Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1942
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Xu Maojun - - 2008
Heat shock (HS, 40 degrees C, 10 min) induces hypericin production, nitric oxide (NO) generation, and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) accumulation of Hypericum perforatum suspension cells. Catalase (CAT) and NO specific scavenger 2-4-carboxyphenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (cPTIO) suppress not only the HS-induced H(2)O(2) generation and NO burst, but also the HS-triggered hypericin production. Hypericin ...
Mangalappalli-Illathu Anil K - - 2008
This study examined the adaptive response and survival of planktonic and biofilm phenotypes of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis adapted to benzalkonium chloride (BC). Planktonic cells and biofilms were continuously exposed to 1 microg ml(-1) of BC for 144 h. The proportion of BC-adapted biofilm cells able to survive a lethal ...
Kongpol Ajiraporn - - 2008
A solvent-tolerant, slightly thermophilic bacterium was isolated at 45 degrees C in the presence of toluene vapor provided as the sole carbon source. Strain T27 was identified as Deinococcus geothermalis T27. It could tolerate high concentrations of solvent provided as a nonaqueous layer (5% and 20%, v/v) to a cell ...
Voyer Janine - - 2008
In this study, we compared the effect of KNK437 (N-formyl-3, 4-methylenedioxy-benzylidene-gamma-butyrolactam), a benzylidene lactam compound, on heat shock and chemical stressor-induced hsp30 gene expression in Xenopus laevis A6 kidney epithelial cells. Previously, KNK437 was shown to inhibit HSE-HSF1 binding activity and heat-induced hsp gene expression. In the present study, Northern ...
Dalal Neil D - - 2008
Burn injury leads to a direct damaging effect on cells, disrupting the assembly of the cell and denaturing proteins. Although modern medicine has significantly improved the survival of burn victims, a method to treat injury at the cellular level is presented. In particular, the cell membrane is most vulnerable to ...
Yoshinobu Jun - - 2008
A miniature effusion cell for the vacuum deposition of volatile organic solids with low vapor pressures has been fabricated and used in surface science studies. The effusion cell is designed to operate at up to 200 degrees C under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions. The size of this cell is so ...
Renz Henrike - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has been used increasingly in clinical practice over the last few years. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of shock waves on cartilage often unintentionally placed inside the focal volume during ESWL. We investigated whether the physical state of the ...
Kunda Patricia - - 2008
Preservation of cell architecture under physically stressful conditions is a basic requirement for many biological processes and is critical for mechanosensory systems built to translate subtle changes in cell shape into changes in organism behaviour. A new study reveals how an extracellular protein--Spam--helps mechanosensory organs in the fruit fly to ...
Hirota Yutaka - - 2008
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms for regulations of cardiac Kv1.5 channel expression. We particularly focused on the role of heat shock proteins (Hsps). We tested the effects of Hsps on the stability of Kv1.5 channels using biochemical and electrophysiological techniques: co-expression of Kv1.5 and Hsp ...
Noonan Emily - - 2008
Hsp70B' is the only major human isoform in the hsp70 family that is strictly stress-inducible, and therefore available to function only in stressed cells. Since Hsp70B' is evolutionarily closely related to human Hsp72, they are thought to function similarly, but direct evidence of Hsp70B' function in stressed cells has been ...
Gordon Jeffrey M - - 2008
The exigencies of high-concentration photovoltaics motivate optics that (1) obviate the need for optical bonds, (2) exhibit maximal optical tolerance, (3) are not damaged at off-axis orientation, and (4) allow convenient location of the solar cell and heat sink. We show that dual-mirror unfolded aplanats can satisfy all these criteria. ...
Bao Endong - - 2008
The expression and localization of four heat shock proteins (Hsp70, Hsp86, Hsp90, and Hsp27) were shown in the heart tissue of pigs transported for 6 h. Immunostaining detected the consistent presence of all Hsps in the pig myocardial cells under both transported and normal housing conditions. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed predominance ...
Prahlad Veena V Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology, Rice Institute for Biomedical Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2008
Temperature pervasively affects all cellular processes. In response to a rapid increase in temperature, all cells undergo a heat shock response, an ancient and highly conserved program of stress-inducible gene expression, to reestablish cellular homeostasis. In isolated cells, the heat shock response is initiated by the presence of misfolded proteins ...
Hart Judy N - - 2008
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) represent an exciting application of nanotechnology and offer an appealing alternative to conventional solar cells based on photovoltaic devices, with significantly reduced production and material costs. However, further improvements are required to enhance the commercial viability of these solar cells. These improvements may be achieved through ...
Chen, Rong
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2007
Wu L X - - 2008
The Bcr-Abl fusion gene encodes for the p210(Bcr-Abl) or p185(Bcr-Abl) tyrosine kinase (TK) implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia, respectively. Because Bcr-Abl TK is chaperoned by Hsp90 (90 kDa heat-shock protein), we investigated the effects of novobiocin (NB), an Hsp90 C-terminal inhibitor, on ...
Fera M T - - 2008
Two strains of Arcobacter butzleri, ATCC 49616 and an environmental isolate, became nonculturable in seawater microcosms at 4 degrees C by 20 days and at room temperature by 14 days. Nonculturable cells were viable for up to 270 days of incubation in microcosms. Resuscitation of A. butzleri cells from microcosms ...
Flores-Moya Antonio - - 2008
Evolutionary changes depend on adaptive evolution and two other components that traditionally have not been taken into account: chance and history. However, concepts in evolutionary biology are very often supported by descriptive studies but not by empirical approach. In order to disentangle the three components of evolutionary change, we have ...
Chen Fei - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of ROS-induced hyperthermic cell death in a colon cancer cell line. HT-29 colon cancer cells were exposed to heat (43 degrees C) in the presence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH). t-BOOH combined with hyperthermia significantly decreased cell viability as compared with ...
Niwano Masahiro - - 2008
Caveolins -- caveolin-1, -2, -3 (Cav1, 2, 3) -- are major components of caveolae, which have diverse functions. Our recent study on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) revealed expressions of Cav1 and muscle-specific Cav3 in some synovial fibroblast-like type B cells with well-developed caveolae. However, the involvement of Cav3 expression in ...
Sato Masashi - - 2008
Although elongation of epidermal cells in submerged leaves is thought to be a common feature of heterophyllous aquatic plants, such elongation has not been observed in Ludwigia arcuata Walt. (Onagraceae). In this study we found that reduced culture temperature induced the elongation of epidermal cells of submerged leaves in L. ...
Cook Boaz B Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Departments of Neurobiology and Neurosciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0649, - - 2008
Maintaining cell shape and tone is crucial for the function and survival of cells and tissues. Mechanotransduction relies on the transformation of minuscule mechanical forces into high-fidelity electrical responses. When mechanoreceptors are stimulated, mechanically sensitive cation channels open and produce an inward transduction current that depolarizes the cell. For this ...
Uyttendaele Mieke - - 2008
Application of mild inactivation treatments follows an increasing trend in the food industry and is often combined with sub-optimal intrinsic product conditions to ensure appropriate level of microbial safety. Listeria monocytogenes was subjected to mild heat treatment (20 min at 60 degrees C) and subsequently exposed to various mild preservation ...
Matalon S Tartakover - - 2008
Trophoblast cells from placental explants differentiate in culture to extravillous trophoblast cells (EVT cells). During trophoblast differentiation heat-shock-protein-27 (HSP27) mRNA and multidrug-resistance-protein-5 (MRP5, transporter of cyclic nucleotides) expression are increased. HSP27 is a regulator of actin filaments structure and dynamic, has a role in cell differentiation and may affect NF-kB ...
Turner P C - - 2008
Deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination of cereal crops occurs frequently, and may cause acute exposure at high levels or chronic more moderate exposure. DON has proven toxicity including restriction of enterocyte differentiation, which may play a part in DON induced gastroenteritis. The probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (GG) can bind DON, ...
Wong Hin-Chung - - 2008
Vibrio vulnificus is a marine pathogenic bacterium commonly found in seawater or seafood. This organism encounters low-salinity stress in its natural environment and during food processing. This study was designed to investigate the response of V. vulnificus YJ03 to lethal low salinity (0.04% NaCl) and its adaptation to sublethal salinity ...
Denes Laszlo - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myointimal hyperplasia (MIH) cells are related to permanent upregulated proliferation as tumor-like cells. The aim of this study is to assess whether treatment of cells after hypoxia by Iroxanadine heat-shock protein (HSP-coinducer) predicts recovery through cell proliferation. METHODS: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and brain capillary endothelial ...
PAIK, SANG-KYOO
In our previous study [14], we found that heat-shock exposure did not stimulate the neutral trehalase activity in Sacchromyces cerevisiae KNU5377, but did in ATCC24858. Consequently, the trehalose content in KNU5377 became 2.6 times higher than that in ATCC24858. Because trehalose has been shown to stabilize the structure and function ...
Yang, Won Jun
Design analysis of the solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine combined power system is performed considering different methods for preheating cell inlet air. The purpose of air preheating is to keep the temperature difference between cell inlet and outlet within a practical design range thus to reduce thermal stress ...
Perez Felipe P - - 2008
Hormesis may result when mild repetitive stress increases cellular defense against diverse injuries. This process may also extend in vitro cellular proliferative life span as well as delay and reverse some of the age-dependent changes in both replicative and non-replicative cells. This study evaluated the potential hormetic effect of non-thermal ...
Obara Koichi - - 2008
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a thermoablative technique to kill tumor tissue by generating areas of coagulative necrosis. Recent reports have raised concern that RFA may lead to a local recurrence of HCC with an aggressive phenotype and unfavorable prognosis, suggesting that RFA may induce further malignant ...
Peres-Sampaio Carlos Eduardo - - 2008
In this work we demonstrated that promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis exhibit an Mg-dependent ecto-ATPase activity, which is stimulated by heat shock. The Mg-dependent ATPase activity of cells grown at 22 and 28 degrees C was 41.0+/-5.2 nmol Pi/h x 10(7)cells and 184.2+/-21.0 nmol Pi/h x 10(7)cells, respectively. When both promastigotes ...
Hauck Tanya S - - 2008
Through the use of various layer-by-layer polyelectrolyte (PE) coating schemes, such as the common poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)-poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid) (PDADMAC-PSS) system, the mammalian cellular uptake of gold nanorods can be tuned from very high to very low by manipulating the surface charge and functional groups of the PEs. The toxicity of these ...
Grzanka D - - 2008
The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of hyperthermic treatment on cell morphology and the cytoskeleton in CHO AA8 cell line. The effects of exposure to elevated temperature were analyzed in CHO AA8 cell line by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The 30 min, at 44.5 degrees ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2008
AIM: Heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been detected in various tissues, including those in the intestines, and play a role in cellular protection. Polyamines, such as spermine (SPM), are found in human milk (HM) and act as antioxidants. We hypothesized that the antioxidative property of SPM is related to the ...
Oza Jay - - 2008
Neuronal differentiation of the NG108-15 neuroblastoma-glioma hybrid cells is accompanied by a marked attenuation in the heat shock induction of the Hsp70-firefly luciferase reporter gene activity. Analysis of the amount and activation of heat shock factor 1, induction of mRNA(hsp), and the synthesis and accumulation of heat shock proteins (HSPs) ...
Murapa Patience - - 2007
Heat shock factor-1 (HSF1) is a transcription factor that serves as the major temperature-inducible sensor for eukaryotic cells. In most cell types, HSF1 becomes activated to the DNA binding form at 42 degrees C and mediates the classical heat shock response, protecting the cells from subsequent lethal temperatures. We have ...
Barcala Marta - - 2008
Genes coding small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) show distinct behaviours with respect to environmental and developmental signals. Their transcriptional regulation depends on particular combinations of heat stress cis-elements (heat-shock elements; HSEs) but many aspects regarding their regulation remain unclear. Cyst and root-knot nematodes induce, in the roots of infected plants, the ...
Catherino, Henry A.
The thermal runaway effect observed in sealed lead acid batteries is reviewed and reassessed as a means for understanding the effect at a more fundamental level. It is to be noted that a popular explanation for the heat generated when a sealed cell is overcharged is that the oxygen recombination ...
Chiang Ming-Lun - - 2008
Vibrio parahaemolyticus 690 was subjected either to heat shock at 42 degrees C or ethanol shock in the presence of 5% ethanol. The effects of those shocks on superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, and thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) production were examined. In addition, the growth behaviors of the ...
Ganesan S - - 2008
Mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (mtSOD1) causes dominantly inherited amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The mechanism for mtSOD1 toxicity remains unknown. Two main hypotheses are the impairment of proteasomal function and chaperone depletion by misfolded mtSOD1. Here, we employed FRET/FLIM and biosensor imaging to quantitatively localize ubiquitination, as well as chaperone binding ...
Trieb K - - 2007
Hyperthermia can be used as a possible adjuvant therapy in treatment of cancer patients. In this study, the direct effect of hyperthermia on osteosarcoma derived cell lines HOS85, MG-63 and SaOS-2 was investigated. Heat shock at 42 degrees C inhibited proliferation significantly in all three cell lines tested. Furthermore a ...
Beachy S H - - 2007
Heat shock proteins are present in almost all intracellular compartments and serve by folding newly synthesized proteins, disassembling unstable proteins, and assisting in the transportation of proteins within the cell. Under certain circumstances they are also present on the cell surface, and can be shed or secreted into the extracellular ...
Mambula Salamatu S SS Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 21-27 Burlington Avenue, Room 553, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2007
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is released from cells of many types and plays a significant signaling role, particularly in the inflammatory and immune responses. However, Hsp70 does not contain a consensus secretory signal and thus cannot traverse the plasma membrane by conventional mechanisms. However, Hsp70 can be released from ...
Ishibashi Jun - - 2008
We developed a tissue culture incubator that can continuously irradiate cells with far-infrared radiation (FIR) of wavelengths between 4 and 20 microm with a peak of 7-12 microm, and found that FIR caused different inhibiting effects to five human cancer cell lines, namely A431 (vulva), HSC3 (tongue), Sa3 (gingiva), A549 ...
Tanimoto Yasuhiro - - 2008
The influence of sintering temperature on the in vitro proliferation of osteoblast-like cells to sintered tricalcium phosphate (TCP) sheets prepared by tape-casting was investigated. Green sheets of tape-cast beta-TCP were sintered for 2h in a furnace at atmospheric pressure at five different sintering temperatures: 900, 1000, 1100, 1150 and 1200 ...
Cañamás T P - - 2008
AIMS: The objective of this study was to examine the induction of thermotolerance in the biocontrol agent Candida sake CPA-1 cells by mild heat treatments to enhanced survival of formulations using spray-drying. The possible role of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) biosynthesis in induced thermotolerance and the role of sugars and sugar ...
Burg Maurice B - - 2007
Cells in the renal inner medulla are normally exposed to extraordinarily high levels of NaCl and urea. The osmotic stress causes numerous perturbations because of the hypertonic effect of high NaCl and the direct denaturation of cellular macromolecules by high urea. High NaCl and urea elevate reactive oxygen species, cause ...
Gottwald Eric - - 2007
It has been reported that magnetic fields with flux densities ranging from microT to mT are able to induce heat shock factor, HSP72 mRNA or heat shock proteins in various cells. In this study we investigated changes in the HSP72 mRNA transcription level in three cell lines (HL-60, H9c2, and ...
Humphrey J A C - - 2008
Theoretical analysis and numerical calculations are performed to characterize the unsteady two-dimensional conduction of thermal energy in an idealized honey bee comb. The situation explored corresponds to a comb containing a number of brood cells occupied by pupae. These cells are surrounded by other cells containing pollen which, in turn, ...
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