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Results 201 - 250 of 1943
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Sundareswaran V R - - 2010
CSM2, a cold-sensitive mutant of psychrophilic Pseudomonas syringae, grows like wild-type cells when cultured at 22 and 28 degrees C; but at 4 degrees C, the growth is retarded. In CSM2, AAT (coding for aspartate aminotransferase) is identified as the mutated gene. The expression of AAT in Pseudomonas syringae was ...
Yang Xue - - 2010
The study investigated the effects of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) antisense oligonucleotide (ASODN) on the proliferation and apoptosis of a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (SMMC-7721 cells) in vitro. HSP70 oligonucleotide was transfected into SMMC-7721 cells by the mediation of Sofast transfection reagent. Inhibition rate of SMMC-7721 cells was ...
Gomez-Monterrey Isabel - - 2010
The resistance of human colon adenocarcinoma cells to antineoplastic agents may be related to the high endogenous expression of stress proteins, including the family of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Recently, a quinone-based pentacyclic derivative, DTNQ-Pro, showed high cytotoxic activity in human colon carcinoma cell lines. The aim of the present ...
Michowski Wojciech - - 2010
Morgana/CHP-1 (CHORD containing protein-1) has been recently shown to be necessary for proper cell divisions. However, the presence of the protein in postmitotic tissues such as brain and striated muscle suggests that morgana/CHP-1 has additional cellular functions. Here we show that morgana/CHP-1 behaves like an HSP90 co-chaperone and possesses an ...
Privorotskaya Natalya - - 2010
This paper presents the design and application of microcantilever heaters for biochemical applications. Thermal lysis of biological cells was demonstrated as a specific example. The microcantilever heaters, fabricated from selectively doped single crystal silicon, provide local resistive heating with highly uniform temperature distribution across the cantilevers. Very importantly, the microcantilever ...
Marsoni Milena - - 2010
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Bright Yellow-2 (TBY-2) cells undergo different fates when exposed for 10 minutes to heat stresses of different severity. A 35 degrees C treatment causes a homeostatic response (HRE) allowing cells to cope with the stress; 55 degrees C triggers processes leading to programmed cell death (PCD), which ...
Lasunskaia Elena B - - 2010
Heat shock protein 70 kDa, Hsp70, is an important intracellular factor that protects cells from stress. Unusual plasma membrane expression of Hsp70, observed in some cancer cells, contributes to the cell's recognition and elimination by the immune system. Induction of apoptosis in cancer cells was demonstrated to increase Hsp70 translocation ...
Holzbeierlein Jeffrey M - - 2010
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone involved in the trafficking of proteins in the cell. Under stressful conditions, Hsp90 stabilizes its client proteins and provides protection to the cell against cellular stressors such as in cancer cells. Disruption of Hsp90 leads to client protein degradation and often ...
Marcinkowska Ewa - - 2010
The active form of vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), has a broad range of effects which are mediated by nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR). Many experiments that investigate the role of VDR can be done in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, since these cells are responsive to 1,25D and ...
Moraitis Christos - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that in aerobically-grown cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) increases and ascorbic acid decreases cellular thermosensitivity, as determined by the inducibility of a heat shock (HS)-reporter gene. In this work, we reveal that the aerobic thermosensitivity of anaerobically-grown yeast cells also increases in ...
Foote Andrew - - 2010
Tetraploid shrimp embryos have been induced; however, in all cases no postlarvae were produced. This study determined when tetraploid Penaeus japonicus became non-viable and identified unique abnormalities to aid in elucidating the causes of lethality. Embryonic development was analyzed using flow cytometry to determine ploidy and laser scanning confocal microscopy ...
Sharma Aanchal - - 2010
Due to substantial technical improvements, clinical application of heat as a co-adjuvant in cancer treatment is acquiring new interest. The effect of hyperthermia on hepatoma cell lines Hep3B (p53 defective) and HepG2 (p53 wild type) when investigated led to an interesting observation that Hep3B cells are more susceptible to heat ...
Massodi Iqbal - - 2010
Current treatment of solid tumors is limited by normal tissue tolerance, resulting in a narrow therapeutic index. To increase drug specificity and efficacy and to reduce toxicity in normal tissues, we have developed a polypeptide carrier for a cell cycle inhibitory peptide, which has the potential to be thermally targeted ...
Toyofuku Masanori - - 2010
One of the most important factors in the development of a bacterial community is whether the bacteria are able to grow in that habitat. The regulation of bacterial growth is generally studied in relation to physicochemical conditions, however, how bacterial communities regulate themselves remains unclear. In our previous study, it ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2010
Iron chelators have been shown to control the growth of cancer cells in culture by sequestering exogenous iron in the media. Thus, the ligands prevent cellular access to the metal. However, because transferrin provides iron to tumor cells in animals, chelators have not been effective antitumor agents. Polyamine chelator conjugates ...
Purschke Martin - - 2010
Direct heat exposure to cells causes protein degradation and DNA damage, which can lead to genetic alteration and cell death, but little is known about heat-induced effects on the surrounding tissue. After burns or laser surgery, loss of viability in the surrounding tissue has been explained by a temperature gradient ...
Hayashi Sachiko - - 2010
We investigated the mechanisms of thermosensitization related to combination therapy with sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide (PTL), a nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) inhibitor, and hyperthermia using human lung adenocarcinoma cells A549. The kinetics of apoptosis induction and cell cycle of cells treated with PTL, heating, and combined treatment were examined by flow cytometric ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2010
This study examined the possible role of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) expression in the survival and regeneration of proximal tubule (PT) cells after acute tubular injury. Rats were injected with a low (0.2 mg/kg) or high (4 mg/kg) dose of uranyl acetate (UA) to induce renal injury. Renal tissues ...
Rylander Marissa Nichole - - 2010
Hyperthermia can induce heat shock protein (HSP) expression in tumours, which will cause enhanced tumour viability and increased resistance to additional thermal, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments. The study objective was to determine the relationship of hyperthermia protocols with HSP expression kinetics and cell death and develop corresponding computational predictive models ...
Hill Kristen S - - 2010
Increased signaling from Met, the receptor for Hepatocyte Growth Factor, promotes pancreatic tumorigenesis and poor patient prognosis by enhancing tumor cell growth, survival and motility. Increased Met levels can result from gene amplification or increased transcription. However, receptor down regulation--a process that normally functions to attenuate Met signaling in vivo--could ...
Chang Chia-Hsiang - - 2010
Cronobacter sakazakii, formerly Enterobacter sakazakii, has been implicated in a severe form of neonatal meningitis. In this study, C. sakazakii BCRC 13988 was first exposed to heat-shock treatment at 47 degrees C for 15 min. The heat-shocked C. sakazakii was subjected to several lethal challenges including low temperature (3 degrees ...
Viiri Johanna - - 2010
The pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration involves impaired protein degradation in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and the lysosomal pathway including autophagy are the major proteolytic systems in eukaryotic cells. Prior to proteolysis, heat shock proteins (HSPs) attempt to refold stress-induced misfolded proteins and thus prevent the ...
Coppieters Ken - - 2010
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is characterized by the immune-mediated destruction of beta cells in the pancreas. Little is known about the in vivo dynamic interactions between T cells and beta cells or the kinetic behavior of other immune cell subsets in the pancreatic islets. Utilizing multiphoton microscopy we have designed ...
Tan Hao-Jen - - 2010
Vibrio vulnificus is an opportunistic pathogen commonly found in oyster and marine environments, which frequently encounters low salinity stress in its natural and food processing environment. In this study, the responses of a V. vulnificus wild-type strain C78140o and its rpoS isogenic mutant AH1 to sublethal low salinity were examined ...
El Golli Bennour Emna - - 2009
Zearalenone (ZEN) and Ochratoxin A (OTA) are structurally diverse fungal metabolites that can contaminate feed and foodstuff and can cause serious health problems for animals as well as for humans. In this study, we get further insight of the molecular aspects of ZEN and OTA toxicities in cultured human HepG2 ...
Grolier Jean-Pierre E - - 2009
We have performed a detailed study of the thermodynamics of the titration process in an isothermal titration calorimeter with full cells. We show that the relationship between the enthalpy and the heat measured is better described in terms of the equation Delta H = W(inj) + Q (where W(inj) is ...
Cerchietti Leandro C - - 2009
We report that heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitors selectively kill diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) that depend on the BCL-6 transcriptional repressor. We found that endogenous Hsp90 interacts with BCL-6 in DLBCL cells and can stabilize BCL-6 mRNA and protein. Hsp90 formed a complex with BCL-6 at its ...
Tapia Hugo - - 2010
The 90-kDa heat-shock protein (Hsp90) operates in the context of a multichaperone complex to promote maturation of nuclear and cytoplasmic clients. We have discovered that Hsp90 and the cochaperone Sba1/p23 accumulate in the nucleus of quiescent Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Hsp90 nuclear accumulation was unaffected in sba1Delta cells, demonstrating that Hsp82 ...
Sharma Aanchal - - 2009
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) modulate several cellular functions and are ubiquitously present in cell. Here, we investigated alterations in the expression of Hsps and explored functional consequences of the same. Moreover, effect of quercetin (Qctn), an inhibitor of Hsps, on chemotherapeutic drugs treatment in hepatoma cells Hep3B and HepG2 was ...
Ankolekar Chandrakant - - 2009
Bacillus cereus is a gram-positive, spore-forming, facultative anaerobe that is responsible for two types of gastrointestinal diseases: emesis and diarrhea. A significant difference in the D(95 degrees C)-values of spores of the emetic and the diarrheal types was initially determined. A mixture of B. cereus spores of the diarrheal type ...
Goto Kouji - - 2009
We detected the beta-1,2-mannosyltransferases (beta-1,2-MTs), which participate in the biosynthesis of oligomannosyl side chains in the mannan acid-labile fraction, in a particulate insoluble fractions prepared from Candida albicans NIH B-792 strain cells grown at 27 degrees C and at 37 degrees C in a yeast extract-added Sabouraud liquid medium (YSLM). ...
Hiragami Fukumi - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal heat treatment conditions for enhancement of pressed silk-mediated 3D-like proliferation of normal human dermal fibroblasts, as well as to determine the responses to heat shock of cells and intracellular signaling pathways. The beginning of 3D-like pattern formation of cells was ...
Li William K W - - 2009
As climate changes and the upper Arctic Ocean receives more heat and fresh water, it becomes more difficult for mixing processes to deliver nutrients from depth to the surface for phytoplankton growth. Competitive advantage will presumably accrue to small cells because they are more effective in acquiring nutrients and less ...
Zhang Bin - - 2009
Small molecule amplifiers of heat shock response have shown promising results in rescuing stress related injury through chaperone amplification. Herein, we report the results of a high content target-based primary screening of several known bioactive libraries. Screening resulted in the identification of three potent gedunin derivatives and a sappanone A ...
Young Jordan T F - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that inhibiting the activity of the proteasome leads to the accumulation of damaged or unfolded proteins within the cell. In this study, we report that proteasome inhibitors, lactacystin and carbobenzoxy-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal (MG132), induced the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins as well as a dose- and time-dependent increase in ...
Li Li - - 2009
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is caused by a small expansion of polyglutamine (polyQ)-encoding CAG repeat in Ca(v)2.1 calcium channel gene. To gain insights into pathogenic mechanism of SCA6, we used HEK293 cells expressing fusion protein of enhanced green fluorescent protein and Ca(v)2.1 carboxyl terminal fragment (EGFP-Ca(v)2.1CT) [L24 and S13 ...
Nirdé P - - 2010
Earlier studies indicated that density-arrested cancer cells released an unidentified growth inhibitor whose secretion was prevented by overexpression of the lysosomal protease cathepsin D (cath D). In this study, this growth inhibitor was purified by affinity chromatography and identified as the heat shock cognate 70 protein (hsc70) based on its ...
Ding Gui-Rong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the effect of radio-frequency (RF) field exposure on expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) in three human glioma cell lines (MO54, A172, and T98). METHODS: Cells were exposed to sham or 1950 MHz continuous-wave for 1 h. Specific absorption rates (SARs) were 1 and 10 ...
Mongkoldhumrongkul Napachanok - - 2010
Bio-electrospray, the direct jet-based cell handling approach, is able to handle a wide range of cells (spanning immortalized, primary to stem cells). Studies at the genomic, genetic and the physiological levels have shown that, post-treatment, cellular integrity is unperturbed and a high percentage (more than 70%, compared with control) of ...
Knudsen Susanne - - 2010
Vaccination protocols that utilize dendritic cells (DCs) to elicit therapeutic immunity against tumors are the subject of intense research. Given that the capacity of DCs to cross-present antigens is physiologically low, there is considerable interest to develop strategies that enhance that pathway. In order to best exploit the enhanced cross-presentation ...
Shelton Shary N - - 2009
The 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) assists in the proper folding of numerous mutated or overexpressed signal transduction proteins that are involved in cancer. Consequently, there is considerable interest in developing chemotherapeutic drugs that specifically disrupt the function of Hsp90. Here, we investigated the extent to which a novel novobiocin-derived ...
Roudkenar Mehryar Habibi - - 2009
Environmental temperature variations are the most common stresses experienced by a wide range of organisms. Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2/NGAL) is expressed in various normal and pathologic conditions. However, its precise functions have not been fully determined. Here we report the induction of Lcn2 by thermal stresses in vivo, and its role ...
Song T F - - 2009
Increasing evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in paclitaxel cytotoxicity. Modulating the oxidant-antioxidant status of tumour cells may increase the antitumour activity of paclitaxel. The cytoprotective roles of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) include chaperoning cellular proteins, regulating apoptotic signalling and modulating oxidative stress. Immunohistochemical staining for ...
Jen Chun-Ping - - 2009
Depending on the duration of exposure to supraphysiological temperatures, cellular proteins and organelles can suffer from structural alternations and irreversible denaturation, which may induce cell death. The thermotolerance of three human urinary bladder carcinoma cell lines, TSGH-8301, J82 and TCC-SUP (cytological grade 2, 3 and 4, respectively), was investigated in ...
Nivon Mathieu - - 2009
The heat shock response is a widely described defense mechanism during which the preferential expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) helps the cell to recover from thermal damages such as protein denaturation/aggregation. We have previously reported that NFkappaB transcription factor is activated during the recovery period after heat shock. In ...
Hennings Leah - - 2009
PURPOSE: A proof-of-concept study to evaluate a new autofluorescence method to differentiate necrotic thermally fixed cells from viable tissue following thermal ablation. METHODS: A conductive interstitial thermal therapy (CITT) device was used to ablate swine mammary tissue and rabbit VX-2 carcinomas in vivo. The ablated regions and 10-mm margins were ...
Clark Andrew G - - 2009
Single cells and multicellular tissues rapidly heal wounds. These processes are considered distinct, but one mode of healing--Rho GTPase-dependent formation and closure of a purse string of actin filaments (F-actin) and myosin-2 around wounds--occurs in single cells and in epithelia. Here, we show that wounding of one cell in Xenopus ...
Cebri??n G - - 2009
The role of sigmaB in the Staphylococcus aureus heat-shock induced thermotolerance was investigated. Survival curves at 58 degrees C of S. aureus strain Newman and its isogenic DeltasigB mutant were obtained for native and heat-shocked cells (45 degrees C for 5-120 min) in exponential and stationary phase of growth. The ...
Loeffler-Ragg Judith - - 2009
Targeting the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has emerged as a promising approach for the treatment of several malignancies. The cellular and molecular effects of this agent on colorectal cancer cells are poorly characterized. This study investigated the antiproliferative effect of bortezomib on colorectal cancer cell lines (Caco-2 ...
Turturici Giuseppina - - 2009
Mouse Hsp70 (70 kDa heat shock protein) is preferentially induced by heat or stress stimuli. We previously found that Hsp70 is constitutively expressed in A6 mouse mesoangioblast stem cells, but its possible role in these cells and the control of its basal transcription remained unexplored. Here we report that in ...
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