Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1942
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Jiang Shinn-Jong - - 2004
The effect of arsenite pretreatment on bovine herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) replication in bovine arterial endothelial (BAE) cells was studied. BHV-4 infectivity, including IE-2 expression, DNA replication and viral yield, were significantly reduced at nontoxic concentrations of arsenite in which cellular DNA synthesis or cell viability of BAE cells were not affected ...
Chuen Fu Sai - - 2004
Cells in tendons are conventionally identified as elongated tenocytes and ovoid tenoblasts, but specific markers for these cells are not available. The roles and interplay of these cells in tendon growth, remodeling, and healing are not well established. Therefore, we proposed to characterize these cells with respect to cell turnover, ...
Luchetti F - - 2004
Hyperthermia induces several cellular responses leading to morphological changes, cell detachment and death. Loss of integrins from the cell surface after acute heat-treatment may block several physiological signalling pathways, but whether the assembly network between integrin and cytoskeletal actin is perturbed during hyperthermic treatment is unknown. In this study we ...
Nylandsted J - - 2004
Cell shrinkage is a ubiquitous feature of programmed cell death (PCD), but whether it is an obligatory signalling event in PCD is unclear. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) potently counteracts PCD in many cells, by mechanisms that are incompletely understood. In the present investigation, we found that severe hypertonic stress ...
Wang Jin-Hui - - 2004
We previously blocked the heat shock transcription factor 1 function with a dominant-negative mutant (mHSF1) in breast cancer cell line Bcap37, and found that mHSF1 sensitizes Bcap37 cells to hyperthermia by promoting the apoptotic process. Here we studied the mechanism of this abolishing process and how thermotolerance develops in Bcap37 ...
Fukuda Kohsai - - 2004
The triplet linear plasmids pDHL1/2/3 from the salt-tolerant yeast Debaryomyces hansenii TK are localized in the cytoplasm and characterized by a unique feature that they require environmental stressors (0.3 M NaCl or solutes such as sorbitol with equivalent osmolarity) for stable replication and maintenance. The degree of osmolarity dependence of ...
Wano Chieko - - 2004
It is an intriguing problem whether heat shock proteins (HSPs) play a protective role in UVC-induced cell death in human cells, and the problem has not been solved. To search for the HSPs involved in UVC resistance, gene expression profiles using cDNA array were compared between UVC-sensitive human RSa cells ...
Marvin-Guy Laure F - - 2004
Whole cells of Bifidobacterium lactis were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS). Characteristic and reproducible mass spectra were obtained in the mass range from 6 to 19 kDa. After several days of bacterial cell storage at 4 degrees C (D0, D2, and D6), only minor signal differences ...
Hargis M T - - 2004
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells maintained in vitro at pH 6.7 were used to model cells in the acidic environment of tumours. CHO cells grown at pH 6.7 develop thermotolerance during 42 degrees C heating at pH 6.7 and their cytoskeletal systems are resistant to 42 degrees C-induced perinuclear collapse. ...
Tanaka Y - - 2004
The purpose of the study was to determine whether paclitaxel inhibits the expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in two gynecologic cancer cell lines compared with other antineoplastic agents having different cytotoxic mechanisms. BG-1 ovarian cancer cells and HeLa uterine cancer cells were treated with a tubulin depolymerization inhibitor ...
Ikeda Nobuyuki - - 2004
The synovial lining layer of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) consists of macrophage-like type A cells and fibroblast-like type B cells. Until now, little information has been available on the development of the synovial membrane in TMJ. In the present study we examined the development of the synovial lining layer in ...
Cotrupi Sabrina - - 2004
Astronauts are susceptible to a variety of conditions such as motion sickness, muscular atrophy, bone demineralization and cardiovascular deconditioning. These findings suggest that the adaptation to the absence of gravity is due, at least in part, to the effects exerted by microgravity at the cellular level. Indeed, a number of ...
Litzgus Jacqueline D - - 2004
Bergmann's rule states that, among conspecific populations, individuals are larger in cooler than in warmer environments as a consequence of selection related to heat conservation. Many of the most comprehensive assessments of Bergmann's rule to date have examined clinal patterns in body size among species assemblages. Our study is a ...
Chekulayeva Lyudmila V - - 2004
AIM: To elucidate the mechanism of the potentiating influence of heating associated with photoirradiation on the antitumor efficiency of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD). METHODS: The study was carried out on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells, which were loaded with HPD in a serum-free medium and then irradiated ...
Hwu Wuh-Liang - - 2004
Unstable GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH) mutations in dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) can exert a dominant-negative effect in the HeLa cell model, but in a batch of cells this effect could not be shown. Through differential display, we found a higher Hsc70 expression in the non-dominant-negative cells. We further demonstrated that ectopic ...
Ramage Lindsay - - 2004
Increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and heat-shock protein-70 (Hsp70) in plasma are known to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In this study we have investigated the effects of environmental air pollution particles (PM10) and ultrafine carbon black (ufCB) on the expression of CRP and Hsp70 ...
Braga-Basaria Milena - - 2004
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone that stabilizes growth factor receptors and signaling molecules. Disruption of this action inhibits the MAPK and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase cascades and can induce cancer cell death. The goal of this study was to determine whether thyroid cancer cells are sensitive to the ...
Musch Mark W - - 2004
While the pathological events evoked by infection are commonly described, effective host responses to bacteria and their products should primarily be protective. Heat shock protein (Hsp) expression is upregulated by many stimuli and serves to maintain intracellular protein integrity. The ability of the prototypic superantigen, Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB) ...
Rössler Oliver G - - 2004
HT22 immortalized hippocampal neurons serve as a cellular model system to study oxidative stress, an imbalance of cellular redox homeostasis. Glutamate induces HT22 cell death by inhibiting the uptake of cystine into the cells via the cystine/glutamate transport system xc-, thus leading to reduced levels of glutathione. Here, we show ...
Wang Yiqun - - 2004
Recent studies have implicated heat shock proteins (HSP) and heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) in tumor progression. We have examined the role of HSF1 in the malignant phenotype of PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells. We have developed a dominant negative construct of HSF1 that antagonizes transcription from HSP promoters and ...
Zachara Natasha E - - 2004
Cellular response to environmental, physiological, or chemical stress is key to survival following injury or disease. Here we describe a unique signaling mechanism by which cells detect and respond to stress in order to survive. A wide variety of stress stimuli rapidly increase nucleocytoplasmic protein modification by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), ...
Seno Joshua D - - 2004
Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1form a tight complex which is homogeneously distributed throughout the nuclei of mammalian cells. However, after irradiation, the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 (M/R/N) complex rapidly migrates to sites of double strand breaks (DSBs), forming foci which remain until DSB repair is complete. Mre11 and Rad50 play direct roles in DSB ...
Li Yu-Huan - - 2004
Geldanamycin (GA) is an antibiotic targeting the ADP/ATP binding site of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). In screening for anti-herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) candidates, we found GA active against HSV-1. HSV-1 replication in vitro was significantly inhibited by GA with an 50% inhibitory concentration of 0.093 microM and ...
Lo Jeng-Fan - - 2004
Tid1 is the mammalian counterpart of the Drosophila tumor suppressor Tid56 and is also a DnaJ protein containing a conserved J domain through which it interacts with the heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) family of chaperone proteins. We generated a Tid1 conditional mutation in mice, and the subsequent global removal ...
Mittra Shivani - - 2004
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is upregulated in cardiac tissue under various pathophysiological conditions. However, the direct inotropic effect of ADM on normal and compromised cardiomyocytes is not clear. In rat ventricular myocytes, ADM produced an initial (<30 min) increase in cell shortening and Ca(2+) transient and, on prolonged incubation (>1 h), a ...
Dynlacht J R - - 2004
The mechanism by which hyperthermia sensitizes mammalian cells to ionizing radiation remains to be elucidated, but an overwhelming amount of circumstantial evidence suggests that heat radiosensitization might be mediated by inhibition of double-strand break repair, particularly after exposure of irradiated cells to heat treatments in excess of about 43 degrees ...
Vacca Rosa Anna - - 2004
To gain some insight into the mechanisms by which plant cells die as a result of abiotic stress, we exposed tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Bright-Yellow 2 cells to heat shock and investigated cell survival as a function of time after heat shock induction. Heat treatment at 55 degrees C triggered processes ...
Evdonin Anton L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidences suggest that Hsp 70, the inducible component of Hsp70 family, might release from a living cell. Here we show that a pharmacological inhibitor of phospholipase C activity U73122 caused a 2-4 fold reduction of an intracellular level of Hsp70 in A431 human carcinoma cells. RESULTS: A depletion ...
Coss R A - - 2004
Two human melanoma cell lines, SK-Mel-28 and DB-1, were used for in vitro studies of the mechanisms underlying heat resistance of human tumour cells adapted to growth in acidic environments. Adaptation to growth at low pH was characterized by resistance to 42 degrees C cytotoxicity and accompanied by an increase ...
de Jong A E I - - 2004
Foods associated with Clostridium perfringens outbreaks are usually abused after cooking. Because of their short generation times, C. perfringens spores and cells can grow out to high levels during improper cooling. Therefore, the potential of C. perfringens to multiply in Dutch pea soup during different cooling times was investigated. Tubes ...
Berleman James E - - 2004
Rhodospirillum centenum is an anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium that is capable of differentiating into several cell types. When grown phototrophically in liquid, cells exhibit a vibrioid shape and have a single polar flagellum. When grown on a solid surface, R. centenum will differentiate into rod-shaped swarm cells that display numerous lateral ...
Alfieri Roberta R - - 2004
Studies of the responses of porcine pulmonary endothelial cells to acute hypertonic stress have been extended by examining the induction and underlying mechanisms of cell tolerance to both osmotic and heat stresses. Preliminary adaptation of these cells to 0.4osmol (kg H(2)O)(-1) rendered them tolerant either to subsequent severe osmotic stress ...
Shukla, A. K.
A versatile Knudsen type effusion cell has been fabricated for growing nanostructures and epitaxial layers of metals and semiconductors. The cell provides excellent vacuum compatibility (10–10 mbar range during operation), efficient water cooling, uniform heating, and moderate input power consumption (100 W at 1000 °C). The thermal properties of the ...
Everett, V.
Sliver cells, invented and developed at The Australian National University, are long, thin, narrow, and bifacial. They are constructed from high-grade mono-crystalline silicon. Solar modules that incorporate Sliver cells are significantly different in their construction and performance characteristics to conventional crystalline silicon modules. In Sliver modules, the cells are usually ...
Collins Crista H - - 2004
A small heat-shock protein (p26) purified from stress-resistant embryos of the crustacean, Artemia franciscana, was introduced into cultured cells of green monkey kidney (Cos-1) using the BioPORTER delivery system. Cells containing p26 exhibited impressive resistance to hydrogen peroxide compared to controls. Introduction of the disaccharide trehalose did not provide protection ...
Beckham Joshua T - - 2004
Assessment of laser-induced tissue damage is not complete without an investigation into the resulting cellular and molecular changes. In the past, tissue damage was quantified macroscopically by visual effects such as tissue mass removal, carbonization and melting. Microscopically, assessment of tissue damage has been typically limited to histological analysis of ...
Bartlett Karen - - 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the cytotoxicity of amphotericin B (AMB; trade name Fungizone [FZ]) following the administration of FZ and a heat-treated form of FZ (HFZ) to LLC-PK(1) pig kidney cells and Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii cells. HFZ was significantly less toxic to kidney cells than ...
Wong H C - - 2004
AIMS: This work analysed factors that influence the induction of viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state in the common enteric pathogen, Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The susceptibility of the VBNC cells to environmental stresses was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bacterium was cultured in tryptic soy broth-3% NaCl medium, shifted to a nutrient-free Morita ...
Vovou I - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate whether non-preconditioned yeast cells survive under heat shock, when placed in growth medium originated from protected cells and to provide insights into the ionic contribution in the response. METHODS AND RESULTS: The heat shock response was investigated by determining cell viability following exposure of yeast cells to ...
Petin Vladislav G - - 2004
Cell survival, recovery kinetics and inactivation forms after successive and simultaneous treatments with gamma rays (60Co) and high temperatures were studied in diploid yeast cells capable of recovery. Both the extent and the rate of the recovery were shown to be greatly decreased with increase in the duration of heat ...
Quigney Declan J - - 2003
A mild heat shock preconditioning has been shown to induce thermotolerance and protection against a number of cytotoxic agents that may induce cell death by either apoptosis or necrosis. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is a neurotoxin that selectively targets dopaminergic cells of the substantia nigra and, as such, it is often used ...
Busse F H - - 2003
It is shown that hexagonal convection cells in a rotating horizontal fluid layer heated from below will in general exhibit a drift in contrast to convection rolls except in the case of a vertical axis of rotation. The direction of the drift is prograde (retrograde) for cells with rising (descending) ...
Boveri Monica - - 2004
The human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2 is a widely used in vitro model of the intestinal barrier. Cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) is a highly toxic metal compound, ubiquitous in the biosphere, able to enter the food chain and to reach the intestinal epithelium, causing structural and functional damages. The aim ...
Ohl Claus-Dieter - - 2003
The interaction of lithotripter-generated shock waves with adherent cells is investigated using high-speed optical techniques. We show that shock waves permeabilize adherent cells in vitro through the action of cavitation bubbles. The bubbles are formed in the trailing tensile pulse of a lithotripter-generated shock wave where the pressure drops below ...
Caudle Robert M - - 2003
Resiniferatoxin (RTX), a potent analog of capsaicin, was evaluated electrophysiologically in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells and cell lines ectopically expressing the vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1) to determine if cell phenotype influenced RTXs neurotoxic properties. Furthermore, capsaicin and heat activation of VR1 were evaluated in these cells to determine ...
Kleinhenz Marco - - 2003
Honeybee colonies maintain brood nest temperatures of 33-36 degrees C. We investigated brood nest thermoregulation at the level of individual worker behaviour and the transfer of heat from workers to the brood. Worker bees contribute to the regulation of brood nest temperature by producing heat while sitting motionless on the ...
Blank Michael - - 2003
A unique property of the photodynamic signal transduction inhibitor hypericin is functionality in the dark. We show in tumor cells that hypericin targets the heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 chaperone but not Hsp70 (Hsc70) to enhanced ubiquitinylation. As a consequence Hsp90 chaperone functionality is abrogated and the client proteins, mutant ...
Junge L - - 2003
The detachment of adherent HeLa cells from a substrate after the interaction with a shock wave is analyzed. Cavitation bubbles are formed in the trailing, negative pressure cycle following the shock front. We find that the regions of cell detachment are strongly correlated with spatial presence of cavitation bubbles. It ...
Myung Jae-Kyung - - 2003
Although literature is abundant on expression of individual heat shock proteins (HSPs) and molecular chaperones, no comprehensive information is given on their expressional pattern. The aim of our study was therefore to study expressional differences between several cell types that may provide evidence for the types of HSPs and chaperones ...
Chéron Monique - - 2003
AIM: Heat treatment of deoxycholate-amphotericin B (AmB-DOC) leads to a therapeutically interesting supramolecular rearrangement (h-AmB-DOC); this reformulation improves the therapeutic index of AmB-DOC by reducing amphotericin B (AmB) toxicity in mammalian cell lines from 3- to 10-fold. Its activity in experimentally induced fungal infection in mice remains unchanged compared with ...
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