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Results 351 - 400 of 1943
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Humphrey J A C - - 2008
Theoretical analysis and numerical calculations are performed to characterize the unsteady two-dimensional conduction of thermal energy in an idealized honey bee comb. The situation explored corresponds to a comb containing a number of brood cells occupied by pupae. These cells are surrounded by other cells containing pollen which, in turn, ...
Hageman Jurre - - 2007
Molecular chaperones are essential for cells to prevent that partially unfolded proteins form non-functional, toxic aggregates. This requirement is increased when cells experience protein unfolding stresses and such could affect all compartments in the eukaryotic cell. Whether all organelles are equipped with comparable chaperone capacities is largely unknown, mainly due ...
Turakhia Samir - - 2007
The use of doxorubicin (Dox) and its derivatives as chemotherapeutic drugs to treat patients with cancer causes dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure due to Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. In this work, using heat shock factor-1 wild-type (HSF-1(+/+)) and HSF-1 knockout (HSF-1(-/-)) mouse fibroblasts and embryonic rat heart-derived cardiac H9c2 cells, we ...
Xu, Junkai
Microcalorimetry is an established technique in the biological sciences for determining energy generation and consumption. With recent developments in microfabrication techniques, nanocalorimeters or even picocalorimeters are now possible. Measuring the biological thermal signal from cells is very difficult, however, due to both the cells low thermal activity level and the ...
Kao Ying-Hsien - - 2008
Heat preconditioning significantly preserved liver graft function after cold preservation in animal experimental model. The elevation of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was claimed to play a critical role in protecting grafts against cold preservation-induced hepatocyte apoptosis. However, little is known about whether HSP70 also plays an immunomodulatory role in ...
Danno Daisuke - - 2008
AIM: The present study was conducted to examine the thermal and non-thermal effects of ultrasound on apoptosis induced by anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SU-DHL-4 cells, a CD20-positive cell line derived from B cell lymphomas with a BCL2 gene rearrangement, were exposed to continuous 1 MHz ultrasound for ...
Reinhardt Helke - - 2007
In this study we present a simple approach for fast and localised heating that relies on the strong absorbance of infrared light by microsized patterned surfaces ("micro-hotplates"). Two different materials, micro-arrays of carbon and gold, were tested with respect to their absorbance of the 830 nm diode laser light and ...
Salas-Benito Juan - - 2007
Dengue virus (DENV) is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. Although several molecules have been described as part of DENV receptor complex in mosquito cells, none of them have been identified. Our group characterized two glycoproteins (40 and 45 kD) as part of the DENV receptor complex ...
Moraitis Christos - - 2007
In this study we used a heat-shock (HS) reporter gene to demonstrate that respiring cells are intrinsically less sensitive (by 5 degrees C) than their fermenting counterparts to a sublethal heat shock. We also used an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to demonstrate that this correlates with lower levels of sublethal reactive ...
Benediktsdóttir E - - 2007
AIMS: The sensitivity to lysis is a profound bottleneck to studies of the fish pathogen Moritella viscosa. The aim of this study was to examine the growth and the lysis process of M. viscosa cells under different physical and chemical conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Growth and cell lysis were studied ...
Walsh Lance P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To define the temperature-time points that result in cell death in a human renal cell carcinoma cell (RCC) line in vitro. METHODS: Cellular viability and clonogenic cell survival were determined for human A498 RCC cells after thermal treatment. Various temperature (45 degrees C to 70 degrees C) and time ...
Tsutsumi Shinji - - 2007
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone whose association is required for the stability and function of multiple mutated, chimeric and over-expressed signaling proteins that promote the growth and/or survival of cancer cells. Hsp90 client proteins include mutated p53, Bcr-Abl, Raf-1, Akt, HER2/Neu (ErbB2) and HIF-1alpha. Hsp90 inhibitors, ...
Deng Haiyun - - 2007
Cancer thermotherapy and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have been adopted as modalities for treating various kinds of cancer. We have previously demonstrated that bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) is up-regulated in colonic adenocarcinoma. Here, we investigated whether an increase of BMP-4 expression changes cellular response to heat treatment in human colon cancer ...
Patterson Jon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inhibitors of heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 induce apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this cytotoxic outcome are not clear. Here, we investigate the effect of IPI-504, a novel and highly soluble inhibitor of the Hsp90 ATPase activity, on the unfolded protein response (UPR) ...
Schwock Jörg - - 2008
PURPOSE: Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a conserved chaperone involved in crucial signaling events in normal and malignant cells. Previous research suggests that tumor cells are particularly dependent on Hsp90 for survival as well as malignant progression. Hsp90 inhibitors which are derivates of the natural compound geldanamycin, such as ...
Williams Paul - - 2007
How probiotics such as Bacillus subtilis exert a protective effect has been much debated. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Fujiya et al. reveal that a B. subtilis quorum-sensing signal molecule, the competence- and sporulation-stimulating factor (CSF), is internalized via the mammalian oligopeptide transporter OCTN2, where it induces ...
Zuppini Anna - - 2007
Programmed cell death (PCD) has been recognized as a fundamental cellular process conserved in metazoans, plants and yeast. However, the cellular mechanisms leading to PCD have not been fully elucidated in unicellular organisms. Evidence is presented that heat stress induces PCD in Chlorella saccharophila cells. Our results demonstrate that heat ...
Chen Sheng-Hsien - - 2007
Multiorgan dysfunction ensuing from severe heatstroke includes hypotension, hepatic and renal failure, hypercoagulable state, activated inflammation, and cerebral ischemia and injury. We attempted to assess whether human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34+ cell therapy improves survival during experimental heatstroke by attenuating multiorgan dysfunction. Anesthetized rats, immediately after the onset of heatstroke, ...
Fang H Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: Low-intensity ultrasound irradiation is a potential method for suppressing cancer cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis and delivering specific cytotoxic genes or drugs into tumors topographically in future cancer therapies. However, ultrasound attenuates rapidly in tissue and produces heat. Pulsed ultrasound is frequently used to minimize pain and possible thermal damage ...
Yang Min - - 2007
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), which has been originally isolated from rat stomach. It has been reported that ghrelin inhibited apoptosis in several cells, such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, adipocyte, adrenal zona glomerulosa cells, pancreatic beta-cells, osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, intestinal epithelial cells and ...
Scheven Ben A - - 2007
In this study, the effects of low frequency ultrasound (US) were examined on odontoblasts, the primary cell responsible for dentinogenesis and dentine repair. An established odontoblast-like cell line, MDPC-23, was subjected to 30 kHz ultrasound at three different power settings. US induced a marginal level of cell death (3% to ...
Lin Ta-Wei - - 2007
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious disease in young chicks and leads to significant economic losses in the poultry industry. The capsid protein VP2 of IBDV plays an important role in virus binding and cell recognition. VP2 forms a subviral particle (SVP) with immunogenicity similar to that ...
Wang Hongjie - - 2007
The activating transcription factor (ATF) family comprises a group of basic region-leucine zipper (bZIP) proteins, which have roles in development, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Here we described that ATF5 could promote cell survival in heat shock stress and identified that heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) as one of its target ...
Benton Michael G - - 2007
In this study, we report the creation and characterization of a yeast-based promoter-reporter construct for the detection of genotoxic compounds within a cell's local environment. We have synthesized a fusion containing the HUG1 promoter and GFP and incorporated this cassette into the yeast genome creating a stable, sensitive genotoxicity indicator. ...
Savion S - - 2007
NF-kappaB was shown previously to regulate apoptotic cell death processes in various experimental systems. However, its role in controlling teratogen-induced cell death has not been established yet. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to explore the involvement of the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB in the response of mouse ...
Saldaña L - - 2007
Oxidation of Ti6Al4V at 500 degrees C for 1 h in air results in the formation of an outer ceramic layer that improves osteoblast behavior and decreases Ti and Al ion release. In this work, alumina blasted Ti6Al4V alloy has been thermally treated and its in vitro biocompatibility has been ...
Sun Zhi-Jie - - 2007
The effect of the microenvironment in alginate-chitosan-alginate (ACA) microcapsules with liquid core (LCM) and solid core (SCM) on the physiology and stress tolerance of Sacchromyces cerevisiae was studied. The suspended cells were used as control. Cells cultured in liquid core microcapsules showed a nearly twofold increase in the intracellular glycerol ...
Robertson Susan L - - 2007
Cell-proliferation in Drosophila Kc167 cells was inhibited by 50% when cell cultures contained 1.7 x 10(-7) M azadirachtin for 48 h (a tertranortriterpenoid from the neem tree Azadirachta indica). Drosophila Kc167 cells exhibited direct nuclear damage within 6-h exposure to azadirachtin (5 x 10(-7) M and above) or within 24 ...
Browne Carole L - - 2007
Numerous reports document that the 70 kDa heat shock proteins are not only intracellular proteins but are also present in blood and other extracellular compartments. How they affect cell function from the extracellular space remains unclear. Using two well-characterized cell types from the sea urchin, we show that extracellular mixtures ...
Takeuchi Yoko - - 2007
Thioredoxin is crucial for the maintenance of the redox status of cells of all types. Mammalian thioredoxin is secreted from various types of cells, although the mechanism underlying has not yet been clarified. Previously, we demonstrated that thioredoxin was released from Saccharomyces cerevisiae after treatment with ethanol. In this paper, ...
Odashima Masaru - - 2007
The major heat shock protein, HSP70, is known to be involved in cytoprotection against environmental stresses mediated by their function as a "molecular chaperone." However, the influence of HSP70 on gastric mucosal healing under physical stimulation or stress is not completely understood. Rat gastric mucosal cells (RGM-1) were stably transfected ...
Seok Seung-Hyeok - - 2007
This study evaluated oxidative stress-induced apoptosis as a possible mechanism of arsenite toxicity in zebrafish liver cell line (ZFL cells). The heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), a chaperone protein, appears to provide protection against oxidative stress and apoptosis. Using the MTT assay, we demonstrated that survival of ZFL cells treated ...
Tan Qiang - - 2007
The high-density fermentation of recombinant Pichia pastoris was carried out in a 1-L fermentor. After 60 h of fermentation, the activities of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and catalase assayed with the permeabilized cells attained 12,532 and 684,800 U/L, respectively. Additionally, the stability of DAAO and catalase within the permeabilized cells ...
Turcotte Cynthia - - 2007
In the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the molecular chaperone calnexin (Cnx1p) has been shown to be essential for viability. However, we recently reported that, under certain circumstances, S. pombe cells are able to survive in the absence of calnexin/Cnx1p, indicating that an inducible pathway can complement the calnexin/Cnx1p essential function(s). This ...
Kang Bong Sun - - 2007
Huntington's disease is caused by CAG trinucleotide expansions in the gene encoding huntingtin. N- terminal fragments of huntingtin with polyglutamine produce aggregates in the endosome-lysosomal system, where proteolytic fragments of huntingtin is generated. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) prevents the formation of protein aggregates, but the effect of HSP70 on ...
Lumpkin Ellen A - - 2007
Sensory neurons innervating the skin encode the familiar sensations of temperature, touch and pain. An explosion of progress has revealed unanticipated cellular and molecular complexity in these senses. It is now clear that perception of a single stimulus, such as heat, requires several transduction mechanisms. Conversely, a given protein may ...
Chaiyanan Saipin - - 2007
Morphology of viable but non-culturable Vibrio cholerae was monitored for 2 years by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Morphological changes included very small coccoid forms, after extended incubation at 4 degrees C and room temperature, and sequential transformation from curved rods to irregular (approximately 1 microm) rods to approximately 0.8 ...
Suzuki Madoka - - 2007
We report here the technique for detection and measurement of the temperature changes in single cells using a recently devised microthermometer (a glass micropipette filled with the thermosensitive fluorescent dye Europium (III) thenoyltrifluoroacetonate trihydrate). We found that the heat production in a single HeLa cell occurred with some time delay ...
Kinsella K J - - 2007
This study investigated the influence of attachment to beef surfaces on the survival, injury and death of stationary phase cells of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104, compared to cells free in solution. The effects on cells are considered at different a(w) values and low temperatures in relation to osmotic and ...
Michalakis John - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for primary or secondary peritoneal malignancies, tumor cells are exposed to high drug concentrations for a relatively short period of time. We investigated in vitro the effect of paclitaxel and hyperthermia on cell proliferation, cell cycle kinetics and cell death under conditions resembling those ...
Olasz, Attila
The paper deals with the evaluation of an experimental PV, thermal combined (PV/T) concentrating collector. The concentrator is a parabolic mirror with a supposed 20x concentration ratio, and so able to produce high temperatures. The cells used are attached on an aluminum bar in which water circulates and so cools ...
Noonan Emily J - - 2007
Heat shock protein (Hsp) 70B' is a human Hsp70 chaperone that is strictly inducible, having little or no basal expression levels in most cells. Using siRNAs to knockdown Hsp70B' and Hsp72 in HT-29, SW-480, and CRL-1807 human colon cell lines, we have found that the two are regulated coordinately in ...
Bartlome R - - 2007
In absorption spectroscopy, infrared spectra of heated gases or condensed samples in the vapor phase are usually recorded with a single pass heated gas cell. This device exhibits two orders of magnitude lower sensitivity than the high-temperature multipass cell presented in this article. Our device is a novel type of ...
Chen Fei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether proteasome inhibition acts as a thermal sensitizing agent to induce tumor cell death in a colon cancer cell line. METHODS: HT-29 colon cancer cells were exposed to hyperthermia (43 degrees C) in the presence of proteasome inhibition for 1 h. ...
Noonan Emily J - - 2007
Hsp70B' is a unique member of the human Hsp70 family of chaperones about which information is scarce. Unlike the major inducible Hsp72 protein, Hsp70B' is strictly inducible having little or no basal expression levels in most cells. We observed that Hsp70B' appears transiently in response to heat stress whereas Hsp72 ...
Gietz R Daniel - - 2007
Here, we describe a protocol that has been adapted for the transformation of yeast cells in 96-well microtiter plates. This protocol can be tailored for multiple applications and is suitable for high-throughput applications. It can be completed in 2-3 h, once the yeast cells have been grown depending on the ...
Müller J - - 2007
The cytoskeleton in plant cells plays an important role in controlling cell shape and mediating intracellular signalling. However, almost nothing is known about the reactions of cytoskeletal elements to heat stress, which represents one of the major environmental challenges for plants. Here we show that living epidermal root cells of ...
Noghabi Kambiz A - - 2007
Pseudomonas fluorescens BM07 was characterized as a producer of cold-induced biopolymer by decreasing the temperature down to as low as 10 degrees C. It was previously shown that the synthesis of BM07 biopolymer was inhibited at 30 degrees C. The present study was conducted to investigate the biosorption of mercury ...
Benes J - - 2007
A new generator of two successive shock waves focused to a common focal point has been developed. Cylindrical pressure waves created by multichannel electrical discharges on two cylindrical composite anodes are focused by a metallic parabolic reflector - cathode, and near the focus they are transformed to strong shock waves. ...
Lemaire Frédéric - - 2007
Improved chemical hazard management such as REACH policy objective as well as drug ADMETOX prediction, while limiting the extent of animal testing, requires the development of increasingly high throughput as well as highly pertinent in vitro toxicity assays. This report describes a new in vitro method for toxicity testing, combining ...
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