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Takashi Tominaga
The tight junction regulates passage of molecules throuth the paracellular spaces. Occludin and claudins are the specific trancmembrance protains present at the tight junction and are believed to regulate the cell barrier functions. To examine the response of the tight junction to hyperosmotic solutions, â… investigated the effects of hyperosmotic glycerol ...
Clarke Thomas C - - 2006
We investigated the effects of rotigaptide (ZP123), a stable hexapeptide with antiarrhythmic properties, on gap junction mediated intercellular communication in contracting rat neonatal cardiac myocytes, HL-1 cells derived from cardiac atrium and in HeLa cells transfected with cDNA encoding Cx43-GFP, Cx32-GFP, Cx26-GFP, wild-type Cx43 or wild-type Cx26. Intercellular communication was ...
Calzada Maria J - - 2006
Inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene is responsible for the development of renal cell cancers (RCC), pheochromocytomas, and tumors in other organs. The best known function of VHL protein (VHL) is to target the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) for proteasome degradation. VHL is also required for the establishment ...
Bennett Michael V L - - 2006
Electrical transmission in the mammalian brain is now well established. A new study by Thomson and colleagues elegantly demonstrates coupling between CA1 hippocampal pyramidal cells, which is far more common than previously supposed. Although the history of coupling is extensive, doubt, predjudice, and technical issues long kept it from wide ...
Jagger Daniel J - - 2006
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) plays a major role in cochlear function. Recent evidence suggests that connexin 26 (Cx26) and Cx30 are the major constituent proteins of cochlear gap junction channels, possibly in a unique heteromeric configuration. We investigated the functional and structural properties of native cochlear gap junctions in ...
Lui Wing-Yee - - 2006
Cell junctions are the sites at which cells attach to the neighboring cells. They do not only maintain tissue integrity, their turnover also plays a crucial role in cell development and morphogenesis. In the testis, tight junctions and adherens junctions are dynamically remodeled to allow the movement of post-meiotic germ ...
Chen Zhuo - - 2006
This study evaluated whether the gap junction protein connexin (Cx) 43 could serve as a negative cell surface marker for human corneal epithelial stem cells. Cx43 expression was evaluated in corneo-limbal tissue and primary limbal epithelial cultures. Immunofluorescent staining and laser scanning confocal microscopy showed that Cx43 was strongly expressed ...
Lai Albert - - 2006
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare developmental disorder characterized by craniofacial and limb abnormalities. Over 35 separate mutations in human connexin43 (Cx43) causing ODDD have been identified. Several mutations are also associated with central nervous system involvement, including white-matter changes detected by magnetic resonance imaging. As Cx43 is abundantly expressed ...
Tabernero Arantxa - - 2006
We showed previously that the inhibition of gap junctional communication in astrocytes increased bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation and promoted changes in the metabolic phenotype destined to fulfil the requirements of cell proliferation. In the present study we investigated the changes in the cell cycle of astrocytes promoted by the inhibition of ...
Prozialeck Walter C - - 2006
Recent studies indicate that the actions of several nephrotoxic substances involve alterations in the function of cell adhesion molecules and changes in the paracellular permeability of the proximal tubule. In light of these findings, there is a need for appropriate in vitro model systems to study these phenomenae in greater ...
Meillaud, F.
Basic limitations of single-junction and tandem p-n and p-i-n diodes are established from thermodynamical considerations on radiative recombination and semi-empirical considerations on the classical diode equations. These limits are compared to actual values of short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, fill factor and efficiency for amorphous (a-Si:H) and microcrystalline (μc-Si:H) silicon solar ...
Meusel, M.
The characterization of monolithic III-V multi-junction solar cells is still a challenging task. In this paper we show that quantum efficiency measurements have to be performed under optimized light- and voltage-bias conditions to minimize measurement artifacts. They appear, if the subcell to be measured has a low shunt resistance or ...
Dustin Michael L - - 2006
T cell activation requires interactions of T cell antigen receptors and peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex molecules in an adhesive junction between the T cell and antigen-presenting cell (APC). Stable junctions with bull's-eye supramolecular activation clusters have been defined as immunological synapses (IS). These structures maintain T cell-APC interaction ...
Labouesse Michel - - 2006
A distinctive feature of polarized epithelial cells is their specialized junctions, which contribute to cell integrity and provide platforms to orchestrate cell shape changes. The chapter discusses the composition and assembly of C. elegans cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix junctions, proteins that anchor the cytoskeleton and mechanisms involved in establishing epithelial ...
Shin Kunyoo - - 2006
The tight junction is an intracellular junctional structure that mediates adhesion between epithelial cells and is required for epithelial cell function. Tight junctions control paracellular permeability across epithelial cell sheets and also serve as a barrier to intramembrane diffusion of components between a cell's apical and basolateral membrane domains. Recent ...
Park Jung-Ran - - 2006
Chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) has continued to receive attention as a folk medicine with indications for the treatment of cancers and digestive diseases. The anticarcinogenic effect of Chaga mushroom extract was investigated using a model system of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in WB-F344 normal rat liver epithelial cells. The ...
Kaneda Ken-ichi - - 2006
A hyperpermeable state has been observed in patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis. To understand the causes of the structural or functional changes and the progression of the fibrotic process, it is important to determine which region of the peritoneum exhibits these changes. The objectives of this study were to determine ...
Langford Kelly J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The trafficking of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour suppressor protein in mammalian cells is a perennially controversial topic. Immunostaining evidence for an actin-associated APC localisation at intercellular junctions has been previously presented, though live imaging of mammalian junctional APC has not been documented. RESULTS: Using live imaging of ...
Sabath Ernesto - - 2006
Disrupted epithelial cell junctions are a hallmark of numerous disease processes. The signaling mechanisms regulating barrier function and re-establishment of intact junctions after injury and during development are complex and tightly regulated. We have shown that heterotrimeric G proteins regulate assembly and maintenance of epithelial cell barrier in cultured Madin-Darby ...
Hein Stefan - - 2006
To compare adult rat cardiomyocytes in primary culture for up to 28 days with those in primary culture for 10 days plus up to 18 days in a coculture (CC) system. The phenomenon of 'second-floor' cells in primary cultures and the behaviour of CC myocytes were studied over varying times ...
Beahm Derek L - - 2006
Single site mutations in connexins have provided insights about the influence specific amino acids have on gap junction synthesis, assembly, trafficking, and functionality. We have discovered a single point mutation that eliminates functionality without interfering with gap junction formation. The mutation occurs at a threonine residue located near the cytoplasmic ...
Brodsky Vsevolod Ya - - 2006
Recent data concerning ultradian (circahoralian) intracellular rhythms are used to assess the biochemical mechanisms of direct cell-cell communication. New results and theoretical considerations suggest a fractal nature of ultradian rhythms and their self-organisation. The fundamental and innate nature of these rhythms relates to their self-similarity at different levels of cell ...
Gorbe Aniko - - 2006
Previously we have shown that during in vivo muscle regeneration differentiating rat primary myoblasts transiently upregulate connexin43 (Cx43) gap junctions and leave cell cycle synchronously. Here, we studied the temporal regulation of Cx expression in relation to functional dye coupling in allogenic primary myoblast cultures using western blotting, immuno-confocal microscopy ...
Sakurai Atsuko - - 2006
Rap1 is a small GTPase that regulates adherens junction maturation. It remains elusive how Rap1 is activated upon cell-cell contact. We demonstrate for the first time that Rap1 is activated upon homophilic engagement of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) at the cell-cell contacts in living cells and that MAGI-1 is required ...
Zhang Chen-Ou - - 2005
PURPOSE: Previous reports have suggested that the bladder epithelial barrier may be compromised in interstitial cystitis (IC). Antiproliferative factor (APF) is a small glycoprotein made specifically by bladder epithelial cells in patients with IC that induces changes in expression of certain epithelial cell proteins and profoundly inhibits cell growth. Therefore, ...
Bai Young Hoon - - 2005
Lactobacillus probiotic strains are proving to be abundant sources of bioactive components, including antiinflammatory components. Lifree was made of fruits fermented by Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus reuterrii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study was designed to test these compounds in cell assays measuring epithelial barrier function and proliferation in the first instance. ...
Miekus Katarzyna - - 2005
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Motile activity of tumour cells is regarded as a critical factor determining their metastatic potential. We have shown previously that contrary to the majority of normal cells, homotypic contacts between some tumour cells, among them low metastatic (AT-2) and highly metastatic (MAT-LyLu) rat prostate cancer cells, increase the ...
Hoffmann W - - 2005
Rapid repair of mucous epithelia is essential for preventing inflammation which is a critical component of cancer progression. 'Restitution' is an early repair process which can begin within minutes and is achieved via the migration of neighbouring cells into the wounded area. Mucosal restitution is a multistep process which requires ...
Li Zhongyong - - 2006
Gap junctional channels between cells provide a pathway for exchange of regulatory ions and small molecules. We previously demonstrated that expression of connexins and cell-to-cell communication parallel osteoblastic differentiation and that nonspecific pharmacological inhibitors of gap junctional communication inhibit alkaline phosphatase activity. In this study, we stably transfected connexin (Cx)43 ...
Fortier Pierre A - - 2006
Simultaneous pre- and postsynaptic cell recordings are used to calculate gap junction conductance based on an equivalent electrical circuit of an electrically coupled pair of cells. This calculation is imprecise when recording from a cell pair that is coupled to neighboring cells providing indirect conductance paths between the recorded cells. ...
McCartney Mitchell D - - 2006
Glucocorticoids can alter the trabecular meshwork in the aqueous outflow pathway of the eye leading to the development of ocular hypertension and glaucoma. Previous studies have shown biochemical and ultrastructural changes in cultured human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells treated with dexamethasone (DEX). In order to assess how the membranes of ...
Pearson Rachael A - - 2005
During early retinal development, progenitor cells must divide repeatedly to expand the progenitor pool. During G(1) and G(2) of the cell cycle, progenitor cell nuclei migrate back-and-forth across the proliferative zone in a process termed interkinetic nuclear movement. Because division can only occur at the ventricular surface, factors that affect ...
Kreft Mateja Erdani - - 2006
Leading edge cells, which are located at the forefront of a wound margin, play a significant role in coordinating the wound healing process. In this study, leading edge cells of the urothelial explant outgrowth, resembling leading edge cells during urothelial full-thickness wound healing in vivo, were analyzed for expression and ...
Völgyi Béla - - 2005
Alpha cells are a type of ganglion cell whose morphology appears to be conserved across a number of mammalian retinas. In particular, alpha cells display the largest somata and dendritic arbors at a given eccentricity and tile the retina as independent on- (ON) and off-center (OFF) subtypes. Mammalian alpha cells ...
Eckert Judith J - - 2005
In mouse early development, cell contact patterns regulate the spatial organization and segregation of inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm epithelium (TE) during blastocyst morphogenesis. Progressive membrane assembly of tight junctional (TJ) proteins in the differentiating TE during cleavage is upregulated by cell contact asymmetry (outside position) and suppressed within ...
Dustin Michael L - - 2005
T cell activation requires interactions of T cell antigen receptors (TCR) and peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex molecules (MHCp) in an adhesive junction between the T cell and antigen-presenting cell. Stable junctions with bull's eye supramolecular activation clusters (SMACs) have been defined as immunological synapses (IS). These structures maintain ...
Das Ani V - - 2005
The membrane properties of cells help integrate extrinsic information relayed through growth factors, chemokines, extracellular matrix, gap junctions and neurotransmitters towards modulating cell-intrinsic properties, which in turn determine whether cells remain quiescent, proliferate, differentiate, establish contact with other cells or remove themselves by activating programmed cell death. This review highlights ...
Koenigsberger Michèle - - 2005
Asynchronous and synchronous calcium oscillations occur in a variety of cells. A well-established pathway for intercellular communication is provided by gap junctions which connect adjacent cells and can mediate electrical and chemical coupling. Several experimental studies report that cells presenting only a transient increase when freshly dispersed may oscillate when ...
Bagnoli Fabio - - 2005
CagA is a bacterial effector protein of Helicobacter pylori that is translocated via a type IV secretion system into gastric epithelial cells. We previously described that H. pylori require CagA to disrupt the organization and assembly of apical junctions in polarized epithelial cells. In this study, we provide evidence that ...
Fujito Tsutomu - - 2005
Immunoglobulin-like Necl-5/Tage4/poliovirus receptor (PVR)/CD155, originally identified as the PVR, has been shown to be up-regulated in cancer cells and to enhance growth factor-induced cell movement and proliferation. In addition, Necl-5 heterophilically trans-interacts with nectin-3, a cell-cell adhesion molecule known to form adherens junctions in cooperation with cadherin. We show here ...
Iacobas Dumitru A - - 2006
We describe a two-dimensional stochastic model of intercellular Ca(2+) wave (ICW) spread in glia that includes contributions of external stimuli, ionotropic and metabotropic P2 receptors, exo- and ecto-nucleotidases, second messengers, and gap junctions. In this model, an initial stimulus evokes ATP and UTP release from a single cell. Agonists diffuse ...
Kim Insoon - - 2005
In Arabidopsis embryogenesis, positional information establishes the overall body plan and lineage-dependent cell fate specifies local patterning. Position-dependent gene expression and responses to the plant hormone auxin are also crucial. Recently, another mechanism that delivers positional information has been uncovered. This pathway utilizes cell-to-cell communication via plasmodesmata. Plasmodesmata span the ...
Peitsch Wiebke K - - 2005
Isoform E2 of drebrin, an actin-binding protein originally identified in neuronal cells, has recently been identified in diverse non-neuronal cells, mostly in association with cell processes and intercellular junctions. Here, we report on the presence of drebrin in normal human skin, epithelial skin cancers, and cultured keratinocytes. Keratinocytes of normal ...
Yeh Te-Huei - - 2005
Decreased connexin 43 (Cx43) expression as a result of application of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may limit the diffusion of intercellular signaling molecules that is essential to the coordinated function of neighboring cells. Therefore, it may be related to a ciliary beating defect in nasal epithelial cells and result in accumulation of ...
Hyenne Vincent - - 2005
Cell-cell interactions play a major role during preimplantation development of the mouse embryo. The formation of adherens junctions is a major feature of compaction, the first morphogenetic event that takes place at the 8-cell stage. Then, during the following two cell cycles, tight junctions form, and the outer layer of ...
Vinken Mathieu - - 2006
Direct communication between cells, mediated by gap junctions, is nowadays considered as an indispensable mechanism in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. In fact, gap junctional intercellular communication is actively involved in virtually all aspects of the cellular life cycle, ranging from cell growth to cell death. For a long time, ...
Tassetto Michel - - 2005
Homeoproteins are defined by the structure of their DNA-binding domain, the homeodomain. Intercellular transfer of homeoprotein was observed ex vivo between animal cells and in vivo in higher plants. In the latter case, transfer is through intercytoplasmic channels that connect plant cells, but these do not exist in animals. Here, ...
Pointis Georges - - 2005
Spermatogenesis is a highly controlled process that allows proliferation and differentiation of male germ cells. This is under classical endocrine and paracrine controls. There is also evidence that gap junctions between Leydig cells, between Sertoli cells and between Sertoli and germ cells participate in the local regulation of spermatogenesis. Recent ...
Watkins Simon C - - 2005
Intercellular signals can be transmitted through neuronal synapses or through gap junctions, with the latter mediating transmission of calcium fluxes and small molecules between cells. We show here that a third form of communication between cells can be mediated by tunneling nanotubules (TNT). When myeloid-lineage dendritic cells and monocytes are ...
Frank Douglas K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gap junction intercellular channels are required for metabolic cooperation between cells and regulate normal tissue homeostasis by means of the transfer of small molecules between contacting cells. Not surprisingly, the gap junction phenotype is frequently lost during carcinogenesis in human tissues (including those of the upper aerodigestive tract), freeing ...
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