Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1934
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Lim Chang-Uk - - 2006
The effects of heat are strongly dependent on the time of heating at a given temperature. The relationship between treatment time and temperature for a biological isoeffect (the Arrhenius plot) has been confirmed for a variety of normal tissues and tumours. A marked change of slope occurs somewhere between 42-43 ...
Flenniken Michelle L - - 2006
Protein cages, including viral capsids, ferritins, and heat shock proteins (Hsps), can serve as nanocontainers for biomedical applications. They are genetically and chemically malleable platforms, with potential as therapeutic and imaging agent delivery systems. Here, both genetic and chemical strategies were used to impart cell-specific targeting to the Hsp cage ...
Matthews Benjamin D - - 2006
To understand how cells sense and adapt to mechanical stress, we applied tensional forces to magnetic microbeads bound to cell-surface integrin receptors and measured changes in bead displacement with sub-micrometer resolution using optical microscopy. Cells exhibited four types of mechanical responses: (1) an immediate viscoelastic response; (2) early adaptive behavior ...
Adams Cameron J - - 2006
We used an H2-purging culture vessel to replace an H2-consuming syntrophic partner, allowing the growth of pure cultures of Syntrophothermus lipocalidus on butyrate and Aminobacterium colombiense on alanine. By decoupling the syntrophic association, it was possible to manipulate and monitor the single organism's growth environment and determine the change in ...
Healy Declan A - - 2006
Cold storage and reperfusion injury to transplanted kidneys contributes to increased incidence of delayed graft function and may have a negative impact on graft survival. This study examined the mechanisms by which previous heat shock protects against cell death in an in vitro model of kidney storage. Cold storage is ...
Kunikata Hiroshi - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether trypan blue (TB) is toxic to cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells, and whether hypothermia can protect ARPE-19 cells against TB toxicity. METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were cultured and exposed to balanced salt solution as a control, while other cells were exposed to 0.05, 0.2, and ...
Kinsella Kathleen J - - 2006
This study investigated the survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 in a broth system under conditions of low temperature (4 degrees C) and low water activity (aw, 0.92 to 0.96). Incubation under these conditions resulted in significant reductions in the viability of stationary phase cells, determined by direct plating ...
Palmero Alessandra - - 2006
Despite recent advances, the prognosis of relapsed osteosarcoma patients remains very poor. Application of high energy shock waves may change the tumour cell growth and increase the cytotoxic effect of in vivo and in vitro chemotherapeutic agents. We studied the effect of their association with doxorubicin or methotrexate on three ...
Melendez Karla - - 2006
Heat shock proteins (HSPs), which are important for a number of different intracellular functions, are occasionally found on the surface of cells. The function of heat shock protein on the cell surface is not understood, although it has been shown to be greater in some tumor cells and some virally ...
Adya Ashok K - - 2006
Morphological changes in the cell surfaces of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain NCYC 1681), and the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain DVPB 1354), in response to thermal and osmotic stresses, were investigated using an atomic force microscope. With this microscope imaging, together with measurements of culture viability and cell ...
Yoo Hye Hyun - - 2006
In this study, we investigated the effects of methanolic extracts of white ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. MEYER) and two kinds of heat-treated ginseng made by steaming fresh ginseng at 100 degrees C for 3 hours (HTG-100) or 120 degrees C for 3 hours (HTG-120) on the cell growth of human ...
Imai Yoshimichi - - 2006
Seventy-two-kd heat-shock protein (HSP72) is one of the stress markers induced in cells under stress, such as in the case of ischaemia. Recent studies have suggested that HSP72 is a 'molecular chaperone' to protect cells from various kinds of stress, and that the temporal profile of HSP72 induction is related ...
Chilosi Marco - - 2006
Fibroblast foci (FF) are considered a relevant morphologic marker of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/usual interstitial pneumonia (IPF/UIP), and are recognised as sites where fibrotic responses are initiated and/or perpetuated in this severe disease. Despite their relevance, the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for the formation of FF and their role in ...
Elliott Gloria D - - 2006
The tetra-anionic form of ATP (ATP4-) is known to induce monovalent and divalent ion fluxes in cells that express purinergic P2X7 receptors and with sustained application of ATP it has been shown that dyes as large as 831 Da can permeate the cell membrane. The current study explores the kinetics ...
Ito Ritsu - - 2005
Recently, we isolated CHO cells, termed SK32 cells, that express mutant Pex5p (G432R), and showed mislocalization of catalase in the cytosol, but peroxisomal localization of 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (thiolase) in the mutant cells [Ito, R. et al. (2001) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 288, 321-327]. While analyzing the mutant cells, we found ...
Proskuryakov S Ya - - 2005
A complex of reactions regulating the number of cells in organs and tissues under normal and pathologic conditions is one of the most important systems of multicellular organisms. In this system, which controls both cell proliferation and clearance, clearance has been given special attention during the last three decades. Some ...
Fujimuro Masahiro - - 2005
Polyubiquitination plays key roles in various proteasome-dependent and independent cellular events. To elucidate roles in stress response of polyubiquitin chains formed via specific chain linkages in mammalian cells, we established NIH3T3 stable cell lines that are capable of conditionally expressing K29R, K48R and K63R ubiquitin mutants, in which the Lys29, ...
Son Gi Hoon - - 2005
Hippocampus is one of the most vulnerable tissues to glucocorticoid (GC). In the present study, we demonstrate that dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic GC, induces apoptotic cell death in hippocampal progenitor HiB5 cells without any additional insult. Interestingly, expression of 27-kDa heat shock protein (HSP27) was markedly induced by DEX in ...
Guo Wenchang - - 2005
We have examined the role of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in the bioreductive metabolism of 17-allylamino-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the metabolism of 17-AAG by recombinant human NQO1 revealed the formation of a more polar metabolite 17-AAGH2. The formation of 17-AAGH2 was NQO1 dependent, and its formation ...
Ngo Kien Xuan - - 2005
The effects of heat stress and liposome treatment on the growth of Streptomyces griseus cells and chitosanase production were investigated on the basis of using the designed strategy of a stress-mediated bioprocess. The effective conditions for increasing the interaction between chitosanase and the 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-phosphocholine (POPC) liposome under heat stress condition ...
Yan Yuan - - 2005
Normal cells undergo a variety of molecular and physiological changes upon malignant transformation, including their responses to environmental factors that induce oxidative stress. Understanding the molecular pathways regulating these changes would facilitate the development of novel cancer treatments and chemoprevention strategies. Differences in the oxidative stress response were investigated between ...
Oh Su Young - - 2005
Salicylate and jasmonates are two different types of plant hormone that play critical roles in plant defense responses against insect herbivores and microbial pathogens, through activating defense genes. These two natural products have been shown to have similar activities in animal cells: the compounds are able to induce cell cycle ...
Liu Yunbo - - 2005
Cultured human cervical cancer (HeLa) and rat mammary carcinoma (R3230Ac) cells were transfected with vectors encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of hsp70B promoter. Aliquots of 10-microl transfected cells (5 x 10(7) cells/ml) were placed in 0.2-ml thin-wall polymerase chain reaction tubes and exposed to 1.1-MHz high intensity ...
Saito Kiyoto - - 2005
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have molecular chaperone functions in protein biogenesis as well as cytoprotective functions against deleterious environmental stresses, and they work mainly inside of the cells. HSPs are usually induced in living cells that have been exposed to mild stresses or have recovered from severe stresses. Here, we ...
Chang Wei-Hsiu - - 2005
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration characterized by a wide range of clinical manifestations. The molecular mechanisms underlying the selective neuronal death typical of MJD/SCA3 are unknown. In this study, human SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells stably transfected with full-length MJD with 78 CAG repeats ...
Makino Shinji - - 2005
Zebrafish fin regeneration requires the formation and maintenance of blastema cells. Blastema cells are not derived from stem cells but behave as such, because they are slow-cycling and are thought to provide rapidly proliferating daughter cells that drive regenerative outgrowth. The molecular basis of blastema formation is not understood. Here, ...
Rylander Marissa Nichole - - 2005
Thermal preconditioning protocols for cardiac cells were identified which produce elevated HSP70 levels while maintaining high cell viability. Bovine aortic endothelial cells were heated with a water bath at temperatures ranging from 44 to 50 degrees C for periods of 1-30 min. Thermal stimulation protocols were determined which induce HSP70 ...
Wang Xiao-Ping - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the interaction between heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and ?-fetoprotein (AFP) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line BEL-7402. METHODS: The expression and localization of HSP70 and AFP in human HCC cell line BEL-7402 were determined by immunocytochemistry and indirect immunofluorescence cytochemical staining. The interaction between HSP70 ...
Kamata Takashi - - 2005
The role of an AAA protease FtsH (slr0228) in the turnover of the D1 protein was studied under moderate heat stress conditions using wild-type cells of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 and the mutant cells lacking a homologue of FtsH (slr0228). When the growth temperature of the wild-type was shifted ...
Donaire Vanessa - - 2005
The exposure of immortalized rat neuroblast cells to MPP(+) and paraquat results in cell death. Heat shock pre-treatment prior to the addition of MPP(+) and paraquat significantly reduced cell death and led to an increase in the synthesis of Hsp 27 and Hsp70 proteins. Quercetin inhibits the synthesis of heat ...
Yao Q - - 2005
17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), an inhibitor of the molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90, results in cell type-specific inhibition of proliferation of leukemic cells. GTP14564 is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor actively against FLT3. The current study evaluated the single and combined effects of 17-AAG and GTP14564, and the role of FLT3 in ...
Tam Kam-Fai - - 2005
We investigated the effect of shockwaves on cells explanted from normal human periosteum to study the potential mechanisms of their responses and to determine suitable treatment settings. The cells were subjected to one shockwave treatment with systematic combinations of energy intensities (range, 0.05-0.5 mJ/mm) and number of shocks (range, 500-2000) ...
Bonior J - - 2005
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have been reported to protect the pancreatic cells from the acute damage produced by caerulein overstimulation. However the effects of caerulein, melatonin or hyperthermia preconditioning on mRNA signal for HSP60 in the pancreatic acinar cells has not been examined yet. The aims of this study were: ...
Sah Nand K - - 2005
Selaginella bryopteris is a lithophyte with remarkable ressurection capabilities. It is full of medicinal properties, hence also known as 'Sanjeevani' (one that infuses life). For lack of credible scientific evidence the plant is not in active use as a medicinal herb. We provide scientific evidence for why S. bryopteris is ...
Dabrowska Anna - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The propagation of injury ("bystander effect") from directly damaged cells to other cells has been observed in cancer therapies. Some experiments suggested that this phenomenon was also detected in photodynamic therapy (PDT). The present study was undertaken to evaluate the bystander response in cells co-cultured with PDT- or heat-injured ...
Chiang Ming-Lun - - 2006
In this study, the growth and survival of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the presence of 0.0-8.0% ethanol was first examined. V. parahaemolyticus was then exposed to a sub-lethal dose of 5.0% ethanol for 30 and 60 min (ethanol shock). Morphological changes and alterations in cell leakage, thermal tolerance at 47 degrees ...
Cybulski O - - 2005
We present a reaction-diffusion system consisting of N components. The evolution of the system leads to the partition of the plane into cells, each occupied by only one component. For large N, the stationary state becomes a periodic array of hexagonal cells. We present a functional of the densities of ...
Voss M R MR Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, Genomics and Biomedical Sciences Facility, Rm. 6317, Univ. of California, Davis, 451 East Health Sciences Way, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2005
Heat shock protein (HSP)72, the inducible form of HSP70, protects cells against a variety of injuries, but underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. To investigate the protective effects of HSP72, multiple clones expressing wild-type (WT) HSP72 and two mutants with defective nucleolar and nuclear localization (M45 and 985A, respectively) were made ...
Clayton Aled - - 2005
Exosomes are nanometer-sized vesicles secreted by a diverse range of live cells that probably have physiological roles in modulating cellular immunity. The extracellular factors that regulate the quantity and phenotype of exosomes produced are poorly understood, and the properties of exosomes that dictate their immune functions are not yet clear. ...
Castro-Rosas J - - 2005
External surfaces of samples of shrimp carapace were inoculated with Vibrio cholerae and stored at 22 degrees C for 1 h in a moist environment to facilitate their adhesion, or for 24 h to permit their colonization of the material. Colonizing cells showed a higher resistance to the effects of ...
Ishii Tatsuya - - 2005
For normal spermatogenesis, the temperature of the scrotum is lower than that of the body. The mechanism by which mammalian testes undergoes cell death as the result of exposure to heat continues to be a matter of debate. Since generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during heat stress and involvement ...
Aarden L - - 2005
Abstract In the mid-1970s, Ivan Lefkovits and co-workers introduced limiting dilution analysis of T and B cells as a method to quantify antigen-specific T and B cells. In this study, I describe how my co-operation with Ivan on the subject led not only to heated discussions on the validity of ...
Malago J J - - 2005
Intestinal epithelial cells secrete the chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 in the course of inflammation. Because heat shock proteins (Hsps) and butyrate confer protection to enterocytes, we investigated whether they modulate Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. serovar Enteritidis)-induced secretion of IL-8 in enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells. Caco-2 cells incubated with or without butyrate ...
Wang Xiao-Ping - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the co-expression and significance of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and glucose-regulated protein 94 (grp94) in human gastric carcinoma cell line BGC-823. METHODS: The expression and localization of HSP70 and grp94 in human gastric carcinoma cell line BGC-823 were determined by immunocytochemistry and indirect immunofluorescence cytochemical staining. ...
Tatebe Hisashi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has a cylindrical cell shape, for which growth is strictly limited to both ends, and serves as an excellent model system for genetic analysis of cell-polarity determination. Previous studies identified a cell-end marker protein, Tea1, that is transported by cytoplasmic microtubules to cell tips ...
García-Valenzuela Xóchitl - - 2005
We have developed a new chlorophyllic cell line ('TADH-XO') from the highly water stress tolerant grass Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama). When grown under normal (non-stress) conditions, this new cell line accumulates higher levels of chlorophyll (up to 368.1 microg total chlorophyll g(-1) FW) than a previously obtained cell line ('TIANSJ98'). ...
Hut Henderika M J - - 2005
The effect of heat shock on centrosomes has been mainly studied in interphase cells. Centrosomes play a key role in proper segregation of DNA during mitosis. However, the direct effect and consequences of heat shock on mitotic cells and a possible cellular defense system against proteotoxic stress during mitosis have ...
Wilczek Grazyna - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relations between apoptosis and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase; catalase) and quantitative changes in stress protein positive cells (Hsp70; metallothionein) in midgut glands of funnel web spiders Agelena labyrinthica (Agelenidae) and wolf spiders Pardosa lugubris (Lycosidae) exposed to high ...
Liman Jan - - 2005
It was recently shown that Bcl-2-associated athanogene 1 (BAG1) is a potent neuroprotectant as well as a marker of neuronal differentiation. Since there appears to exist an equilibrium within the cell between BAG1 binding to heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and BAG1 binding to Raf-1 kinase, we hypothesized that changing ...
Fields Wanda R - - 2005
Cigarettes that burn tobacco produce a complex mixture of chemicals, including mutagens and carcinogens. Cigarettes that primarily heat tobacco produce smoke with marked reductions in the amount of mutagens and carcinogens and demonstrate reduced mutagenicity and carcinogenicity in a battery of toxicological assays. Chemically induced oxidative stress, DNA damage, and ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >