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Thom Stephen R SR University of Maryland, Emergency Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States ; - - 2014
Significance: Oxidative stress is recognized to play a role in stem cell mobilization from peripheral sites and also cell function. Recent advances: This review focuses on the impact of hyperoxia on vasculogenic stem cells and elements of wound healing. Critical Issues: Components of the wound healing process where oxidative stress ...
Razzell William W Schools of Biochemistry and, Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, - - 2014
Wound repair is a fundamental, conserved mechanism for maintaining tissue homeostasis and shares many parallels with embryonic morphogenesis. Small wounds in simple epithelia rapidly assemble a contractile actomyosin cable at their leading edge, as well as dynamic filopodia that finally knit the wound edges together. Most studies of wound re-epithelialisation ...
Lee Albert A Boston University School of - - 2014
The process of wound healing must be tightly regulated to achieve successful restoration of injured tissue. Previously, we demonstrated that when injury to corneal epithelium occurs, nucleotides and neuronal factors are released to the extracellular milieu, generating a Ca(2+) wave from the origin of the wound to neighboring cells. In ...
Lee Do Hyun do H Nutrex Technology R&D Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Application of growth factor mixtures has been used for wound healing and anti-wrinkles agents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of recombinant growth factor mixtures (RGFM) on the expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins, type I collagen, and wound healing processes of acute animal wound models. The ...
You Hi-Jin HJ 0000-0002-9997-2736 Department of Plastic Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
In covering wounds, efforts should include utilization of the safest and least invasive methods with goals of achieving optimal functional and cosmetic outcome. The recent development of advanced wound healing technology has triggered the use of cells to improve wound healing conditions. The purpose of this review is to provide ...
Kulkarni Abhilash A Department of Textile Sciences, Faculty of Human - - 2014
To facilitate the healing of chronic wounds, growth factors such as epidermal growth factor need to be safely encapsulated for their sustained and effective delivery to the wound bed. Using a layer-by-layer assembly technique, epidermal growth factor is successfully encapsulated on the surface of poly(acrylic acid)-modified polyurethane film. The amount ...
Menko A S AS Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA 19107 The Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037 Wills Vision Research Center at Jefferson, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Mock cataract surgery provides a unique ex vivo model for studying wound repair in a clinically relevant setting. Here wound healing involves a classical collective migration of the lens epithelium, directed at the leading edge by an innate mesenchymal subpopulation of vimentin-rich repair cells. We now report that vimentin was ...
Bhattacharya Rupa R Department of Periodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Wounded tissue offers opportunity to microflora to adhere, colonize, invade and infect surrounding healthy tissue. The bacteria of the oral cavity have the potential to alter the wound healing process by interacting with keratinocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate mechanisms through which oral bacteria may influence re-epithelialization ...
Dong Yixiao Y The Charles Institute of Dermatology, School of Medicine and Medical Science,University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2013
Hydrogel dressings have been widely used for wound management due to their ability to maintain a hydrated wound environment, restore the skin's physical barrier and facilitate regular dressing replacement. However, the therapeutic functions of standard hydrogel dressings are restricted. In this study, an injectable hybrid hydrogel dressing system was prepared ...
Abreu-Blanco Maria Teresa MT Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
Cells heal disruptions in their plasma membrane using a sophisticated, efficient, and conserved response involving the formation of a membrane plug and assembly of an actomyosin ring. Here we describe how Rho family GTPases modulate the cytoskeleton machinery during single cell wound repair in the genetically amenable Drosophila embryo model. ...
Januszyk Michael M Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine , Stanford, - - 2013
Wound repair is a complex biological process that integrates multiple physiologic pathways to restore skin homeostasis after a wide array of gross and anatomical insults. As such, a scientific examination of the wound typically requires broad sampling of numerous factors and is commonly achieved through DNA microarray analysis. In the ...
Wiegand Cornelia - - 2013
Mechanical forces greatly influence cellular organization and behavior. Cells respond to applied stress by changes in form and composition until a suitable state is reestablished. However, without any mechanical stimuli cells stop proliferating, discontinue migration, go into cell-cycle arrest, and eventually die. Hence, one can assume that pathologies closely depending ...
Wiegand Cornelia - - 2013
Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is an advantageous treatment option in wound management to promote healing and reduce the risk of complications. NPWT is mainly carried out using open-cell polyurethane (PU) foams that stimulate granulation tissue formation. However, growth of wound bed tissue into foam material, leading to disruption of newly ...
Antunes Marco M Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisboa, - - 2013
Epithelial wound healing relies on tissue movements and cell shape changes. Our work shows that, immediately after wounding, there was a dramatic cytoskeleton remodeling consisting of a pulse of actomyosin filaments that assembled in cells around the wound edge and flowed from cell to cell toward the margin of the ...
Choi Dubok - - 2013
Excessive scar formation is an aberrant form of wound healing and is an indication of an exaggerated function of fibroblasts and excess accumulation of extracellular matrix during wound healing. Much experimental data suggests that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) plays a role in the prevention of excessive scarring. However, it has a ...
Gay Denise D Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Understanding molecular mechanisms for regeneration of hair follicles provides new opportunities for developing treatments for hair loss and other skin disorders. Here we show that fibroblast growth factor 9 (Fgf9), initially secreted by γδ T cells, modulates hair follicle regeneration after wounding the skin of adult mice. Reducing Fgf9 expression ...
Chotinantakul Kamonnaree - - 2013
Diabetes can impair wound closure, which can give rise to major clinical problems. Most treatments for wound repair in diabetes remain ineffective. This study aimed to investigate the influence on wound closure of treatments using expanded human cord blood CD34(+) cells (CB-CD34(+) cells), freshly isolated CB-CD34(+) cells and a cytokine ...
Evans Nicholas D - - 2013
Skin wound healing is a vital process that is important for re-establishing the epithelial barrier following disease or injury. Aberrant or delayed skin wound healing increases the risk of infection, causes patient morbidity, and may lead to the formation of scar tissue. One of the most important events in wound ...
Nuutila Kristo - - 2013
Complex skin wounds, such as chronic ulcers and deep burns, require lengthy treatments and cause extensive burdens on healthcare and the economy. Use of biomaterials and cell transplantation may improve traditional treatments and promote the healing of difficult-to-treat wounds. In this study, we investigated the use of recombinant human collagen ...
Marino G I - - 2013
Aldosterone is a key regulator of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and stimulates protein methylation on the β-subunit of the ENaC. We found that aldosterone (100 nM) promotes cellular migration in a wound-healing model in trophoblastic BeWo cells. Here, we tested if the positive influence of aldosterone on wound healing ...
Akram Khondoker M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are in clinical trials for widespread indications including musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiac and haematological disorders. Furthermore, MSC can ameliorate pulmonary fibrosis in animal models although mechanisms of action remain unclear. One emerging concept is that MSCs may have paracrine, rather than a functional, roles in ...
Ekblad Lars - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Local recurrence is a major factor affecting survival after treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). It is possible that the normal processes involved in wound healing after surgical removal of a primary tumor can boost the regrowth of residual cancer cells, thereby contributing to the ...
Pickering Karen - - 2013
Effective wound closure mechanisms are essential for maintenance of epithelial structure and function. The repair of wounded epithelia is primarily driven by the cells bordering the wound, which become motile after wounding, forming dynamic actin protrusions along the wound edge. The molecular mechanisms that trigger wound edge cells to become ...
Lees Justin G - - 2013
Precise orchestration of actin polymer into filaments with distinct characteristics of stability, bundling, and branching underpins cell migration. A key regulator of actin filament specialization is the tropomyosin family of actin-associating proteins. This multi-isoform family of proteins assemble into polymers that lie in the major groove of polymerized actin filaments, ...
Oni Georgette - - 2013
Background: Chronic wound healing problems can pose a significant clinical challenge. Transdermal delivery of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) may be a possible solution to healing these recalcitrant, debilitating wounds. Pretreatment of the skin with a fractionated laser has already been shown to assist transdermal drug delivery both in vitro and ...
Mildner Michael - - 2013
Non-healing skin ulcers are often resistant to most common therapies. Treatment with growth factors has been demonstrated to improve closure of chronic wounds. Here we investigate whether lyophilized culture supernatant of freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is able to enhance wound healing. PBMC from healthy human individuals were ...
Brand Henk S - - 2013
Wounds in the oral cavity heal faster and with less scarring than wounds in other parts of the body. One of the factors implicated in this phenomenon is the presence of saliva, which promotes the healing of oral wounds in several ways. Saliva creates a humid environment, which improves the ...
Stellavato Antonietta - - 2013
Wound repair is a well-ordered but complex process involving many cellular activities including inflammation, growth factor and cytokine production, and thus cell migration and proliferation. In vitro wound healing assays have been used and are well accepted, for the discovery and validation of biomolecules that may influence cell migration and ...
Lee Min-Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Thy-1 (CD90) is a glycophosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) linked, cell surface glycoprotein located in non-caveolar lipid raft microdomains. OBJECTIVE: The biological functions of Thy-1 in many tissues are well known, however, its role in skin wound healing remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: In fibroblasts cells, Thy-1 affects cell migration into the ...
Lin Yen-Chih - - 2013
Cell sheet technology has been studied for applications such as bone, ligament and skin regeneration. There has been limited examination of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for cell sheet applications. The specific aim of this study was to evaluate ASC sheet technology for wound healing. ASCs were isolated from discarded human ...
Lin Yu-Hsin - - 2012
Silver has antiseptic properties, anti-inflammatory properties, and is a broad-spectrum antibiotic for multidrug-resistant strains of bacteria. The commercially available product, Silverlon®, is a silver-plated three-dimensional polyamide fabric with a high silver concentration of 546 mg/100 cm(2) . Thus, fibroblast cell growth is affected when exposed to the Silverlon® treated cell ...
Almine Jessica F - - 2012
Skin is an important organ to the human body as it functions as an interface between the body and environment. Cutaneous injury elicits a complex wound healing process, which is an orchestration of cells, matrix components, and signaling factors that re-establishes the barrier function of skin. In adults, an unavoidable ...
López Susana - - 2012
As obligate parasites, viruses depend on the synthetic machinery of the cell to translate their proteins and on the cell's energy and building blocks to replicate their genomes. Cells respond to virus invasions by eliciting diverse responses to eliminate the incoming parasitic agents. In turn, to establish a successful infection, ...
Xu Kedi K Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison, Wisconsin. ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrumental Science, Zhejiang University , People's Republic of China - - 2012
Modern wound dressings provide a moist healing environment and facilitate faster and higher quality of healing. A new semi-interpenetrating network (sIPN) biomaterial platform based on poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and gelatin was developed as a multi-functional matrix for wound care. Besides providing a moist environment and facilitating the healing process, advanced ...
Saggu Shalini - - 2012
In photodynamic therapy (PDT), light activates a photosensitizer added to a tissue, resulting in singlet oxygen formation and cell death. The photosensitizer phthalocyanine 4 (Pc 4) localizes primarily to mitochondrial membranes in cancer cells, resulting in mitochondria-mediated cell death. The aim of this study was to determine how lysosomes contribute ...
Hsiao Chia-Yen - - 2012
Lithospermi Radix (LR) is an effective traditional Chinese herb in various types of wound healing; however, its mechanism of action remains unknown. A biochemical and proteomic platform was generated to explore the biological phenomena associated with LR and its active component shikonin. We found that both LR ethanol extracts and ...
Chen Ray-Neng - - 2012
The extraction residue of the Ganoderma fruiting body, named sacchachitin, has been demonstrated to have the potential to enhance cutaneous wound healing by inducing cell proliferation. In this study, a nanogel formed from micronized sacchachitin (mSC) was investigated for the potential treatment of superficial chemical corneal burns. Reportedly, mSC has ...
Sohn Yang-Sung - - 2012
In transfusional siderosis, the iron binding capacity of plasma transferrin is often surpassed, with concomitant generation of non-transferrin-bound iron. Although implicated in tissue siderosis, non-transferrin-bound iron modes of cell ingress remain undefined, largely because of its variable composition and association with macromolecules. Using fluorescent tracing of labile iron in endosomal ...
Seguin Alexandra - - 2011
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Sanvisens et al. (2011) report a new mechanism for regulation of yeast ribonucleotide reductase activity that occurs during iron deprivation.
Volland Stefanie - - 2012
Various contaminants like metals and heavy metals are constantly released into the environment by anthropogenic activities. The heavy metal chromium has a wide industrial use and exists in two stable oxidation states: trivalent and hexavalent. Chromium can cause harm to cell metabolism and development, when it is taken up by ...
Huang Chao - - 2011
Important issues in the design of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) for cancer diagnosis include stability under physiological conditions and specificity in targeting the cancer cells. In the present study, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) was used to graft SPIONs with poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) (SPIONs-P(GMA-co-PEGMA)). The PEGMA ...
Gorbunov Nikolai V - - 2011
Although iron is known to be a component of the pathogenesis and/or maintenance of acute lung injury (ALI) in experimental animals and human subjects, the majority of these studies have focused on disturbances in iron homeostasis in the airways resulting from exposure to noxious gases and particles. Considerably less is ...
Khan Mohd Imran - - 2011
Autophagy has attracted a great deal of research interest in tumor therapy in recent years. An attempt was made in this direction and now we report that iron oxide NPs synthesized by us selectively induce autophagy in cancer cells (A549) and not in normal cells (IMR-90). It was also noteworthy ...
Ba Qian - - 2011
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related death and iron overload is a significant risk factor in the development of HCC. In this study we investigated the potential application of depriving iron by a novel iron chelator, thiosemicarbazone-24 (TSC24), in HCC treatment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Two ...
McFadden C - - 2011
Stem cells, cancer cells and immune cells were labeled by co-incubation with a new ultra-small iron oxide nanoparticle called Molday ION Rhodamine-B (MIRB). Iron staining, fluorescence imaging, transmission electron microscopy and flow cytometry were used to assess cell viability, function and labeling efficiency. This study has shown that MIRB can ...
Jiang Rulan - - 2011
Lactoferrin (Lf) is a major iron-binding and multi-functional protein in exocrine fluids such as breast milk and mucosal secretions. The functions of Lf appear dependent upon the iron saturation of the Lf protein and are postulated to be mediated through Lf internalization by a Lf receptor (LfR). However, mechanisms by ...
De Domenico Ivana - - 2011
The iron exporter ferroportin (Fpn) is essential to transfer iron from cells to plasma. Systemic iron homeostasis in vertebrates is regulated by the hepcidin-mediated internalization of Fpn. Here, we demonstrate a second route for Fpn internalization; when cytosolic iron levels are low, Fpn is internalized in a hepcidin-independent manner dependent ...
Longpre Jennifer - - 2011
The bile acid, deoxycholate (DOC), can induce apoptosis in cells containing adequate amounts of all key nutrients, but it is unknown whether DOC-induced apoptosis can occur in cells lacking a single key nutrient. The aim of this study was to determine if DOC is able to induce apoptosis in HCT-116 ...
Lockman J A - - 2011
Metal homeostasis is increasingly being evaluated as a therapeutic target in stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. Metal dysregulation has been shown to lead to protein aggregation, plaque formation and neuronal death. In 2007, we first reported that voltage-gated calcium channels act as a facile conduit for the entry of free ferrous ...
Minear Steven - - 2011
Curcumin, a polyphenol derived from turmeric, is an ancient therapeutic used in India for centuries to treat a wide array of ailments. Interest in curcumin has increased recently, with ongoing clinical trials exploring curcumin as an anticancer therapy and as a protectant against neurodegenerative diseases. In vitro, curcumin chelates metal ...
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