 cortactin repeats was low in most adult tissues whereas ...
Fu Christine T - - 2004
Many tumor cells exhibit aberrant gap junctional intercellular communication, which can be restored by transfection with connexin genes. We have previously discovered that overexpression of connexin43 (Cx43) in C6 glioma cells not only reduces proliferation but also leads to production of soluble growth-inhibitory factors. We identified that several members of ...
Bertet Claire - - 2004
Shaping a developing organ or embryo relies on the spatial regulation of cell division and shape. However, morphogenesis also occurs through changes in cell-neighbourhood relationships produced by intercalation. Intercalation poses a special problem in epithelia because of the adherens junctions, which maintain the integrity of the tissue. Here we address ...
Higashi Nobuyo - - 2004
To investigate intercellular junctions between mammalian hepatic stellate cells, we examined cultured human and rat hepatic stellate cells at the ultrastructural and molecular levels. Intercellular junctions between cultured human stellate cells, which developed irrespective of the type of culture substratum, were detected by transmission electron microscopy. On the basis of ...
Beauchamp Philippe - - 2004
To characterize the role of connexin43 (Cx43) as a determinant of cardiac propagation, we synthesized strands and pairs of ventricular myocytes from germline Cx43-/- mice. The amount of Cx43, Cx45, and Cx40 in gap junctions was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. Intercellular electrical conductance, gj, was measured by the ...
Pitigala P K D D P - - 2004
It is shown that an ionic dye Y can be electrostatically bonded to an ionic molecule X of opposite charge anchored to a TiO2 surface via suitable ligands. Dye-sensitized solid-state photovoltaic cells of the configuration n-TiO2/X-Y/p-CuSCN were constructed with X = trihydroxybenzoic acid or mercurochrome and Y = methyl violet. ...
Lauwaet Tineke - - 2004
Tight junctions and microvilli constitute an anti-invasive barrier at the luminal side of enteric cell layers. Both subcellular structures are disrupted following adhesion of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to enteric cell layers in vitro. It was our aim to analyse the molecular mechanism underlying this disruption. Therefore, we cocultured enteric T84 ...
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