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Gu Jingli - - 2011
The potential applications of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) in several nanomedical fields have attracted intense interest based on the cell-nano interaction. However, the mechanisms underlying cell uptake, the intracellular trail, final fate and the biological effects of SPIONs have not yet been clearly elucidated. Here, we showed that multiple ...
Sielicka-Dudzin Alicja - - 2011
PURPOSE: In our previous study, we demonstrated that diallyl trisulfide (DATS) induced iron-dependent G2-M arrest of prostate cancer cell cycle. Moreover, ferritin degradation and an increase of labile iron pool has been linked to the activation of the JNK signaling axis. In the present work, we extended this study to ...
Jiang Jun - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and optimization of protocols using superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles to label human prostate cancer cell lines PC3 in vitro. The PC3 cells were labeled with different concentrations (28-252 μg Fe/mL) of SPIO and increasing incubation time (6-24 hours), in ...
Baber Ori - - 2011
Background: Nanoparticles are being rapidly assimilated into numerous research fields and consumer products. A concurrent increase in human exposure to such materials is expected. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) possess unique and beneficial features, increasing their functionality and integrative potential. However, MNP toxicity characterization is limited, especially in regards to the human ...
Chew Katherine C M - - 2011
Parkinson disease (PD), a prevalent neurodegenerative motor disorder, is characterized by the rather selective loss of dopaminergic neurons and the presence of α-synuclein-enriched Lewy body inclusions in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. Although the etiology of PD remains incompletely understood, emerging evidence suggests that dysregulated iron homeostasis may be ...
Botta Gabriela - - 2011
We have previously shown that copper supplementation extends the replicative life span of Saccharomyces cerevisiae when grown under conditions forcing cells to respire. We now show that copper's effect on life span is through Fet3p, a copper containing enzyme responsible for high affinity transport of iron into yeast cells. Life ...
Persson H Lennart - - 2011
Previously, we have shown that TNF-α protects iron-exposed J774 macrophages against iron-catalyzed oxidative lysosomal disruption and cell death by increasing reduced glutathione and H-ferritin in cells. Because J774 cells are able to harbor large amounts of iron, which is potentially harmful in a redox-active state, we hypothesized that TNF-α-stimulated J774 ...
Hohnholt Michaela C - - 2011
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have been used for a variety of neurobiological applications, although little is yet known as to the fate of such particles in brain cells. To address these questions, we have exposed oligodendroglial OLN-93 cells to dimercaptosuccinate-coated IONPs. Treatment of the cells strongly increased the specific ...
Serbanovic-Canic Jovana - - 2011
Genomewide association meta-analysis studies have identified > 100 independent genetic loci associated with blood cell indices, including volume and count of platelets and erythrocytes. Although several of these loci encode known regulators of hematopoiesis, the mechanism by which most sequence variants exert their effect on blood cell formation remains elusive. ...
Ohgari Yoshiko - - 2011
δ-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced porphyrin accumulation is widely used in the treatment of cancer, as photodynamic therapy. To clarify the mechanisms of the tumor-preferential accumulation of protoporphyrin, we examined the effect of the expression of heme-biosynthetic and -degradative enzymes on the ALA-induced accumulation of protoporphyrin as well as photo-damage. The transient ...
Ding Linwei - - 2011
To study the hypoglycemic mechanisms of a polysaccharide-rich extract of Radix Ophiopogonis, the influences of the extract on activity of NIT-1 insulinoma cells damaged by streptozotocin (STZ), activity of α-glucosidase, glucose absorption into intestinal brush border membrane vesicles, gluconeogenesis by H4IIE hepatoma cells and glucose uptake by 3T3-L1 adipocytes were ...
Téllez Noèlia - - 2011
β-Cell mass reduction is a central aspect in the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and substitution or regeneration of the lost β-cells is a potentially curative treatment of diabetes. To study the effects of gastrin on β-cell mass in rats with 95% pancreatectomy (95%-Px), a model of ...
Challa S S - - 2011
The promise(s) of using Fetal Calf Serum (FCS) as a supplement for the maintenance of cell cultures has been well documented. However, FCS forms the xenogenic source for any human derived cells/organ and limits its application. Recently, the usage of human umbilical cord blood serum (hUCBS) for maintenance of mesenchymal ...
Favre D - - 2011
Pro-atherogenic and pro-oxidant, oxidised LDL trigger adverse effects on pancreatic beta cells, possibly contributing to diabetes progression. Because oxidised LDL diminish the expression of genes regulated by the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER), we investigated the involvement of this transcription factor and of oxidative stress in beta cell failure elicited ...
Suzuki Hirohumi - - 2011
Ghrelin and its receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), are produced by various cell types and affect feeding behavior, metabolic regulation, and energy balance. In the mammalian pancreas, the types of endocrine cells immunoreactive for ghrelin vary. Further, no study has clarified the type of endocrine cells producing ghrelin and ...
Elgendy Hamed - - 2011
Islet damage attributed to impaired exocrine cells during pancreas preservation and isolation procedure remains elusive, although released exocrine enzymes could directly damage islets. The aim of this study is to investigate the cellular mechanisms associated with exocrine cells and their possible impact on the islet cell survival and function after ...
Reers Christina - - 2011
: Aims and objectives: Proliferation in transformed β-cell lines is high compared to primary islet cells and is accompanied by reduced insulin content and release. Our aim was to determine whether experimental reduction of proliferation restores the cells to a more authentic β-cell phenotype in terms of secretory function and ...
Watanabe Satoshi - - 2011
: Escape from anoikis, apoptosis induced by loss of cell-cell or cell-extracellular matrix interactions, is important in tumor invasion and metastasis. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is known to play a pivotal role in pancreatic carcinomas. This study aimed to determine the antianoikis effect of HGF in pancreatic carcinoma cells. : ...
Tan Shumin - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) injects the CagA effector protein into host epithelial cells and induces growth factor-like signaling, perturbs cell-cell junctions, and alters host cell polarity. This enables Hp to grow as microcolonies adhered to the host cell surface even in conditions that do not support growth of free-swimming bacteria. We ...
Cilla A - - 2011
Fruit beverages are commonly supplemented with milk, vitamins and/or minerals in order to improve their healthy effects by providing some bioactive components that can act additively or synergistically against oxidative stress. Aims: To test whether iron, zinc, and milk added to fruit beverages do not affect the cytoprotective effect against ...
Deng Wen-Hong - - 2011
Pancreatic beta cells produce and release insulin, which decreases the blood glucose level. Endoplasmic reticulum stress caused pancreatic beta cell dysfunction and death in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). The 150kD oxygen-regulated protein (ORP150) took part in the process of endoplasmic reticulum stress. This study investigated the effect of ORP150 on ...
Mariño Eliana - - 2011
B cells play a pathogenic role as antigen-presenting cells and autoantibody secretors in the lead up to T cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing β cells in type 1 diabetes (T1D). This has led to significant interest in the use of B cell depletion therapies as a treatment for T1D. In ...
Salpeter Seth J - - 2011
Understanding the molecular triggers of pancreatic β-cell proliferation may facilitate the development of regenerative therapies for diabetes. Genetic studies have demonstrated an important role for cyclin D2 in β-cell proliferation and mass homeostasis, but its specific function in β-cell division and mechanism of regulation remain unclear. Here, we report that ...
Dorrell Craig - - 2011
Tools permitting the isolation of live pancreatic cell subsets for culture and/or molecular analysis are limited. To address this, we developed a collection of monoclonal antibodies with selective surface labeling of endocrine and exocrine pancreatic cell types. Cell type labeling specificity and cell surface reactivity were validated on mouse pancreatic ...
Taniguchi Shigeki - - 2011
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an important signaling molecule in various mammalian cells and tissues. H(2)S is synthesized from L-cysteine and regulates several cellular and physiological phenomena (vasorelaxation, hormone secretion, and apoptosis) and multicellular events (neuromodulation and inflammatory responses). H(2)S can be produced in pancreatic β-cells by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) or ...
Tonack Sarah - - 2011
To establish stable tetracycline-inducible pancreatic cancer cell lines. Suit-2, MiaPaca-2, and Panc-1 cells were transfected with a second generation reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator protein (rtTA2S-M2), under the control of either a cytomegalovirus (CMV) or a chicken β-actin promoter, and the resulting clones were characterised. Use of the chicken (β-actin) promoter proved ...
Liu Guozheng - - 2011
Noninvasive measurement of human islet cell mass in pancreas or following islet transplantation by nuclear imaging has yet to be achieved. It has been shown using mouse tumor models that pretargeting imaging strategies are sensitive and can greatly increase target to nontarget signal ratios. The objective now is to demonstrate ...
Kang Rui - - 2011
Reactive oxygen species, including hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), can cause toxicity and act as signaling molecules in various pathways regulating both cell survival and cell death. However, the sequence of events between the oxidative insult and cell damage remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the effect of oxidative stress ...
Granicka L H - - 2011
Abstract: Encapsulation of cells in polymeric shells allows for separation of biological material from produced factors, which may find biotechnological and biomedical applications. Human T-lymphocyte cell line Jurkat as well as rat pancreatic islets were encapsulated using LbL technique within shells of polyelectrolyte modified by incorporation of biotin complexed with ...
Akerman Ildem - - 2011
In this issue of Developmental Cell, Dhawan et al. (2011) show that deletion of the Dnmt1 DNA methyltransferase gene in pancreatic insulin-producing cells makes these cells convert into glucagon-producing cells. This suggests that manipulation of a general epigenetic mechanism may be used to redirect cell fates.
Dhawan Sangeeta - - 2011
Adult pancreatic β cells can replicate during growth and after injury to maintain glucose homeostasis. Here, we report that β cells deficient in Dnmt1, an enzyme that propagates DNA methylation patterns during cell division, were converted to α cells. We identified the lineage determination gene aristaless-related homeobox (Arx), as methylated ...
Sung Victoria - - 2011
Histone deacetylase inhibitors are a group of recently developed compounds that modulate cell growth and survival. We evaluated the effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitor MGCD0103 on growth of pancreatic carcinoma models following single agent treatment and in combination with gemcitabine. MGCD0103 inhibited tumor cell growth and acted synergistically with ...
Damalas Alexander - - 2011
The p14(ARF) is a key tumor suppressor induced mainly by oncogenic stimuli. Although p14(ARF) does not seem to respond to DNA damage, there are very few data regarding its role in other forms of stress, such as heat shock (HS) and oxidative stress (OS). Here, we report that suppression of ...
Yang Kai-Ming - - 2011
To investigate the differentiation and migration of endocrine cells to form the pancreatic islets of Langer-hans in early human development. Embryonic pancreas of 6-14 wk gestation was observed using immunocytochemistry methods in early human development. Insulin and glucagon are expressed in the same epithelium cells in the pancreas. In addition, ...
Maj Magdalena M Magdalena Maj, Aysegul Ilhan, Dashurie Neziri, Wolfgang Gartner, Department of Internal Medicine III, Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, - - 2011
Frequent concomitant manifestation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been recently demonstrated by epidemiological studies. This might be due to functional similarities between β-cells and neurons, such as secretion on demand of highly specific molecules in a tightly controlled fashion. An additional similarity represents the ...
Lee Seung-Hee SH Department of Pediatrics, Universityof California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2011
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) has a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%, and therapeutic advances have been hampered by gaps in our understanding of cell-cycle control in the adult pancreas. Previously, we reported that basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) transcription factors regulate cell fate specification in the pancreas. In the present ...
Hesselson Daniel - - 2011
Pluripotent embryonic cells become progressively lineage restricted during development in a process that culminates in the differentiation of stable organ-specific cell types that perform specialized functions. Terminally differentiated pancreatic acinar cells do not have the innate capacity to contribute to the endocrine β cell lineage, which is destroyed in individuals ...
Kim So Yoon - - 2011
Cell division and cell differentiation are intricately regulated processes vital to organ development. Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) are master regulators of the cell cycle that orchestrate the cell division and differentiation programs. Cdk1 is essential to drive cell division and is required for the first embryonic divisions, whereas Cdks 2, 4 ...
Yang Xiaolong - - 2011
How multicellular organisms control their size is a fundamental question that fascinated generations of biologists. In the past 10 years, tremendous progress has been made toward our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying size control. Original studies from Drosophila showed that in addition to extrinsic nutritional and hormonal cues, intrinsic ...
Economides Aris - - 2011
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Porat Shay - - 2011
Recent studies revealed a surprising regenerative capacity of insulin-producing β cells in mice, suggesting that regenerative therapy for human diabetes could in principle be achieved. Physiologic β cell regeneration under stressed conditions relies on accelerated proliferation of surviving β cells, but the factors that trigger and control this response remain ...
Lin Chien-Chi - - 2011
A biomimetic hydrogel platform was designed to signal encapsulated cells using immobilized cell-cell communication cues, with a focus on enhancing the survival and function of encapsulated pancreatic β-cells to treat type 1 diabetes. When MIN6 cells, a pancreatic β-cell line, were encapsulated in poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels, their survival and ...
Nakamura Korefumi - - 2011
The mass of pancreatic β-cells is maintained throughout lifetime to control blood glucose levels. Although the major mechanism of the maintenance of β-cell mass after birth is thought to be selfreplication of pre-existing β-cells, it is possible that pancreatic β-cells are also generated from non-β-cells. Here, we address this issue ...
Liu Xu - - 2011
KAI1/CD82 has been reported to attenuate the process of metastases in a variety of tumors; however, its mechanism of action in invasion has not been fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the importance of KAI1 in invasion and its correlation with activation of sphingosine kinase (SPK) in human ...
Immervoll Heike - - 2011
Tumor-initiating cells of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have been isolated based on expression of either CD133 or CD44. The authors aimed to visualize pancreatic cells simultaneously expressing both these cell surface markers by employing the same antibodies commonly used in cell-sorting studies. Normal and diseased pancreatic tissue, including 51 PDAC ...
Takahashi Hiroki H Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2011
Targeting the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/prostanoid pathway is considered an intriguing approach for therapy and prevention of several cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the protumorigenic properties of COX-2 in pancreatic cancer (PaCa) are still poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the phenotype of COX-2 expressing ...
Fonseca Sonya G - - 2011
In pancreatic β-cells, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important cellular compartment for insulin biosynthesis, which accounts for half of the total protein production in these cells. Protein flux through the ER must be carefully monitored to prevent dysregulation of ER homeostasis and stress. ER stress elicits a signaling cascade ...
Song Kai - - 2011
Many of the ligands involved in developmental processes require heparan sulfate (HS) to modulate signal transduction. Heparan sulfate D-glucosaminyl 6-O-sulfotransferase-2 (hHS6ST2) is a Golgi enzyme that usually acts on GlcA/IdoA(2S)-GlcNAc/NS disaccharide-6-sulfate modifications within the HS sequence. Emerging evidence indicates the importance of 6-O-sulfation in a number of developmental processes. However, ...
Kayashima Tadashi - - 2011
A hypoxic microenvironment is a characteristic feature of pancreatic cancer, and induces the expressions of various genes involved in malignant behaviors. Insulin-induced gene 2 (Insig2) has recently been shown to be correlated with cellular invasion in colon cancer. However, there have been no reports regarding its expression in pancreatic cancer. ...
Diana Julien - - 2011
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease resulting from T cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing β cells, and viral infections can prevent the onset of disease. Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells) exert a regulatory role in T1D by inhibiting autoimmune T cell responses. As iNKT cell-plasmacytoid dendritic cell ...
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