Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1726
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Wentlandt Kirsten - - 2005
Gap junction communication is widespread throughout the mammalian nervous system among neurons as well as glia. We addressed the hypothesis that general anesthetics attenuate gap junction mediated coupling in P19 cell line that can differentiate into neuronal-like cells and astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. We characterized the extent of dye coupling over ...
Porto-Carreiro Isabel - - 2005
Exosomes are membrane vesicles released into the extracellular environment upon exocytic fusion of multivesicular endosomes with the cell surface. Exosome secretion can be used by cells to eject molecules targeted to intraluminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies, but particular cell types may exploit exosomes as intercellular communication devices for transfer of ...
Polcicova Katarina - - 2005
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) spreads rapidly and efficiently within epithelial and neuronal tissues. The HSV glycoprotein heterodimer gE/gI plays a critical role in promoting cell-to-cell spread but does not obviously function during entry of extracellular virus into cells. Thus, gE/gI is an important molecular handle on the poorly understood process ...
Martins Gustavo Ferreira - - 2006
The midgut epithelium of bees is formed by the digestive cells, responsible for enzyme secretion and nutrient absorption and for small regenerative cells that are placed in nests scattered among the digestive cells. During metamorphosis, the larval midgut epithelium degenerates and a new adult midgut epithelium is built during larval ...
Yoon Jihyun - - 2005
Recent studies have demonstrated that direct cell-to-cell interaction is one of the microenvironment factors for transdifferentiation of adult stem cells into cardiomyocytes. We investigated whether transdifferentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into cardiomyocytes was dependent on developmental stages of cocultured cardiomyocytes, and direct cell-to-cell interaction was essential for transdifferentiation. MSCs ...
Dufresne Julie - - 2005
The epididymis is an androgen-dependent organ that allows spermatozoa to become fully functional as they pass through this tissue. The specialized functions of the epididymis are mediated by interactions between epididymal epithelial cells and between epididymal cells and spermatozoa. Although the critical role of the epididymis in sperm maturation is ...
Widdicombe Jonathan H - - 2005
We have developed a technique for expanding primary cultures of human tracheal epithelium while minimizing loss of differentiated structure and function. Cells were seeded at 2 x 10(4) cells/cm2 into T75 flasks and trypsinized when approximately 80% confluent. The dispersed cells were then passaged at the same plating density into ...
Nodin Christina - - 2005
Astrocytes are highly coupled by gap junction channels, which allow transfer of intracellular signalling molecules and metabolites between connected cells. Astrocytic gap junctions remain open during ischemic conditions as previously demonstrated in vitro and in situ. In this study, we investigated the effect of gap junction blockage on iodoacetate-induced ATP ...
Chi Simon S - - 2005
Ligaments are composed of two major components: cells and extracellular matrix. The cells express gap junction proteins and are arranged into a series of rows that traverse the tissue, suggesting that all the cells of the tissue are functionally interconnected. The results of our study demonstrate that medial collateral ligament ...
Uchida Yuushi - - 2005
Gingival epithelial cells first encounter periodontopathogenic bacteria and their metabolic products to produce inflammatory cytokines. Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is thought to play a critical role in cellular coordination in tissue homeostasis. Gap junctions are structured by connexins (CXs). GJIC response of gingival epithelial cells to the bacteria may ...
Valiunas Virginijus - - 2005
We demonstrate that the Src kinase can augment gap junctional communication between cells derived from homozygous null Cx43 knockout mice. The total conductance between Src transformed cells was nearly twice that of nontransformed cells. In addition, the unitary conductance of the majority of single channel events between transformed cells was ...
Valiunas V - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether oligonucleotides the size of siRNA are permeable to gap junctions and whether a specific siRNA for DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) can move from one cell to another via gap junctions, thus allowing one cell to inhibit gene expression in another ...
Lin Bin - - 2005
Rod signals are transmitted to ON retinal ganglion cells by means of gap junctions between AII amacrine cells and ON bipolars. The AII amacrine cells are known to express connexin36 (Cx36), but previous studies of Cx36 in ON cone bipolars have been ambiguous. Here, we studied bipolar cells in a ...
Métais Jean-Yves - - 2005
In Drosophila, the tumor suppressor Scribble is localized at the septate junctions of epithelial cells. Its mammalian homologue, hScrib, is a basolateral protein likely associated to proteins of the cell-cell junctions. We report the direct interaction between hScrib and ZO-2, a junction-associated protein. This interaction relies on two PDZ domains ...
Gregorc Uros - - 2005
Cell-cell detachment is one of the hallmarks of apoptosis. To date, several transmembrane and plaque proteins from tight and adherent junctions have been characterised as caspase targets during apoptosis. Human discs large protein (hDLG)/SAP97 is a member of the membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) family of proteins, localised at the adherent ...
MacCallum Amanda - - 2005
Caco-2 cells are models of absorptive enterocytes. The net transport of fluid from apical to basolateral surfaces results in 'domes' forming in differentiated monolayers. Here, the effect of Campylobacter jejuni on this process has been examined. C. jejuni caused no changes in short-circuit current upon infection of Caco-2 cell monolayers ...
Maher Amy C - - 2005
In order to characterize connexin expression and regulation in the epidermis, we have characterized a rat epidermal keratinocyte (REK) cell line that is phenotypically similar to basal keratinocytes in that they have the ability to differentiate into organotypic epidermis consisting of a basal cell layer, 2-3 suprabasal cell layers, and ...
Kim Tae-Soo - - 2005
The intracellular junction complexes, which consist of tight junctions (TJ), adherens junctions (AJ), and desmosomes, mediate cell-cell adhesion in epithelial cells. E-cadherin, which is a major component of AJ, plays a role not only in the maintenance of cell-cell junctions, but also in repressing cell proliferation. In this study, we ...
Waldmann H - - 2005
The demonstration in the 1960s that T cells collaborated with B cells in enabling antibody responses to simple protein antigens opened up the challenge of how to investigate the interactions of two rare antigen-specific lymphocytes within a vast population. One idea was that T cells made soluble factors that could ...
Amasheh Salah - - 2005
Claudin-5 is a transmembrane protein reported to be primarily present in tight junctions of endothelia. Unexpectedly, we found expression of claudin-5 in HT-29/B6 cells, an epithelial cell line derived from human colon. Confocal microscopy showed colocalization of claudin-5 with occludin, indicating its presence in the tight junctions. By contrast, claudin-5 ...
Isakson Brant E - - 2005
Heterocellular communication between vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and endothelial cells (EC) at the myoendothelial junction (MEJ) is a critical part of control of the arteriolar wall. We have developed an in vitro model of the MEJ composed of primary cultures of murine EC and VSMC. Immunoctytochemistry and immunoblots demonstrated ...
Kabir Nurul N Endocrinology Program and Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 84 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, - - 2005
Folliculostellate (FS) cells are known to communicate with each other and with endocrine cells via gap junctions in the anterior pituitary. We investigated whether TGFbeta3 and estradiol, known to regulate FS cell production and secretion of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), increases gap junctional communication to alter bFGF secretion from ...
He Li Qiang - - 2005
Gap junctions, consisting of connexins, allow the exchange of small molecules (less than 1 KD) between adjacent cells, thus providing a mechanism for synchronizing the responses of groups of cells to environmental stimuli. Connexin 31 is a member of the connexin family. Mutations on connexin 31 are associated with erythrokeratodermia ...
Wang Ruiqi - - 2005
The authors examine collective rhythms in a general multicell system with both linearly diffusive and nondiffusive couplings. The effect of coupling on synchronization through intercellular signaling in a population of Escherichia coli cells is studied. In particular, a synchronization solution is given through the auxiliary individual system for 2 types ...
Moore Pauline - - 2005
The corneal epithelium is a highly innervated tissue and hence in vitro models that mimic the effects of chemicals or radiation (e.g. ultra violet) on this important barrier should include consideration of the potential role of innervation. A sensory neural cell line, ND7/23, was incorporated into a 2D and 3D ...
Gorbe Aniko - - 2005
The spatio-temporal expression of gap junction connexins (Cx) was investigated and correlated with the progression of cell cycle control in regenerating soleus muscle of Wistar rats. Notexin caused a selective myonecrosis followed by the complete recapitulation of muscle differentiation in vivo, including the activation, commitment, proliferation, differentiation and fusion of ...
Krysko D V - - 2005
Gap junctions are a unique type of intercellular channels that connect the cytoplasm of adjoining cells. Each gap junction channel is comprised of two hemichannels or connexons and each connexon is formed by the aggregation of six protein subunits known as connexins. Gap junction channels allow the intercellular passage of ...
Laing James G - - 2005
ZO-1 is the major connexin-interacting protein in ROS 17/2.8 (ROS) osteoblastic cells. We examined the role of ZO-1 in Cx43-mediated gap junction formation and function in ROS cells that expressed the connexin-interacting fragment of ZO-1 (ROS/ZO-1dn) cells. Expression of this ZO-1(7-444) fusion protein in ROS cells disrupted the Cx43/ZO-1 interaction ...
Coyne Carolyn B - - 2005
The coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) mediates cell attachment and infection by coxsackie B viruses and by a number of adenoviruses. CAR also mediates homotypic intercellular interactions. In polarized epithelial cells, CAR is closely associated with the tight junction, where it contributes to the barrier to paracellular flow of solutes ...
Cherian Priscilla P - - 2005
Mechanosensing bone osteocytes express large amounts of connexin (Cx)43, the component of gap junctions; yet, gap junctions are only active at the small tips of their dendritic processes, suggesting another function for Cx43. Both primary osteocytes and the osteocyte-like MLO-Y4 cells respond to fluid flow shear stress by releasing intracellular ...
Sha Xianyi - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two novel self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDS) containing Labrasol with different dilutions on tight junctions. Changes in barrier properties of Caco-2 cell monolayers, including transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and permeability to the paracellular marker, i.e., mannitol, were assessed in ...
Liarzi O - - 2005
The regulation of intercellular and interorgan communication is pivotal for cell fate decisions in plant development and probably plays a significant role in the systemic regulation of gene expression and in defense reactions against pathogens or other biotic and abiotic environmental factors. In plants, symplasmic cell-to-cell communication is provided by ...
Gasparoni Alberto - - 2005
The activation of the molecular cascade leading to Ca++ -induced differentiation in cultured epithelial cells might be provided by the establishment of intercellular junctions between cells. In the present paper, we tested the hypothesis that Ca++ concentration would determine morphological and biochemical changes in intercellular junctions of cultured human gingival ...
Zhao Hong-Bo - - 2005
Abstract A gap junction is composed of two hemichannels and possesses a relatively large pore size ( approximately 10-15 A), allowing passage of ions and molecules up to 1 kDa. Here, we report that connexin hemichannels and gap junctions in the guinea pig cochlea had significant charge selectivity among permeating ...
Oberst Michael D - - 2005
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor-1 (HAI-1) was initially identified as cognate inhibitor of matriptase, a membrane-bound serine protease. Paradoxically, HAI-1 is also required for matriptase activation, a process that requires sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P)-mediated translocation of the protease to cell-cell junctions in human mammary epithelial cells. In the present study, we ...
Uhl Martin - - 2005
Gene therapy of glioma based on viral delivery of herpes simplex virus type I thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) has failed in the clinic because of low transduction efficacy. To circumvent this problem, this study evaluated highly migratory HSV-TK-transduced neural stem cells (NSC) for their ability to kill untransduced glioma cells by ...
Arnold Jennifer M - - 2005
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common solid pediatric tumor. IMR-32 cells are a highly malignant human NB cell line with uncontrolled proliferation but with the potential to be differentiated under specific conditions. Preliminary research indicated that connexin 43 (Cx43), the most widespread of the Cx family, is aberrantly located in ...
Ishigami Akihito - - 2005
Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) is an androgen-independent factor that decreases with aging. To elucidate the physiological functions of SMP30, we transfected human SMP30 cDNA into the human hepatoma cell line, Hep G2. These Hep G2/SMP30 transfectants, which stably expressed large amounts of SMP30, proliferated at a slower rate and synthesized ...
Silberberg Melina M Dept. of Pathology MSC08-4640, 2325 Camino de Salud CRF 225, Univ. of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131-5301, - - 2005
Polycystin-1, the product of the major gene mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), has been shown to associate with multiple epithelial cell junctions. Our hypothesis is that polycystin-1 is an important protein for the initial establishment of cell-cell junctions and maturation of the cell and that polycystin-1 localization ...
Visoly-Fisher Iris - - 2005
The effect of surface treatments on p-CdTe/n-CdS solar cell performance was examined. Adsorption of organic molecules with various magnitudes and directions of the dipole moment on p-CdTe resulted in controlled changes in electron affinity and surface bond bending. Similar adsorption on CdTe in state-of-the-art p-CdTe/n-CdS solar cells changes the cell ...
Fischer Richard - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gap junctional communication was studied in quiescent and activated hepatic stellate cells. METHODS: Connexin expression and intercellular dye transfer were studied in rat hepatic stellate cells in culture and in vivo. RESULTS: Protein expression of connexin 43 was up-regulated in activated hepatic stellate cells in vivo and ...
Houghton Franchesca D - - 2005
Gap junctional communication plays a central role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis by allowing the passage of small molecules between adjacent cells. Gap junctions are composed of a family of proteins termed connexins. During preimplantation development several connexin proteins are expressed and assembled into gap junctions in the plasma ...
Itabashi Yuji - - 2005
We developed a novel simple method for making functional myocardial cell sheets that may be used as transplants. Polymerized human fibrin-coated dishes were prepared with fibrinogen monomers mixed with thrombin. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes cultured on these dishes formed myocardial cell sheets within 4 days. These cell sheets were easily dissociated ...
Gkretsi Vasiliki - - 2005
Cell-cell junctions are essential for epithelial and endothelial tissue formation and communication between neighboring cells. We report here that migfilin, a recently identified component of cell-extracellular matrix adhesions, is recruited to cell-cell junctions in response to cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesions. Migfilin is detected at cell-cell junctions in both epithelial and endothelial ...
Roscoe Wendi - - 2005
Oculodentodigital dysplasia, a rare condition displaying congenital craniofacial deformities and limb abnormalities, has been associated with over 20 known human connexin43 (Cx43) mutations. The localization of two of these mutants, G21R and G138R, was examined in Cx43-positive normal rat kidney cells (NRK) and Cx43-negative gap junctional intercellular communication-deficient HeLa cells. ...
Wong Ching-Hang - - 2005
The blood-testis barrier (BTB) in mammals, such as rats, is composed of the tight junction (TJ), the basal ectoplasmic specialization (basal ES), the basal tubulobulbar complex (basal TBC) (both are testis-specific actin-based adherens junction [AJ] types), and the desmosome-like junction that are present side-by-side in the seminiferous epithelium. The BTB ...
Kushida A - - 2005
We used temperature-responsive culture dishes onto which the temperature-responsive polymer, poly(Nisopropylacrylamide), was covalently grafted for tissue engineering. Confluent cells harvested as intact sheets from these surfaces by simple temperature reduction can be transferred to various surfaces including additional culture dishes, other cell sheets, and tissues. In order to examine the ...
Roy V - - 2005
The treatment of solid tumors by retroviral delivery of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (TK) followed by ganciclovir (GCV) treatment has so far shown only limited success in patients. One major drawback in this approach is the lack of efficient in vivo gene delivery to cancer cells. Although, the ...
Lin Guosheng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an alternative approach to electronic pacemaker by using spontaneously excitable cell grafts as a biological pacemaker in a large animal model of complete atrioventricular block. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dissociated male human atrial cardiomyocytes including sinus nodal cells were ...
Fischer Petra - - 2005
Gap junctional intercellular communication between Sertoli cells and between Sertoli cells and spermatogonia is considered to play a key role in the regulation of both proliferation and differentiation of germ cells. A member of the gap junction protein family, Connexin 33 (cx33), probably has an inhibitory effect on the formation ...
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